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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

1991

Discipline
Institution
Keyword

Articles 1 - 30 of 83

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Effects Of Agricultural Trade Liberalization On Less Developed Countries, Lori Knauss-Beary Jan 1991

The Effects Of Agricultural Trade Liberalization On Less Developed Countries, Lori Knauss-Beary

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Porcine Somatotropin (Pst) Administration To Growing Pigs On Adipose Tissue Composition And Processed Product Characteristics, Steven Michael Lonergan Jan 1991

The Effects Of Porcine Somatotropin (Pst) Administration To Growing Pigs On Adipose Tissue Composition And Processed Product Characteristics, Steven Michael Lonergan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Long Glass Fiber Embedment In Polycarbonate Thermoplastic , Jeong Goo Lee Jan 1991

Long Glass Fiber Embedment In Polycarbonate Thermoplastic , Jeong Goo Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study was designed to investigate the effects of time and temperature on the mechanical property of hardness of a polycarbonate (thermoplastic) matrix, to achieve an 80% glass loading to a 20% wet-out for the polycarbonate pre-impregnated rod, to develop the prototype pultrusion equipment for polycarbonate pre-impregnated rod, and to develop the prototype pulforming equipment for polycarbonate fibersteel composite rod. Fibersteel rod is composed of seven pre-impregnated rods twisted into a spiral shape to act as a substitute for steel reinforcement rod in concrete;A polycarbonate matrix which had been solvent treated was tested according to Rockwell Hardness Test (ASTM ...


General Equilibrium Asset Pricing Model: Three Applications To Land Markets , Cheol Soo Park Jan 1991

General Equilibrium Asset Pricing Model: Three Applications To Land Markets , Cheol Soo Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Part I tests the present value model in aggregate and disaggregate land markets, based on the testable restrictions derived from the representative agent dynamic asset pricing model. The hypothesis of cointegration between land prices and rents is formulated and tested by using data on Iowa land prices and rents over the 1950-1986 sample periods. I found mixed evidence in regard to implications of the model. At the aggregate level, there exists evidence of cointegration between land prices and cashrents but not between cropshare rents and land prices. When both types of contracts are considered, there is stronger evidence of a ...


The Emergence Of Federal Assistance Programs For Migrant And Seasonal Farmworkers In Post-World War Ii America , Anne B. W. Effland Jan 1991

The Emergence Of Federal Assistance Programs For Migrant And Seasonal Farmworkers In Post-World War Ii America , Anne B. W. Effland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study traces the political developments out of which federal assistance programs for migrant and seasonal farmworkers emerged in post-World War II America. These programs arose slowly over a period of three decades, built on the experience of the depression and war years and sustained through the 1950s by persistent interest groups and sympathetic individuals within government. During those decades, the political strength of both opposing and supporting forces rose and fell with the rise and fall of public sympathy for the poverty of farmworkers. Yet throughout the period, particularly in the 1950s when assistance to farmworkers foundered in the ...


Enhancing Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Via A University Career Course Intervention , Craig Allan Oreshnick Jan 1991

Enhancing Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Via A University Career Course Intervention , Craig Allan Oreshnick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study further evaluated the extension of Bandura's self-efficacy (SE) theory to the career decision-making (CDM) domain. The purposes of this investigation were to: (a) evaluate the effectiveness of a SE based career intervention using various outcome variables, including measures of CDM self-efficacy and career indecision; (b) examine the relationship between CDM self-efficacy and CDM task (performance) success, CDM anxiety, and career indecision (decidedness); and (c) further evaluate the validity of the Short-Form Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale (SFCDMSE). Subjects consisted of 159 college students, primarily undergraduates, who participated in either a career decision-making and planning course (treatment group ...


