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University of Massachusetts Amherst

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Articles 1 - 30 of 5887

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Rasch Measurement V. Item Response Theory: Knowing When To Cross The Line, Steven E. Stemler, Adam Naples May 2021

Rasch Measurement V. Item Response Theory: Knowing When To Cross The Line, Steven E. Stemler, Adam Naples

Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation

When students receive the same score on a test, does that mean they know the same amount about the topic? The answer to this question is more complex than it may first appear. This paper compares classical and modern test theories in terms of how they estimate student ability. Crucial distinctions between the aims of Rasch Measurement and IRT are highlighted. By modeling a second parameter (item discrimination) and allowing item characteristic curves to cross, as IRT models do, more information is incorporated into the estimate of person ability, but the measurement scale is no longer guaranteed to have the ...


The Double Scope Of Quantifier Phrases, Cornelia Endriss, Andreas Haida Apr 2021

The Double Scope Of Quantifier Phrases, Cornelia Endriss, Andreas Haida

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Ellipsis In Spanish And The Stranded Affix Filter, Marcela A. Depiante Apr 2021

Ellipsis In Spanish And The Stranded Affix Filter, Marcela A. Depiante

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Bypassing Subjacency Effects: How Event Structure Amnesties Extraction Out Of Object Nps, William D. Davies, Stanley Dubinsky Apr 2021

Bypassing Subjacency Effects: How Event Structure Amnesties Extraction Out Of Object Nps, William D. Davies, Stanley Dubinsky

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Intonation Patterns Of Particle Verb Constructions In English, Nicole Dehé Apr 2021

Intonation Patterns Of Particle Verb Constructions In English, Nicole Dehé

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


What The Hell?!, Marcel Den Dikken, Anastasia Giannakidou Apr 2021

What The Hell?!, Marcel Den Dikken, Anastasia Giannakidou

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Reconsidering Identificational Focus, Jocelyn Cohan Apr 2021

Reconsidering Identificational Focus, Jocelyn Cohan

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Deletion Under Identity In Relative Clauses, Barbara Citko Apr 2021

Deletion Under Identity In Relative Clauses, Barbara Citko

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Synchronic Handshape Variation In Asl: Evidence Of Coarticulation, Adrianne Cheek Apr 2021

Synchronic Handshape Variation In Asl: Evidence Of Coarticulation, Adrianne Cheek

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Proper Binding Condition Effects Are Phase Impenetrability Condition Effects, Carlo Ceccherto Apr 2021

Proper Binding Condition Effects Are Phase Impenetrability Condition Effects, Carlo Ceccherto

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


A Typology Of Rhotic Duration Contrast And Neutralization, Travis G. Bradley Apr 2021

A Typology Of Rhotic Duration Contrast And Neutralization, Travis G. Bradley

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Floating Quantifiers And Θ-Role Assignment, Željko Bošković Apr 2021

Floating Quantifiers And Θ-Role Assignment, Željko Bošković

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


An Meg Study Of Tone Processing Asymmetries In English Versus Mandarin Speakers, Benjamin Bruening, Elissa Flagg, Vivian Lin Apr 2021

An Meg Study Of Tone Processing Asymmetries In English Versus Mandarin Speakers, Benjamin Bruening, Elissa Flagg, Vivian Lin

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Syntactic Dependencies Versus Trace Deletion: Evidence From Korean And Spanish, Alan Beretta, John Halliwell, Alan Munn, Cristina Schmitt Apr 2021

Syntactic Dependencies Versus Trace Deletion: Evidence From Korean And Spanish, Alan Beretta, John Halliwell, Alan Munn, Cristina Schmitt

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Avoid-F In Acd, Ana Arregui Apr 2021

Avoid-F In Acd, Ana Arregui

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Tonal Complexes And Tonal Alignment, Akin Akinlabi, Mark Liberman Apr 2021

Tonal Complexes And Tonal Alignment, Akin Akinlabi, Mark Liberman

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, Minjoo Kim, Uri Strauss Apr 2021

Front Matter, Minjoo Kim, Uri Strauss

North East Linguistics Society

No abstract provided.


Why Can Or Mean And Or Or?, Anne Vainikka Apr 2021

Why Can Or Mean And Or Or?, Anne Vainikka

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Anti-Quantifiers, Jae-Woong Choe Apr 2021

Anti-Quantifiers, Jae-Woong Choe

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Aspectual Classes And Aspectual Composition, Henk J. Verkuyl Apr 2021

Aspectual Classes And Aspectual Composition, Henk J. Verkuyl

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Situation-Based Semantics For Adverbs Of Quantification, Stephen R. Berman Apr 2021

Situation-Based Semantics For Adverbs Of Quantification, Stephen R. Berman

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Possible Worlds In Model-Theoretic Semantics: A Linguistic Perspective, Barbara H. Partee Apr 2021

Possible Worlds In Model-Theoretic Semantics: A Linguistic Perspective, Barbara H. Partee

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, James Blevins, Anne Vainikka Apr 2021

Front Matter, James Blevins, Anne Vainikka

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Prostitutes, Temporary Wives, And Motrebs: A Comparative Study Of Sex Work In Iranian Film And Fiction From The Constitutional Revolution (1906-1911) To The Islamic Revolution (1979), Maryam Zehtabi Sabeti Moqaddam Apr 2021

Prostitutes, Temporary Wives, And Motrebs: A Comparative Study Of Sex Work In Iranian Film And Fiction From The Constitutional Revolution (1906-1911) To The Islamic Revolution (1979), Maryam Zehtabi Sabeti Moqaddam

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation titled “Prostitutes, Temporary Wives, and Motrebs: A Comparative Study of Sex Work in Iranian Film and Fiction from Constitutional Revolution (1906-1911) to the Islamic Revolution (1979)” brings together the web of images and narratives in sociocultural and historical texts and films that create and maintain the identity of sex workers as articles of mass consumption and sustain dominant practices and policies. By studying how these women, their body, and their sexuality are perceived, shown, and regulated in art and literature—which are ciphers of the society at large—my research exposes the tightly knit relationship between patriarchy, capitalism ...


