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William & Mary

2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 57

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of Sorority Recruitment On Self-Esteem, Lauren Chapman, Joan B. Hirt, Nicklaus R. Spruill Aug 2008

The Effects Of Sorority Recruitment On Self-Esteem, Lauren Chapman, Joan B. Hirt, Nicklaus R. Spruill

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

Mental health issues among college students are of increasing concern to administrators (Kitzrow, 2003). Self-esteem is a concept central to mental health (Kittleson, 1989) and can be linked to the social situations found in college settings, especially those that deal with rejection (Caunt, 2003; Eisenberger & Lieberman, 2004; Steffenhagen & Burns, 1987). Sorority recruitment is a process that can include rejection (National Panhellenic Conference, n.d.) and, thus, may negatively affect self-esteem. The purpose of this study was to determine how the sorority recruitment experience affects the self-esteem of participants. First, we explored whether self-esteem differed between two groups of potential members (PMs): those ...


Framing The Dialogue: A New, Collaborative Approach To The Hazing Dilemma, Malinda M. Matney Ph.D., Simone Himbeault Taylor Ph.D. Aug 2008

Framing The Dialogue: A New, Collaborative Approach To The Hazing Dilemma, Malinda M. Matney Ph.D., Simone Himbeault Taylor Ph.D.

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

The University of Michigan’s disciplinary process requires bringing charges against individual students. An unexpected situation of nine simultaneous hazing cases during the 2004 fall term magnified the challenge of identifying responsible individuals in such cases. While the institution could have charged the leaders of the fraternities or sororities involved, instead it created and implemented the Community Education and Development Model to change the ingrained behavior and culture of the organizations. The focus was on enlivening the communitybuilding potential of fraternities and sororities. What follows is a discussion of the intervention and subsequent assessment, which illustrates potential challenges and opportunities ...


Front Matter & Table Of Contents, Oracle Aug 2008

Front Matter & Table Of Contents, Oracle

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

No abstract provided.


Exploring Relationships Between Fraternity And Sorority Membership And Socially Responsible Leadership, John P. Dugan Ph.D. Aug 2008

Exploring Relationships Between Fraternity And Sorority Membership And Socially Responsible Leadership, John P. Dugan Ph.D.

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

Membership in social fraternities and sororities provides a powerful platform for developing college students’ capacity for leadership. The existing knowledge regarding the extent to which it fulfills this goal, however, is relatively sparse. Much of the research on college student leadership relies on definitions that are inconsistent with contemporary conceptualizations. This study addresses this gap by looking at the leadership development of fraternity and sorority members using data from a national study grounded in the social change model. Results indicated fraternity and sorority members scored highest on the leadership value of commitment and lowest on the capacity to navigate change ...


Fraternity As “Enabling Environment:” Does Membership Lead To Gambling Problems?, J. Patrick Biddix Ph.D., Thomas W. Hardy Ph.D. Aug 2008

Fraternity As “Enabling Environment:” Does Membership Lead To Gambling Problems?, J. Patrick Biddix Ph.D., Thomas W. Hardy Ph.D.

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

Researchers have suggested that fraternity membership is the most reliable predictor of gambling and gambling problems on campus. The purpose of this study was to determine if problematic gambling could be linked to specific aspects of fraternity membership. Though the null hypothesis (no enabling environment) failed to be rejected, descriptive analysis confirms that moderate rates of problem gambling are exhibited by subsets of fraternity members (officers, younger members, those who live with other members). Further, predictive analysis revealed that gambling online and betting on skill games, such as golf or pool, increased the likelihood of problem gambling among fraternity members ...


School Of Marine Science Graduate Catalog 2008-2009, College Of William And Mary, School Of Marine Science Aug 2008

School Of Marine Science Graduate Catalog 2008-2009, College Of William And Mary, School Of Marine Science

Miscellaneous

Catalog for the Graduate program from the School of Marine Science at the College of William and Mary for the listed academic year.


