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2009

American Studies

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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

What Code-Mixed Dps Can Tell Us About Gender, Elena Valenzuela, Joyce Bruhn De Garavito, Ewelina Barski, Maria De Luna Villalón, Ana Faure, Yolanda Pangtay, Alma Ramírez Trujillo, Sonia Reis Oct 2011

What Code-Mixed Dps Can Tell Us About Gender, Elena Valenzuela, Joyce Bruhn De Garavito, Ewelina Barski, Maria De Luna Villalón, Ana Faure, Yolanda Pangtay, Alma Ramírez Trujillo, Sonia Reis

Ewelina Barski, PhD

There has been a growing interest in the examination of the steady state of simultaneous bilinguals. An understanding of what leads to the possible weaknesses in the grammar of early bilinguals can contribute to our understanding of the possible causes of the apparent characteristic ‘failures’ in second language acquisition (Montrul 2008). Spanish has a gender feature for nouns (Carroll 1989) and gender agreement for determiners and adjectives. Problems with the acquisition of gender marking on the noun and/or with gender agreement are well-known in the L2 literature (Hawkins 1998; Fernández–Garcia 1999; Franceschina 2001; Bruhn de Garavito and White ...


What Code-Mixed Dps Can Tell Us About Gender, Elena Valenzuela, Joyce Bruhn De Garavito, Ewelina Barski, Maria De Luna Villalón, Ana Faure, Yolanda Pangtay, Alma Ramírez Trujillo, Sonia Reis Jun 2010

What Code-Mixed Dps Can Tell Us About Gender, Elena Valenzuela, Joyce Bruhn De Garavito, Ewelina Barski, Maria De Luna Villalón, Ana Faure, Yolanda Pangtay, Alma Ramírez Trujillo, Sonia Reis

Joyce Bruhn de Garavito

There has been a growing interest in the examination of the steady state of simultaneous bilinguals. An understanding of what leads to the possible weaknesses in the grammar of early bilinguals can contribute to our understanding of the possible causes of the apparent characteristic ‘failures’ in second language acquisition (Montrul 2008). Spanish has a gender feature for nouns (Carroll 1989) and gender agreement for determiners and adjectives. Problems with the acquisition of gender marking on the noun and/or with gender agreement are well-known in the L2 literature (Hawkins 1998; Fernández–Garcia 1999; Franceschina 2001; Bruhn de Garavito and White ...


On The Involvement Of The Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor In The Pathogenesis And Progression Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Jose Francisco Abisambra Socarras Dec 2009

On The Involvement Of The Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor In The Pathogenesis And Progression Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Jose Francisco Abisambra Socarras

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent form of age-associated dementia. Cholesterol dysregulation is linked with AD onset. Besides age, the most important risk factor associated with AD is the inheritance of the epsilon-4 allele of apolipoprotein E, a cholesterol transporter. In addition, while hypercholesterolemia has been shown to be an independent risk factor for AD, the nature of the cholesterol-AD link is still not clear. This gap in our understanding is partly due to a lack of knowledge about cholesterol metabolism in the central nervous system (CNS).

The low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) is the main receptor of apoE ...


Scraps To Quilts (Exhibition) (Fa 475), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Scraps To Quilts (Exhibition) (Fa 475), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Materials collected by Western Kentucky University folk studies students for an exhibition titled "Scraps to Kentucky Quilts." Includes meeting minutes, publicity material, label information, data sheets for submitted quilts, negatives and proof sheets, and interviews with quiltmakers.


Masters, John Post, D. 1973 (Sc 2126), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Masters, John Post, D. 1973 (Sc 2126), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2126. Typescript of a paper written by John Post Masters, Bowling Green, Kentucky, in 1964 and titled "The Start of Silent Moving Pictures in the United States."


The Security And Foreign Policy Of The Islamic Republic Of Iran: An Offensive Realism Perspective, Bledar Prifti Dec 2009

The Security And Foreign Policy Of The Islamic Republic Of Iran: An Offensive Realism Perspective, Bledar Prifti

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study argues that security and foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran is mainly driven by the main principles of the Offensive Realism theory of international relations. While the Iranian political system is considered a theocratic system, based on the Islamic Shi'a ideology, its survival is defined as the ultimate ideology-an ideology that is paramount to any other ideology. Iran's security and foreign policy is determined and shaped by its need to survive in an anarchic international system. Iran's cooperation with "two Satans", Israel and the United States, during the Iran-Iraq war demonstrates that the ...