Hospital Assessment And Response To Environmental Pollution As A Population Health Need: Identifying Prevalence And Predictors In Community Benefit Practices, Sarah Valentine Apr 2021

Hospital Assessment And Response To Environmental Pollution As A Population Health Need: Identifying Prevalence And Predictors In Community Benefit Practices, Sarah Valentine

Doctoral Dissertations

Hospitals have a growing role in improving population health. Environmental pollution is an important determinant of health with disproportionate effects on Communities of Color. This warrants hospital action. To advance such action, it is important to take stock of current hospital engagement with environmental pollution and to identify factors associated with such engagement. I investigated the following. To what extent do New York State (NYS) non-profit hospitals assess, identify, and respond to environmental pollutants as part of community benefit practices? Do factors previously reported as associated with hospital engagement of social determinants predict engagement with environmental pollution as a community ...


Stranger Compass Of The Stage: Difference And Desire In Early Modern City Comedy, Catherine Tisdale Apr 2021

Stranger Compass Of The Stage: Difference And Desire In Early Modern City Comedy, Catherine Tisdale

Doctoral Dissertations

In periods of social and political upheaval like ours, it is more important than ever to interrogate constructions of identity and difference and to understand the histories of alterity that separate us from one another. Stranger Compass of the Stage: Difference and Desire in Early Modern City Drama reimagines the cultural and social effect of alien, foreign, and stranger characters on the early modern stage and re-envisions how these characters contribute to, alter, and imaginatively build new epistemologies for understanding difference in early modern London. Resisting the field’s current critical inclination toward English identity formation, this project works intersectionally ...


Cyclones, Spectacles, And Citizenship: The Politicization Of Natural Disasters In The Us And Oman, Tyler Schuenemann Apr 2021

Cyclones, Spectacles, And Citizenship: The Politicization Of Natural Disasters In The Us And Oman, Tyler Schuenemann

Doctoral Dissertations

In the face of such complex, urgent threats of fires, floods, and increasingly powerful storms, many scholars warn that climate change puts us on the path to a technocratic, “rule of experts” for the sake of survival. Others warn that climate change will actually undermine the authority of governments, as they become increasingly unable to meet the basic needs of their citizens. In this dissertation, I draw from interviews, archival research, and ethnographic observations in the US and Oman to examine how power and historical context shape the way that these societies politicize natural disasters. These two countries have fundamental ...


Raising Global Elites From A Distance: Transnational Parenting Of South Korean Students, Juyeon Park Apr 2021

Raising Global Elites From A Distance: Transnational Parenting Of South Korean Students, Juyeon Park

Doctoral Dissertations

Drawing on interviews with 74 South Korean (hereafter Korean) students and 34 parents at ten elite U.S. colleges, I examine how elite Korean parents seek to reproduce and extend their family privilege through children’s transnational education. I analyze how each group – children, mothers, and fathers – interprets and represents their views of the elite transnational parenting they experienced or practiced. By triangulating the narratives of three groups, I explore the family dynamics of the transnational families of high-achieving Korean students abroad.

Well-educated yet opt-out mothers intensively managed their children’s early education, often relying on gender-segregated networks. In contrast ...


Multiple Identities In Sport Fandom: Balance, Conflict, & Negotiation, Aaron Mansfield Apr 2021

Multiple Identities In Sport Fandom: Balance, Conflict, & Negotiation, Aaron Mansfield

Doctoral Dissertations

Simultaneous to the sport industry’s ascent, obesity has become an issue of growing societal concern. Scholars have explored the role of social-psychological identification in both fandom and physical health, but have not yet explored the intersection of the two. Throughout life, individuals must negotiate all of their identities, including their attachment to sport teams, yet understanding of role identity within sport management is limited. Likewise, scholars have noted the need for greater illumination of the relationship between fandom and physical well-being.

I address these gaps through three studies. In Study One, I completed semi-structured interviews with individuals who consider ...


Nation Brand, National Prestige, And The Social Imaginaries Of The Advanced Nation In South Korea, Jung-Yup Lee Apr 2021

Nation Brand, National Prestige, And The Social Imaginaries Of The Advanced Nation In South Korea, Jung-Yup Lee

Doctoral Dissertations

The dissertation focused on how the discourses and institutions of nation branding and public diplomacy reshaped the social imaginary of the nation. Following the trajectory of the nation branding discourse in South Korea in the first fifteen years of the 21st century, I examined different moments of the re-imagining of the nation by multiple agents with regard to nation branding and public diplomacy.

Firstly, I examined how the news media played a crucial mediating role in importing and disseminating the globally emerging discourse of nation branding in collaboration with private and public think tanks in the early and mid 2000s ...