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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Desalinated Versus Recycled Water — Public Perceptions And Profiles Of The Accepters, Sara Dolnicar, A. I. Schäfer Oct 2009

Desalinated Versus Recycled Water — Public Perceptions And Profiles Of The Accepters, Sara Dolnicar, A. I. Schäfer

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Many countries’ water resources are limited in both quantity and quality. While engineering solutions can now safely produce recycled and desalinated water from non-potable sources at a relatively low cost, the general public is sceptical about adopting these alternative water sources. Social scientists need to better understand what is causing this lack of acceptance by the general population and how acceptance levels for recycled and desalinated water can be increased. This study is the first to conduct a comparative analysis of knowledge, perceptions, acceptability, and determine segments of residents who are more open-minded than the general population toward the use ...


Foodservice Perspective In Institutions, P. G. Williams Jun 2009

Foodservice Perspective In Institutions, P. G. Williams

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In Western countries around 10-15% of all foodservice meals are provided in institutional settings such as hospitals, nursing homes, prisons, schools, military settings and workplace canteens. This chapter describes the different types of meals and foodservice systems used in these institutional settings, including the menus used, nutritional standards, food waste, meals times, methods of counting meals and possible future trends.


The Role Of Education In Economic Growth, Arusha V. Cooray Jan 2009

The Role Of Education In Economic Growth, Arusha V. Cooray

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study examines the effect of the quantity and quality of education on economic growth. Using a number of proxy variables for the quantity and quality of education in a cross section of low and medium income countries, this study finds that education quantity when measured by enrolment ratios, unambiguously influences economic growth. The effect of government expenditure on economic growth is largely indirect through its impact on improved education quality.


Powerful Players: How Constituents Captured The Setting Of Ifrs 6, An Accounting Standard For The Extractive Industries, C. L. Cortese, H. J. Irvine, M. Kaidonis Jan 2009

Powerful Players: How Constituents Captured The Setting Of Ifrs 6, An Accounting Standard For The Extractive Industries, C. L. Cortese, H. J. Irvine, M. Kaidonis

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper illustrates the influence of powerful players in the setting of IFRS 6, a new International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) for the extractive industries. A critical investigative inquiry of the international accounting standard setting process, using Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), reveals some of the key players, analyses the surrounding discourse and its implications, and assesses the outcomes. An analysis of small cross-section of comment letters submitted to the International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC) by one international accounting firm, one global mining corporation and one industry group reveal the hidden coalitions between powerful players. These coalitions indicate that the regulatory ...


Automatic Generation Of Exams In R, Bettina Grun, Achim Zeileis Jan 2009

Automatic Generation Of Exams In R, Bettina Grun, Achim Zeileis

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Package exams provides a framework for automatic generation of standardized statistical exams which is especially useful for large-scale exams. To employ the tools, users just need to supply a pool of exercises and a master file controlling the layout of the final PDF document. The exercises are specified in separate Sweave files (containing R code for data generation and LaTeX code for problem and solution description) and the master file is a LaTeX document with some additional control commands. This paper gives an overview of the main design aims and principles as well as strategies for adaptation and extension. Hands-on ...


Corporate Finance Practice In Kuwait: A Survey To Confront Theory With Practice, Mohammad Al Mutairi, Gary G. Tian, Andrew S. Tan Jan 2009

Corporate Finance Practice In Kuwait: A Survey To Confront Theory With Practice, Mohammad Al Mutairi, Gary G. Tian, Andrew S. Tan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study reports the results of a survey among 80 CFOs in Kuwaitilisted firms on current corporate finance practices namely, capitalbudgeting, costs of capital, capital structure, and dividend policy.This paper analyses specifically the survey responses according tothe firm s attributes and CFO s characteristics such as firm size,sector, equity, CFO s education, ownership, tenure, age, and targetdebt ratio. The results of this survey-based analysis indicate thatthere is some evidence of the application of basic corporate financetools that are inline with what is taught in classrooms. For example,we find that a surprising number of firms are widely using ...


Rational Exercising: A Lifetime Choice With A Link Between Health And Happiness, Amnon Levy Jan 2009

Rational Exercising: A Lifetime Choice With A Link Between Health And Happiness, Amnon Levy

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper deals with a widespread type of investment in personal health that is not adequately explained by the economic literature. The analysis of people’s choice of intensity of engagement in health enhancing activities is made within an integrative, stochastic, micro-dynamic optimisation framework in which people’s utility is accumulated along a health-dependent random lifespan with direct and indirect mutual effects among exercise, health, consumption, utility, happiness, productivity and survival. Distinction is made between exercise’s length and exercise’s vigour in analysing the effect of exercising on health and rest. A link between health and utility is introduced ...