Strategizing For The Future, Pamela L. Eddy, Jaime Lester Jun 2008

Strategizing For The Future, Pamela L. Eddy, Jaime Lester

School of Education Book Chapters

This final chapter reviews strategies that community colleges can use to address issues of gender and create more equitable and pluralistic environments. It also discusses the need for research that examines the intersection between social identities and community college mission, culture, and environment.


Gendered Leadership: An Organizational Perspective, Pamela L. Eddy, Elizabeth M. Cox Jun 2008

Gendered Leadership: An Organizational Perspective, Pamela L. Eddy, Elizabeth M. Cox

School of Education Book Chapters

This chapter provides a portrait of women's representation in the leadership ranks of community colleges and reviews data on how six women presidents talk about their lived experiences at the helm of their institutions. Findings indicate an uneven playing field for women on their way to a presidency.


Reflections Of Women Leading Community Colleges, Pamela L. Eddy Apr 2008

Reflections Of Women Leading Community Colleges, Pamela L. Eddy

School of Education Articles

As the “people’s college,” community colleges have a reputation of being more welcoming of women — as students, faculty, and administrators (Townsend & Twombly, 2006). However, the current percentage of women leading community colleges, which is hovering at 29% (American Council on Education, 2007), begs the question of why parity is not witnessed at the helm of these colleges, especially when 57% of community college students are women (NCES, 2004). The present phenomenological study investigates the positions six women presidents hold, critical incidents that have impacted their career decisions, the role of mentoring, and how these leaders are encouraging others that ...


Leadership Development Through The Fraternity Experience And The Relationship To Career Success After Graduation, Danny R. Kelley Ph.D. Mar 2008

Leadership Development Through The Fraternity Experience And The Relationship To Career Success After Graduation, Danny R. Kelley Ph.D.

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

Promoting student leadership development has been an objective of higher learning since the inception of colleges and universities and is also a major tenet espoused in the mission statements of inter/national fraternities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the leadership impact that service as a fraternity chapter president has on students’ self- perceived leadership development. More specifically, this study addressed the self- perceived leadership impact the fraternity experience has on students’ careers.


Developing, Implementing, And Evaluating Innovative Sorority Substance Abuse Prevention In The Evidence-Based Era, Andrew Wall Ph.D., Logan Hazen Mar 2008

Developing, Implementing, And Evaluating Innovative Sorority Substance Abuse Prevention In The Evidence-Based Era, Andrew Wall Ph.D., Logan Hazen

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a pilot, multi-faceted, and multi-session alcohol abuse prevention program conducted in conjunction with two sorority chapters. The process and product of the pilot program are illustrative of the use of theory and evidence-based practices in the creation of innovative substance abuse prevention efforts among fraternal organizations within higher education. Findings point to practical implementation challenges and to promising evidence of program impact. Recommendations inform practitioners in implementing evidence-based practices with fraternal chapters.


Comparing Fraternity/Sorority Professionals’ Knowledge Of Eating Disorders With Other Student Personnel Administrators, Michelle L. Nicopolis Ph.D. Mar 2008

Comparing Fraternity/Sorority Professionals’ Knowledge Of Eating Disorders With Other Student Personnel Administrators, Michelle L. Nicopolis Ph.D.

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

This study examined disordered eating behaviors in regard to detection, prevention, intervention, and referral by college student personnel professionals. A survey was used to assess the level of knowledge pertaining to eating disorder among administrators of two of the largest at-risk student groups on campus: fraternity/sorority affiliated students and student athletes. ANOVA and correlation analyses were used to evaluate eating disorder knowledge levels. Recommendations include encouraging college student personnel professionals to seek out educational materials and training to educate themselves about eating disorders to help refer students who may be struggling with this health concern.


The Struggles Of Research In Fraternity And Sorority Life, Eric Norman Ed.D. Mar 2008

The Struggles Of Research In Fraternity And Sorority Life, Eric Norman Ed.D.

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

No abstract provided.


