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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Study Of The Effect Of Selected Teaching Strategies On Creative Thinking Ability And Reading Comprehension, Carol Miller Despos Dec 1980

A Study Of The Effect Of Selected Teaching Strategies On Creative Thinking Ability And Reading Comprehension, Carol Miller Despos

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the creative thinking skills of third and fourth grade students could be enhanced by the use of selected teaching strategies designed to stimulate fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration. A second purpose was to investigate the relationship between creative thinking and reading.

The subjects were third and fourth graders who were all members of the same racially integrated, homogeneously grouped classroom in an urban elementary school. A control group and a treatment group were formed. Both groups were found to be statistically equivalent in reading ability and creative thinking ability when pretested ...


Attitudes Of Secondary School Students In Israel Toward The Use Of Living Organisms In The Study Of Biology, Pinchas Tamir, Aliza Hamo Sep 1980

Attitudes Of Secondary School Students In Israel Toward The Use Of Living Organisms In The Study Of Biology, Pinchas Tamir, Aliza Hamo

International Journal for the Study of Animal Problems

The study deals with attitudes and views of 456 Israeli students in grades 7, 9, and 11 regarding the use of living animals in research and biology instruction. It was found that most students are interested in studying live animals through direct observation and experiment and feel that this kind of learning is superior to learning from secondary sources. At the same time, however, most students exhibit concern for and affection toward living organisms in general and higher animals, especially pets and "beneficial" animals, in particular. The need to consider both sides of the issue is highlighted, and practical implications ...


Perceptual-Motor Activity Resource Book, Susan Ruth Chapman Aug 1980

Perceptual-Motor Activity Resource Book, Susan Ruth Chapman

College of Education

This paper gives a brief summary of the perceptual-motor theories of Kephart, Cratty, and Delacato, and discusses some of the research resulting from their theories. It also includes a resource book of perceptual-motor activities covering the areas of gross-motor skills, fine-motor skills, spatial awareness, body image, and laterality/ directionality. The activities have been arranged in chronological order according to skill level. The resource book is a compilation of materials from a perceptual-motor workshop held in the summer of 1978 by the University of Texas of the Permian Basin.


The Influence Of Newspaper Prose Organization On Core Proposition Recall And Reader Proposition Production, Jean Alvord Parker Aug 1980

The Influence Of Newspaper Prose Organization On Core Proposition Recall And Reader Proposition Production, Jean Alvord Parker

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research study asked whether journalistic writing, as found in daily newswriting, facilitated or hindered the recall of main ideas and the recall of ideas developed by the reader. Comparisons were made to the recall of main ideas and the recall of reader developed ideas after reading condensed versions of the same materials.

The questions asked by the study are based on a review of literature that identified overall prose passage organization as a readability factor important to reader retention of main ideas. A review of current research based on theories of story and prose passage structures and on memory ...


An Investigation Into The Effectiveness Of A Teacher Directed Versus An Independent Method Of Teaching Students The Use Of Context Clues, Maureen Preston Aug 1980

An Investigation Into The Effectiveness Of A Teacher Directed Versus An Independent Method Of Teaching Students The Use Of Context Clues, Maureen Preston

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a teacher directed approach versus an independent approach of teaching students to use context clues to determine word meaning. A randomized, two treatment, control group posttest design was used for the study. The sample consisted of 30 students (three classes) taught by the same team of instructors and equated in terms of age, reading level and pretreatment use of context clues.

Eighty words were selected from the social studies units to be studied during the eight week treatment period. The 80 words were divided into five word blocks—one ...


An Experimental Study Of The Effects Of Required Homework Review Versus Review On Request Upon Achievement, Dolores Dick Jul 1980

An Experimental Study Of The Effects Of Required Homework Review Versus Review On Request Upon Achievement, Dolores Dick

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

During the 1979-80 school year, two Algebra I classes were involved in a study to test the effects of two methods for reviewing homework problems on students' achievements and attitudes. One review procedure was to solve and explain each problem during the class period that followed the class period in which the homework assignment had been made. The other procedure involved solving and explaining only the problems that students requested to have reviewed. While one procedure was being used with one class, the other procedure was being used with the comparison class. One treatment procedure was used with a class ...