Active Surveillance And Incidence Rate Of Dengue Infection In A Cohort Of High Risk Population In Maracay, Venezuela., Carlos Espino Dec 2009

Active Surveillance And Incidence Rate Of Dengue Infection In A Cohort Of High Risk Population In Maracay, Venezuela., Carlos Espino

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the absence of an effective vaccine, vector control and surveillance of dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are the most important strategies currently used to reduce the impact of these diseases in affected population. The objectives of this study were to estimate the incidence of symptomatic and asymptomatic dengue cases, the prevalence of antidengue antibodies, and to evaluate the laboratory and clinical aspects related to an active surveillance of dengue cases. In this study, active surveillance was incorporated as a part of the study design. At total of 3,255 people from four high risk neighborhoods were ...


Family Affairs Newsletter 2009-12-15, Jean Vermette Dec 2009

Family Affairs Newsletter 2009-12-15, Jean Vermette

FAN: Family Affairs Newsletter

FAMILY AFFAIRS was a free, twice-a-month, social activities newsletter for the GLBTQI (gay/lesbian/bisexual/trans/queer/intersex) community, sent out around the 1st and 15th of each month. It covered the State of Maine only. The list was begun and maintained for many years by Jean Vermette in Bangor, and later operated by Zack Paakkonen of Portland. Over the years it evolved from a social activities newsletter into a business directory, classified ad service, and community bulletin board.


Curle, Richard, 1883-1968 (Sc 2114), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Curle, Richard, 1883-1968 (Sc 2114), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2114. Letter written by Richard Curle to Katherine [unknown last name] in which he mentions their attendance at a party and her criticism of his novel.


Mcfarland, Jonnie, B. 1873 (Sc 2120), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Mcfarland, Jonnie, B. 1873 (Sc 2120), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2120. Autograph album of Jonnie McFarland, Bristow, Kentucky. Includes part of a menu from J. A. Rabold, Bowling Green, Kentucky.


The Evolution Of The Karst Information Portal, Todd A. Chavez Dec 2009

The Evolution Of The Karst Information Portal, Todd A. Chavez

Academic Resources Faculty and Staff Publications

The Karst Information Portal (KIP) is a digital library initiative linking scientists, resource managers, and explorers with quality information resources concerning karst, an understudied natural environment that is crucial to the health and well-being of one out of every four people on Earth. Beginning in 2006 as a partnership between the USF Libraries, the National Cave & Karst Research Institute, the University of New Mexico Library, and the Union Internationale de Spéléologie (UIS), KIP has expanded to include databases concerning cave minerals, speleothem dating, and coastal cave surveys. This presentation outlines the evolution of the project and describes ongoing developments in ...


The Effectiveness Of Prevent-Teach-Reinforce: Does The Presence Of Comorbid Internalizing Behavior Problems Moderate Outcomes For Children With Externalizing Behavior Problems?, Bonnie Saari Dec 2009

The Effectiveness Of Prevent-Teach-Reinforce: Does The Presence Of Comorbid Internalizing Behavior Problems Moderate Outcomes For Children With Externalizing Behavior Problems?, Bonnie Saari

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effectiveness of a school-based intervention process known as Prevent-Teach-Reinforce for children with a combination of externalizing and internalizing behaviors compared to children with only externalizing behaviors. The dependent variables examined were social skills, problem behaviors, and academic engaged time. Data for the current study were taken from archival data collected by the Florida Mental Health Institute that included students in kindergarten through 8th grade. A series of repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to identify differences in improvement on the dependent variables for the two groups of students.

Research questions focused on the main effects ...


Spears, Angela (Fa 344), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Spears, Angela (Fa 344), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text scan of paper (Click on “Additional Files” below) for Folklife Archives Project 344. Paper: "Folklore and Media Project on Folklore in Advertisements" written by Angela Spears for a Western Kentucky University folk studies class.


Synthesis Of Local Thermo-Physical Models Using Genetic Programming, Ying Zhang Dec 2009

Synthesis Of Local Thermo-Physical Models Using Genetic Programming, Ying Zhang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Local thermodynamic models are practical alternatives to computationally expensive rigorous models that involve implicit computational procedures and often complement them to accelerate computation for real-time optimization and control. Human-centered strategies for development of these models are based on approximation of theoretical models. Genetic Programming (GP) system can extract knowledge from the given data in the form of symbolic expressions. This research describes a fully data driven automatic self-evolving algorithm that builds appropriate approximating formulae for local models using genetic programming. No a-priori information on the type of mixture (ideal/non ideal etc.) or assumptions are necessary.

The approach involves synthesis ...


