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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

1993

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Articles 1 - 30 of 82

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Three Papers On Homosexual Sexual Scripts , Brian Magruder Jan 1993

Three Papers On Homosexual Sexual Scripts , Brian Magruder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is divided into three papers, investigating the relationship between the three analytical levels of homosexual sexual scripts: cultural scenario scripts, interrelational scripts, and intrapsychic scripts. It was proposed the negative sanctions levelled against homosexuals, prevalent in cultural scenario scripts, affected the interrelational and intrapsychic sexual scripts among homosexuals;In the first paper, the sexual scripts perspective was employed to examine the relationship between family identification and disclosure of homosexual identities among gay and lesbian adolescents. The results indicated family identification detracted from the extent of perceived homosexual-supportive resources and the expression of homosexual identities. Family identification was not ...


A Cross-Sectional Empirical Study Of The Policy Perspective Of American State Juvenile Justice Law Codes , James Mcgaha Jan 1993

A Cross-Sectional Empirical Study Of The Policy Perspective Of American State Juvenile Justice Law Codes , James Mcgaha

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study describes a dichotomized juvenile justice policy, which at the surface preserves the myth of a non-punitive and prevention-oriented system, but analysis reveals the policy perspective of the American state juvenile justice law codes to be punitive nationwide. The absence of Sociological Prevention (non-punitive, systemic change oriented emphasis) across codes nationally suggests further support for the dominance of the punitive perspectives. A separate analysis of California, Illinois, and Iowa codes provides added support for the punitive perspective;Purpose of the study. The purpose of this study is to show the contrasting nature of the juvenile justice policy perspectives. Utilizing ...


Emergent Literacy: The Role Of Parent-Child Interactions , Deanna Sue Gilkerson Jan 1993

Emergent Literacy: The Role Of Parent-Child Interactions , Deanna Sue Gilkerson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study was designed to explore the role that parent-child interactions play in the four areas of emergent literacy: letter knowledge, knowledge about environmental print, knowledge of the purpose and function of print, and story knowledge. It was predicted that parents who engaged in more emergent literacy activities with their children would have children who would score higher on the emergent literacy tasks, that fathers and mothers would differ in the amount and types of emergent literacy behaviors they engage in, and that there would be a significant difference in the type and amount of scaffolding behaviors of parents ...


Applications Of Contingent Claims Theory To Microeconomic Problems , David A. Hennessy Jan 1993

Applications Of Contingent Claims Theory To Microeconomic Problems , David A. Hennessy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis contingent claims techniques have been applied to various specifications of the economic problem of optimizing the expected value of a welfare function. In paper I we consider the relationship between financial market completeness, corn production, and the corn target price program. Using the observation that the program is similar to a government issued put option, we found that the per acre program benefit, at around 20/acre was quite large, that the program encourages producers to trade options, and that the existence of contingent markets facilitates the policy maker in decoupling agricultural support. In paper II we ...


A Description Of The Faith Development Of Five Students Attending A Church-Related College , Dennis Alonza Haggray Jan 1993

A Description Of The Faith Development Of Five Students Attending A Church-Related College , Dennis Alonza Haggray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed description of the perceived faith development of selected students attending a midwestern church-related college. The research question that provided direction for the study was: What do the respondents in this study say about their faith development? James Fowler's (1981) theory of faith development and his Faith Development Interview Guide (FDIG) were used to collect and analyze the data. The methods of inquiry in this study were qualitative. The primary data were generated through interviews with each of five respondents (two males and three females). Secondary data from document analysis ...


Computer Simulations, Reflective Journals, Peer Group Interactions, And Conceptual Change About Electricity With Preservice Teachers , Constance Phyllis Hargrave Jan 1993

Computer Simulations, Reflective Journals, Peer Group Interactions, And Conceptual Change About Electricity With Preservice Teachers , Constance Phyllis Hargrave

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on how students learn science concepts suggests that often students develop naive theories (or misconceptions) to explain natural phenomena. Students at various grade levels possess misconceptions about electricity; moreover, students use these misconceptions to explain the flow of electrical current within a circuit;Because students tend to use their misconceptions about science concepts to understand new concepts, the development of instructional strategies that assist students in changing their science misconceptions could greatly improve student learning. The purpose of this study was to operationalize and test the conceptual change model of learning to alter students' misconceptions about electricity. This study ...


