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Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Relationship Among Salesperson Appearance, Employee-Organization Identification, Job Involvement, And Job Performance In The Context Of An Apparel Retail Store , Jennifer Lee Yurchisin Jan 2006

The Relationship Among Salesperson Appearance, Employee-Organization Identification, Job Involvement, And Job Performance In The Context Of An Apparel Retail Store , Jennifer Lee Yurchisin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore employee-organization identification in the apparel retail store setting. This study was guided by the following questions: (1) What is the nature of employee-organization identification in apparel retail stores? (2) In what ways, if any, is salesperson appearance related to employee-organization identification in an apparel retail store setting? (3) To what extent are employees' perceptions of store image, person-organization fit, and attractiveness of the organization directly and indirectly related to level of employee-organization identification among salespeople in an apparel retail store? (4) To what extent is level of employee-organization identification related to level ...


"It Is A Profession That Is New, Unlimited And Rich!": The Promotion Of The American Fashion Designer In The 1930s , Sheryl Ann Farnan Jan 2005

"It Is A Profession That Is New, Unlimited And Rich!": The Promotion Of The American Fashion Designer In The 1930s , Sheryl Ann Farnan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the American fashion designer portrayed through diverse publicity generated in various popular culture formats during the Depression era, 1930--1940. Through career literature, fiction, feature film, and promotion in magazine articles, the American woman came to know the creators of her fashions. Themes of wholesale design, retail design, income and perquisites, education and training emerged. Other themes such as client relations, selling, work process, and attitudes toward the French mystique were also discussed. A picture developed of a profession with unlimited opportunity which allowed women to rise to executive leadership, utilize creativity and artistic talent, earn a lucrative ...


Antecedents And Consequences Of Satisfaction With A Mass Customized Internet Apparel Shopping Site , Hyun-Hwa Lee Jan 2004

Antecedents And Consequences Of Satisfaction With A Mass Customized Internet Apparel Shopping Site , Hyun-Hwa Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The interactive nature of the Internet is the key to building a relationship with customers. Interactivity is primarily suited for increasing consumers' satisfaction with a business relationship. Mass customization web sites incorporate a high level of interactivity in the site design. This study was conducted due to the lack of research examining mass customization and satisfaction.;The expectancy disconfirmation model of satisfaction was used as the framework to examine consumer satisfaction. Among the interactivity characteristics, the concept of choice was applied to develop Internet mass customization shopping sites.;The purposes of this study were: (1) to investigate consumer satisfaction with ...


Restoring Navajo-Churro Sheep: Community-Based Influences On A Traditional Navajo Fiber Resource And Textile , Susan Marie Strawn Jan 2004

Restoring Navajo-Churro Sheep: Community-Based Influences On A Traditional Navajo Fiber Resource And Textile , Susan Marie Strawn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Factors that contribute to artisan sustainability are of critical importance to the world's artisans who depend on hand-produced textiles for income and livelihood, and for whom textile production is closely intertwined with cultural identity. Navajo weavers have processed and woven the wool of Navajo-Churro sheep into textiles for more than 350 years. Navajo-Churro sheep, destroyed to reduce over grazing and crossbred to near extinction, are being restored to the Navajo Nation. The purpose of this study is to document and interpret ways that the community-based Navajo organization Dine be' iina (The Navajo Lifeway, or DBI) influences the restoration of ...


Relationship Of Attitudes Toward Advertising Images And Self-Perceptions Of Older Women , Joy Michelle Kozar Jan 2004

Relationship Of Attitudes Toward Advertising Images And Self-Perceptions Of Older Women , Joy Michelle Kozar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was an examination of the relationship of attitudes toward advertising images and self-perceptions of older women. A major component of this study focused on how older women perceive models in today's fashion magazines and apparel catalogs. Data were collected from 163 women aged 60 to 80. Full-color photographs of fashion models appearing to be middle-aged or older were presented to participants as stimuli. Age treatments were digitally applied to each of the models, manipulating them to appear younger. This manipulation created two age versions of each model. Questionnaires used in this study were designed to measure participants ...


