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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Assessing Decision Quality In Patient-Centred Care Requires A Preference-Sensitive Measure, Mette Kjer Kaltoft, Michelle Cunich, Glenn P. Salkeld, Jack Dowie Jan 2014

Assessing Decision Quality In Patient-Centred Care Requires A Preference-Sensitive Measure, Mette Kjer Kaltoft, Michelle Cunich, Glenn P. Salkeld, Jack Dowie

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A theory-based instrument for measuring the quality of decisions made using any form of decision technology, including both decision-aided and unaided clinical consultations is required to enable person- and patient-centred care and to respond positively to individual heterogeneity in the value aspects of decision making. Current instruments using the term 'decision quality' have adopted a decision- and thus condition-specific approach. We argue that patient-centred care requires decision quality to be regarded as both preference-sensitive across multiple relevant criteria and generic across all conditions and decisions. MyDecisionQuality is grounded in prescriptive multi criteria decision analysis and employs a simple expected value ...


Infant And Adult Visual Attention During An Imitation Demonstration, Gemma Taylor, Jane S. Herbert Jan 2014

Infant And Adult Visual Attention During An Imitation Demonstration, Gemma Taylor, Jane S. Herbert

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Deferred imitation tasks have shown that manipulations at encoding can enhance infant learning and memory performance within an age, suggesting that brain maturation alone cannot fully account for all developmental changes in early memory abilities. The present study investigated whether changes in the focus of attention during learning might contribute to improving memory abilities during infancy. Infants aged 6, 9, and 12 months, and an adult comparison group, watched a video of a puppet imitation demonstration while visual behavior was recorded on an eye tracker. Overall, infants spent less time attending to the video than adults, and distributed their gaze ...


Bidirectional Links Between Hiv And Intimate Partner Violence In Pregnancy: Implications For Prevention Of Mother-To-Child Transmission, Abigail M. Hatcher, Nataly Woollett, Christina Pallitto, Keneuoe Mokoatle, Heidi Stockl, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Claudia Garcia-Moreno Jan 2014

Bidirectional Links Between Hiv And Intimate Partner Violence In Pregnancy: Implications For Prevention Of Mother-To-Child Transmission, Abigail M. Hatcher, Nataly Woollett, Christina Pallitto, Keneuoe Mokoatle, Heidi Stockl, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Claudia Garcia-Moreno

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) has the potential to eliminate new HIV infections among infants. Yet in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, PMTCT coverage remains low, leading to unacceptably high rates of morbidity among mothers and new infections among infants. Intimate partner violence (IPV) may be a structural driver of poor PMTCT uptake, but has received little attention in the literature to date.Methods: We conducted qualitative research in three Johannesburg antenatal clinics to understand the links between IPV HIV-related health of pregnant women. We held focus group discussions with pregnant women (n =13) alongside qualitative interviews with health ...


Building Capacity Through Ethical Understanding And Practice, Michaela Baker, Erin Corderoy, Laura Ann Hammersley, Kate Lloyd, Kathryn Mclachlan, Anne-Louise Semple, Karolyn L. White Jan 2014

Building Capacity Through Ethical Understanding And Practice, Michaela Baker, Erin Corderoy, Laura Ann Hammersley, Kate Lloyd, Kathryn Mclachlan, Anne-Louise Semple, Karolyn L. White

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Fostering ethical understanding and practice in Work Integrated Learning (WIL) and other forms of experiential learning is integral to preparing students for engagement with society beyond university (Campbell, 2011; Campbell & Zegwaard, 2011a; Campbell & Zegwaard, 2011b). Ethical practice is a fundamental aspect of Macquarie University's Professional and Community Engagement (PACE) initiative, and our research and practice to date have examined how ethical understanding can be translated into ethical practice by students (Baker et al., 2013). This paper details further developments in our endeavour to prepare students for ethical complexities and build their capacity to respond to them. It also discusses how efforts ...


