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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

1994

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Articles 1 - 30 of 97

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Women And Business Ownership, Current And Future Trends, Susan Teresa Fessler Jan 1994

Women And Business Ownership, Current And Future Trends, Susan Teresa Fessler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Sorority Presidents' Leadership Experience: A Qualitative Research Methods Study, Robin Kathryn Shaffer Jan 1994

Sorority Presidents' Leadership Experience: A Qualitative Research Methods Study, Robin Kathryn Shaffer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Evaluation Of The Impacts Of Land Voiding Caused By Degrading Waterways: An Engineering Economic Approach, Landon Leath Morris Jan 1994

An Evaluation Of The Impacts Of Land Voiding Caused By Degrading Waterways: An Engineering Economic Approach, Landon Leath Morris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Examination Of Direct And Indirect Transmission Processes Of Intergenerational Marital Instability , Eunkyung Kim Jan 1994

The Examination Of Direct And Indirect Transmission Processes Of Intergenerational Marital Instability , Eunkyung Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to test a model of intergenerational transmission of marital instability. In addition, gender differences in the process of intergenerational transmission of marital instability were assessed. An important aspect of the present study was to test the direct and indirect intergenerational transmission processes of marital instability;This study revealed four very important findings. First, the effects of parental divorce on children's marital instability were both direct and indirect through mate selection risk factors, marital quality, and marital commitment. Second, premarital backgrounds, such as socioeconomic status of parents and relative heterogeneity between spouse before marriage ...


The Impact Of Household Characteristics On Household Consumption Behavior: A Demand System Analysis On The Consumption Behavior Of Urban Households In The Province Of Central Java, Indonesia , Hamonangan Ritonga Jan 1994

The Impact Of Household Characteristics On Household Consumption Behavior: A Demand System Analysis On The Consumption Behavior Of Urban Households In The Province Of Central Java, Indonesia , Hamonangan Ritonga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Consumer demand theory has long dominated the study of household consumption behavior. This theory, however, incorporates only the effects of prices and income on consumer demand, with tastes as given. In addition, most previous empirical studies have been applying this theory to aggregate data and to an incomplete household expenditure/demand system;This study draws attention to the use of household characteristics in household demand analysis. The main goal of this study is to estimate a complete, theoretically plausible system of household demand to investigate the impact of household characteristics on household consumption behavior in the province of Central Java ...


Familial Drinking History, Gender, And Family Environment As Predictors Of Alcohol Use Patterns And Psychological Adjustment Among College Students , Richard Allen Martin Jan 1994

Familial Drinking History, Gender, And Family Environment As Predictors Of Alcohol Use Patterns And Psychological Adjustment Among College Students , Richard Allen Martin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effects of parental alcoholism, gender, and family environment on alcohol use patterns and psychological adjustment of a non-clinical sample of college students. Participants were 543 students from introductory psychology courses at a large midwestern university. Adult children of alcoholics (ACAs) were found to have greater perceived external locus of control and greater problematic alcohol use than adult children of non-alcoholics. These findings were primarily attributable to differences in gender and family functioning. No significant differences were found between ACAs and non-ACAs in self-esteem, self-realization, or motives for drinking. When compared with parental alcoholism, gender and family ...


Essays In The Measurement Of Consumer Preferences In Experimental Auction Markets , John Andrew Fox Jan 1994

Essays In The Measurement Of Consumer Preferences In Experimental Auction Markets , John Andrew Fox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis applies a relatively new technique, laboratory experimental auctions, to examine consumer preferences for food products which have not yet reached the market. The auction used is a second-price (Vickrey) auction in which the highest bidder pays an amount equal to the second-highest bid. This auction has been shown to accurately reveal preferences because it eliminates the incentive to underbid true value which is present in a first-price auction;The experimental auction is used to examine preferences for two products; milk from cows treated with bovine somatotropin, and pork treated with irradiation. The applications feature real products, real money ...


Families On Both Sides Of The Mirror: A Structural Variation Of The Multiple Family Therapy Model , Daniel Paul Wulff Jan 1994

Families On Both Sides Of The Mirror: A Structural Variation Of The Multiple Family Therapy Model , Daniel Paul Wulff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A variation of the multiple family therapy model was designed that gave client families opportunities to observe each other's therapy and to provide feedback on their observations. This qualitative study allowed the participants to assist in the design, principally by deciding how to give their feedback to one another;Using families as therapeutic teams behind a one-way mirror helped diminish the mystique often associated with such technology. This unique process also gave the families opportunities to be helpful and enjoy the benefits of that role;The reactions and descriptions of the participants were analyzed using an organizing system devised ...