Hazing In Student Organizations: Prevalence, Attitudes, And Solutions, Stephen S. Owen Ph.D., Tod W. Burke, David Vichesky Mar 2008

Hazing In Student Organizations: Prevalence, Attitudes, And Solutions, Stephen S. Owen Ph.D., Tod W. Burke, David Vichesky

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

This article reports the results of a survey exploring hazing in student organizations. First, a typology of hazing behaviors was constructed through factor analysis. Second, respondents reported the prevalence of hazing, and results were compared across type of student organization. Third, respondents indicated their attitudes about hazing, and results were compared between perpetrators of hazing and their victims. Finally, respondents assessed the efficacy of various solutions to hazing, and results were compared between those who had perpetrated acts of hazing and those who had not. The results were used to construct a theoretical model of hazing behavior on college campuses ...


Front Matter & Table Of Contents, Oracle Mar 2008

Front Matter & Table Of Contents, Oracle

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

No abstract provided.


Using Cost-Benefit Analysis For Fraternity And Sorority Affairs Assessment: Creating A Business Case For Student Success In Fraternal Organizations, Michael D'Arcangelo, Jessica R. Berner Mar 2008

Using Cost-Benefit Analysis For Fraternity And Sorority Affairs Assessment: Creating A Business Case For Student Success In Fraternal Organizations, Michael D'Arcangelo, Jessica R. Berner

Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of Fraternity/Sorority Advisors

Cost-benefit analysis can be an effective method for programmatic assessment, evaluation, and validation in fraternity/sorority affairs. This article provides an overview of a model cost-effectiveness assessment strategy outlined by Kennedy, Moran, and Upcraft (2001) and a cost-benefit study of the Rochester Institute of Technology fraternity/sorority program. Special attention is given to providing credible methods for fraternity/sorority professionals to measure programs using data related to organizational efficacy and student retention and applying that data to guide public perception. Recommendations for application on other campuses are provided in an effort to improve assessment practices and aid institutions in assessing ...


One Size Doesn't Fit All: Customizing Educational Technology Professional Development (Part One: Choosing Etpd Goals), Judi Harris Feb 2008

One Size Doesn't Fit All: Customizing Educational Technology Professional Development (Part One: Choosing Etpd Goals), Judi Harris

School of Education Articles

Part one: Choosing ETPD (Educational technology professional development) Goals. This article reviews the range of ETPD session and program goals. Now more than ever, education leaders must focus strategically on ETPD for teachers. In part two, we will present and explain ETPD models, tn future articles, we will address how to combine goais and models to fit particular teachers' characteristics, then assess the efficacy of those designs,


Tpck In In-Service Education: Assisting Experienced Teachers' "Planned Improvisations", Judith B. Harris Jan 2008

Tpck In In-Service Education: Assisting Experienced Teachers' "Planned Improvisations", Judith B. Harris

School of Education Book Chapters

This Handbook addresses the concept and implementation of technological pedagogical content knowledge -- the knowledge and skills that teachers need in order to integrate technology meaningfully into instruction in specific content areas. Recognizing, for example, that effective uses of technology in mathematics are quite different from effective uses of technology in social studies, teachers need specific preparation in using technology in each content area they will be teaching. Offering a series of chapters by scholars in different content areas who apply the technological pedagogical content knowledge framework to their individual content areas, the volume is structured around three themes:

    • What is ...


Lights, Camera, Action! The Role Of Movies And Video In Classroom Learning, Pamela L. Eddy, Daniel Bracken Jan 2008

Lights, Camera, Action! The Role Of Movies And Video In Classroom Learning, Pamela L. Eddy, Daniel Bracken

School of Education Articles

Increased technology support in classrooms allows for enhanced opportunities for faculty to make use of multimedia. This article focuses on how faculty can best utilize movies and video clips to enhance student learning. A review of the fundamentals from a technical perspective is provided, as well as techniques to incorporate movie clips in active learning instruction. Support for faculty in the use of technology in teaching is essential in today’s classroom.


