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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2004

University of Massachusetts Amherst

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Articles 1 - 30 of 85

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Permaculture At Umass-Amherst: Garden Share Project, Madeleine Charney Dec 2004

Permaculture At Umass-Amherst: Garden Share Project, Madeleine Charney

University Librarians Publication Series

Student-run project at UMass-Amherst which highlights the value of growing and eating local and organic foods.


Permaculture At Umass-Amherst: Garden Share Project, Madeleine K. Charney Dec 2004

Permaculture At Umass-Amherst: Garden Share Project, Madeleine K. Charney

University Librarians Publication Series

Student-run project at UMass-Amherst which highlights the value of growing and eating local and organic foods.


Permaculture At Umass-Amherst: Garden Share Project, Madeleine K. Charney Dec 2004

Permaculture At Umass-Amherst: Garden Share Project, Madeleine K. Charney

Madeleine K. Charney

Student-run project at UMass-Amherst which highlights the value of growing and eating local and organic foods.


Nelig Meeting - November 19, 2004, New England Library Instruction Group Nov 2004

Nelig Meeting - November 19, 2004, New England Library Instruction Group

New England Library Instruction Group

NELIG quarterly meeting.


Radio Frequency Id And Privacy With Information Goods, Laura Quilter, Nathan Good, John Han, Elizabeth Miles, David Molnar, Deirdre Mulligan, Jennifer M. Urban, David Wagner Oct 2004

Radio Frequency Id And Privacy With Information Goods, Laura Quilter, Nathan Good, John Han, Elizabeth Miles, David Molnar, Deirdre Mulligan, Jennifer M. Urban, David Wagner

Laura Quilter

No abstract provided.


The Genius Of The Nation Versus The Gene-Tech Of The Nation: Science, Identity, And Gmo Debates In Hungary, Krista Harper Oct 2004

The Genius Of The Nation Versus The Gene-Tech Of The Nation: Science, Identity, And Gmo Debates In Hungary, Krista Harper

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

Introduction In the late 1990s, Hungarian politicians, environmentalists, and agricultural lobbyists weighed the pros and cons of allowing genetically modified (GM) food and seeds to enter the Hungarian market. Starting around 1994, a small group of Hungarian environmentalists began researching GM issues. Initially, they feared that as a post-socialist country seeking foreign investment, Hungary would become prey to multinational corporations seeking an ‘emerging market’ with a lax regulatory environment. The terms of the debate were reframed over time, notably following 1998, when a number of European Union member states banned the imports of GM foods and when Hungarian expatriate geneticist ...


Deletion Of Bax Eliminates Sex Differences In The Mouse Forebrain, Geert De Vries, N. G. Forger, G. J. Rosen, E. M. Waters, D. Jacobs, R. B. Simerly Sep 2004

Deletion Of Bax Eliminates Sex Differences In The Mouse Forebrain, Geert De Vries, N. G. Forger, G. J. Rosen, E. M. Waters, D. Jacobs, R. B. Simerly

Geert De Vries

Several of the best-studied sex differences in the mammalian brain are ascribed to the hormonal control of cell death. This conclusion is based primarily on correlations between pyknotic cell counts in development and counts of mature neurons in adulthood; the molecular mechanisms of hormone-regulated, sexually dimorphic cell death are unknown. We asked whether Bax, a member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins that is required for cell death in many developing neurons, might be essential for sex differences in neuron number. We compared Bax knockout mice and their WT siblings, focusing on two regions of the mouse forebrain that show ...


Nelig Meeting - August 20, 2004, New England Library Instruction Group Aug 2004

Nelig Meeting - August 20, 2004, New England Library Instruction Group

New England Library Instruction Group

NELIG quarterly meeting


Asking The Right Questions: Making A Case For Sexual Orientation Data, Lee Badgett Aug 2004

Asking The Right Questions: Making A Case For Sexual Orientation Data, Lee Badgett

Lee Badgett

Currently, very little information is collected on sexual orientation in the nationally representative surveys that guide much of the investigation of social, economic, and health policy. Asking questions on sexual orientation will help to fulfill the mission of such surveys to measure outcomes both for the population as a whole and population sub-groups where a policy role is evident. In many cases, the stated purposes and current uses of survey data may even be seen to require the collection of personal characteristics such as sexual orientation. This paper will first outline the particular areas of research and policymaking that are ...


Fusion, Democracy, And Politics In Labor’S Next Upsurge, Dan Clawson Aug 2004

Fusion, Democracy, And Politics In Labor’S Next Upsurge, Dan Clawson

Dan Clawson

The best thing about writing The Next Upsurge has been the discussions and debates it has helped generate, none more stimulating than these essays. I'm delighted that the reviewers are often enthusiastic and always generous. More important, these contributions address the key issues, not just of the book, but facing labor today. I welcome this opportunity to re-state and re-think my positions, in an attempt to do what these essays do so well: move the debate forward.

