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How Is Health Seeking Behavior And Patient Outcomes For Latin Immigrants Affected By Language Barriers, Socioeconomic Status And Health Literacy?, Cassandra Sanchez 2022 Dominican University of California

How Is Health Seeking Behavior And Patient Outcomes For Latin Immigrants Affected By Language Barriers, Socioeconomic Status And Health Literacy?, Cassandra Sanchez

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

Language barriers cause a disconnect between patients and health care workers. What further causes a disconnect is when patients have a lower level of education in addition to having a language barrier. I will be focusing on Latin immigrant individuals in the United States for my research. Many Latin immigrant patients may not have gone to school in their native countries, so their education level is lower making it harder to understand discharge information or patient teaching. When patients are unable to have that health literacy it may lead to negative patient outcomes due to not adhering to medication ...


The Effects Of Bundle Adherence On Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: A Quality Improvement Project, Sara Borges, Tracy L. Brewer, Donita Beard 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Effects Of Bundle Adherence On Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: A Quality Improvement Project, Sara Borges, Tracy L. Brewer, Donita Beard

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Abstract

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a hospital-acquired infection that affects intubated patients on a ventilator. The risk of acquiring the infection increases the longer a patient stays on the ventilator. Complications from ventilator-associated pneumonia can impact the patient physically, financially, or emotionally. Evidence-based recommendations collectively implemented to prevent VAP are referred to as a care bundle. Despite rising VAP cases in a local hospital, adherence to all elements of the VAP prevention bundle remained low. Our quality improvement project aimed to provide training to staff to increase awareness and adherence to the VAP bundle and decrease the number of VAP ...


Understanding Intelligent Non-Adherence By Measuring The Differences In Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, And Behaviors Of Self-Care In Heart Failure Patients, Marco Mimbela 2022 Seton Hall University

Understanding Intelligent Non-Adherence By Measuring The Differences In Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, And Behaviors Of Self-Care In Heart Failure Patients, Marco Mimbela

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Background and Purpose of the Study: Research shows that six in ten U.S. adults have a chronic disease and four in ten have two or more (CDC, 2018). Of all chronic diseases, heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization and mortality in the U.S. (Kilgore, Patel, Kielhorn, Maya, & Sharma, 2017). Luckily, this condition can be managed through various self-care practices. Although healthcare providers are educating their patients on these self-care practices, patients are making a conscious decision to non-adhere. This phenomenon is known as intelligent non-adherence and is mostly affected by an individual’s level of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. The purpose of this study is to understand intelligent non-adherence by measuring the differences in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of self-care in heart failure patients in hopes of acquiring crucial information for future use in the tailoring of heart failure self-care educational programs. Doing so by creating, validating, and utilizing a Principal Investigator survey instrument (SC-KABBINA).

Methods: This study utilized a quantitative methodology with a descriptive, exploratory, cross-sectional, and correlational research design to measure heart failure patients’ (ages 18-44 and 45-95) level of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. A sample of 343 of heart failure patients was attained for this study.

Results: As a whole, SC-KABBINA’s reliability was acceptable (Cronbach’s alpha α = .75). Individually, each of the four variables of SC-KABBINA, had a reliability ranging from unacceptable to excellent: Behaviors (α = .44), Attitudes (α = .55), Knowledge (α = .69), and Beliefs (α = .80).

Based on the descriptive statistics, heart failure patients’ (regardless of age) showed a high level of knowledge toward self-care, more favorable level of attitudes and beliefs, and were more prone to perform self-care behaviors; however, based on the inferential statistics (one-way ANOVA and linear regression), there was no significance found for any of the four dependent variables.

Conclusion: Although knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors have an impact on an individual’s level of intelligent non-adherence and self-care, there may have been other factors ...


Provider Attitude Towards Postpartum Sexual Health, Katie Shearer, Pallavi Khanna 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Provider Attitude Towards Postpartum Sexual Health, Katie Shearer, Pallavi Khanna

Longitudinal Scholar's Project

Background: The prevalence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) worldwide is estimated to be 41%. FSD is even more prevalent in postpartum patients. There are significant barriers to addressing FSD in a busy clinic, and the use of a standardized screening questionnaire could be used to improve outcomes during postpartum appointments.

Methodology: Providers that care for postpartum patients at Regional One Health in Memphis, TN, were asked to complete an anonymous survey online. General knowledge and practices of providers were assessed.

Results: 79% of respondents answered that they felt very comfortable assessing for postpartum sexual health, and 88% of respondents expressed ...