A Tariff Policy For Jamaica: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis , Courtney L. Gallimore Jan 1994

A Tariff Policy For Jamaica: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis , Courtney L. Gallimore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The role of tariffs in Jamaica has undergone significant changes over time. From the dawn of emancipation to the dusk of the Great Depression, tariffs were the single most important source of central government revenues. In the post-War era, it was not until 1961 before income taxes eclipsed customs duties in their contribution to the public purse. This trend has continued unabated, and by the mid-1970s customs duties contributed a mere 5.06 per cent to government revenues, while income taxes accounted for 28.20 per cent of the total;Perhaps the most central element determining the competitiveness of Jamaican ...


A Family-Based Description Of Residential Treatment , Alan Dwaine Demmitt Jan 1994

A Family-Based Description Of Residential Treatment , Alan Dwaine Demmitt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Children have been placed in residential treatment centers for over 300 years. Past research has examined this placement from the child's and/or from the worker's point of view, rather than from the family's perspective. This dissertation describes families' perceptions of Stratford Home's residential treatment process which emerged from moderately structured focus groups. The results suggest: (1) Parents want to be more involved in making decisions and setting goals concerning their child. (2) Special care is needed when two families are involved with one child. (3) Family therapy is useful in dealing with family issues and ...


A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe Jan 1994

A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences between and among the student-centered middle school policies and practices; the adult influences of teacher engagement, teacher readiness, and principal leadership; student engagement and the factors that influence student engagement; and the protective factors that promote resiliency. Its specific purposes were: (1) to establish the level of each factor and how each factor was demonstrated in each school; and (2) to determine how the factors influenced one another;A multiple case study design was used with qualitative interviews with students and staff, classroom observations, and artifact analysis supplemented by ...


Group Parent Training For Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder , Michelle Mcmaster Beyer Jan 1994

Group Parent Training For Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder , Michelle Mcmaster Beyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Parent training is one of the most commonly used treatments for children with Attention deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder; however, there are few studies that empirically examine the effectiveness of Barkley's widely used parent training program. Thirty-one families with ADHD children in preschool through fifth grade were randomly assigned to a seven week immediate parent training program or to one of two delayed treatment groups. The sessions were co-facilitated by two individuals using Barkley's Defiant Children--Clinician's Manual for Parent Training. Treatment outcome was evaluated through observation, parent ratings, and teacher ratings numerous times before and after treatment in a multiple ...


Foreign Language Anxiety And Gender , Mary Gretchen Voorhees Jan 1994

Foreign Language Anxiety And Gender , Mary Gretchen Voorhees

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Interaction Of Perception, Production And Spelling On The Vowel Performance Of Esl Students , Philip Norman Bungum Jan 1994

The Interaction Of Perception, Production And Spelling On The Vowel Performance Of Esl Students , Philip Norman Bungum

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Perceptions And Activities Of Agriculture Education Teachers In Us Institutions Of Higher Education Regarding Internationalization Of The Agricultural Education Curriculum , Michael Jackson Akpan Jan 1994

Perceptions And Activities Of Agriculture Education Teachers In Us Institutions Of Higher Education Regarding Internationalization Of The Agricultural Education Curriculum , Michael Jackson Akpan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As the perceived distances from country to country and from continent to continent continue to diminish, the responsibility of U.S. institutions of higher education to prepare students for life in the future takes on added dimensions. The question is whether an ever-growing number of our agricultural education graduates are educated to a more thorough understanding of the international forces that are shaping their careers and their world;The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions held by agricultural education teachers in U.S. institutions of higher education regarding internationalization of the agricultural education curriculum;Two hundred and ...


The Harris-Todaro Model Of Labor Migration And Its Commercial Policy Implications , Jiong Chen Jan 1994

The Harris-Todaro Model Of Labor Migration And Its Commercial Policy Implications , Jiong Chen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The pioneering work on rural-urban labor migration by John R. Harris and Michael P. Todaro in late 1960s to early 1970s generated such enormous interest and later contributions that they have become an important and unique component of development economics literature. The Harris-Todaro (HT) model admits the existence, in equilibrium, of a chronic large amount of urban unemployment due to the presence of urban minimum wages. The distinguishing feature of this model is that labor migration proceeds in response to urban-rural differences in expected earnings with the urban employment rate acting as an equilibrating force on such migration;This dissertation ...


Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano Jan 1994

Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student leadership in higher education is an educational and developmental experience for students. More information about the characteristics and experiences of women student leaders should assist student affairs professionals and faculty in maximizing educational opportunity for female students;This study examined the characteristics of women student presidents of campus-wide, coeducational student organizations at three large institutions of higher education in the midwest;Qualitative research was used in the study, with data being gathered during in depth, semi-structured interviews with 15 respondents at the three institutions. The study found that (a) families were very influential in the lives of these young ...


A Theory Of Transportation Clubs With Special Application To The Domestic Aviation System , Michael Aaron Lipsman Jan 1994

A Theory Of Transportation Clubs With Special Application To The Domestic Aviation System , Michael Aaron Lipsman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation employs the theory of clubs and the theory of multi-product enterprises to develop a set of three general transportation pricing and investment models. These models incorporate costs related to operating and maintaining transportation facilities, the capital investment required to provide such facilities, the congestion that arises from use of these facilities, and the adverse impacts and benefits associated with external impacts imposed on or provided to individuals who do not directly use the facilities. The models are presented in both a one-period and two-period context. In additional, the models address the sharing of transportation facilities by more than ...


Impact Of Degrading Streams On Bridges And Rural Travel Patterns, Xing Yang Jan 1994

Impact Of Degrading Streams On Bridges And Rural Travel Patterns, Xing Yang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Macro And Microeconomic Models Of Investment Of Rural Development In The Tshikapa Diamond Producing Areas Of Zaire, Wang Ndakaba Lungwangu Jan 1994

Macro And Microeconomic Models Of Investment Of Rural Development In The Tshikapa Diamond Producing Areas Of Zaire, Wang Ndakaba Lungwangu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Forecasting Live Hog Futures Using Technical Analysis, John William Hales Jan 1994

Forecasting Live Hog Futures Using Technical Analysis, John William Hales

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Partnering On Heavy Highway Construction Projects And Its Effects On Workers' Attitudes And Perceptions , Heather Ann Northouse Jan 1994

Partnering On Heavy Highway Construction Projects And Its Effects On Workers' Attitudes And Perceptions , Heather Ann Northouse

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effects of a Partnering workshop on construction personnel's attitudes and perceptions. The subjects included Iowa Department of Transportation personnel and independent contractors in the state of Iowa. A two-day Partnering workshop conducted prior to the start of six heavy highway construction projects served as the treatment. The sample included 261 subjects: 146 participated in the treatment, 90 worked with the participants on Partnering projects but did not participate in the treatment themselves. Twenty-five subjects worked on a non-Partnering control project;The dependent variables were problem solving, teamwork, communication, trust, respect and workmanship. A 41-item and ...


Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively Jan 1994

Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of teacher education students' self-efficacy was based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. A critical review of the literature about self-efficacy and teachers explores its "fit" with Bandura's theoretical model. Particular attention is given to the widely used and adapted two factor teacher efficacy scale developed by Gibson and Dembow. The controversy over definitions and interpretations of the constructs is evidence of need for further study. Overall, it appears there is not a very good fit between Bandura's self-efficacy theory and its application in current education research. Differences in definitions, lack of attention to salient features of ...


Maternal Sex-Type, Child's Sex, And Infant Affect Expression , James G. Hanson Jan 1994

Maternal Sex-Type, Child's Sex, And Infant Affect Expression , James G. Hanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study was undertaken to investigate possible sex-different affective expressions in children ages 16- to 24-months, and to investigate the possible function of child's sex, maternal sex-type, and various demographic variables on any observed differences. The research literature maintains that children as young as 18-20 months have already acquired the first semblance of feeling state words, or the ability to understand and communicate their emotions (Bretherton, Fritz, Zahn-Waxler & Ridgeway, 1986). It was hoped this study could shed some light on the advent of any sex-difference manifestations related to the expression of affect;The subjects consisted of 30 children, 87 percent of whom were either first- or second-born children. Maternal sex-type was measured using the Personal Attribute Questionnaire (Spence & Helmreich, 1978). The affect and affect-exchanges were measured using an adaptation of the Maternal Availability Scale (Osofsky, Culp, Eberhart-Wright & Hann, 1990) and the Infant Affect Manual (Osofsky, Culp, Hann & Carter, 1988). Split-plot ANOVAs were run to investigate main effects for sex of child, sex-type of parent and episode (Baseline, Separation, and Reunion). Pearson product correlation coefficients were computed to investigate relationships between sex of child, affect expression, sex-type of mother, and various demographic variables (e.g., education of mother, family income);Significant results show girls ...