An Ethnography Of Chinese Families In America: Implications For Family Therapy , Shi-Jiuan Wu Jan 1993

An Ethnography Of Chinese Families In America: Implications For Family Therapy , Shi-Jiuan Wu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to discover the grounded experiences of Chinese families living in the U.S.A. In order to get a better picture of Chinese families, a new point of view (postmodernism) and a different methodology (ethnography) is needed. Rarely, however, has postmodernism been applied to ethnic family therapy. Since family therapy is a relatively new field, there has not been much research on ethnicity and the needs of diverse families. However, recent work suggests a growing interest in identifying approaches to family therapy that meet the needs of specific ethnic groups. Specifically, postmodern research focuses ...


Social Comparison And The Consideration Of Risk For Sexually-Transmitted Diseases Other Than Aids , Allison Sue Boney-Mccoy Jan 1993

Social Comparison And The Consideration Of Risk For Sexually-Transmitted Diseases Other Than Aids , Allison Sue Boney-Mccoy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present experiment sought to determine whether principles derived from theory and research in social comparison could predict young adults' reactions to considering their risk for sexually-transmitted diseases. Results suggest that people who consider factors that increase their chances of contracting sexually-transmitted diseases feel more vulnerable to these diseases than do people who don't. These feelings of vulnerability may motivate subsequent defensive reactions, especially among persons with high self-esteem;Persons with high but not low self-esteem who considered their risk for sexually-transmitted diseases provided more favorable ratings of themselves on the dimension of pregnancy prevention and on a general ...


Sibling Relations As Mediator And Moderator Of Parental Hostility And Adolescent Adjustment , Katherine Jewsbury Conger Jan 1993

Sibling Relations As Mediator And Moderator Of Parental Hostility And Adolescent Adjustment , Katherine Jewsbury Conger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined sibling relationships as a factor that determines the impact of parents' hostility on early adolescent internalized and externalized emotional distress. The interactional quality of the sibling relationship may mediate or moderate the relationship between parental hostility and adolescent distress by serving either as a 'buffer' for the adolescent when the relationship is warm and supportive or it may amplify the negative effect of hostile parenting if the sibling interactions also are conflictual and unsatisfying;The analyses were based on a sample of 221 sibling pairs from intact families participating in a larger study of families and economic ...


Development Of A Curriculum Model For Vocational/Technology Education , Gary Loyd Schnellert Jan 1993

Development Of A Curriculum Model For Vocational/Technology Education , Gary Loyd Schnellert

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of the present study was to investigate several aspects of the School Improvement Model (SIM) and consider its applicability in addressing the needs of vocational/technological education at the secondary school level. Initially, the SIM model was closely studied and related literature researched in an effort to determine a appropriate method to derive a functional model. Experts in the field of curriculum were solicited and their experiences taken into consideration prior to the development of a model. Taking into account the SIM model, the related literature and the experiences of others, a model was developed and presented before ...


The Role Of Grievance, Efficacy And Cost In The Women's Movement In The Catholic Church , Margaret Mary Hanson Jan 1993

The Role Of Grievance, Efficacy And Cost In The Women's Movement In The Catholic Church , Margaret Mary Hanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study is three-fold: (1) To explore the extent of support for and opposition to the women's movement within the Roman Catholic Church; (2) To identify which subgroups of the population have the greatest grievance with the current situation of women in the church; (3) To apply Ennis and Schreuer's (1987) theoretical concepts of grievance, efficacy and costs to Catholics' participation in the women's movement in their church. The sample consisted of 254 female and 105 male Catholics from a midwestern state. The results of this study show that the majority of Catholics ...


