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Science and Technology Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2015

Computer Science and Engineering

Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Gender-Based Violence In 140 Characters Or Fewer: A #Bigdata Case Study Of Twitter, Hemant Purohit, Tanvi Banerjee, Andrew Hampton, Valerie L. Shalin, Nayanesh Bhandutia, Amit P. Sheth Jul 2015

Gender-Based Violence In 140 Characters Or Fewer: A #Bigdata Case Study Of Twitter, Hemant Purohit, Tanvi Banerjee, Andrew Hampton, Valerie L. Shalin, Nayanesh Bhandutia, Amit P. Sheth

Amit P. Sheth

Public institutions are increasingly reliant on data from social media sites to measure public attitude and provide timely public engagement. Such reliance includes the exploration of public views on important social issues such as gender-based violence (GBV). In this study, we examine big (social) data consisting of nearly fourteen million tweets collected from Twitter over a period of ten months to analyze public opinion regarding GBV, highlighting the nature of tweeting practices by geographical location and gender. We demonstrate the utility of Computational Social Science to mine insight from the corpus while accounting for the influence of both transient events ...


Entity Recommendations Using Hierarchical Knowledge Bases, Siva Kumar Cheekula, Pavan Kapanipathi, Derek Doran, Prateek Jain, Amit P. Sheth Jul 2015

Entity Recommendations Using Hierarchical Knowledge Bases, Siva Kumar Cheekula, Pavan Kapanipathi, Derek Doran, Prateek Jain, Amit P. Sheth

Amit P. Sheth

Recent developments in recommendation algorithms have focused on integrating Linked Open Data to augment traditional algorithms with background knowledge. These developments recognize that the integration of Linked Open Data may or better performance, particularly in cold start cases. In this paper, we explore if and how a specific type of Linked Open Data, namely hierarchical knowledge, may be utilized for recommendation systems. We propose a content-based recommendation approaches that adapts a spreading activation algorithm over the DBpedia category structure to identify entities of interest to the user. Evaluation of the algorithm over the Movielens dataset demonstrates that our method yields ...


"Time For Dabs": Analyzing Twitter Data On Butane Hash Oil Use, Raminta Daniulaityte, Robert G. Carlson, Farahnaz Golroo, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Edward W. Boyer, Silvia S. Martins, Ramzi W. Nahhas, Amit P. Sheth Jul 2015

"Time For Dabs": Analyzing Twitter Data On Butane Hash Oil Use, Raminta Daniulaityte, Robert G. Carlson, Farahnaz Golroo, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Edward W. Boyer, Silvia S. Martins, Ramzi W. Nahhas, Amit P. Sheth

Amit P. Sheth

No abstract provided.


Analyzing The Social Media Footprint Of Street Gangs, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Derek Doran, Amit P. Sheth, Jack Dustin Jul 2015

Analyzing The Social Media Footprint Of Street Gangs, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Derek Doran, Amit P. Sheth, Jack Dustin

Amit P. Sheth

Gangs utilize social media as a way to maintain threatening virtual presences, to communicate about their activities, and to intimidate others. Such usage has gained the attention of many justice service agencies that wish to create better crime prevention and judicial services. However, these agencies use analysis methods that are labor intensive and only lead to basic, qualitative data interpretations. This paper presents the architecture of a modern platform to discover the structure, function, and operation of gangs through the lens of social media. Preliminary analysis of social media posts shared in the greater Chicago, IL region demonstrate the platform ...


Smart Data - How You And I Will Exploit Big Data For Personalized Digital Health And Many Other Activities, Amit P. Sheth Jul 2015

Smart Data - How You And I Will Exploit Big Data For Personalized Digital Health And Many Other Activities, Amit P. Sheth

Amit P. Sheth

No abstract provided.


Big Data And Smart Cities, Amit P. Sheth Jul 2015

Big Data And Smart Cities, Amit P. Sheth

Amit P. Sheth

No abstract provided.


