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University of Wollongong

Performance

Articles 151 - 169 of 169

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

On The Performance Of Short Forward Error-Correcting Codes, Sheng Tong, Dengsheng Lin, Aleksandar Kavcic, Li Ping, Baoming Bai Jan 2007

On The Performance Of Short Forward Error-Correcting Codes, Sheng Tong, Dengsheng Lin, Aleksandar Kavcic, Li Ping, Baoming Bai

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This letter investigates the performance of short forward error-correcting (FEC) codes. Reed-Solomon (RS) codes and concatenated zigzag codes are chosen as representatives of classical algebraic codes and modern simple iteratively decodable codes, respectively. Additionally, random binary linear codes are used as a baseline reference. Our main results (demonstrated by simulations and ensemble distance spectrum analysis) are as follows: 1) Short RS codes are as good as random binary linear codes; 2) Carefully designed short low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes are almost as good as random binary linear codes; 3) Low complexity belief propagation decoders incur considerable performance loss at short coding ...


An Assessment Of The Research Performance Of Commerce Faculties In Australia, Abbas Valadkhani, Simon Ville Jan 2007

An Assessment Of The Research Performance Of Commerce Faculties In Australia, Abbas Valadkhani, Simon Ville

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

There is a growing policy focus in Australian higher education on quantitative research performance assessment. However, most of the analysis has addressed aggregate performance at the institutional level, an approach inconsistent with recent policy emphasis on diversity among universities, and one that ignores performance variations across disciplines. We use cluster analysis to classify one of the ten broad fields of education, that is, management and commerce. Using averaged and available data for 2000-2004 on various research measures, partial rankings are provided. Factor analysis is utilised to generate full-multidimensional rankings within the resulting clusters. Our results show that low total research ...


A Comparative Study Of Public Domain Supervised Classifier Performance On The Uci Database, Peter W. Eklund, A Hoang Jan 2006

A Comparative Study Of Public Domain Supervised Classifier Performance On The Uci Database, Peter W. Eklund, A Hoang

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper surveys three classes of public domain supervised learning algorihms and performs comparative analysis of their performance against 29 of the University California Irvine machine learning datasets.


Low And High Trait Impulsiveness In The Stop-Signal Task: Underlying Differences In Erps But Not Performance, Aneta Dimoska, Stuart J. Johnstone Jan 2006

Low And High Trait Impulsiveness In The Stop-Signal Task: Underlying Differences In Erps But Not Performance, Aneta Dimoska, Stuart J. Johnstone

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Network Measures And Simulation For Knowledge Intensive Work Performance, Kon Shing Kenneth Chung, Liaquat Hossain, Joseph Davis Jan 2006

Network Measures And Simulation For Knowledge Intensive Work Performance, Kon Shing Kenneth Chung, Liaquat Hossain, Joseph Davis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We describe the process of designing a reliable and valid instrument for collecting network and attribute data. Here, we explore the relationship between social networks structure, information and communication technologies (ICT) use and attitude towards performance in knowledge intensive work. We first develop a model for exploring the inherent relationship between the three concepts based on existing literature. We then develop appropriate item sets for measuring different independent (network structure, ICT use) and dependent variables (performance). We use the reliable item sets along with justifications to construct different phases of our instrument. In doing so, we introduce a simulation approach ...


The Design Of A Performance Measurement Model For Small Firms Within The Service Sector, Vicki Baard, Edmund W. Watts Jan 2005

The Design Of A Performance Measurement Model For Small Firms Within The Service Sector, Vicki Baard, Edmund W. Watts

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The role of small business, as part of the value adding chain in any economy, should never be understated. In Australia small business represents 96% of all private sector business, accounts for 47% of all private sector employment and the majority fail within three to five years of establishment. Despite this contribution the small business sector, and in particular the service sector component, appear to be underrepresented in the development of specific performance measurement models, which, within the academic and professional literature appear to focus on their larger firm counterparts. Given the unique position of small business service organisations the ...


Viewpoint Dependent Performance For Faces Rotated About Pitch And Yaw Axes, Simone K. Favelle, Stephen A. Palmisano, Ryan T. Maloney Jan 2005

Viewpoint Dependent Performance For Faces Rotated About Pitch And Yaw Axes, Simone K. Favelle, Stephen A. Palmisano, Ryan T. Maloney

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


The Development Of An Industry Specific Performance Measurement Model For Service Organisations Within The Small Business Sector, Vicki Baard, Edmund W. Watts Jan 2005

The Development Of An Industry Specific Performance Measurement Model For Service Organisations Within The Small Business Sector, Vicki Baard, Edmund W. Watts

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The role of small business, as part of the value adding chain in any economy, should never be understated. In Australia small business represents 96% of all private sector business, accounts for 47% of all private sector employment and the majority fail within three to five years of establishment. Despite this contribution the small business sector, and in particular the service sector component, appear to be underrepresented in the development of specific performance measurement models, which, within the academic and professional literature appear to focus on their larger firm counterparts. Given the unique position of small business service organisations the ...


