Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2014

During

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Relative Validity Of 3 Accelerometer Models For Estimating Energy Expenditure During Light Activity, Alexander Allan Wetten, Marijka Batterham, Sze Yen Tan, Linda Tapsell Jan 2014

Relative Validity Of 3 Accelerometer Models For Estimating Energy Expenditure During Light Activity, Alexander Allan Wetten, Marijka Batterham, Sze Yen Tan, Linda Tapsell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: With physical inactivity inextricably linked to the increasing prevalence of obesity, there is a need for validated methods that measure free-living energy expenditure (EE) within sedentary environments. While accelerometers enable these measurements, few studies have compared device accuracy in such settings. The aim of this study was to investigate the relative validity of the Actigraph, RT3 and SenseWear Armband (SWA). Methods: Twenty-three (11 male, 12 female) participants (age: 25.3 ± 6.3 yr; BMI: 22.6 ± 2.7) wore 3 accelerometers at designated sites during a 4-hour stay in the Whole Room Calorimeter (WRC). Participants performed 2 10-minute bouts ...


Midwives And Nutrition Education During Pregnancy: A Literature Review, Jamila Arrish, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson Jan 2014

Midwives And Nutrition Education During Pregnancy: A Literature Review, Jamila Arrish, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objectives This review explored the extent to which the role of midwives in nutrition education during pregnancy has been reported in the literature and areas requiring further research were identified. Review method A review of the literature was undertaken. Articles included in the review were published in English, in scholarly journals, and provided information about the knowledge, education, and attitudes of midwives towards nutrition during pregnancy. Results and discussion Few studies were identified. The included studies were exploratory and descriptive. Studies had reported that midwives lacked a basic knowledge of nutrition requirements during pregnancy. This might be attributed to inadequate ...


Nutrition During Pregnancy - Exploring Women's Knowledge And Models Of Nutrition Communication, Khlood Bookari, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson Jan 2014

Nutrition During Pregnancy - Exploring Women's Knowledge And Models Of Nutrition Communication, Khlood Bookari, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract of paper presented at the ICM 30th Triennial Congress - Midwives: Improving Women's Health Globally, 1-5 June 2014, Prague, Czech Republic


Being A Girl In A Boys' World: Investigating The Experiences Of Girls With Autism Spectrum Disorders During Adolescence, Elizabeth Kate Cridland, Sandra C. Jones, Peter Caputi, Christopher Magee Jan 2014

Being A Girl In A Boys' World: Investigating The Experiences Of Girls With Autism Spectrum Disorders During Adolescence, Elizabeth Kate Cridland, Sandra C. Jones, Peter Caputi, Christopher Magee

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This study investigates the experiences of adolescent girls with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) during adolescence. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three mother–daughter dyads and two additional mothers. A range of issues were highlighted covering physical, emotional, social and sexual domains. Some of these issues were similar to those experienced by boys with ASD during adolescence, such as negative implications of late diagnosis, challenges of transitioning to and coping with high school, ‘hands-on’ role of parents into adolescence, difficulties adjusting to the increased demands of adolescent hygiene routines, and the importance of learning personal boundaries in interactions with others. Other ...


Illusory Scene Shearing During Real And Illusory Self-Rotations In Roll, Stephen Palmisano, Robert Allison, Ian Howard Jan 2014

Illusory Scene Shearing During Real And Illusory Self-Rotations In Roll, Stephen Palmisano, Robert Allison, Ian Howard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at The Asia-Pacific Conference on Vision (APCV) 2014 19-22 July 2014, Takamatsu, Japan


Eeg Effects On Electrophysiological And Behavioural Responses During A Cued Cpt, Diana Karamacoska, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio Jan 2014

Eeg Effects On Electrophysiological And Behavioural Responses During A Cued Cpt, Diana Karamacoska, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at The 17th World Congress of Psychophysiology (IOP2014) of the International Organization of Psychophysiology (IOP) Hiroshima, Japan, September 23rd to 27th, 2014


An Fmri Study Exploring Cognitive Processing During Computer - Based Discovery Learning, Barney Dalgarno, Gregor Kennedy, Sue Bennett Jan 2014

An Fmri Study Exploring Cognitive Processing During Computer - Based Discovery Learning, Barney Dalgarno, Gregor Kennedy, Sue Bennett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Discovery-based learning designs incorporating active exploration are common within computer-based instructional simulations, supported by constructivist theories of learning focussing on active individual knowledge construction. On the other hand, researchers have highlighted empirical evidence showing that ‘pure’ discovery learning is of limited value and that combinations of explicit instruction and guided discovery learning are more effective. Little is known, however, about differences in the cognitive processing that occurs when a learner undertakes active discovery learning using a computer-based simulation compared to when they are guided through observation of simulation output. A better understanding of the cognitive processing occurring when learners interact ...


Whole Body Vibration Exposure Experienced By Bauxite Mining Operators: An Evaluation Of Heavy Haulage Equipment During Varying Seasonal Conditions (Wet & Dry Seasons) And The Potential Exposure Risk, Marcus Brooks, Marion A. Burgess, Jane L. Whitelaw Jan 2014

Whole Body Vibration Exposure Experienced By Bauxite Mining Operators: An Evaluation Of Heavy Haulage Equipment During Varying Seasonal Conditions (Wet & Dry Seasons) And The Potential Exposure Risk, Marcus Brooks, Marion A. Burgess, Jane L. Whitelaw

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 32nd Annual Conference & Exhibition of the Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists Inc, 29 November - 3 December 2014, Melbourne, Australia.


Socio-Ecological Predictors Of Participation And Dropout In Organised Sports During Childhood, Stewart Vella, Dylan Cliff, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2014

Socio-Ecological Predictors Of Participation And Dropout In Organised Sports During Childhood, Stewart Vella, Dylan Cliff, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the socio-ecological determinants of participation and dropout in organised sports in a nationally-representative sample of Australian children.Methods: Data were drawn from Waves 3 and 4 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. In total, 4042 children aged 8.25 (SD = 0.44) years at baseline were included, with 24-months between Waves. Socio-ecological predictors were reported by parents and teachers, while cognitive and health measures were assessed by trained professionals. All predictors were assessed at age 8, and used to predict participation and dropout by age 10.Results: Seven variables at ...


Effect Of Concentric And Eccentric Velocity During Heavy-Load Non-Ballistic Elbow Flexion Resistance Exercise, John Sampson, Allison Donohoe, Herbert Groeller Jan 2014

Effect Of Concentric And Eccentric Velocity During Heavy-Load Non-Ballistic Elbow Flexion Resistance Exercise, John Sampson, Allison Donohoe, Herbert Groeller

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objectives: The current study provided a longitudinal evaluation of the anthropometric and fitness characteristics in junior rugby league players across three annual-age categories (i.e., under 13s, 14s and 15s) considering playing position and selection level.

Design: Longitudinal design.

Methods: Eighty-one junior rugby league players selected to a talent development programme were tracked over a two year period. Anthropometric (height, sitting height, body mass and sum of four skinfolds) and fitness (lower and upper body power, speed, change of direction speed and maximal aerobic power) characteristics were measured on three occasions (i.e., under 13s, 14s and 15s). Repeated measures ...