Knowledge Enabled Approach To Predict The Location Of Twitter Users, Revathy Krishnamurthy, Pavan Kapanipathi, Amit P. Sheth, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan Jul 2015

Knowledge Enabled Approach To Predict The Location Of Twitter Users, Revathy Krishnamurthy, Pavan Kapanipathi, Amit P. Sheth, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan

Amit P. Sheth

Knowledge bases have been used to improve performance in applications ranging from web search and event detection to entity recognition and disambiguation. More recently, knowledge bases have been used to analyze social data. A key challenge in social data analysis has been the identification of the geographic location of online users in a social network such as Twitter. Existing approaches to predict the location of users, based on their tweets, rely solely on social media features or probabilistic language models. These approaches are supervised and require large training dataset of geo-tagged tweets to build their models. As most Twitter users ...


Knowledge-Driven Personalized Contextual Mhealth Service For Asthma Management In Children, Pramod Anantharam, Tanvi Banerjee, Amit P. Sheth, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Surendra Marupudi, Vaikunth Sridharan Jul 2015

Knowledge-Driven Personalized Contextual Mhealth Service For Asthma Management In Children, Pramod Anantharam, Tanvi Banerjee, Amit P. Sheth, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Surendra Marupudi, Vaikunth Sridharan

Amit P. Sheth

Wide adoption of smartphones and availability of low-cost sensors has resulted in seamless and continuous monitoring of physiology, environment, and public health notifications. However, personalized digital health and patient empowerment can become a reality only if the complex multisensory and multimodal data is processed within the patient context. Contextual processing of patient data along with personalized medical knowledge can lead to actionable information for better and timely decisions. We present a system called kHealth capable of aggregating multisensory and multimodal data from sensors (passive sensing) and answers to questionnaire (active sensing) from patients with asthma. We present our preliminary data ...


Semantic Gateway As A Service Architecture For Iot Interoperability, Pratikkumar Desai, Amit P. Sheth, Pramod Anantharam Jul 2015

Semantic Gateway As A Service Architecture For Iot Interoperability, Pratikkumar Desai, Amit P. Sheth, Pramod Anantharam

Amit P. Sheth

The Internet of Things (IoT) is set to occupy a substantial component of future Internet. The IoT connects sensors and devices that record physical observations to applications and services of the Internet. As a successor to technologies such as RFID and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), the IoT has stumbled into vertical silos of proprietary systems, providing little or no interoperability with similar systems. As the IoT represents future state of the Internet, an intelligent and scalable architecture is required to provide connectivity between these silos, enabling discovery of physical sensors and interpretation of messages between things. This paper proposes a ...


Triad-Based Role Discovery For Large Social Systems, Derek Doran Feb 2015

Triad-Based Role Discovery For Large Social Systems, Derek Doran

Derek Doran

The social role of a participant in a social system conceptualizes the circumstances under which she chooses to interact with others, making their discovery and analysis important for theoretical and practical purposes. In this paper, we propose a methodology to detect such roles by utilizing the conditional triad censuses of ego-networks. These censuses are a promising tool for social role extraction because they capture the degree to which basic social forces push upon a user to interact with others in a system. Clusters of triad censuses, inferred from network samples that preserve local structural properties, define the social roles. The ...


Data Analytics For Power Utility Storm Planning, Lan Lin, Aldo Dagnino, Derek Doran, Swapna S. Gokhale Feb 2015

Data Analytics For Power Utility Storm Planning, Lan Lin, Aldo Dagnino, Derek Doran, Swapna S. Gokhale

Derek Doran

As the world population grows, recent climatic changes seem to bring powerful storms to populated areas. The impact of these storms on utility services is devastating. Hurricane Sandy is a recent example of the enormous damages that storms can inflict on infrastructure, society, and the economy. Quick response to these emergencies represents a big challenge to electric power utilities. Traditionally utilities develop preparedness plans for storm emergency situations based on the experience of utility experts and with limited use of historical data. With the advent of the Smart Grid, utilities are incorporating automation and sensing technologies in their grids and ...


Protecting Web Servers From Web Robot Traffic, Derek Doran Feb 2015

Protecting Web Servers From Web Robot Traffic, Derek Doran

Derek Doran

No abstract provided.