In The Middle: Career Pathways Of Midlevel Community College Leaders, Regina L. Garza Mitchell, Pamela L. Eddy Jan 2008

In The Middle: Career Pathways Of Midlevel Community College Leaders, Regina L. Garza Mitchell, Pamela L. Eddy

Articles

The leadership crisis in community colleges has led to speculation on who will lead these colleges in the future and how best to prepare leaders for these positions. Traditionally, little research occurred regarding midlevel administrators despite the fact that the majority of presidents come from within the ranks. The findings from this research show that midlevel administrators have little desire to move into top-level positions. Colleges need to consider how to make leadership more attractive and begin developing leaders for future openings.


New Faculty On The Block: Issues Of Stress And Support, Pamela L. Eddy, Joy L. Gaston-Gayles Jan 2008

New Faculty On The Block: Issues Of Stress And Support, Pamela L. Eddy, Joy L. Gaston-Gayles

Articles

The research reported investigated the experiences of new faculty in their first three years of employment in higher education administration programs. New faculty face stress relative to work-life integration, issues pertaining to gender or color, teaching responsibilities, and unclear expectations. The findings of this study highlight the role of graduate school socialization and identification as a "chosen" student targeting a faculty position as an influence on new faculty and their acclimation during their first years. Implications include the need for intentional mentoring, inclusive support for all students seeking faculty roles, and the need for specificity on the part of hiring ...


Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge In Action: A Case Study Of A Middle School Digital Documentary Project, Mark J. Hofer, Kathleen Owings Swan Jan 2008

Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge In Action: A Case Study Of A Middle School Digital Documentary Project, Mark J. Hofer, Kathleen Owings Swan

Articles

In recent years researchers in educational technology have begun to look closely at the complexity of integrating technology in K-12 classrooms. The development of the notion of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPCK) provides a useful theoretical framework to explore the requisite forms of teacher knowledge required to effectively integrate technology in classroom work. This case study explores the three domains of teacher knowledge and their intersections in a sixth grade digital documentary project. On the surface, the setting for the work (particularly the skilled teachers with whom we worked) seemed to be the "best-case scenario" for technology integration, and yet ...


The Historical Scene Investigation (Hsi) Project: Examining The Use Of Case Based Historical Instruction In The Fifth Grade Social Studies Classroom, Kathleen Owings Swan, Mark J. Hofer, David Locascio Jan 2008

The Historical Scene Investigation (Hsi) Project: Examining The Use Of Case Based Historical Instruction In The Fifth Grade Social Studies Classroom, Kathleen Owings Swan, Mark J. Hofer, David Locascio

Articles

The Historical Scene Investigation (HSI) project is designed to help teachers integrate historical investigations into their K-12 history instruction. The HSI project materials provide streamlined and aesthetically engaging Web-based historical investigation exercises. Each case exercise engages students in a historical investigation using rich and varied historical primary sources scaffolded by document-study prompts and activities requiring specific analytical skills and processes. The HSI project, originally developed in 2001 by the principal investigators of this study, has undergone numerous revisions in efforts to extend topical coverage and more explicitly align online materials with state content standards for history. In addition, revisions focused ...


One Size Doesn't Fit All: Customizing Educational Technology Professional Development (Part Two: Choosing Etpd Models), Judi Harris Jan 2008

One Size Doesn't Fit All: Customizing Educational Technology Professional Development (Part Two: Choosing Etpd Models), Judi Harris

School of Education Articles

The previous article reviewed the range of educational technology professional development session and program goals. In this installment, we present and explain ETPD models. In future articles, we will address how to combine goals and models to fit particular teachers’ characteristics, then assess the efficacy of those designs.


One Size Doesn't Fit All: Customizing Educational Technology Professional Development (Part Four: Evaluating Etpd Designs), Judi Harris Jan 2008

One Size Doesn't Fit All: Customizing Educational Technology Professional Development (Part Four: Evaluating Etpd Designs), Judi Harris

School of Education Articles

Previous articles reviewed the range of educational technology professional development program goals, explained various ETPD models, and addressed how to combine goals and models to fit particular teachers’ characteristics. Now we’ll assess the efficacy of those designs.