Introduction: The Role Of Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises In Achieving And Sustaining Growth And Performance, Charles Harvie, Boon-Chye Lee Jan 2005

Introduction: The Role Of Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises In Achieving And Sustaining Growth And Performance, Charles Harvie, Boon-Chye Lee

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This volume is the third in a series on small and medium sized enterprises in East Asia, defined broadly to include the countries along the western rim of the Pacific from Japan and China in the north to Australia and New Zealand in the south, taking in the ASEAN countries along the way.


A Test Of Transformational And Transactional Leadership Styles On Employees' Satisfaction And Performance In The Uae Banking Sector, Raed Awamleh, John Evans, Ashraf Mahate Jan 2005

A Test Of Transformational And Transactional Leadership Styles On Employees' Satisfaction And Performance In The Uae Banking Sector, Raed Awamleh, John Evans, Ashraf Mahate

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study tested the transformational leadership theory among managers at functional levels in United Arab Emirates (UAE) banks. The UAE banking sector was chosen due to its importance in the U.A.E. economy and its significant contribution to the Emirates GDP. The paper examines the effects of both transformational and transactional leadership styles of bank managers/supervisors on employees’ satisfaction and self-perceived performance. Self-esteem and leadership disposition (Romance of Leadership) of employees were hypothesized to act as moderators. Data was collected from employees working in national and international banks operating in the UAE. A multiple regression analysis indicated that ...


The Interaction Of Transcutaneous Heating And Helicopter Flight Simulation Performance, Joanne N. Caldwell, Mark J. Patterson, Nigel A.S Taylor Jan 2005

The Interaction Of Transcutaneous Heating And Helicopter Flight Simulation Performance, Joanne N. Caldwell, Mark J. Patterson, Nigel A.S Taylor

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

It is well known that elevations in body temperature can impair both physical and cognitive performance. For helicopter pilots, the major heat source during flight originates from solar radiation. However, when nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) protective clothing is worn, metabolic heat generated during the pre-flight period, and during the mission, is trapped, exacerbating thermal strain. In this project, the hypothesis that elevations in body heat content would degrade flight performance was tested. Helicopter pilots completed three, two-hour flight simulations under three levels of thermal strain, administered in a balanced order. Thermal strain was induced using a water-perfusion gannent, worn ...


Appraising Performance In Public Sector Organisations: Critical Discourse Perspectives, Christa Wood Jan 2005

Appraising Performance In Public Sector Organisations: Critical Discourse Perspectives, Christa Wood

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the performance appraisal system that has been implemented in some public service organisations in line with the changes to a more commercialized structure. In an effort to change the behaviours and attitudes of public servants, performance appraisal systems have incorporated the new values and desired behaviours. Although a myriad of studies exist in regards to the new public management and on the topic of performance appraisal systems, there are few critical management studies of the implementation and operation of performance appraisal in the public sector. To date, most critical studies of performance appraisal have concentrated on the ...


The Impact Of Owner/Manager's Mentality On The Financial Performance Of Smcs: The Case Of Sri Lanka, Hema Wijewardena, Anura De Zoysa Jan 2005

The Impact Of Owner/Manager's Mentality On The Financial Performance Of Smcs: The Case Of Sri Lanka, Hema Wijewardena, Anura De Zoysa

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Several studies have examined how different personality characteristics of owner/managers affect financial performance in small and medium enterprises. However, despite the fact that the mentality of owner/managers is an important aspect of their personality characteristics no prior study has made any attempt to examine its possible impact on enterprise performance. Moreover, even the studies that focused on the relationship between personality characteristics and enterprise performance have confined their investigations to a single period of time. Nevertheless, the literature shows that usually financial performance of enterprises varies dramatically during different stages of growth. Therefore, our study attempted to shed ...