Development And Feasibility Study Of A Teacher Performance-Based Pay Plan , Terry Andrew Elfrink Jan 1991

Development And Feasibility Study Of A Teacher Performance-Based Pay Plan , Terry Andrew Elfrink

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to develop a turnkey model of a more comprehensive and accurate merit pay plan based on the total systems approach to teacher evaluation. This study reviewed the current incentive pay literature and validated the need, potential format, variables, and procedures for the development and implementation of the plan's algorithms. Finally, this study examined the cost feasibility of the model in terms of teacher compensation using a California school district's financial infrastructure;The review of literature substantiated three overwhelming reasons for the use of teacher performance-based pay plans: (1) to increase recruitment ...


An Analysis Of Fifty-One Computer Modules Designed To Enhance The Knowledge, Skills, And Attitudes Needed By Teacher Education Students , Patricia Crenshaw Elmore Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Fifty-One Computer Modules Designed To Enhance The Knowledge, Skills, And Attitudes Needed By Teacher Education Students , Patricia Crenshaw Elmore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes and reports the findings of student reactions to a set of 51 computer modules called Performance Element Modules (PEMs). These modules focused on selected knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed by teacher education students at a midwestern university. The major purpose of the study was to assess whether students will accept the 51 computer-assisted modules as viable instructional tools;The questionnaires were designed to collect forced-choice and open-ended data as well as demographic data. Students rated the forced-choice items on a scale of 1 to 10. The higher the number, the more the students agreed with the statement ...


Risks Perceived By Husbands And Wives In Giving Clothing Gifts Within The Family , Lena Horne Jan 1991

Risks Perceived By Husbands And Wives In Giving Clothing Gifts Within The Family , Lena Horne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research examined risks husbands and wives perceive in giving clothing gifts to family members. The decision-making process for gift giving consists of four stages: prepurchase, purchase, presentation, and postpresentation. The prepurchase stage embraces object; interactions among occasion, recipient, and gift object; giver and recipient; cost of gifts; and information search. The purchase stage includes choice of retail outlets for gifts, distance traveled to locate gifts, and methods of payment. The presentation stage focuses on perceptions of the giver and the recipient when the gift is revealed. The postpresentation stage includes ways in which gifts affect interpersonal relationships and consumption ...


Developing And Testing The Feasibility Of A Microcomputer System For Assisting In Evaluation And Supervision For Principal Performance Improvement , Rosemary D. Noel Jan 1991

Developing And Testing The Feasibility Of A Microcomputer System For Assisting In Evaluation And Supervision For Principal Performance Improvement , Rosemary D. Noel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to test the feasibility of modifying the CATE/S microcomputer system from a teacher evaluation tool to one to assist in the evaluation and improvement of principal performance. The development of a bank of professional growth plans to be generated from the modified, software package and a substantive review of the literature were also contributions to the field of knowledge. Two circumstances that served as motivational factors initiating this study were the need for increased accountability, resulting in a quest for improved principal performance evaluation, and the research finding that effective instruction is strongly related to ...


An Examination Of Japanese Import Markets , Konomi Ohno Jan 1991

An Examination Of Japanese Import Markets , Konomi Ohno

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There have been debates on the trade issue between the U.S. and Japan. It is claimed that Japan exports too much and imports too little. Economic activities by Japanese firms in U.S. markets have been discussed in several articles. This dissertation investigates the economic decision rules for imports by Japanese firms;Japanese visible import restrictions such as tariff or quota are minimal among industrialized countries. One of our interests is in the governmental role in the trade. Several possible regulations for imports by the public and private sectors are introduced in the model presented. The model clarifies how ...


"The Women Are Just Back Of Everything... ": Power And Politics Revisited In Small Town America , Susan J. Stall Jan 1991

"The Women Are Just Back Of Everything... ": Power And Politics Revisited In Small Town America , Susan J. Stall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the community-building work of women in one small, rural upper midwestern town, Parkville. From 1980 to 1982, sixty-four people, fifty-nine women and five men were selected through snowball sampling and interviewed in-depth. Fifty-five of these women were Parkville residents;This study draws upon the sociology of community, political sociology, and feminist theory in order to explicate the experience and contributions of small town women. Examined were the voluntary community work that women do in all-female organizations and auxiliaries and the social attachments that inspire this work;The findings reveal that the work women do in preserving and ...