The Theory Of Generalized Purchasing Power Parity: Multivariate Cointegration And Dynamic Analysis Of Cointegrating Systems , Kin Wah Wong Jan 1993

The Theory Of Generalized Purchasing Power Parity: Multivariate Cointegration And Dynamic Analysis Of Cointegrating Systems , Kin Wah Wong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Unit root tests, augmented Dickey-Fuller and Phillips-Perron tests, indicate that the bilateral real exchange rates of six small Asian countries (India, Indonesia, Korea, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand) and three larger countries (Germany, the U.K., and the U.S.) are not stationary, and each has a unit root over the period January 1973 to December 1989 (i.e., a period of flexible exchange rates). This result does not support purchasing power parity (PPP);The theory of Generalized Purchasing Power Parity (Generalized-PPP) is developed due to the failure of PPP. Generalized-PPP states that the bilateral real exchange rates are, in ...


Women In Engineering: Factors Affecting Persistence And Attrition In College Majors , Kathleen Galvin Schaefers Jan 1993

Women In Engineering: Factors Affecting Persistence And Attrition In College Majors , Kathleen Galvin Schaefers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined factors related to persistence in engineering and related college majors, with attention to women's experiences. Participants were 278 upper-class undergraduates (135 women and 143 men) who as freshmen entered the college of engineering at a large midwestern university. Persisters in engineering, physical science, and mathematics were compared with those who did not persist. Participants completed a survey questionnaire, including variables predicted by self-efficacy theory (Bandura, 1986), expectancy-valence theory (Vroom, 1964), and interest congruence theory (Holland, 1973). Social support/environmental barriers, grade point averages, pre-college ability, and interests also were included. Four sources of self-efficacy information (personal ...


Indigenous Knowledge And Its Implication For Agricultural Development And Agricultural Education: A Case Study Of The Vedic Tradition In Nepal , Anthony B. J. Willett Jan 1993

Indigenous Knowledge And Its Implication For Agricultural Development And Agricultural Education: A Case Study Of The Vedic Tradition In Nepal , Anthony B. J. Willett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is about the meaning and relevance, in today's world, of indigenous knowledge, and particularly the traditional cosmologies and sacred beliefs that underly this knowledge. The case of Vedic knowledge in Nepal is studied to illustrate traditional agriculture within a cosmological framework and to provide an holistic, indigenous perspective on development with emphasis on sustainable, indigenous approaches to agriculture and related sectors in Nepal. Indigenous knowledge is defined from an indigenous perspective and an alternative, emic approach to understanding the role of indigenous knowledge in development and the synthesis of modern and indigenous knowledge systems is proposed. Implications ...


Theoretical Perspectives On Age And Gender Differences In Mental Health: An Empirical Test Of Taiwan , Chyi-In Wu Jan 1993

Theoretical Perspectives On Age And Gender Differences In Mental Health: An Empirical Test Of Taiwan , Chyi-In Wu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study examined, first, the associations between age, gender, psychosomatic and emotional symptoms in case of Taiwan to inspect whether theories which have developed based on the studies of American society can be generalized cross-culturally, while taking in to account the effects of marital status, SES (including education, self-rated class, and income), and religion. Second, the age and gender differences on the relationships between life strain (e.g., physical health problems) and life event and psychosomatic and emotional symptoms were also investigated. Third, this study tested the age and gender differences on the relationships between social support and social ...


A Macro-Micro Study Of Ecological Orientations In Residential Locational Choice: Downtown Residence Versus Suburban Residence , Sylvia Irene Watkins Jan 1993

A Macro-Micro Study Of Ecological Orientations In Residential Locational Choice: Downtown Residence Versus Suburban Residence , Sylvia Irene Watkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this work is the development of a theory and paradigm integrating aspects of individuals' sociocultural environment, the macro perspective, with traits and social psychological patterns of their individual environment, the micro perspective, into a relationship that allows common patterns of behavior to be discerned and prediction of human action made. The research component addresses individuals' relationship to their residential environment;The residential locational choice paradigm and theory is multi-disciplinarian, incorporating knowledge and theory from the areas of sociology, psychology, human ecology, environment and behavior, and urban planning. The functionalist concept that the world presents fundamental properties which ...