The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall Jan 2004

The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the sense of self middle-class African American families convey in their homes, how they express themselves and construct their identities through objects in their homes, including textile-related objects, and the meanings these objects hold for them. This phenomenon was explored through a constructivist, interpretive paradigm approach.;Data was collected from nine married couples in the form of long interviews that were audiotaped, videotapes and photographs of their homes and objects within them. The data were interpreted using case study and grounded theory approaches that allowed the researcher to understand the meanings of ...


Effect Of A Philanthropic Clothing Program On Women-In-Transition: Fashion Takes Action , Harriet Jean Mcleod Jan 2003

Effect Of A Philanthropic Clothing Program On Women-In-Transition: Fashion Takes Action , Harriet Jean Mcleod

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study provides insights about the effectiveness of a philanthropic program on the self-beliefs of women in transition. The clothing gift program study, known as Fashion Takes Action (FTA), was conducted in 10 U.S. cities by Sears, Roebuck Company in 2000. Sears requested the study of the program. Three main questions guided the research---how does a philanthropic clothing gift program affect the beneficiaries' sense of self, what effect did the program have on the beneficiaries, and how did the program influence or fit with the women's professional development. The triangulation achieved through using multiple methods and different sources ...


Acculturation And Cultural Value Orientations Of Immigrant Chinese Americans: Effects On Body Image, Aesthetics For Appearance, And Involvement In Dress , Ching-Yi Cheng Jan 2000

Acculturation And Cultural Value Orientations Of Immigrant Chinese Americans: Effects On Body Image, Aesthetics For Appearance, And Involvement In Dress , Ching-Yi Cheng

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research was an investigation of the effects of acculturation and cultural value orientation on individuals' body image, aesthetics of appearance, and dress involvement. The surveys were completed by immigrant Chinese Americans that consisted of women (n = 124, 59%), men (n = 82, 40%), and three participants who did not state gender. A majority of the participants were born in Taiwan (64%), China (28%), and Hong Kong (8%). The majority of respondents were classified as "unacculturated" (55%) or "bicultural" (44%); only 1% as "acculturated." With regard to their value orientation, the majority were "collectivism oriented" (32%) or "bi-value oriented" (64%);Results ...


Antecedents And Consequences Of Apparel Involvement: A Multi-Attribute Model , Kyu-Hye Lee Jan 2000

Antecedents And Consequences Of Apparel Involvement: A Multi-Attribute Model , Kyu-Hye Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Apparel products vary in importance to consumers, invoking high to low involvement in consumers. In addition, situations surrounding apparel purchase decisions and intended use of apparel influence a consumer's involvement in the product. Due to the complexity of the product category, a specialized approach is needed;The purposes of this study were: (1) to refine conceptualization of apparel involvement, (2) to generate an appropriate measure of apparel involvement by adopting and modifying previous measures of product involvement, (3) to examine and empirically test the influence of other factors such as demographic variables, and (4) to generate a casual model ...


Museum Stores: Curators And Marketers Of Culture , Brecca Rhea Farr Jan 2000

Museum Stores: Curators And Marketers Of Culture , Brecca Rhea Farr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Visiting museums rank among the top three activities for U.S. cultural tourists, who also enjoy shopping and seek pleasurable and educational experiences as part of their travels. Many museums expanded their retail operations during the 1990s. Costa and Bamossy (1995) was the only scholarly article about museum retailing published to date. They proposed a model that connected the goals of a museum store to key decision-makers and market segments, which served as the foundation for the initial conceptual model developed for this research. The purpose of this study was to explore how cultural museum stores protect and market the ...


Body Image And Appearance Management Among Older Married Dyads: Factors Influencing Body Image In The Aging Process , Keun Young Oh Jan 1999

Body Image And Appearance Management Among Older Married Dyads: Factors Influencing Body Image In The Aging Process , Keun Young Oh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined how older married persons' body image related to their engagement in appearance management practices and the personal and relational factors influencing the formation of body image among older persons. Various appearance management practices---exercise, dieting, use of anti-aging products and techniques, daily grooming, and apparel-related behavior---were studied. Personal and relationship factors explained for influence on older persons' body image were aging-related physical changes, health, marital relationship, cognitive age, and moods. In addition, coorientation effects in the perception of attractiveness in older marital dyads were investigated;Data were collected via a mail survey of older married couples residing in ...