Traditional Islamic Education In Morocco: Sociohistorical And Psychological Perspectives, Daniel A. Wagner, Abdelhamid Lotfi Jun 1980

Traditional Islamic Education In Morocco: Sociohistorical And Psychological Perspectives, Daniel A. Wagner, Abdelhamid Lotfi

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

As in many parts of the Muslim world, traditional Islamic schooling1 in Morocco predates a crucial historical role in the training of the nation's youth and continues to reach a higher percentage of school-age children than has the modern school system. Although such traditional Quranic schooling may have touched the lives of most Moroccans, its impact — relative to the modern school system — is not yet fully understood. Probably the most difficult aspect of analyzing the impact of Quranic schools, and there are a number of levels of analysis upon which such education may be observed and discussed. Any ...


Changing The Attitudes Of Learning Disabled Children Through Bibliotherapy, Diane Z. Virzi May 1980

Changing The Attitudes Of Learning Disabled Children Through Bibliotherapy, Diane Z. Virzi

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if bibliotherapy is an effective means of improving the reading attitudes of learning disabled children. The sample consisted of nineteen children, ages nine to thirteen years old, designated as learning disabled according to federal guidelines. The subjects were from two self-contained, special education classes in an urban school district. Nine of the students were randomly assigned to the control group and the remaining ten students were assigned to the experimental group.

All subjects were pretested using the Sartain Reading Attitudes Inventory. This same instrument was used as an initial posttest and a ...


Approaches To Teaching And Learning [V.1], Bank Street College Of Education Jan 1980

Approaches To Teaching And Learning [V.1], Bank Street College Of Education

Books

"In 1968, Bank Street College was invited, under the leadership of Elizabeth Gilkeson and Gordon Klopf, to join in the creation of the National Follow Through Program, an effort intended to sustain and extend the gains of Head Start for low income children. Bank Street's subsequent role as a sponsor offered an opportunity to extend knowledge, develop new tools for implementation and serve a diverse children population in many distant sites. The materials in the present volume grew out of Bank Street's efforts in this challenging program." -- Historical note, [p.2]


Approaches To Assessment [V.2], Bank Street College Of Education Jan 1980

Approaches To Assessment [V.2], Bank Street College Of Education

Books

"The following papers describe the more comprehensive components of the Bank Street analysis system [within the developmental-interaction approach]." -- p.3


Reverence For Life: An Ethic For High School Biology Curricula, George K. Russell Jan 1980

Reverence For Life: An Ethic For High School Biology Curricula, George K. Russell

Education Collection

Ethical and pedagogical arguments are presented against the use of animals by high school students in experiments causing pain/suffering/death of the animal. No justification is seen for such experimentation when perfectly valid alternatives, using noninvasive techniques, exist or could be developed. An important concern is the emotional and psychological growth of young people. An overall objective of high school biology curricula must be to assist students in making viable connections with living biological processes and the natural world.


No Pain Infliction By Untrained Youths, Christine Stevens Jan 1980

No Pain Infliction By Untrained Youths, Christine Stevens

Education Collection

Outlined are the efforts of the Animal Welfare Institute (AWl) for the last twenty-five years to end abuses to animals in high school biology programs. After concluding that the AWl's two brief rules prohibiting painful experimentation were not well understood by students even after years of effort, the AWl adopted the rules of the Canadian science fairs, which are similar to the Westinghouse Talent Search in that they simply prohibit experimentation on vertebrate animals. The presentation includes reference to the AWI manual, "Humane Biology Projects."


Student (And Animal) Welfare, Leonard M. Krause Jan 1980

Student (And Animal) Welfare, Leonard M. Krause

Education Collection

Adolescents exhibit affection for numerous vertebrates and appear to sympathize and to identify with traumas these animals experience. Therapeutic benefits students attach to nurturing and breeding certain vertebrates are evident; destruction of these same creatures produces clearly negative attitudes by students toward the science course and the instructor. "Case histories" documented while teaching high school students working with vertebrates are reviewed and are related to specific techniques (e.g., pithing) utilized by numerous instructors. Motivation, increased attention span, sustained interest, involvement with community issues and other desirable educational goals are demonstrated to be resultants of student involvement with living vertebrates ...


High School Science Fairs: Evaluation Of Live Animal Experimentation--The Canadian Experience, Harry C. Rowsell Jan 1980

High School Science Fairs: Evaluation Of Live Animal Experimentation--The Canadian Experience, Harry C. Rowsell

Education Collection

When the Canadian Council on Animal Care was established in 1968, the Council, together with representatives from the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association in concert with the Youth Science Foundation, recognized the importance of well-conceived science fair projects involving live animals. It was recognized as well that poor science encouraged poor attitudes toward the animals involved, as well as a misunderstanding of scientific investigation. Numerous schemes were tried in an effort to ensure development of proper scientific investigational attitudes as well as a respect for living things. These will be discussed, outlining where such schemes failed.