An Exploration Of Decision Aid Effectiveness: The Impact Of Promoting Affective Vs. Deliberative Processing On A Health-Related Decision, Esther L. Davis, Kirsten Mccaffery, Barbara Mullan, Ilona Juraskova Jan 2014

An Exploration Of Decision Aid Effectiveness: The Impact Of Promoting Affective Vs. Deliberative Processing On A Health-Related Decision, Esther L. Davis, Kirsten Mccaffery, Barbara Mullan, Ilona Juraskova

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Decision aids (DAs) are non-directive communication tools that help patients make value-consistent health-care decisions. However, most DAs have been developed without an explicit theoretical framework, resulting in a lack of understanding of how DAs achieve outcomes.


Chronic Effects Of Cannabis Use On The Auditory Mismatch Negativity, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Samantha J. Broyd, Rodney Croft, Juanita Todd, Patricia T. Michie, Stuart Johnstone, Robin Murray, Nadia Solowij Jan 2014

Chronic Effects Of Cannabis Use On The Auditory Mismatch Negativity, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Samantha J. Broyd, Rodney Croft, Juanita Todd, Patricia T. Michie, Stuart Johnstone, Robin Murray, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Cannabis use is associated with the development of psychotic symptoms and increased risk for schizophrenia. The mismatch negativity (MMN) is a brain event-related potential marker of change detection thought to index glutamatergic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-mediated neurotransmission, which is known to be deficient in schizophrenia. This study examined auditory MMN in otherwise healthy chronic cannabis users compared with nonuser control subjects. Methods Forty-two chronic cannabis users and 44 nonuser healthy control subjects completed a multi-feature MMN paradigm, which included duration, frequency, and intensity deviants (deviants 6%; standards 82%). The MMN was compared between users and control subjects as well as between ...


How Western National Interest Drives Ebola Drug Development, Christopher J. Degeling Jan 2014

How Western National Interest Drives Ebola Drug Development, Christopher J. Degeling

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Ebola virus disease typically only occurs in rural and remote areas among resource-poor populations. Until the large, recent outbreak in West Africa, cases of the illness were a rarity.


Toward Stronger Theory In Critical Public Health: Insights From Debates Surrounding Posthumanism, Melanie Rock, Christopher J. Degeling, Gwendolyn Blue Jan 2014

Toward Stronger Theory In Critical Public Health: Insights From Debates Surrounding Posthumanism, Melanie Rock, Christopher J. Degeling, Gwendolyn Blue

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The 'posthumanist turn' in critical theory comprises efforts to recognize and analyze the interdependence of human existence with non-human entities, including other animals, spaces, and technologies. Scholarship aligned to and debating posthumanism pertains to public health, but has yet to be clearly articulated for a public health audience. This commentary and an appended glossary illustrate the relevance of these ideas for enhancing critical theory in public health. 2013 Taylor & Francis.


Equity Under The Knife: Justice And Evidence In Surgery, Wendy Rogers, Christopher J. Degeling, Cynthia Townley Jan 2014

Equity Under The Knife: Justice And Evidence In Surgery, Wendy Rogers, Christopher J. Degeling, Cynthia Townley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Surgery is an increasingly common and expensive mode of medical intervention. The ethical dimensions of the surgeon-patient relationship, including respect for personal autonomy and informed consent, are much discussed; but broader equity issues have not received the same attention. This paper extends the understanding of surgical ethics by considering the nature of evidence in surgery and its relationship to a just provision of healthcare for individuals and their populations. 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


The Surgeon General's 'Smoking And Health': A Continuing Challenge, Colin Binns, Peter Howat, Jonine Jancey, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2014

The Surgeon General's 'Smoking And Health': A Continuing Challenge, Colin Binns, Peter Howat, Jonine Jancey, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Editorial


Diversion Of Prescribed Opioids By People Living With Chronic Pain: Results From An Australian Community Sample, Jessica Belcher, Suzanne Nielsen, Gabrielle Campbell, Raimondo Bruno, Bianca Hoban, Briony K. Larance, Nicholas Lintzeris, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2014

Diversion Of Prescribed Opioids By People Living With Chronic Pain: Results From An Australian Community Sample, Jessica Belcher, Suzanne Nielsen, Gabrielle Campbell, Raimondo Bruno, Bianca Hoban, Briony K. Larance, Nicholas Lintzeris, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction and Aims There has been an increase in prescription of opioids for chronic non‐cancer pain, and concern exists over possible diversion of prescription opioids to the illicit marketplace. Recent media coverage suggests that elderly patients sell their prescribed opioids for additional income. This study investigated the extent to which an Australian community sample of chronic pain patients prescribed opioids reported supplying their prescribed opioids to others. Design and Methods Participants living with chronic non‐cancer pain and prescribed opioids for their pain (n = 952) were recruited across Australia via advertisements at pharmacies. A telephone interview included questions about ...