Hongkong And Shanghai Bank Financial Reporting Practice 1865-1876, Freda Hui, Kathleen M. Rudkin Jan 2009

Hongkong And Shanghai Bank Financial Reporting Practice 1865-1876, Freda Hui, Kathleen M. Rudkin

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Accounting practices of Hongkong and Shanghai Bank from 1865 to 1876 fostered its repertoire of precocial identities. Hongkong and Shanghai bank used these identities to act opportunistically in commercial dealings with the British colonial administration of Hong Kong, the public of the United Kingdom, and the Emperor of China and his Chinese administration. This paper argues HSBC varied its financial reporting practices to manage its identities in public spaces in different cultural constituencies in order to ensure its longer term survival. The approach taken is to use the example of HSBC’s Foochow loan to demonstrate its use of financial ...


Are Inertia And Calculative Commitment Distinct Constructs? An Indirect Test In The Financial Services Sector, Venkata K. Yanamandram, Lesley White Jan 2009

Are Inertia And Calculative Commitment Distinct Constructs? An Indirect Test In The Financial Services Sector, Venkata K. Yanamandram, Lesley White

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Both inert and calculatively committed customers express somewhat similar behaviours that include repeat purchasing despite having negative perceptions and associating in opportunistic behaviours. These characteristics have however resulted in some researchers conceptualising interchangeably the related yet distinct constructs. This paper aims to extend the knowledge on inertia and calculative commitment by examining the extent to which they are distinct. An analysis of data collected online from 376 businesses using a key informant approach indicate that these two constructs demonstrate discriminant validity. Whilst switching costs impact both inertia and calculative commitment, they have differential effects. The implications of these findings are ...


Socially Innovative And Commercially Viable: Partners Or Prisoners Of Future Business Developments, Patrick M. Dawson, Trevor A. Spedding, Michael D. Clements, Lisa Daniel Jan 2009

Socially Innovative And Commercially Viable: Partners Or Prisoners Of Future Business Developments, Patrick M. Dawson, Trevor A. Spedding, Michael D. Clements, Lisa Daniel

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

There is a growing need for supply chain partners to work together in improving their performance and systems of operation. New information and communication technologies can be used to improve operations and facilitate the building of closer relationships, but they can also serve to undermine relations and create tensions. RFID represents the first major improvement traceability technology that potentially supersedes barcodes and our study seeks to develop a simulation model that moves beyond a purely technical analysis, towards an assessment that is able to accommodate the social and cultural dimensions in providing a dynamic roadmap for change.


When The Going Gets Tough: Board Capital And Survival Of New Economy Ipo Firms, Nongnit Chancharat, Chandrasekhar Krishnamurti, Gary G. Tian Jan 2009

When The Going Gets Tough: Board Capital And Survival Of New Economy Ipo Firms, Nongnit Chancharat, Chandrasekhar Krishnamurti, Gary G. Tian

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The high profile corporate collapse of Enron and WorldCom has been attributed to corporate governance failures. This implicit linkage between governance failures and corporate failures raises the important question of whether good governance will mitigate the probability of failure of a firm faced with extreme financial duress. Additionally, recent studies question the assumption that a single board structure will be optimal for all firms. We empirically address this issue in the context of survival of new economy Australian IPOs. We characterize governance by board structure and leadership. Our results show that one of the key principles of the Cadbury Code ...


Reframing Occupational Health And Safety Management: A Social Innovation Approach, Patrick M. Dawson, Michael Zanko Jan 2009

Reframing Occupational Health And Safety Management: A Social Innovation Approach, Patrick M. Dawson, Michael Zanko

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper argues that traditional thinking about occupational health and safety (OHS) issues has limited the development of innovative solutions to improve employee well-being. However, recent interest in social innovation provides an opportunity to rethink approaches to OHS management. We consider the emphasis in industrial production on the push for ever greater performance (and profits), often at the expense of the well-being of employees. Next, we examine social aspects of work and consider the new, emerging concept of social innovation. Finally, we forward a more holistic model of OHS for improving the conditions and well-being of employees. Finally, we call ...


What's New In Online News?, Helen M. Hasan, Nor Hazlina Hashim, Joseph Meloche Jan 2009

What's New In Online News?, Helen M. Hasan, Nor Hazlina Hashim, Joseph Meloche

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines aspects of the field of Information Systems (IS) concerned with its diversity and with the rapid changes within the discipline that have been incurred by the continued evolution of the IS artefact. This examination is done in order to establish the suitability of the Cynefin framework, developed for knowledge management, as a suitable tool for sense-making in IS. A description and assessment of the Cynefin framework is provided with its varied applications in both organisational practice and research. The paper then applies the framework to make sense of some historical trends and contemporary issues of IS emphasising ...