It was an inspired editorial idea to solicit contributions on the next upsurge as viewed from a European or Canadian perspective. The ...


Northampton Community Garden: Paradise It Is, Madeleine K. Charney Jun 2004

Northampton Community Garden: Paradise It Is, Madeleine K. Charney

University Librarians Publication Series

Logistics and philosophy behind this well-run community site.


Rapid, Hierarchical Modulation Of Vocal Patterning By Steroid Hormones, Luke Remage_Healey, Andrew H. Bass Jun 2004

Rapid, Hierarchical Modulation Of Vocal Patterning By Steroid Hormones, Luke Remage_Healey, Andrew H. Bass

Luke Remage-Healey

Vocal control systems have been identified in all major groups of jawed vertebrates. Although steroid hormones are instrumental in the long-term development and maintenance of neural structures underlying vocalization, it is unknown whether steroids rapidly modulate the neural activity of vocal motor systems. The midshipman fish generates advertisement and agonistic calls that mainly differ in duration. A descending midbrain pathway activates a hindbrain-spinal vocal circuit that directly establishes the discharge frequency and duration of the rhythmic vocal motor volley. This vocal motor output, which can be monitored from occipital nerve roots, directly determines the rate and duration of contraction of ...


Northampton Community Garden: Paradise It Is, Madeleine K. Charney Jun 2004

Northampton Community Garden: Paradise It Is, Madeleine K. Charney

Madeleine K. Charney

Logistics and philosophy behind this well-run community site.


Nelig Meeting - May 14, 2004, New England Library Instruction Group May 2004

Nelig Meeting - May 14, 2004, New England Library Instruction Group

New England Library Instruction Group

NELIG quarterly meeting.


Planning For Retail Activities In Small Downtowns: Towards A Pragmatic Approach, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval Apr 2004

Planning For Retail Activities In Small Downtowns: Towards A Pragmatic Approach, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

Over the past twenty years there has been an enormous shift in terms of retail activity in our downtowns. The changes that have occurred have influenced where and how we shop, where we live and how we define the centers of our communities. As these have evolved, planners have constantly attempted to react and adapt. At times, they have been quite sucessful while, more often, they have been frustrated. What is most perplexing is that the shifts show no signs of abating. It is an exciting time to be undertaking downtown planning!


The University As A Contributor To The Local Economy: Key Thoughts For Local Planners, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval Apr 2004

The University As A Contributor To The Local Economy: Key Thoughts For Local Planners, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

As we move into the twenty-first century, economic development officials are increasingly attempting to find new ways to "jump start" their local economies. Traditionally, this has involved, among others, finding appropriate land, ensuring there is adequate infrastructure, helping to train the local workforce, bringing financial institutions on board and assisting local entrepreneurs to bring their ideas to the market place. More recently, it has been also oriented toward ensuring that human capital is being invested into the community such that the local schools, recreation facilities, cultural attractions and public safety systems are all first rate. What has been too frequently ...


At Home With Death, Madeleine K. Charney Mar 2004

At Home With Death, Madeleine K. Charney

Madeleine K. Charney

From website to gravesite, a budding landscape designer learns firsthand about the ties between technology, community, and the land.


At Home With Death, Madeleine K. Charney Mar 2004

At Home With Death, Madeleine K. Charney

University Librarians Publication Series

From website to gravesite, a budding landscape designer learns firsthand about the ties between technology, community, and the land.


Sex Differences In Adult And Developing Brains; Compensation, Compensation, Compensation, Geert De Vries Mar 2004

Sex Differences In Adult And Developing Brains; Compensation, Compensation, Compensation, Geert De Vries

Geert De Vries

Despite decades of research, we do not know the functional significance of most sex differences in the brain. We are heavily invested in the idea that sex differences in brain structure cause sex differences in behavior. We rarely consider the possibility that sex differences in brain structure may also prevent sex differences in overt functions and behavior, by compensating for sex differences in physiological conditions, e.g. gonadal hormone levels that may generate undesirable sex differences if left unchecked. Such a dual function for sex differences is unlikely to be restricted to adult brains. This review will entertain the possibility ...


Higher Education And Privatization Mar 2004

Higher Education And Privatization

Dan Clawson

No abstract provided.