In May, 1975, Regulations for ...


Objectives Of Animal Use In Biology Courses, William V. Mayer Jan 1980

Objectives Of Animal Use In Biology Courses, William V. Mayer

Education Collection

To confine discussion of educational use of animals to experimentation is to focus on only part of the animal use problem. To focus on use of animals in the classroom solely is to negate the value of field and community resource areas such as zoos, animal parks, nature trails, etc. The primary objective in dealing with living organisms is to inculcate a respect for all life. Objectives that focus on use of living animals for experimental purposes can, at best, be secondary and may in many cases be contrived. An understanding of animal life requirements and animal contributions is an ...


Animals In British Schools: Legal And Practical Problems, Jennifer Remfry Jan 1980

Animals In British Schools: Legal And Practical Problems, Jennifer Remfry

Education Collection

Well-managed, healthy animals can be useful and beneficial aids to the emotional and intellectual development of young people at the primary and secondary levels of education. In Britain, vertebrate animals are not used in schools for experiments which might cause pain, distress or disease. The laws protecting animals are comprehensive but at present it is the Health and Safety at Work Act (1974) which is having the most impact on the keeping of animals in British schools. The practical skills most needed by teachers are in the handling, sexing and humane killing of animals. Training of teachers should include instruction ...


The Vertebrate Animal In High School Biology, Alan M. Beck Jan 1980

The Vertebrate Animal In High School Biology, Alan M. Beck

Education Collection

Live vertebrates afford opportunities to capture student interest and develop important educational experiences. Humane care and handling of the animals can be one of the most significant aspects of the lesson.

The study of classroom animals could include a wide range of observational and experimental protocols that do not compromise humane or conservational standards while providing background on the basics of science that encourage and prepare the student for continued education. Basic attention to detail and careful supervision will insure humane care of the animals and minimize the possibility of injury to students from bites and infection or discomfort from ...


Secondary And Elementary School Use Of Live And Preserved Animals, Marvin B. Emmons Jan 1980

Secondary And Elementary School Use Of Live And Preserved Animals, Marvin B. Emmons

Education Collection

The broad use of living animals in elementary and junior school programs that are currently in vogue will be discussed as well as their use in biology classrooms at the senior high level. A comparison will be made of the present use of animals in the biology curriculum at the high school level, both living and preserved, with the use levels some ten and fifteen years ago. The implications of wildlife habitat encroachment and subsequent depletion of native species of classic animal models as well as some alternatives will be reviewed.


Science Youth Activities And Animal Experimentation, E. G. Sherburne Jr. Jan 1980

Science Youth Activities And Animal Experimentation, E. G. Sherburne Jr.

Education Collection

Science youth activities (extracurricular science activities) involve millions of young people at the elementary and secondary school level. Such activities are popular with young people and with teachers because they offer values different from those provided by classroom work and the required laboratory. National science youth activity programs include science fairs and the International Science and Engineering Fair, the Science Talent Search, and a number of other programs. For activities involving research, animals have been increasingly used because of the increased sophistication of the students doing the work. While some projects using vertebrates may be done poorly, it is suggested ...


The Challenge And Motivation Of Students Through Live Animal Projects, Thurman S. Grafton Jan 1980

The Challenge And Motivation Of Students Through Live Animal Projects, Thurman S. Grafton

Education Collection

The subject of use of live animals by secondary schools either in classroom work or science fairs is a very controversial and often emotional issue. The author emphasizes the dedication to humane treatment of animals while at the same time explaining the process by which rules have been formulated to provide for the appropriate use of live animals. The difference between permission and mandate is clarified for the purpose of explaining the need to provide for the more effective challenge and motivation of the high achiever while still allowing for more modest undertakings by the average student The perils of ...


Humaneness Supersedes Curiosity, F. Barbara Orlans Jan 1980

Humaneness Supersedes Curiosity, F. Barbara Orlans

Education Collection

Ethical considerations need to be addressed with respect to educational use of animals. Society extends greater latitude in what is permissible to do to an animal in the name of science to a professional research worker than to a high school student. A balance needs to be made of the significance of the expected experimental results, on the one hand, which the ethical costs, (in terms of pain or death to the animal), on the other. A reasonable boundary can be drawn, based on ethical as well as on practical considerations, to exclude invasive procedures on vertebrate animals in high ...