An Economic Analysis Of Agroforestry Farming Systems In Zambia: Application Of Risk Programming And Risk-Free Modelling Techniques , Leyeka Charles Lufumpa Jan 1991

An Economic Analysis Of Agroforestry Farming Systems In Zambia: Application Of Risk Programming And Risk-Free Modelling Techniques , Leyeka Charles Lufumpa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Declining soil fertility is one of the many problems facing Zambian agriculture today. The increase in permanent cultivation practices, combined with reduced forest fallow have contributed to the decline in soil fertility. In response to this state of affairs, farmers continue to increase the use of chemical fertilizers as a way of maintaining soil productivity;However, although production and productivity in the agricultural sector has increased over the years, small-scale farmers continue to register low productivity levels. Increases in agricultural production in the small-scale farm sector are mainly achieved by increasing land area under cultivation. For Zambia this means that ...


Habermas And Rationalization: An Empirical Model Linking Social Integration, Political Context And Political Participation , Timothy Lee Buzzell Jan 1991

Habermas And Rationalization: An Empirical Model Linking Social Integration, Political Context And Political Participation , Timothy Lee Buzzell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Habermas argues that modernity leads to a rationalization of the lifeworld, resulting in a variety of crises or disturbances at the cultural, societal and individual levels. This has implications for the ability of the state to maintain legitimacy. Recent research has called for revisiting the notion that ideology is created within an interactive context, much like Habermas suggests. This project develops a structural equation model incorporating various operationalizations of the "colonized lifeworld" and then uses the model to explore what impact modernity, and more specifically, rationalization, has on political context and political participation. The utility of the model is examined ...


Do They Want To Know?: Analysis Of The Decision For Presymptomatic Testing , Donald Jeffery Johnson Jan 1991

Do They Want To Know?: Analysis Of The Decision For Presymptomatic Testing , Donald Jeffery Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the decision-making process involved when individuals consider being tested presymptomatically for two different diseases, Huntington's disease and HIV infection (including the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). Each disease has a long latency period between contracting the disease and developing obvious symptoms. Both illnesses follow a debilitating, catastrophic path often involving neurological and cognitive deterioration. No successful cure currently exists for either disease. Recent advances in medical diagnostic technology have presented patients with the opportunity to know if they will develop these illnesses. Positive test results may be devastating while no successful cure for the diagnosed disease is currently ...


Trends In American Religion, 1964-1986: Implications For The Future , André Nauta Jan 1991

Trends In American Religion, 1964-1986: Implications For The Future , André Nauta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There has been much written about the decline of liberal Protestantism beginning in the 1960s and continuing into the 1980s. A concurrent growth in both conservative Protestantism and in non-Judeo-Christian religions has also been indicated. This study examines the question of why people switch denominational preference, with a particular focus on those factors that can explain age, period, and cohort (APC) shifts in religious affiliation. The denominational character of the American religious scene is discussed first, noting some of the schisms and mergers that have shaped the religious choices available. Next people's motivations for seeking religion are addressed, with ...


Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White Jan 1991

Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation is to develop a system of analysis to examine the relationship between an institution of higher education and the community in which it resides. A second purpose is to demonstrate the utility of the system by conducting a case study of the relationship between Black Hills State University (BHSU) and Spearfish, SD;The system of analysis includes: (a) five elements of interaction (i.e., event, purpose(s), participants, outcome(s), and interaction type(s); (b) five corresponding questions; (c) two constructed types from the literature; and (d) categorical and supplemental analyses;A list of ...