A Comparison Of Achievement Resulting From Learning Electronics Concepts By Computer Simulation Versus Traditional Laboratory Instruction , Saeid Moslehpour Jan 1993

A Comparison Of Achievement Resulting From Learning Electronics Concepts By Computer Simulation Versus Traditional Laboratory Instruction , Saeid Moslehpour

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to compare student achievement resulting from learning electronics concepts by computer simulation versus traditional laboratory instruction (manipulating actual components). The purpose of this study was to enhance the student knowledge about passive-devices electronics circuitry. Two groups of college students participated in this study over an academic year;The review of literature indicated three types of results from the computer simulation and its effects on students: (1) positive effect; (2) negative effect; (3) no effect. The majority of researches indicated that computer simulation enhances the student knowledge of the subject matter;Pretests were given to both groups ...


An Application Of The Theory Of Club Goods To Capitalization Structures And Membership Investment Interests In Agricultural Cooperatives, Mark Imerman Jan 1993

An Application Of The Theory Of Club Goods To Capitalization Structures And Membership Investment Interests In Agricultural Cooperatives, Mark Imerman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Cultural Reflection Of Advertising Appeals: A Content Analysis Of Taiwanese Television Commercials, Ya-Fen Lo Jan 1993

Cultural Reflection Of Advertising Appeals: A Content Analysis Of Taiwanese Television Commercials, Ya-Fen Lo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Quality Of Caregiver-Child Relationship And Its Effect On Child Satisfaction With Daycare, Susan D. Zarr Jan 1993

Quality Of Caregiver-Child Relationship And Its Effect On Child Satisfaction With Daycare, Susan D. Zarr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Socioeconomic And Psychological Variables Influencing Household Debt , Ujang Sumarwan Jan 1993

Socioeconomic And Psychological Variables Influencing Household Debt , Ujang Sumarwan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The overall objective of this study was to examine factors influencing total debt, total debt payment, and patterns of debt payments. The study examined the impacts of both psychological (credit attitudes and perception of future income) and socioeconomic variables on total debt, total debt payment and patterns of debt payments;A conceptual model for this study was developed by incorporating the theory of borrower risk, the economic and psychological economic theory of borrowing, and the results of previous studies. This model identifies socioeconomic and psychological variables that influence total debt, total debt payment, and patterns of debt payments. Socioeconomic variables ...


Experiential Marital Enrichment: Developing A Model , Patricia Fowler Keoughan Jan 1993

Experiential Marital Enrichment: Developing A Model , Patricia Fowler Keoughan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Though marital enrichment programs have been established since the late 50's and early 60's, an experiential learning model of marital enrichment has not previously been described. Currently existing models are primarily didactic learning experiences, with limited experiential learning aspects included. Furthermore, while several programs have been thoroughly researched, there has been little research examining the phenomenological experiences of program participants. What has been written is primarily based on the trainers' and program developer's experience, rather than the participants' experiences. This dissertation describes a model of experiential marital enrichment developed, through the participant informants' perceptions of their participation ...


Iowa Women As Tourists And Consumers Of Souvenirs , Luella Faye Anderson Jan 1993

Iowa Women As Tourists And Consumers Of Souvenirs , Luella Faye Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study describes how Iowa women tourists differ in their travel behavior, souvenir purchases, and the status of textiles and clothing in the souvenir market. Interviews characterized 42 women, half each in the early-adulthood (EA) and middle-adulthood (MA) eras of Levinson (1978, 1986). Seven were unmarried. Reported annual family incomes were \75,000;Trip-planning styles and souvenir-purchase styles classify the informants into five groups. Group I, Low-involvement Travelers, were in EA, made unplanned souvenir purchases, and were minimal trip planners. These nine formed the least well-traveled group of any, and made the lowest average number of purchases of personal souvenirs ...


Teacher Preservice Experiences And Classroom Computer Use Of Recent Iowa State University Graduates , Neal Wade Topp Jan 1993

Teacher Preservice Experiences And Classroom Computer Use Of Recent Iowa State University Graduates , Neal Wade Topp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated teacher preservice experiences dealing with computer-related technologies and classroom computer use of recent graduates of Iowa State University. It had three main purposes. The first was to investigate computer use and attitudes toward computers of new teachers. The second purpose was to obtain recent college graduates' opinions on their teacher preservice preparation to use computer-related technologies. The third purpose was to investigate possible relationships between teacher preservice experiences and new teacher computer use;One-hundred thirty-five teachers responded to the survey, "Survey of K-12 Computer-Related Technology Use by Iowa State Graduates". Results indicated these teachers used computers in ...