Global Child And Family-Centered Care Fellowship, Education And Mentorship For Pediatric Healthcare Professionals: A Literature Review, Ashley Zheng, BobbiJo Pansier 2022 Standish Foundation for Children

Global Child And Family-Centered Care Fellowship, Education And Mentorship For Pediatric Healthcare Professionals: A Literature Review, Ashley Zheng, Bobbijo Pansier

Patient Experience Journal

Child- and family-centered care (FCC) is increasingly accepted and implemented to optimize the healthcare experience for patients, their families, and healthcare professionals. Standish Foundation for Children, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, has designed and piloted a fellowship to educate pediatric healthcare professionals in FCC & psychosocial care via an inquiry and mentorship model in Tbilisis, Georgia. This review aimed to evaluate and synthesize existing literature on psychosocial and FCC mentorship for pediatric healthcare professionals in four parts: ongoing need, effects on healthcare professionals, effects on children and their families and/or caregivers, and in cross-country healthcare settings. Reviewers searched open-source databases ...


Comparison Of Routine Health Screening Rates Between Two Emr Systems, Lauren M. Cancio, Caleb J. Berta 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Comparison Of Routine Health Screening Rates Between Two Emr Systems, Lauren M. Cancio, Caleb J. Berta

Longitudinal Scholar's Project

An EMR, electronic medical record, system refers to the software widely adopted by medical practitioners to reduce the use of hard-copy files, and improve the documentation, storage, and retrieval of patient information. Some EMR systems can generate automatic alerts reminding providers when patients are due for certain preventive services or meet the criteria for various screening measures. Epic, one of the leading EMR systems in use today, contains this additional feature. The screening recommendations built into Epic are derived from a committee of USPSTF, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, medical experts whose focus is to improve patient health across ...


Navigating Care Transitions For Older Adults In The Emergency Department When A Social Worker Is Unavailable, Rebecca Weeks, Kathy Sawasky, Adam Perry, Michael Malone 2022 Advocate Aurora

Navigating Care Transitions For Older Adults In The Emergency Department When A Social Worker Is Unavailable, Rebecca Weeks, Kathy Sawasky, Adam Perry, Michael Malone

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

Some Emergency Departments do not have social worker staffing to assess high- risk older adults who have been identified. This is of particular concern in during care transitions for older patients who are at risk for poor health outcomes. We describe triggers for the emergency provider to recognize older patients at high risk and bundles of appropriate services and community supports to mitigate risk.


The Patient-Centered Medical Home And The Value Of Heightened Care Coordination: A Systematic Literature Review, Garrett L. Vetter 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Patient-Centered Medical Home And The Value Of Heightened Care Coordination: A Systematic Literature Review, Garrett L. Vetter

Capstone Experience

Health care spending in the United States continues to increase at a pace that far exceeds inflation. Representing a greater proportion of the nation’s gross domestic product (GDP) than any other country, costs associated with health care services in the U.S. lend support to growing concern regarding the sustainability of current systems. Furthermore, the fragmented nature of the current landscape often presents challenges to the provision of high-quality and efficient care. Satisfaction among both patients and health care providers, alike, suffers under the weight of increasing regulatory burden, the lack of integrated medical records systems, and growing complexity ...


Emergency Department Policies To Improve Care Experiences For Older Adults During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Anita Chary, Shan Lliu, Lauren Southerland, Lauren Cameron Comasco, Kei Ouchi, Christopher R. Carpenter MD, MSc, Edward W Boyer, Aanand D. Naik, Maura Kennedy 2022 Baylor College of Medicine

Emergency Department Policies To Improve Care Experiences For Older Adults During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Anita Chary, Shan Lliu, Lauren Southerland, Lauren Cameron Comasco, Kei Ouchi, Christopher R. Carpenter Md, Msc, Edward W Boyer, Aanand D. Naik, Maura Kennedy

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

n/a


Virtual Behavioral Health Treatment Satisfaction And Outcomes Across Time, Mindy R. Waite, Sara Diab, James Adefisoye 2022 Aurora Behavioral Health Services and Advocate Aurora Research Institute, Advocate Aurora Health

Virtual Behavioral Health Treatment Satisfaction And Outcomes Across Time, Mindy R. Waite, Sara Diab, James Adefisoye

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic continues to have major and long-lasting impacts on health care delivery and mental health. As health care shifted to telehealth, legislation was adjusted to expand telehealth allowances, creating a unique opportunity to elucidate outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess long-term patient and clinician satisfaction and outcomes with virtual behavioral health.