The Economics Of Food Safety: An Experimental Approach , Seung Youll Shin Jan 1991

The Economics Of Food Safety: An Experimental Approach , Seung Youll Shin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Food safety issues have received increased attention from scientific and consumer groups alike in recent years. Pathogenic microbiological agents have been shown to be a major contributor to food-borne illnesses in the United States. The presence and cost of these pathogens has become a major issue for policy makers, consumers, and producers;Estimated economic losses to society attributable to food-borne diseases have been large. These estimated losses usually have been based on direct consumer losses and likely represent an underestimation of the true economic costs. Morbidity costs, such as consumers' willingness to pay (WTP) to reduce their chance of becoming ...


The Relationship Of Self-Ratings To Assessor Ratings Of Assessment Center Performance , Maria Maciejczyk Jan 1991

The Relationship Of Self-Ratings To Assessor Ratings Of Assessment Center Performance , Maria Maciejczyk

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the relationships between self and assessor ratings of management dimensions (e.g. communication skills, interpersonal skills, problem solving skills) measured by two assessment centers, overall ratings of managerial potential, and background variables including demographics, work experience and cognitive abilities. Subjects were 179 candidates from an advanced management assessment program and 156 candidates from a middle management assessment program. For each assessment center candidate, self-ratings and assessor ratings of management dimensions were obtained as well as the overall assessment rating and background information (age, sex, race, education level, education major, years since degree, employment with the company, years ...


Geographic Information System For A Small City: Roland, Iowa, Michael Anthony Byrne Jan 1991

Geographic Information System For A Small City: Roland, Iowa, Michael Anthony Byrne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


College Students' Perceptions Of Parental Sexuality, Nancy L. Janisz Jan 1991

College Students' Perceptions Of Parental Sexuality, Nancy L. Janisz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Pocs and Godow (1977) published research results indicating that college students experienced difficulty in considering their parents as sexual beings. The results of the present study were based on responses of 330 college students to a questionnaire authored by the examiner. Results were compared to Pocs and Godow's results, and research data from Kinsey (1948, 1953) and Hunt (1972), which presented the reported frequencies of sexual activities of the parent-aged population. The comparisons suggest that although estimates of the subjects in the current study were higher in all areas than in the Pocs and Godow data, today's college ...


Newspaper Endorsements : How Editorial Writers View Their Influence, Lisa Ferguson Lochridge Jan 1991

Newspaper Endorsements : How Editorial Writers View Their Influence, Lisa Ferguson Lochridge

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton Jan 1991

Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose was to examine undergraduates' perceptions of the nature, frequency, and possible justification of dishonest behaviors in relation to ethnicity (African-American, White American) and religious involvement (low, medium and high);Fifteen dishonest behaviors were presented. Those rated "definitely cheating" were: taking an exam for another student, copying from someone's exam, giving or receiving signals and/or answers during an exam, using unauthorized exam notes, turning in a commercially prepared paper or one written by another student;Behaviors considered "probably cheating" were: bringing information to an exam on a disc, arranging seating in advance to facilitate copying, turning in ...


The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr. Jan 1991

The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this exploratory study was to implement and evaluate a Logo inservice model which focused on effective principles of staff development and emphasized Logo problem solving using teacher-mediated intervention strategies. The model was designed to facilitate teacher use of Logo in their classrooms;Subjects for this study included 19 elementary teachers and media specialists from the Ames Community Schools. Subjects completed The Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ), the LogoWriter Basic Comprehension Test, END-OF-DAY inventories, and the Inservice Evaluation LogoWriter Workshop Instrument. Additional outcome measures included projects shared during a final inservice sharing session, and questions, worksheets, and tape ...


A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil Jan 1991

A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to compare the housing adjustment propensities of Korean, Mexican, and American households. The theoretical framework was the Morris and Winter model of housing adjustment. Every household in every culture was assumed to perform a sequence of housing adjustment behaviors to attain desired housing. The purposes had been accomplished through an analysis of three data sets from different sources. Path analysis was employed for testing the empirical model, and the same procedures were performed individually with the three sets of data. There seemed to be some similarities in adjustment patterns between the Mexican and the ...