Saving Energy In Network Hosts With An Application Layer Proxy: Design And Evaluation Of New Methods That Utilize Improved Bloom Filters, Miguel Jimeno Dec 2009

Saving Energy In Network Hosts With An Application Layer Proxy: Design And Evaluation Of New Methods That Utilize Improved Bloom Filters, Miguel Jimeno

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

One of the most urgent challenges of the 21st century is to investigate new technologies that can enable a transition towards a society with a reduced CO2 footprint. Information Technology generates about 2% of the global CO2, which is comparable to the aviation industry. Being connected to the Internet requires active participation in responding to protocol messages. Billions of dollars worth of electricity every year are used to keep network hosts fully powered-on at all times only for the purpose of maintaining network presence. Most network hosts are idle most of the time, thus presenting a huge opportunity ...


Filtration Performance Of A Niosh-Approved N95 Filtering Facepiece Respirator With Stapled Head Straps, Daniel E. Medina Dec 2009

Filtration Performance Of A Niosh-Approved N95 Filtering Facepiece Respirator With Stapled Head Straps, Daniel E. Medina

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Certain models of NIOSH-approved filtering facepiece air purifying respirators are manufactured with stapled head straps. Depending on the manufacturer, these head straps may be stapled to the filter media itself. This may cause leakage through the filter media of the respirator, potentially exposing the user to an unacceptable level of contaminant. In this study, monodisperse polystyrene latex (PSL) spheres were generated to challenge four replicates of a N95 single use respirator model made by the same manufacturer.

Nominal particle sizes of the PSL spheres used to challenge the respirators were 0.5, 1, and 2 micrometers in diameter. All respirators ...


Mccormick, Mary (Sloss), 1873-1904 (Sc 2118), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Mccormick, Mary (Sloss), 1873-1904 (Sc 2118), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2118. Letter written by Mary Sloss, Bowling Green, Kentucky, to Mary Stagner, a member of her wedding party, related to attire; newspaper announcement of 16 April 1889 wedding of Mary Sloss and Herschel McCormick.


Kindred, Gayle (Fa 126), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Kindred, Gayle (Fa 126), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text scan of paper (Click on “Additional Files” below) for Folklife Archives Project 126. Paper: "Mail or artwork?" written by Gayle Kindred for a Folk Studies class at Western Kentucky University. Includes a collection and description of stylized mail received by students at Western Kentucky University, 1985-1986.


Jasper, Cindy Rhea (Fa 129), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Jasper, Cindy Rhea (Fa 129), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text scan of paper (Click on “Additional Files” below) for Folklife Archives Project 129. Paper: "Folklore in the Mass Media" written by Cindy Rhea Jasper for a folk studies class at Western Kentucky University. Includes examples of folk sayings, songs, games, proverbs, and traditional images in advertisements found in "Ladies Home Journal," February 1981 to February 1982. Includes photocopies of 56 magazine ads.


Brown, Caroll P. - Collector (Sc 2105), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Brown, Caroll P. - Collector (Sc 2105), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and print (attached as an additional file) for Manuscripts Small Collection 2105. Collaborative set of three signed poems by Jim Wayne Miller and an Ivan Schiefferdecker, art print title "Late Fall" (numbered 77/100 and signed), along with the typescript of another signed poem by Miller. Also includes a promotional piece for the set.


A Program Evaluation Of A Literacy Initiative For Students With Moderate To Severe Disabilities, Carrie F. De La Cruz Dec 2009

A Program Evaluation Of A Literacy Initiative For Students With Moderate To Severe Disabilities, Carrie F. De La Cruz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Recently the National Reading Panel concluded that systematic and direct instruction in phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension that is informed by ongoing assessments of student progress results in positive student achievement (NICHHD, 2002). For students with moderate to severe disabilities and students with autism, reading instruction has historically focused on functional sight words. Unfortunately, very little research exists that has examined how the literacy achievement of students with moderate to severe disabilities can be impacted by a more comprehensive, data-driven instructional model.

A special education program that serves students with moderate to severe disabilities and students with autism ...


Strange, Carrie, 1862-1940 (Sc 2110), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Strange, Carrie, 1862-1940 (Sc 2110), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2110. Autograph albums (2) kept by Carrie Strange of Bowling Green, Kentucky. Several of those autographing the album took artistic and literate license with their work. Also includes a pen & ink drawing of a young woman, dated 1908.