Methods: Data were obtained over 16 months from surveys to patients and clinicians receiving/providing virtual treatment. Outcomes data also were collected from medical records of adults receiving in-person and virtual behavioral health treatment. Data were summarized using descriptive statistics. Groups were compared ...


Asking The Question ‘What Matters To You?’ In A London Intensive Care Unit, Harriet Pittaway, Laura White, Karen Turner, Angelique McGillivary 2022 Royal Free Hospital

Asking The Question ‘What Matters To You?’ In A London Intensive Care Unit, Harriet Pittaway, Laura White, Karen Turner, Angelique Mcgillivary

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: At the heart of the paradigm shift in approach to patient care from paternalism toward shared decision-making lies the international “What Matters To You?” (WMTY) movement. However, WMTY principles are not frequently applied to the critical care setting. The aim of this quality improvement project work was to design and integrate a tool for all patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) that helped answer WMTY.

Methods: Using Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) methodology across 8 cycles, a multidisciplinary team designed and integrated a bedside poster into the ICU. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected via a bedside audit process on ...


Implementation Of The Brøset Violence Checklist For Adult Psychiatric Patients, Brandy R. Cauthen, Jude Campbell, Brittany McGill, Allyson Neal, Stephan Haaquist, Courtney Glissen 2022 the university of Tennessee knoxville

Implementation Of The Brøset Violence Checklist For Adult Psychiatric Patients, Brandy R. Cauthen, Jude Campbell, Brittany Mcgill, Allyson Neal, Stephan Haaquist, Courtney Glissen

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Violence has become an increasing issue in healthcare systems worldwide, especially in inpatient psychiatric units. Violence can lead to harmful effects for patients and staff members and has been shown to increase the risk of depression, anxiety, and suicide. Additionally, violence has been shown to lead to staff burnout, which in turn leads to poorer patient outcomes. This project aimed to decrease rates of violence by implementing the Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC), a screening tool that predicts imminent violence. The BVC is a six-item checklist that allows patients to be scored based on behaviors. Then, a sum score is produced ...


Sepsis: Do The Clinical Criteria Support The Medical Coding?, April M. Insco 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Sepsis: Do The Clinical Criteria Support The Medical Coding?, April M. Insco

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Background: Sepsis is a condition that can be very costly and very deadly. Diagnosing sepsis can be challenging as there is not one specific test that will identify whether a patient has sepsis and there are varying opinions as to the true definition of sepsis. The definition of sepsis used for this research is a combination of System Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) with an identified infection. Medical Coders must review the documentation provided in a medical record to accurately assign an ICD-10-CM code. Administrative data is then used to provide statistical information for research purposes. When coded data is not ...


Implementing Antimicrobial Stewardship For Healthcare Providers In An Urgent Care Setting To Reduce Antibiotic Misuse For Respiratory Infections, Ashley Pauldin 2022 Jacksonville State University

Implementing Antimicrobial Stewardship For Healthcare Providers In An Urgent Care Setting To Reduce Antibiotic Misuse For Respiratory Infections, Ashley Pauldin

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Antimicrobial resistance has been identified as a major threat by the World Health Organization (WHO), and antimicrobial stewardship is a key strategy to overcome resistance. A major contributing factor to this crisis is the inappropriate use of antibiotic prescriptions in outpatient settings. Although evidence-based guidelines on appropriate treatment for acute upper respiratory infections (URIs) have been developed, the need for improving provider and patient awareness and knowledge in the urgent care setting is critical.

Purpose: The purpose of the DNP project was to implement antimicrobial stewardship guidelines in the urgent care facility to decrease the misuse of antibiotic prescribing ...


Utilizing Multimodal Communication Strategies To Improve Average Risk Women Veteran Patient Participation In Returning Colorectal Fecal Immunochemical Test Kits, Shuntae Hooten 2022 Jacksonville State University

Utilizing Multimodal Communication Strategies To Improve Average Risk Women Veteran Patient Participation In Returning Colorectal Fecal Immunochemical Test Kits, Shuntae Hooten

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Cancer is one of the most dreadful diseases present in today’s world. It is responsible for millions of deaths worldwide. The disease is debilitating to one’s physical and emotional well-being. Cancer impacts not only the affected individual but also those close to them. When colorectal cancer is identified early via preventive screenings, it has a greater chance of responding to treatment, therefore, increasing the chances of survival. The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) kit plays a pivotal role in the early detection of colon cancer. Schreuders et al. (2016) revealed that FIT kits have better adherence, usability, and ...