Marital Satisfaction And Parental Style As Predictors Of Adolescent Adjustment: A Comparison Study Of Boys And Girls , Laura Ruth Frederick Mutchler Jan 1991

Marital Satisfaction And Parental Style As Predictors Of Adolescent Adjustment: A Comparison Study Of Boys And Girls , Laura Ruth Frederick Mutchler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effect of marital satisfaction and parenting style on three measures of adolescent adjustment: distress, delinquency, and self-esteem. The sample consisted of 451 intact two-parent households with a seventh grade adolescent. The study hypothesized: (1) Positive couple communication style, couple interaction style, and husband/wife positive affect will facilitate positive husband/wife marital satisfaction; (2) Positive couple communication style, couple interaction style, and husband/wife positive affect will facilitate positive parenting style; (3) High husband/wife marital satisfaction will be directly associated with positive husband/wife parenting style; (4) High husband/wife marital satisfaction will be directly ...


Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke Jan 1991

Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was used to determine the psychological types of 545 institutional advancement officers (alumni administrators, educational fund raisers, public information officers, and senior advancement professionals) who were registered for one district conference of the Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) in 1988, 1989, or 1990. There were 295 respondents from the Northeast (Districts I/II), 155 from the Midwest (District VI), and 95 from the Northwest (District VIII);ENTJ (18.90%) was the most frequent type in the total sample. While the general population is 75 percent Sensing, the advancement sample was 65 percent Intuitives ...


Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan Jan 1991

Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two sites were chosen as locations for the study: Ames, and Des Moines, Iowa. The sample consisted of 75 Asian children under five years old. A revised WIC food frequency was used to determine children's dietary scores that would reflect dietary intake. The mean dietary score was 15, which is taken to be equivalent to an intake of 80 to 100% of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) for 11 nutrients. Stepwise regression identified children's age as the best predictor for children's dietary scores (p <.05);Anthropometric measurements of weight for age, height for age, and weight for height were used as indicators of children's growth that would reflect nutritional status. Gomez classification, which is based on weight for age ratio, classified 13.3% of children in the WIC program as mild malnutrition. Using the measurements of height for age and weight for height, the Waterlow classification indicated that 8.0% of the children were stunted and 1.3% wasted;Weight for age and height for age of children in small sized families were significantly different than children in large sized families (p <.01). Father's education was a significant factor in determining children's nutritional status. Less education was associated with lower nutritional status as measured by weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). Mother's education was positively associated with children's weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). The length of stay of the parents in the United States positively affected height for age of their children (p <.05) and 25% of the height for age variance was explained by combination of the length of stay of the parents in the United States and education of mother. The length of time in the WIC program was positively related to weight for age (p <.01) and weight for height (p <.01).


The Reduction Of Computer Anxiety: Its Relation To Relaxation Training, Previous Computer Training, Achievement And Need For Cognition , Matthew M. Maurer Jan 1991

The Reduction Of Computer Anxiety: Its Relation To Relaxation Training, Previous Computer Training, Achievement And Need For Cognition , Matthew M. Maurer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined computer anxiety and its relationship to four areas: computer literacy training, relaxation exercises, achievement and the personality variable "need for cognition." Subjects were college students in a semester long computer literacy course that was part of a teacher preparation program. Computer anxiety was measured using the Computer Anxiety Index (CAIN). The CAIN was taken by students at three times in the semester, at the beginning of the course, after six weeks, and at the end of the course. Need for cognition was measured using the Need for Cognition Scale and it was taken by students during the ...


Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho Jan 1991

Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Adolescence is a period characterized by multiple life changes. Biological, psychological, and social factors interact at an accelerated rate to shape the adolescent's development. Additional life stress during this time is especially detrimental to the psychological well-being of a person. Not only is economic hardship directly harmful to the socioemotional development of the adolescent, it may exert indirect damaging effects on the adolescent through its adverse effects on the family supporting system of the adolescent. This dissertation aims to (1) examine existing literature on the relationship between life changes and stress during adolescence, (2) examine existing literature on the ...