Detailed Stratigraphy And Geochemistry Of Lower Mount Rogers Formation Metavolcanic Units Exposed On Elk Garden Ridge, Va, Meghan Marie Lindsey Dec 2009

Detailed Stratigraphy And Geochemistry Of Lower Mount Rogers Formation Metavolcanic Units Exposed On Elk Garden Ridge, Va, Meghan Marie Lindsey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The lower Mount Rogers Formation (LMRF) is described by Rankin (1993) as a sequence of intercalated metabasalts and volcanogenic sediments with minor metarhyolite. We have chosen to examine the sequence of the LMRF units exposed along Elk Garden Ridge, a high shoulder between the summits of Whitetop Mountain and Mount Rogers in the Mount Rogers National Recreation Area in SW Virginia. This sequence represents an uplifted block of LMRF units enclosed by exposures of Whitetop and Wilburn metarhyolites.

In the field, progressive lithologic changes can be observed walking up-section along Elk Garden ridge that are indicative of changes in lava ...


Developing The Nomological Network Of Perceived Corporate Affinity For Technology: A Three Essay Dissertation, David Earl Fleming Dec 2009

Developing The Nomological Network Of Perceived Corporate Affinity For Technology: A Three Essay Dissertation, David Earl Fleming

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Technology is changing the face of both the sales and service domains. Honebein and Cammarano (2006) note that properly implemented self-service technologies serve dual purposes of decreasing firm overhead costs, while simultaneously engaging the customer in a way encourages the co-create of value for both parties. To get these benefits stakeholders must be willing to adopt and use the technologies that are available.

Traditionally, this has lead to the research question "How do firms do this?" However, according to a recent article by Woodall, Colby and Parasuraman (2007), consumers are now demanding more technology-based options and becoming more technologically savvy ...


Barr, Lawrence L. (Sc 2103), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Barr, Lawrence L. (Sc 2103), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text paper (click on Additional File" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 2103. Paper: "A New Look at the History of Soldier's Retreat" produced by Lawrence L. Barr for an adult education class at Senior House, Inc., Louisville, Kentucky. Soldier's Retreat was built around 1789 in Jefferson County, Kentucky.


Bousman, Louise Tate, 1906-1979 (Sc 2102), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Bousman, Louise Tate, 1906-1979 (Sc 2102), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2102. Draft weaving pattern for a "Snail Trail" coverlet originally included in a 1781 letter from a young soldier to his sweetheart in western Virginia (present day Kentucky). The pattern was a memento given at a 1977 weaving convention. Distributed by Bousman's Little Loomhouse, Louisville, Kentucky. Includes an inscription on the verso from Bousman.


Thompson, Mary H., B. 1875 (Sc 2097), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2009

Thompson, Mary H., B. 1875 (Sc 2097), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2097. Diary kept by Mary H. Thompson, a physician's daughter living near Rockfield, Warren County, Kentucky, from February to November 1902. She writes of social events, home life, teaching school, church attendance, family and friends.


Stat3 Contributes To Resistance Towards Bcr-Abl Inhibitors In A Bone Marrow Microenvironment Model Of Drug Resistance In Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Cells, Nadine N. Bewry Dec 2009

Stat3 Contributes To Resistance Towards Bcr-Abl Inhibitors In A Bone Marrow Microenvironment Model Of Drug Resistance In Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Cells, Nadine N. Bewry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Imatinib mesylate (imatinib) represents a potent molecularly targeted therapy against the oncogenic tyrosine kinase, BCR-ABL. Although imatinib has shown considerable efficacy against chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), displaying high rates of complete hematological and complete cytogenetic responses, treatment with imatinib is not curative and overtime advanced-stage CML patients often become refractory to further treatment. Acquired resistance to imatinib has been associated with mutations within the kinase domain of BCR-ABL, BCR-ABL gene amplification, leukemic stem cell quiescence as well as over-expression of the multidrug resistance (MDR1) gene. However, in vitro resistance models often fail to consider the role of the tumor microenvironment ...


Paul Bunyan Design Assemblage, Ashley Sickler Dec 2009

Paul Bunyan Design Assemblage, Ashley Sickler

Art and Design

This project contains a design assemblage dedicated to the legendary figure, Paul Bunyan. The system includes, a typeface, a logo, a color palette, a pattern, and a poster.


Unifying America: The Use Of American Propaganda During World War I, Maxwell Riley Woodcock Dec 2009

Unifying America: The Use Of American Propaganda During World War I, Maxwell Riley Woodcock

Communication Studies

This project offers a historical look at the Committee on Public Information (CPI), its leader George Creel, and the uses of propaganda in America during the First World War. The paper discusses Creel's role in creating a propaganda machine that influenced the beliefs of millions of Americans. The last section analyzes what critics thought of the American government after they propagandized the American people.