One Size Doesn't Fit All: Customizing Educational Technology Professional Development (Part Three: Combining Etpd Goals & Models), Judi Harris Jan 2008

One Size Doesn't Fit All: Customizing Educational Technology Professional Development (Part Three: Combining Etpd Goals & Models), Judi Harris

School of Education Articles

Previous articles reviewed the range of educational technology professional development program goals and explained various ETPD models. In this installment, we will address how to combine goals and models to fit particular teachers' characteristics. Next month, we'll assess the efficacy of those designs.


A Study Of The Relationship Between The Mathematics And Reading Achievement Of Students With Disabilities And Inclusive Practice In Elementary Schools, Sharon E. Siler Jan 2008

A Study Of The Relationship Between The Mathematics And Reading Achievement Of Students With Disabilities And Inclusive Practice In Elementary Schools, Sharon E. Siler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The AYP (Adequate Yearly Progress) provision of NCLB requires schools to close the achievement gap so that students with disabilities perform at the same proficiency level as students without disabilities in mathematics and reading. This stringent requirement challenges school leaders to examine traditional exclusionary delivery practices and their outcomes and replace them with inclusive practices that hold promise for improving the academic performance of students with disabilities. This study examined the relationship between inclusive education in Virginia elementary schools and the attainment of No Child Left Behind's AYP performance targets in mathematics and reading for students with disabilities.;A ...


Faculty Ritual, Solidarity, And Cohesion: Thirty-Five Years Of Change At Eastern Mennonite University, Nathan F. Alleman Jan 2008

Faculty Ritual, Solidarity, And Cohesion: Thirty-Five Years Of Change At Eastern Mennonite University, Nathan F. Alleman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This historical case study of Eastern Mennonite University faculty between 1965 and 2000 explored the shifts in social bonds, examined through the concept of ritual (Collins, 2004), concurrent with cultural, social, environmental, and professional forces that impacted the institution. Employing the concepts of cohesion (as the specific other) and solidarity (as the general other) (Mead, 1934) provided a distinction between individual relational networks and the shared ideological commitments that bound faculty together.;Results of the study demonstrated the significance of intrinsic motivators on faculty hiring, persistence, and perceptions of institutional purpose and employment desirability. Physical space (as the place of ...


A Critical Examination Of Practices And Perceptions Of Current Performance Evaluation Models For Theatre Arts Teachers In Virginia, Shelley L. Nowacek Jan 2008

A Critical Examination Of Practices And Perceptions Of Current Performance Evaluation Models For Theatre Arts Teachers In Virginia, Shelley L. Nowacek

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Methods and models used to evaluate the teaching performance of theatre arts teachers appear to have limited applicability due to the specialized nature of theatre in the classroom. Instructional leaders whose responsibilities include observation and evaluation may find additional challenges when charged with evaluating theatre arts teachers using general educational evaluation models. This qualitative study explored the nature of the practices and perceptions of theatre arts teachers and the administrators charged with evaluating them through the backdrop of Joint Committee Standards of Educational Evaluation.;Though the Joint Committee outlined specific measures to ensure that teacher performance evaluation models and methods ...


A Study Of The Evaluation Procedures For Professional Development Among Public School Districts In Virginia, Colleen Cannington Bryant Jan 2008

A Study Of The Evaluation Procedures For Professional Development Among Public School Districts In Virginia, Colleen Cannington Bryant

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to identify how closely evaluations of professional development programs provided at the district level in public school districts in Virginia are congruent with the National Staff Development Council Standards for Evaluation. The author also sought to identify the types of professional development programs offered at the district level in Virginia public schools.;Professional Development directors or supervisors in all Virginia public schools were asked to complete an online survey that would describe the types of professional development programs offered and how they evaluated those programs.;Fifty-three districts responded to the survey. Most of the ...