Training Police To Better Respond To People With Mental Illness, James Ogloff, Stuart Dm Thomas Jan 2014

Training Police To Better Respond To People With Mental Illness, James Ogloff, Stuart Dm Thomas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Police officers encounter people with mental illnesses every day, whether they are perpetrators, victims, or witnesses of crime. In 2013 alone, NSW police responded to more than 40,000 mental health incidents; while in Victoria, the police apprehend one person every two hours and take them to hospital for assessment


Retorno Al Modo: In/Dependencia Contextual En El Discurso De Las Clases De Historia Antigua, James R. Martin, Erika S. Matruglio Jan 2014

Retorno Al Modo: In/Dependencia Contextual En El Discurso De Las Clases De Historia Antigua, James R. Martin, Erika S. Matruglio

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Este artículo explora el significado de “dependencia contextual” en la lingüística sistémico-funcional (LSF), situándolo en relación con el concepto de “gravedad semántica” en la teoría de códigos de legitimación (LCT, por sus siglas en inglés). Se plantean distintas interpretaciones de lo que es la dependencia contextual desde el punto de vista textual, interpersonal e ideacional, poniendo de relieve las nociones de implicitud, negociabilidad e iconicidad, respectivamente. Para abarcar todos estos recursos se propone el término “presencia”. Este artículo da cuenta de parte del diálogo en curso entre la LSF y la LCT, en el marco de una investigación que aborda ...


Incorporating Evidence And Politics In Health Policy: Can Institutionalising Evidence Review Make A Difference?, Kathy Flitcroft, James Gillespie, Stacy Carter, Glenn P. Salkeld, Lyndal Trevena Jan 2014

Incorporating Evidence And Politics In Health Policy: Can Institutionalising Evidence Review Make A Difference?, Kathy Flitcroft, James Gillespie, Stacy Carter, Glenn P. Salkeld, Lyndal Trevena

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Much of the evidence translation literature focuses narrowly on the use of evidence in the initial policy formulation stages, and downplays the crucial role of institutions and the inherently political nature of policy making. More recent approaches acknowledge the importance of institutional and political factors, but make no attempt to incorporate their influence into new models of evidence translation. To address this issue, this article uses data from a comparative case study of bowel cancer screening policy in Australia, the United Kingdom and New Zealand, to propose alternative models of evidence incorporation which apply to all stages of the policy ...


Family-Focused Autism Spectrum Disorder Research: A Review Of The Utility Of Family Systems Approaches, Elizabeth Kate Cridland, Sandra C. Jones, Christopher A. Magee, Peter Caputi Jan 2014

Family-Focused Autism Spectrum Disorder Research: A Review Of The Utility Of Family Systems Approaches, Elizabeth Kate Cridland, Sandra C. Jones, Christopher A. Magee, Peter Caputi

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A family member with an autism spectrum disorder presents pervasive and bidirectional influences on the entire family system, suggesting a need for family-focused autism spectrum disorder research. While there has been increasing interest in this research area, family-focused autism spectrum disorder research can still be considered relatively recent, and there are limitations to the existing literature. The purpose of this article is to provide theoretical and methodological directions for future family-focused autism spectrum disorder research. In particular, this article proposes Family Systems approaches as a common theoretical framework for future family-focused autism spectrum disorder research by considering theoretical concepts such ...