Is Necessity The Mother Of Innovation? The Adoption And Use Of Web Technologies Among Congressional Offices, Kevin M. Esterling, David M.J. Lazer, Michael Neblo Feb 2004

Is Necessity The Mother Of Innovation? The Adoption And Use Of Web Technologies Among Congressional Offices, Kevin M. Esterling, David M.J. Lazer, Michael Neblo

National Center for Digital Government

From first paragraph: Communication between legislator and constituents is fundamental to effective democratic representation, and devising the institutional means for citizen/legislator communication stands as one of the core and persistent problems in the practice of democracy. A legislator needs information about the preferences, ideals, norms, and beliefs of her constituents in order to do her job well. Similarly, citizens need information about the actions and decisions of their representative in order to maintain appropriate accountability. But as national problems become more complex, and as the political process grows more and more dominated by experts and organized groups, it is ...


Annual Report 2004, Jay Schafer Jan 2004

Annual Report 2004, Jay Schafer

University Libraries Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


Nelig Meeting - January 23, 2004, New England Library Instruction Group Jan 2004

Nelig Meeting - January 23, 2004, New England Library Instruction Group

New England Library Instruction Group

NELIG quarterly meeting.


The University As A Contributor To The Local Economy: Key Thoughts For Local Planners, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval Jan 2004

The University As A Contributor To The Local Economy: Key Thoughts For Local Planners, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval

John R. Mullin

As we move into the twenty-first century, economic development officials are increasingly attempting to find new ways to "jump start" their local economies. Traditionally, this has involved, among others, finding appropriate land, ensuring there is adequate infrastructure, helping to train the local workforce, bringing financial institutions on board and assisting local entrepreneurs to bring their ideas to the market place. More recently, it has been also oriented toward ensuring that human capital is being invested into the community such that the local schools, recreation facilities, cultural attractions and public safety systems are all first rate. What has been too frequently ...


Planning For Retail Activities In Small Downtowns: Towards A Pragmatic Approach, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval Jan 2004

Planning For Retail Activities In Small Downtowns: Towards A Pragmatic Approach, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval

John R. Mullin

Over the past twenty years there has been an enormous shift in terms of retail activity in our downtowns. The changes that have occurred have influenced where and how we shop, where we live and how we define the centers of our communities. As these have evolved, planners have constantly attempted to react and adapt. At times, they have been quite sucessful while, more often, they have been frustrated. What is most perplexing is that the shifts show no signs of abating. It is an exciting time to be undertaking downtown planning!


Must We Fear Adolescent Sexuality?, Amy Schalet Jan 2004

Must We Fear Adolescent Sexuality?, Amy Schalet

Amy Schalet

Named Medscape General Medicine's best article on Women's Health in 2004


Asking The Right Questions: Making The Case For Sexual Orientation Data, Lee Badgett Jan 2004

Asking The Right Questions: Making The Case For Sexual Orientation Data, Lee Badgett

Lee Badgett

Currently, very little information is collected on sexual orientation in the nationally representative surveys that guide much of the investigation of social, economic, and health policy. Asking questions on sexual orientation will help to fulfill the mission of such surveys to measure outcomes both for the population as a whole and population sub-groups where a policy role is evident. In many cases, the stated purposes and current uses of survey data may even be seen to require the collection of personal characteristics such as sexual orientation. This paper will first outline the particular areas of research and policymaking that are ...


By What Measure? Family Time Devoted To Children In The U.S., Nancy Folbre, Jayoung Yoon, Kade Finnoff, Allison Sidle Fuligni Jan 2004

By What Measure? Family Time Devoted To Children In The U.S., Nancy Folbre, Jayoung Yoon, Kade Finnoff, Allison Sidle Fuligni

Nancy Folbre

We argue that previous research on time devoted to child care has devoted insufficient attention to the definition and conceptualization of care time. Three separate problems are evident. First, the conventional focus on explicit activities with children distracts attention from the larger responsibilities of “passive” care, which ranges from time when children are sleeping to time when they are in the same room but not engaged in an activity with parents. Second, empirical analysis of activity time focuses almost exclusively on parents, overlooking the role of relatives such as grandmothers and siblings. Third, measurement of active care time typically ignores ...


The Supreme Court & The Closet, John Brigham Jan 2004

The Supreme Court & The Closet, John Brigham

John Brigham

This chapter is about the Supreme Court learning what it means to be gay. This happened between the Court’s rulings on the Georgia sodomy law in Bowers v. Hardwick and the Texas law in Lawrence. Oral argument is placed at the center of this process, particularly the work of Paul M. Smith who argued against the constitutionality of the Texas law. Attorney Smith, described as openly gay, was a law clerk to Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell in 1980-81. Powell’s reassessment of his vote to uphold the Georgia law in Bowers laid the foundation for the way Lawrence ...


Misunderstanding, Benjamin Bailey Jan 2004

Misunderstanding, Benjamin Bailey

Benjamin Bailey

No abstract provided.