Consumer Adoption Of The Internet For Apparel Shopping , Eunah Yoh Jan 1999

Consumer Adoption Of The Internet For Apparel Shopping , Eunah Yoh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study explored the relationships among attitudinal, social, and behavioral variables associated with Internet apparel shopping. Study objectives were: (1) to examine consumers' experience with the Internet, in-home apparel shopping, and Internet apparel shopping, (2) to propose theoretical models explaining consumer adoption of the Internet for apparel shopping by incorporating two social psychological theories---the theory of reasoned action and the theory of innovation adoption, and (3) to test the proposed models for respondents and subset groups (mail order shoppers and non-mail order shoppers);A self-administrated questionnaire was mailed to a random national sample of 1,600 households. A total of ...


Craft Retail Entrepreneurs' Perceptions Of Success And Factors Affecting Success , Rosalind Corieri Paige Jan 1999

Craft Retail Entrepreneurs' Perceptions Of Success And Factors Affecting Success , Rosalind Corieri Paige

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Traditional crafts offer significant economic contributions to a region's economy, in particular through the revenue generated from small craft retail businesses. Because craft retailers operate within the small business sector, they are subject to high failure rates due to the challenges of operating in a highly competitive business environment. Little is known about small craft retail firms in terms of how they define success and the factors that contribute to their success;The purpose of this study was to identify and describe groups of small craft retail entrepreneurs based on their definitions and self-ratings of success. A second purpose ...


Body Satisfaction And Weight-Related Appearance Management In A Two-Way Mirror: Mother-Daughter Interactions As Mediation Of The Mass Media's Thin Female Ideal , Jennifer Lynne Ogle Jan 1999

Body Satisfaction And Weight-Related Appearance Management In A Two-Way Mirror: Mother-Daughter Interactions As Mediation Of The Mass Media's Thin Female Ideal , Jennifer Lynne Ogle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the reciprocal socialization process between adolescent girls and their mothers and how this process shapes daughters' and mothers' media use, body-related feelings and behaviors, and beliefs about the thin female ideal in the media. An interpretive approach was used to explore these issues. Data were collected via in-depth interviews with 20 mother-daughter pairs;Grounded theory analysis revealed two overarching (major) themes within the data: (a) mothers' and daughters' personal and interpersonal experiences with the female body and (b) mothers' and daughters' experiences with the female body as it is culturally situated in ...


Women's Functional Swimwear, 1860-1920 , Maxine James Johns Jan 1997

Women's Functional Swimwear, 1860-1920 , Maxine James Johns

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using periodicals, catalogs, extant garments, postcards, patents, photographs, and newspapers, I traced the origin and development of women's functional swimwear from the bloomer costume of the 1850s to the "tank suit" of the 1920s. To gain insight into exogenous or external forces that may influence the fashion process, I considered urban lifestyle, education and status of women, leisure activities, swimming facilities, renowned swimmers, the Olympics, knit technology, water travel, drownings, life preservers, and public baths;Initial findings supported the thesis that women's bathing garments followed the dominant outerwear silhouette of the era. Visual data indicated women generally adopted ...


International Tourists' Souvenir Purchasing Behavior , Soyoung Kim Jan 1997

International Tourists' Souvenir Purchasing Behavior , Soyoung Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was the first attempt to develop and test a causal model of international tourists' souvenir purchasing behavior. The objectives were (1) to identify the variables that may affect international tourists' purchasing behavior for textile souvenirs, (2) to propose a causal model that incorporates those variables, and (3) to test the proposed model for U.S. tourists who are traveling to Mexico;The population of interest was female adults who had traveled to Mexico or were planning to travel to Mexico in the near future. A self-administered questionnaire, along with color photographs of five Mexican textile souvenirs, was mailed ...