Diverse Learners, Ann Kelly, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea, Kathleen Tanner Jan 2014

Diverse Learners, Ann Kelly, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea, Kathleen Tanner

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This chapter explores student populations in terms of their diversity and special needs and is designed to provide you with a broad grounding in this topic. Beginning with an overview of commonly used terminology in this field, the chapter moves to the learners themselves, providing key statistics and insights into various VET equity cohorts, including an understanding of how learners are 'officially' categorised and defined. The focus then changes to an analysis of key Commonwealth legislation and related policies in the area and an example of a State response. The final sections of the chapter are aimed at providing practical ...


We All Have A Role In Protecting Children: End The Silence On Abuse, Amy Conley Wright, Lynne M. Keevers Jan 2014

We All Have A Role In Protecting Children: End The Silence On Abuse, Amy Conley Wright, Lynne M. Keevers

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The recent string of major child sexual assault scandals, in Australia and other countries, can create a feeling of disgust and an urge to look away from an ugly reality. Yet we must confront and take collective responsibility for child protection by acknowledging that it happens every day and that we have to talk about it. Societal silence on child sexual abuse protects perpetrators and enables abuse to continue. Child sexual assault is a lot more common than we may think. The Australian Institute of Family Studies reported in 2013 that as many as one in six boys and one ...


Stakeholder Perceptions Of Ielts As A Gateway To The Professional Workplace: The Case Of Employers Of Overseas Trained Teachers, Jill Murray, Judie Cross, Kenneth E. Cruickshank Jan 2014

Stakeholder Perceptions Of Ielts As A Gateway To The Professional Workplace: The Case Of Employers Of Overseas Trained Teachers, Jill Murray, Judie Cross, Kenneth E. Cruickshank

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper reports on a qualitative study which explored stakeholder perceptions of the IELTS test as a gateway to the professional workplace for teachers in Australia and New Zealand. The goal of this study was to research perceptions of school principals as regards teachers who have entered the profession through IELTS or other English language proficiency test pathways and how the changing language demands of teaching may have impacted on these perceptions. Three research questions were addressed, with data for the study collected from 21 principals through their participation in one-to-one interviews and/or face-to-face focus groups. Five IELTS sample ...


Exploring The Participation Of First In Family Students In University With Particular Reference To How This Impacts Upon Intergenerational Choices Around, And Perceptions Of, Higher Education, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea Jan 2014

Exploring The Participation Of First In Family Students In University With Particular Reference To How This Impacts Upon Intergenerational Choices Around, And Perceptions Of, Higher Education, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract of a paper presented at The Forum for Access and Continuing Education's (FACE) 21st Annual Conference, 2-4 July 2014, Salford, United Kingdom


Transcending Teacher Professional Development: From Determinism To Complexity, Abdul Rahman, Garry F. Hoban, Wendy S. Nielsen Jan 2014

Transcending Teacher Professional Development: From Determinism To Complexity, Abdul Rahman, Garry F. Hoban, Wendy S. Nielsen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

There is a multiplicity of factors and actors that come into play to make teacher professional development (TPD) a strategic and powerful scheme for improving teacher practices. This multiplicity is evident in educational practices and theories. Consequently, traditional perspectives that take a simple view of TPD as a single, independent entity in teacher learning in isolation from other factors and actors are problematic. To better understand how TPD can bring about change in teacher practices-transforming teacher learning, there is a need to transcend the linear, causal, deterministic assumption about TPD. Here, in this discussion paper, I argue that powerful TPD ...


The Use Of Citizens' Juries In Health Policy Decision-Making: A Systematic Review, Jackie M. Street, Katherine M. Duszynski, Stephanie Krawczyk, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer Jan 2014

The Use Of Citizens' Juries In Health Policy Decision-Making: A Systematic Review, Jackie M. Street, Katherine M. Duszynski, Stephanie Krawczyk, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Deliberative inclusive approaches, such as citizen juries, have been used to engage citizens on a range of issues in health care and public health. Researchers engaging with the public to inform policy and practice have adapted the citizen jury method in a variety of ways. The nature and impact of these adaptations has not been evaluated.