Self-Esteem, Internal Locus Of Control: Relationship To Marital Satisfaction , Karen Dethlefsen Malcom Jan 1994

Self-Esteem, Internal Locus Of Control: Relationship To Marital Satisfaction , Karen Dethlefsen Malcom

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to compare distressed and happy couples in terms of marital satisfaction, self-esteem, and internal locus of control;Three groups of 20 married couples (Control, Enrichment, and Counseling) volunteered and completed a research packet containing a background information sheet, the Index of Marital Satisfaction (IMS), the Index of Self-esteem (ISE), and the Internal Control Index (ICI). Most of the participants came from Missouri and Illinois in and around St. Louis;The research involved examining the data for differences and relationships. A marital satisfaction rating from the background information sheet (MS) was established as a second ...


Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner Jan 1994

Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to evaluate specific changes made to the federal need analysis formula between aid years 1992 and 1993. The subjects examined were 1992 dependent student, firm family financial aid applicants at Iowa State University. A random sample of 200 records was drawn from a farm population of 2225 students;Aid applicant data were drawn from the institutions student aid system. These files were then reprocessed using federally approved need analysis calculators. Various computations, with and without assets, were performed using both 1992 and 1993 need analysis. The intent of these calculations was to compare changes ...


Faith Development And Higher Education , John Henry Bolen Jan 1994

Faith Development And Higher Education , John Henry Bolen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In recent years there has been a growing interest in the faith and spirituality of the college student. James Fowler introduced his theory of faith development in 1978 claiming that every person has a faith which develops in ways similar to other forms of human development. Does James Fowler's theory provide significant information for a further understanding of the spiritual development of the college student? Does higher education need to be concerned with the faith development of its students?;This dissertation is made up of four articles dealing with each question. The study begins with an article presenting the ...


A Study Of Selected Variables Associated With Projected Voting Behavior In A Community College Tax Referendum , Kathleen Marie Brock Jan 1994

A Study Of Selected Variables Associated With Projected Voting Behavior In A Community College Tax Referendum , Kathleen Marie Brock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted at Northwest Iowa Community College (NCC), located in Sheldon, Iowa. Northwest Iowa Community College serves a 4 1/2 county rural area. In December of 1992 NCC placed a seven million dollar bond issue before the voters. This referendum which needed a 60% plus one voter approval received a 36.41% approval. Campaign strategies for the 1992 referendum included a targeting of possible affirmative voters. This research identified six subgroups of constituents--five subgroups affiliated with the college (college advisory committee members, credit students and alumni, employees, continuing education participants and senior citizens who had taken classes ...


Older Siblings As Positive Role Models In The Development Of At-Risk Children , Edith Monica Gozali-Lee Jan 1994

Older Siblings As Positive Role Models In The Development Of At-Risk Children , Edith Monica Gozali-Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study is to explore the sibling relationships in low-income families. This study utilized a subsample of a larger longitudinal study and included 35 Head Start and 45 kindergarten children who had older siblings. All subjects were low income. Among the kindergarten children, 29 had attended Head Start. Children were interviewed about their relationships with their older siblings. When a child had more than one older sibling, random sampling was used to select the older sibling on whom to focus the interview. There were no significant differences between Head Start and kindergarten children in their descriptions ...


Reported Parental Role Performance, Parental One-On-One Behavior, Parental Expectations, And Problems With Children In Adoptive And Nonadoptive Families , Barbara Jeanette Gaddis Jan 1994

Reported Parental Role Performance, Parental One-On-One Behavior, Parental Expectations, And Problems With Children In Adoptive And Nonadoptive Families , Barbara Jeanette Gaddis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare the parenting practices and attitudes of the parents of adopted children with parenting practices and attitudes of parents for whom children are solely biologically related. The data were obtained from the National Survey of Families and Households, a national survey consisting of a probability sample of 13,017 respondents;Four different dependent variables were examined: reported parental role performance, reported parental expectations of their children, and reported parental one-on-one behavior with their children, and reported problems with children in the household. Adoption was always the independent variable. Three ordinary least squares regression ...