Diversity In Fashion And Women's Roles From 1873 To 1912 , Sarah Louise Cosbey Jan 1997

Diversity In Fashion And Women's Roles From 1873 To 1912 , Sarah Louise Cosbey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

According to the ambivalence theory of fashion change, the increase of cultural ambivalence within a society is reflected by an increase in the heterogeneity of appearance-modifying commodities in the marketplace (Kaiser, Nagasawa, & Hutton, 1995).* The purpose of the present study was to see if evidence to support this theory could be found in a historical context where ambivalence about a cultural category occurred. Specifically, white, middle- to upper middle-class American women's daytime fashion of the late 19th and early 20th centuries was studied for evidence of increasing diversity as women's social roles changed and became increasingly ambiguous;A sample of 252 illustrations of women's daytime fashions was systematically selected from every third year of the March, June, and October issues of Harper's Bazaar and the Delineator. A visual analysis instrument composed of various levels of measurement was designed to obtain a detailed description of each illustrated costume;The sample was coded by multiple individuals to establish interrater reliability of the instrument. Spearman rank ...


Textile Handcraft Guilds: A Conduit For Identity, Friendships, And Successful Aging , Sherryl A. Schofield-Tomschin Jan 1997

Textile Handcraft Guilds: A Conduit For Identity, Friendships, And Successful Aging , Sherryl A. Schofield-Tomschin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore inductively older women's involvement in textile handcraft guilds as a conduit for interactions among textiles and their producers, successful aging, and friendships. Thirty women, representing 15 textile handcraft guilds and 8 different textile crafts, were interviewed throughout the state of Iowa. All informants were actively engaged in craft production and a guild. Content analysis revealed two superordinate themes, Craft as "I" and Guild as "We." From these themes emerged a grounded theory of guild membership. Within the Craft as "I" theme three minor themes surfaced: (a) Process, (b) Product, and (c ...


Status, Behavior, And Appearance Among African Americans In A Midwestern Coal Mining Town, 1900-1923 , Marlena Thomas Beavers Jan 1997

Status, Behavior, And Appearance Among African Americans In A Midwestern Coal Mining Town, 1900-1923 , Marlena Thomas Beavers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The distinction of status groups and classes is one that is important, though often confused and overlooked in studies of the African American community. This research focuses on social status in a predominantly black coal mining community from 1900 to 1923. The first objective of the study was to examine social structure in predominantly African American, industry-based community. The second objective was to determine the criteria used in African American communities to establish levels of status. The third objective was to investigate whether standards of appearance were used in making status distinctions in an African American coal mining community. The ...


Global Advertising Of Apparel Products: U.S. Vs. Korean Consumer Responses, Heesook Park Jan 1996

Global Advertising Of Apparel Products: U.S. Vs. Korean Consumer Responses, Heesook Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Retailers As Interpreters Of Textile Traditions In Antigua, Guatemala , Josephine Maria Moreno Jan 1995

Retailers As Interpreters Of Textile Traditions In Antigua, Guatemala , Josephine Maria Moreno

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to understand textile retailers' interactions with artisans in the procurement, development, and production of textile products; describe how they conceptualize tradition; expand scholarly models of tradition; and contribute to a model of the craft production and marketing system;Fieldwork was conducted in Antigua, Guatemala for nearly four months. Data collection methods included participant observation, ecological traverse, interviews, and observations. Short interviews (N = 29) and observations (N = 38) were conducted with informants identified in the ecological traverse. Informants for the long interviews (N = 14) and observations (N = 20) were purposefully drawn from the informants from ...


Consumer Response Toward Apparel Products In Advertisements Containing Environmental Claims , Hye-Shin Kim Jan 1995

Consumer Response Toward Apparel Products In Advertisements Containing Environmental Claims , Hye-Shin Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The marketplace orientation in which consumer decisions toward product purchase, use, and disposal are shaped by a desire to preserve and protect the environment is growing. As such, environmental attitudes of consumers have influenced clothing purchase decisions. The concern over the interdependencies among human societies and the environment has brought environmentalism to the forefront of business marketing strategies. The textiles and apparel industry has been challenged by such ecological concerns as pollution of air and water in the textile manufacturing process, waste disposal problems with textile fibers, and potential shortage of raw materials from production of synthetic fibers. Many apparel ...


Marketability Of The Textile And Apparel Master's Graduate To Business And Industry Employers , Deborah Jane Colton Meyer Jan 1995

Marketability Of The Textile And Apparel Master's Graduate To Business And Industry Employers , Deborah Jane Colton Meyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and attitudes of textile and apparel industry human resource representatives toward what they consider marketable skills possessed by textiles and apparel Master's graduates. Overall, this study explored the willingness of textile and apparel business and industry employers to hire Master's graduates, and the types of skills, coursework, and experience needed and wanted in employees with a Master's degree;Data were collected with a mail survey of human resource representatives from 100 textile and apparel manufacturers, store retailers, and catalog retailers with an annual organizational revenue of over ...