Evaluating The Extent Of Fall Prevention Knowledge Of Direct Care Clinicians In A Post-Acute Hospital Setting: A Quality Improvement Initiative, Joseph Henry Mitchell Jr 2022 Jacksonville State University

Evaluating The Extent Of Fall Prevention Knowledge Of Direct Care Clinicians In A Post-Acute Hospital Setting: A Quality Improvement Initiative, Joseph Henry Mitchell Jr

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Events, such as falls, continue to maintain permanence in countless public health settings and organizations, attributing to unnecessary resource utilization. Proven methods for mitigating fall occurrences transpire through reliable fall education and by creating programs that directly impact these incidents. These agendas are essential and can lessen undue stress, obligations, and associated fiscal liability.

Purpose: This DNP project aimed to ascertain and expand unit nurses' fall prevention strategy knowledge in a long-term acute care hospital, bringing awareness of evidence-based practices through a learning addendum.

Methods: This program, based on a descriptive, quasi-experimental, pre-, and post-analysis, strategically assessed the fall ...


Care Alert Program In Chronic Recurrent Ed Utilizing Patients, Kaitlyn Phelps, Jonathan Bryan, Jonathan Leggett, Erica Gibbons, Brian Griggs 2022 Grand Strand Medical Center

Care Alert Program In Chronic Recurrent Ed Utilizing Patients, Kaitlyn Phelps, Jonathan Bryan, Jonathan Leggett, Erica Gibbons, Brian Griggs

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

The Care Alert program is designed to help navigate encounters with patient populations that are high utilizers of emergency department (ED) resources. These populations often have chronic medical conditions, have a poor understanding of their conditions, are unfamiliar with the EDs’ role in the management of these conditions, and commonly lack outpatient resources. The Care Alert program intends to address the needs of this challenging patient population by designing individualized care plans that are approved through a multidisciplinary committee. Data from this study showed a 37% decrease in ED visits and a 47% decrease in hospitalizations during the initial 8 ...


Prevalence Of Sexual Harassment Toward And Burnout Among Allied Healthcare Professionals, Stephen A. Cage, Meredith N. Decker, Brandon J. Warner, Kendall Goldberg, Diana M. Gallegos, Julianne Goza 2022 The University of Texas at Tyler

Prevalence Of Sexual Harassment Toward And Burnout Among Allied Healthcare Professionals, Stephen A. Cage, Meredith N. Decker, Brandon J. Warner, Kendall Goldberg, Diana M. Gallegos, Julianne Goza

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Burnout is a psychological cognitive-affective syndrome that is defined by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced accomplishment. Burnout has been identified as a common issue in several allied healthcare professions, and is often contributed to by stress, workload, and social support. At the time of this study, there appears to be no published research on the relationship between levels of sexual harassment and levels of burnout. The purpose of this was to describe the prevalence of burnout and sexual harassment among allied healthcare professionals and students. A secondary purpose was to examine the potential relationship between sexual harassment and burnout ...


Progresemos En Comunidad Apoyados En La Colaboración Social, Maria Nieves Avila Avila, Claudia del Rocío Contreras Rodríguez, Sandra Patricia Carmona Urueña, Sindy Alejandro Cifuentes Guerrero 2022 Universidad de Cundinamarca

Progresemos En Comunidad Apoyados En La Colaboración Social, Maria Nieves Avila Avila, Claudia Del Rocío Contreras Rodríguez, Sandra Patricia Carmona Urueña, Sindy Alejandro Cifuentes Guerrero

Ciencias de la Salud

La cartilla educativa Manejo de intoxicacionespor plaguicidas, y primeros auxilios proporcionar información a lostrabajadores agrícolas y sus familias, con el fin degenerar acciones de promoción y prevención quedisminuyan los riesgos de intoxicación por plaguicidasy contribuir a la creación de ambientes saludables.Los plaguicidas ocasionan riesgo para la salud delos agricultores y las personas que manipulan estassustancias, lo que lleva a la población en generala realizar una manipulación incorrecta que puedeocasionar intoxicaciones y la muerte. La mayoríade los casos de intoxicación por plaguicidas sepueden prevenir; esta cartilla brinda informaciónsobre la forma de reducir los riesgos para la saludy acciones prácticas sobre ...


Podium Presentation: Racial Inequities And Breastfeeding In A Nicu: A Quality Improvement Project, Emilia C. Garcia 2022 Covenant

Podium Presentation: Racial Inequities And Breastfeeding In A Nicu: A Quality Improvement Project, Emilia C. Garcia

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

No abstract provided.


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