We systematically searched Medline (PubMED), CINAHL and Scopus databases to identify deliberative inclusive methods, particularly citizens' juries and their adaptations, deployed in health research. Identified studies were evaluated focussing on principles associated with deliberative democracy: inclusivity, deliberation and active citizenship. We examined overall process ...


Australian Health Policy And End Of Life Care For People With Chronic Disease: An Analysis, Teresa Burgess, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Gregory Crawford, Justin J. Beilby Jan 2014

Australian Health Policy And End Of Life Care For People With Chronic Disease: An Analysis, Teresa Burgess, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Gregory Crawford, Justin J. Beilby

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

End of life care for people with advanced chronic disease is a growing international imperative, with the majority of deaths in the world now related to chronic disease. The provision of care that meets the needs of people with advanced chronic disease must be guided by appropriate policy. The key policy areas impacting directly on end of life care are related to chronic disease, palliative care and, increasingly, aged care.

This paper describes the outcomes of an audit of Australian chronic disease and end of life/palliative care policies. We identified that chronic disease health policies/strategies demonstrate a focus ...


Supporting Policy In Health With Research: An Intervention Trial (Spirit)-Protocol For A Stepped Wedge Trial, Anna Williamson, Sally Redman, Abby Haynes, Daniel Barker, Louisa R. Jorm, Sally Green, Fiona Blyth, Nicola Lewis, Anthony Shakeshaft, Catherine A. D'Este, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2014

Supporting Policy In Health With Research: An Intervention Trial (Spirit)-Protocol For A Stepped Wedge Trial, Anna Williamson, Sally Redman, Abby Haynes, Daniel Barker, Louisa R. Jorm, Sally Green, Fiona Blyth, Nicola Lewis, Anthony Shakeshaft, Catherine A. D'Este, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction Governments in different countries have committed to better use of evidence from research in policy. Although many programmes are directed at assisting agencies to better use research, there have been few tests of the effectiveness of such programmes. This paper describes the protocol for SPIRIT (Supporting Policy In health with Research: an Intervention Trial), a trial designed to test the effectiveness of a multifaceted programme to build organisational capacity for the use of research evidence in policy and programme development. The primary aim is to determine whether SPIRIT results in an increase in the extent to which research and ...


Prescription Medicines: Decision-Making Preferences Of Patients Who Receive Different Levels Of Public Subsidy, Jane Robertson, Evan Doran, David A. Henry, Glenn P. Salkeld Jan 2014

Prescription Medicines: Decision-Making Preferences Of Patients Who Receive Different Levels Of Public Subsidy, Jane Robertson, Evan Doran, David A. Henry, Glenn P. Salkeld

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective  To compare the relative importance of medicine attributes and decision-making preferences of patients with higher or lower levels of insurance coverage in a publicly funded health care system. Design and setting  Cross-sectional telephone survey of randomly selected regular medicine users aged ≥18 years in the Hunter Valley, NSW, Australia. Main variables studied  Questions about 27 medicine attributes and active involvement in decisions to start a new medicine. Results  After adjustment, there were few differences between the 408 concession card holders (high insurance) and 410 general beneficiaries (low insurance) in their assessment of the importance of medicine attributes. For both ...


Incorporating Immunizations Into Routine Obstetric Care To Facilitate Health Care Practitioners In Implementing Maternal Immunization, Heather Webb, Jacqueline M. Street, Helen S. Marshall Jan 2014

Incorporating Immunizations Into Routine Obstetric Care To Facilitate Health Care Practitioners In Implementing Maternal Immunization, Heather Webb, Jacqueline M. Street, Helen S. Marshall

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Immunization against pertussis, influenza, and rubella reduces morbidity and mortality in pregnant women and their offspring. Health care professionals (HCPs) caring for women perinatally are uniquely placed to reduce maternal vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs). Despite guidelines recommending immunization during the perinatal period, maternal vaccine uptake remains low. This qualitative study explored the role of obstetricians, general practitioners, and midwives in maternal vaccine uptake. Semi-structured interviews (n = 15) were conducted with perinatal HCPs at a tertiary maternity hospital in South Australia. HCPs were asked to reflect on their knowledge, beliefs, and practice relating to immunization advice and vaccine provision. Interviews were ...