Effectiveness Of Nine Months Of Intervention On The Culture Of 22 Schools In Northeast Minnesota , John D. Wessels Jan 1993

Effectiveness Of Nine Months Of Intervention On The Culture Of 22 Schools In Northeast Minnesota , John D. Wessels

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study are to examine the cultures of 22 small rural elementary and secondary schools in northeast Minnesota to determine the effects of nine months of intervention on the cultures of these schools, and to identify approaches which influence positive change in their culture. Three questions are addressed during this study: (1) To what extent do productive school cultures exist in 22 small rural elementary and secondary schools in northeast Minnesota? (2) To what extent will nine months of intervention influence the productive school cultures of these 22 schools? (3) What approaches are most influential in enhancing ...


The Meaning Of Apparel Quality Through The Perceptions Of Apparel Production Managers And Operators, Heidi Patricia Scheller Jan 1993

The Meaning Of Apparel Quality Through The Perceptions Of Apparel Production Managers And Operators, Heidi Patricia Scheller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Development Of An Instrument To Measure The Levels Of Total Quality Management (Tqm) Implementation In Manufacturing Organizations , Jai Woo Hong Jan 1993

Development Of An Instrument To Measure The Levels Of Total Quality Management (Tqm) Implementation In Manufacturing Organizations , Jai Woo Hong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to develop a reliable instrument to measure employees' perceptions regarding the Total Quality Management (TQM) practices in manufacturing organizations. The Total Quality Management Profile (TQMP) was developed on a review of the literature and based on a panel of experts justifications and recommendations. Among the independent variables examined were different sizes of companies and different lengths of exposure to TQM;The findings of the study revealed that: (1) employees of medium companies have the most positive perceptions toward the current practices regarding continuous improvement efforts, (2) employees of small companies have the most positive perceptions toward ...


The Labor Movement Of Salt Miners In Wieliczka , Anna Partin Jan 1993

The Labor Movement Of Salt Miners In Wieliczka , Anna Partin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study analyzes various components of the labor movement during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in one of the oldest industrial centers in Poland. The formation and development of the miners' movement are examined with relation to political parties, the labor market, and the mining community. The research also examines the growth of class consciousness with relation to the intellectual ideology of the socialist party and the miners' community. Finally, the study investigates the miners' demands such as wages, better working conditions, and retirement benefits with relation to the changing market. The labor movement is explained in terms of ...


Mispricing In The Black-Scholes Model: An Exploratory Analysis , Kai-One Sriplung Jan 1993

Mispricing In The Black-Scholes Model: An Exploratory Analysis , Kai-One Sriplung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Black-Scholes option pricing model has been highly influential in security trading and in analyses of risk-price relationships, despite the fact that it has been shown to have an apparent unexplainable mispricing bias. This study examines the mispricing exhibited by the Black-Scholes model and shows that it can be explained by the estimation procedures utilized and the measures of volatility. Specifically, a model is constructed to test for the systematic over- or underpricing of the Black-Scholes model. Striking price and time-to-maturity are included in the model. The model also includes an autoregressive error structure. Recognizing the autocorrelation in the errors ...


Leadership Attributes Addressed In Industrial Technology/Technology Education Doctoral Programs As Perceived By Faculty And Recent Graduates , Ted Malton Bensen Jan 1993

Leadership Attributes Addressed In Industrial Technology/Technology Education Doctoral Programs As Perceived By Faculty And Recent Graduates , Ted Malton Bensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of faculty and recent graduates of industrial technology/technology education doctoral programs to (a) determine the importance of specific leadership attributes to professionals in the field, (b) determine the efforts of doctoral programs to address leadership attributes and their development in students, and (c) identify the activities or experiences within the doctoral programs that address specific leadership attributes in students;A two-part survey instrument was developed by the researcher to assess the perceptions of faculty (two from each department) and recent graduates (1988-1993) of industrial technology/technology education doctoral programs ...