Fundamental Criteria For Determining The Educational Value Of Live Animal Experimentation In High School Science Fairs, David H. Neil Jan 1980

Fundamental Criteria For Determining The Educational Value Of Live Animal Experimentation In High School Science Fairs, David H. Neil

Education Collection

The author contends that great and very detailed attention to one minuscule facet of experimental animal biology, particularly if it requires the skilled and uniform alteration of a significant number of animals, is of no real educational value to a high school student. This type of work, the necessity for it and the full understanding of its significance to the furtherance of human understanding must be the province only of those who are intellectually prepared. The suggestion is made that projects, which develop a more complete understanding of common and profoundly important elements in life (as we know it), should ...


Study Guides: Their Effect On Reading Comprehension In Content Areas In The Third Grade, Ruth Hackenson Jan 1980

Study Guides: Their Effect On Reading Comprehension In Content Areas In The Third Grade, Ruth Hackenson

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using study guides in content areas of the elementary curriculum on the general level of comprehension of third grade pupils in those content areas. It appeared from the search of the literature that study guides had been little used for lower elementary students. More frequent use has been with upper elementary and high school students. A study using third grade subjects seemed to be of value for at least two reasons: one, to fill the gap and two, to discover the benefits that might accrue, or to lend credence ...


Oral Reading, Silent Reading, And Listening Comprehension: A Comparative Study For Above-Average And Below-Average Readers, Rita M. Joost Jan 1980

Oral Reading, Silent Reading, And Listening Comprehension: A Comparative Study For Above-Average And Below-Average Readers, Rita M. Joost

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

By comparing listening comprehension to reading comprehension for above-average and below-average readers, one can come to some conclusions about where the problem resides for poor readers-whether it be lack of phonic skills or lack of general verbal competence. Because teachers need to know better where to invest their resources, investigations such as mine need to be done.


Agricultural Education In Eastern Illinois - Transfer Of Learnings To The Gambia, Joseph N'Dong Jan 1980

Agricultural Education In Eastern Illinois - Transfer Of Learnings To The Gambia, Joseph N'Dong

Masters Theses

Dr. Robert Shuff my advisor, and I, decided that it would be useful that my field experience be geared toward finding out for myself how vocational agriculture is managed in institutions around Eastern Illinois University. The intent was to help me determine if any of the methods in use could be recommended for adoption in Gambian Institutions. My advisor arranged the visits as outlined in the log of activities in the final paragraph of the introduction.

Chapter one involves my meeting with Mr. Louis Christen, Director of Coles County Extension Service. During the interview, he described the history, function and ...


A Fieldtrip Handbook For Mattoon Community Unit School District, Number Two, Thomas W. David Jan 1980

A Fieldtrip Handbook For Mattoon Community Unit School District, Number Two, Thomas W. David

Masters Theses

Classroom teachers have traditionally used fieldtrips to supplement their curriculum and to enrich learning. To assist teachers of Community Unit School District Number Two to plan and to prepare for fieldtrips, a fieldtrip handbook was selected as the field experience for a Specialist Degree in Educational Administration. A report of the field experience and the handbook as appendix A combine to give the reader an in-depth understanding of the experience. The report was organized along the following lines: Introduction, Log of Activities, Selected Activity Analyses, and Summary. In the report the purposes and techniques in developing a fieldtrip handbook are ...


A Study Of The Utilization Of The Harper Community College Sixteen Millimeter Film Collection And Instructors' Motives For Using Those Films, Roger Joseph Rezabek Jan 1980

A Study Of The Utilization Of The Harper Community College Sixteen Millimeter Film Collection And Instructors' Motives For Using Those Films, Roger Joseph Rezabek

Masters Theses

This study examined two aspects of sixteen millimeter film utilization at Harper Community College in northeastern Illinois, near Chicago. The first aspect of the study dealt with quantitative film usage by each of the seven subject area divisions of the college. The second aspect dealt with instructors' motives for selecting and using a particular film in a given instructional situation.

The data on film utilization showed that approximately 14% of the titles in the collection were used an average of more than five times per year. At the same time, over 16% of the titles in the collection were used ...