Faith-Based Perspectives On The Use Of Chimeric Organisms For Medical Research., Christopher J. Degeling, Rob Irvine, Ian Kerridge Jan 2014

Faith-Based Perspectives On The Use Of Chimeric Organisms For Medical Research., Christopher J. Degeling, Rob Irvine, Ian Kerridge

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Efforts to advance our understanding of neurodegenerative diseases involve the creation chimeric organisms from human neural stem cells and primate embryos--known as prenatal chimeras. The existence of potential mentally complex beings with human and non-human neural apparatus raises fundamental questions as to the ethical permissibility of chimeric research and the moral status of the creatures it creates. Even as bioethicists find fewer reasons to be troubled by most types of chimeric organisms, social attitudes towards the non-human world are often influenced by religious beliefs. In this paper scholars representing eight major religious traditions provide a brief commentary on a hypothetical ...


Feasibility And Acceptability Of Project Connect: A Couples-Based Hiv-Risk Reduction Intervention Among Young Couples In Johannesburg, South Africa, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Nadia Nguyen, Molly Rosenberg, Lisa Parker, Jabu Sibeko Jan 2014

Feasibility And Acceptability Of Project Connect: A Couples-Based Hiv-Risk Reduction Intervention Among Young Couples In Johannesburg, South Africa, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Nadia Nguyen, Molly Rosenberg, Lisa Parker, Jabu Sibeko

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Given the importance of couples to the transmission of HIV, interventions focusing on both members of a partnership can play an important role in its prevention. We adapted and pilot-tested Project Connect, an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention for couples, to determine its acceptability and feasibility among a sample of young urban South African couples. We recruited couples from a clinic in inner-city Johannesburg to take part in the study. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were conducted at baseline and postintervention; an in-depth interview (IDI) was also conducted postintervention. Of 75 couples screened, 15 were eligible and enrolled. An important reason for ineligibility was ...


Self-Determination Theory And Teacher Instruction: A Positive Partnership For Student Performance And Involvement, Dana Perlman Jan 2014

Self-Determination Theory And Teacher Instruction: A Positive Partnership For Student Performance And Involvement, Dana Perlman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of distinct motivationally-based instructional approaches on student's game performance and involvement. 78 secondary physical education students were taught a unit of volleyball using one in either an autonomy-supportive, controlling or balanced instructional style. Using a pretest and posttest design, students were measured on their game performance and involvement during 20-minute game of volleyball. Data analysis indicated that students engaged in the autonomy-supportive context illustrated significantly higher levels of performance and involvement when compared with the other groups.


Socio-Emotional Connections: Identity, Belonging And Learning In Online Interactions. A Literature Review, Janine Delahunty, Irina Verenikina, Pauline Jones Jan 2014

Socio-Emotional Connections: Identity, Belonging And Learning In Online Interactions. A Literature Review, Janine Delahunty, Irina Verenikina, Pauline Jones

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This review focuses on three interconnected socio-emotional aspects of online learning: interaction, sense of community and identity formation. In the intangible social space of the virtual classroom, students come together to learn through dialogic, often asynchronous, exchanges. This creates distinctive learning environments where learning goals, interpersonal relationships and emotions are no less important because of their 'virtualness', and for which traditional face-to-face pedagogies are not neatly transferrable. The literature reveals consistent connections between interaction and sense of community. Yet identity, which plausibly and naturally emerges from any social interaction, is much less explored in online learning. While it is widely ...


The Healthy Child Citizen: Biopedagogies And Web-Based Health Promotion, Jan Wright, Christine Halse Jan 2014

The Healthy Child Citizen: Biopedagogies And Web-Based Health Promotion, Jan Wright, Christine Halse

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The health of children in affluent economies has become closely tied to the ideal of a normative body weight achieved by monitoring and balancing diet and physical activity. As a result, the education of young people on how to avoid becoming fat begins at an early age through the language and practices of families, the messages embedded in children's media, and through formal schooling. In this paper we use the concept of biopedagogies to investigate how discourses that connect food, the body and health come together on Internet websites to instruct children on how they should come to know ...