Consumers Of Ethnic Apparel And Textile Crafts From Alternative Trading Organizations , Marsha Ann Casselman Dickson Jan 1994

Consumers Of Ethnic Apparel And Textile Crafts From Alternative Trading Organizations , Marsha Ann Casselman Dickson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Increasingly, craft producers from developing countries are turning to alternative trading organizations (ATOs) for assistance in craft exporting. ATOs know the needs of the craft producers with whom they work; however, little is known about the ATO consumer;The purpose of the study was twofold. One goal was to describe consumers who had purchased products from alternative trading organizations (ATOs). The second goal was to further examine ATO consumers' preferences for ethnic apparel. Theory in consumer behavior and social psychology provided the conceptual framework for the study. Major variables included in the study were values, Latin American involvement, altruism, clothing ...


Business Women's Appearance Management, Career Development And Sexual Harassment , Patricia Anne Kimle Jan 1994

Business Women's Appearance Management, Career Development And Sexual Harassment , Patricia Anne Kimle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent changes in women's business dress presented an opportunity to explore the social meanings conveyed by dress in a specific context. Combining qualitative methods of observation with interpretive and grounded theory analyses, this study contributes to our understanding of dress. The applicability of various theories of product symbolism and social behavior to women's business dress was explored;The purpose of this study was to examine meanings of the perceived ideal image and actual image for women in business. It explored women's experiences with and feelings about the use of dress as part of their development as professionals ...


Iowa Women As Tourists And Consumers Of Souvenirs , Luella Faye Anderson Jan 1993

Iowa Women As Tourists And Consumers Of Souvenirs , Luella Faye Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study describes how Iowa women tourists differ in their travel behavior, souvenir purchases, and the status of textiles and clothing in the souvenir market. Interviews characterized 42 women, half each in the early-adulthood (EA) and middle-adulthood (MA) eras of Levinson (1978, 1986). Seven were unmarried. Reported annual family incomes were \75,000;Trip-planning styles and souvenir-purchase styles classify the informants into five groups. Group I, Low-involvement Travelers, were in EA, made unplanned souvenir purchases, and were minimal trip planners. These nine formed the least well-traveled group of any, and made the lowest average number of purchases of personal souvenirs ...


The Meaning Of Apparel Quality Through The Perceptions Of Apparel Production Managers And Operators, Heidi Patricia Scheller Jan 1993

The Meaning Of Apparel Quality Through The Perceptions Of Apparel Production Managers And Operators, Heidi Patricia Scheller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham Jan 1992

Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Examining the attributes that affect consumers' perceptions of product quality has been of pivotal interest in marketing research. The objectives of this study were (1) to identify and classify attributes that play a significant role at time of purchase and during use of apparel, (2) to compare expectations of apparel attributes at time of purchase with perceptions of attributes as the apparel product is being used, (3) to identify attributes that are predictors of perceived quality at expectation stage and at the post-purchase evaluation stage, and (4) to propose a model for consumers' perceptions of apparel quality;Five focus group ...


Risks Perceived By Husbands And Wives In Giving Clothing Gifts Within The Family , Lena Horne Jan 1991

Risks Perceived By Husbands And Wives In Giving Clothing Gifts Within The Family , Lena Horne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research examined risks husbands and wives perceive in giving clothing gifts to family members. The decision-making process for gift giving consists of four stages: prepurchase, purchase, presentation, and postpresentation. The prepurchase stage embraces object; interactions among occasion, recipient, and gift object; giver and recipient; cost of gifts; and information search. The purchase stage includes choice of retail outlets for gifts, distance traveled to locate gifts, and methods of payment. The presentation stage focuses on perceptions of the giver and the recipient when the gift is revealed. The postpresentation stage includes ways in which gifts affect interpersonal relationships and consumption ...


Consumer Perception And Evaluation Of Fashion Magazine Advertisements, Patricia Anne Kimle Jan 1991

Consumer Perception And Evaluation Of Fashion Magazine Advertisements, Patricia Anne Kimle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.