Hrm At The Coalface: Employee Responses To Performance Appraisal At An Underground Coalmine, Peter D. Mclean, James Reveley Jan 2005

Hrm At The Coalface: Employee Responses To Performance Appraisal At An Underground Coalmine, Peter D. Mclean, James Reveley

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Based on a four year empirical study investigating employee responses to the implementation of a performance appraisal (PA) process in an underground coal mine, this paper contributes to the small but growing body of literature that examines employee responses to HRM interventions. The paper is constructed around seven key research questions recentring the employee as the discursive subject of HRM. A careful interrogation of employee responses to having their performance appraised indicates that this individuating HRM process occasions considerable disruption to miners’ occupational selves and leads to unintended consequences for the miners, for their working relationships, and for their contributions ...


Integrating Tertiary Literacy Into The Curriculum: Effects On Performance And Retention, Gregory R. Hampton, Janice Skillen, Alice W. Russell, Sharon A. Robinson, Louise Rodgerson, Neil Trivitt Jan 2003

Integrating Tertiary Literacy Into The Curriculum: Effects On Performance And Retention, Gregory R. Hampton, Janice Skillen, Alice W. Russell, Sharon A. Robinson, Louise Rodgerson, Neil Trivitt

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

Tertiary literacy instruction and assessment were introduced into two first year biology subjects as part of a collaboration between Biological Sciences and Learning Development staff at the University of Wollongong. In both subjects, the project focussed on scientific report assessment items based on aspects of the practical curriculum. The project involved production and use of a web site giving instruction in report writing and general guidance on scientific writing, marking schemes using explicit criteria including literacy based criteria, a peer marking tutorial, and marking and feedback using the schemes. The results from assessments in the second subject, which included the ...


Cracks In The Egg: Improving Performance Measures In Business Incubator Research, Barbara Cornelius, Rekha Bhabra-Remedios Jan 2003

Cracks In The Egg: Improving Performance Measures In Business Incubator Research, Barbara Cornelius, Rekha Bhabra-Remedios

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Early research into business incubators focused on describing how they were operated and what activities were undertaken to assist in the survival of tenant firms. The only measures of effective operation were based upon the economic agenda of those sponsoring the incubators, that is, whether jobs were created and firms successfully developed beyond the protected incubator environment. The theoretical considerations used by researchers were, as a consequence, limited largely to either economic or fmancial models of performance. Much can be learned, however, from the management literature, which examines performance through organisational theory. It is suggested that further research into incubator ...


Performance, Anxiety: The Video Games Arcade And Urban Space, Jason Wilson Jan 2002

Performance, Anxiety: The Video Games Arcade And Urban Space, Jason Wilson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In a recent gaming anthology, Henry Jenkins cannot help contrasting his son's cramped, urban, media-saturated existence with his own idyllic, semi-rural childhood. After describing his own Huck Finn meanderings over "the spaces of my boyhood" including the imaginary kingdoms of Jungleoca and Freedonia, Jenkins relates his version of his son's experiences:

My son, Henry, now 16 has never had a backyard He has grown up in various apartment complexes, surrounded by asphalt parking lots with, perhaps, a small grass buffer from the street… Once or twice, when I became exasperated by my son's constant presence around the ...


Project Report On The Impact Of Planning And Control Sophistication On Financial Performance Of Small And Medium Manufacturing Enterprises In Australia, Hema Wijewardena, Anura De Zoysa Jan 2000

Project Report On The Impact Of Planning And Control Sophistication On Financial Performance Of Small And Medium Manufacturing Enterprises In Australia, Hema Wijewardena, Anura De Zoysa

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Although there has been a limited amount of prior research on the relationship between planning sophistication and small enterprise perfonnance, no attention has been given to the control aspect of planning and its possible impact on financial performance. This points to a major limitation of prior research on planning and perfonnance. It is common knowledge that effective control is often necessary for achieving the maximum results from a predetermined plan of action in any organisation. Even an excellent plan may not produce the results as expected due to numerous unforseen circumstances which are internal or external to the fInn. Therefore ...


Performance Indicators: Just How Do You Weight Them?, John Hattie, Jim S. Tognolini Jan 1994

Performance Indicators: Just How Do You Weight Them?, John Hattie, Jim S. Tognolini

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The development and use of performance indicators in higher education has become a major topic for research and discussion throughout the world. Research efforts and resources are being channeled into improving their use. These efforts include extending the range (including developing indicators of quality) and objectivity of indicators; improving the procedures for measuring weighting and combining performance indicators; and refining procedures for linking funding and resource allocation to performance indicators. This paper uses a questionnaire and a sample of responses to demonstrate a methodology for making explicit the weightings experts ascribe to individual performance indicators used in the process of ...