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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Childhood And Adolescent Neighborhood Effects On Adult Income: Using Siblings To Examine Differences In Ordinary Least Squares And Fixed-Effect Models, Thomas P. Vartanian, P. W. Buck Mar 2005

Childhood And Adolescent Neighborhood Effects On Adult Income: Using Siblings To Examine Differences In Ordinary Least Squares And Fixed-Effect Models, Thomas P. Vartanian, P. W. Buck

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Using sibling data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, this article examines the effects of child and adolescent neighborhood conditions on adult income. Estimates from fixed-effect models and ordinary least squares regression (OLS) models are compared at four stages of childhood development, with three important findings. First, OLS models that include extensive control variables do not necessarily overstate the effects of neighborhoods. Second, neighborhoods have both linear and nonlinear relationships with adult economic well-being. Third, neighborhoods exert effects on even the youngest children.


Caregivers' Readiness For Change: Predictive Validity In A Child Welfare Sample, Julia H. Littell, Heather Girvin Jan 2005

Caregivers' Readiness For Change: Predictive Validity In A Child Welfare Sample, Julia H. Littell, Heather Girvin

Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research Faculty Research and Scholarship

Objective:

To assess the predictive validity of continuous measures of problem recognition (PR), intentions to change (ITC), and overall readiness for change (RFC) among primary caregivers who received in-home services following substantiated reports of child abuse or neglect.

Method:

A modified version of the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment scale was included in interviews with a sample of 353 primary caregivers at 4 weeks, 16 weeks, and 1 year after referral for in-home services. Additional data were obtained from administrative records and caseworker surveys. Hierarchical linear and nonlinear models were used to assess relationships between PR, ITC, RFC and ...