Value For Money? Neo-Liberalism In New South Wales Prisons, Jane L. Andrew, Damien Cahill Jan 2009

Value For Money? Neo-Liberalism In New South Wales Prisons, Jane L. Andrew, Damien Cahill

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The NSW prison sector has undergone considerable reform over the last ten years. The NSW government now oversees the operation of publicly managed prisons, one privately managed prison and a number of new public prisons operating under the new 'Way Forward' management model. In order to establish which approach to prison management offered the best value for money, the NSW government undertook a 'value for money' assessment in 2005. In this article, we argue the cost accounting information is privileged in the assessment process. However, we contend that this information was limited and partial, and provided a poor basis on ...


Drinking Water From Alternative Water Sources: Differences In Beliefs, Social Norms And Factors Of Perceived Behavioural Control Across Eight Australian Locations, Sara Dolnicar, Anna Hurlimann Jan 2009

Drinking Water From Alternative Water Sources: Differences In Beliefs, Social Norms And Factors Of Perceived Behavioural Control Across Eight Australian Locations, Sara Dolnicar, Anna Hurlimann

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Australia is facing serious challenges in the management of water in various urban and regional locations. Two popular responses to these challenges are increasing supply through alternative water sources such as recycled and desalinated water. However, significant gaps exist in our knowledge of community attitudes to these alternative sources of water, particularly for potable use. This paper reports results from an Australian study of community attitudes to alternative water sources. Sixty six qualitative interviews were held at eight locations with distinctly different water situations. This paper explores all three antecedents to the behaviour of drinking recycled water and desalinated water ...


A Gaming System Experience For Work In Heterogeneous, Self-Directed Teams, Kate Crawford, Helen M. Hasan Jan 2009

A Gaming System Experience For Work In Heterogeneous, Self-Directed Teams, Kate Crawford, Helen M. Hasan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In the face of increased complexity in the social, commercial and operational contexts of their operations, many organisations are endeavouring to change from the bureaucratic model of the Industrial Age to a community of self-organising teams more suitable for the Knowledge Age. In defence operations, this involves a change from a command and control model to a more network centric and distributed model of decision making for teams in the field. However, managers are often confused as to how best to prepare workers to operate in loosely coupled networks of self-directed teams. There is also a need for more knowledge ...


The Critical Role Of Knowledge Management In Achieving And Sustaining Organisational Competitive Advantage, Thi Nguyet Q. Nguyen, Philip E. Neck, Thanh Hai Nguyen Jan 2009

The Critical Role Of Knowledge Management In Achieving And Sustaining Organisational Competitive Advantage, Thi Nguyet Q. Nguyen, Philip E. Neck, Thanh Hai Nguyen

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The critical role of knowledge management in achieving and sustaining competitive advantage has been strongly emphasised in the extant literature. However, most previous studies were conceptually grounded and empirically examined in advanced, developed and newly industrialised countries. In addition, research to date has predominantly explored findings from a large company view while little attempt has been made to address the relative importance of different factors constituting the organisational KM capability in the context of Asian emerging, less developed countries such as Vietnam where a socialist market economy, a Confucian culture and a majority of small and medium sized enterprises currently ...


How Does The Presenter's Physical Attractiveness Persuade? A Test Of Alternative Explanations, Sandra Praxmarer, John R. Rossiter Jan 2009

How Does The Presenter's Physical Attractiveness Persuade? A Test Of Alternative Explanations, Sandra Praxmarer, John R. Rossiter

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study was conducted to test alternative explanations for the powerful positive effect of the presenter’s facial attractiveness on persuasion found by Patzer (1985). The explanations tested are: (a) a “conscious Patzer effect” whereby the attractiveness of the presenter prompts conscious cognitive-response inferences about the presenter’s expertise and trustworthiness; (b) a “subconscious Patzer effect” whereby attractiveness persuades via beliefs about the presenter’s expertise and trustworthiness but without conscious cognitive responses; (c) an “affect transfer effect” whereby attractiveness increases liking of the presenter which in turn transfers to a more favorable attitude toward the brand; and (d) a ...


Ceo Pay-Performance And Board Independence: The Impact Of Earnings Management In China, Yuqing Zhu, Gary G. Tian Jan 2009

Ceo Pay-Performance And Board Independence: The Impact Of Earnings Management In China, Yuqing Zhu, Gary G. Tian

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the impact of board characteristics and CEO compensation on firm performance when firm performance is adjusted for the effect of earnings management. Results from regression analysis indicates that the CEO pay-performance relation is substantially lower when firm performance is adjusted for the effect of earnings management than when firm performance is measured as reported performance. That is, the positive effect of executive compensation on firm performance disappears when firm performance is measured as adjusted firm performance excluding earnings management in Chinese listed firms, and as a result, we can identify that the evident executive pay-performance relation is ...


Discipline-Specific Forecasting Of Research Output In Australian Universities, Abbas Valadkhani, Simon Ville Jan 2009

Discipline-Specific Forecasting Of Research Output In Australian Universities, Abbas Valadkhani, Simon Ville

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This article presents a cross-sectional model for forecasting research output across the Australian university system. It builds upon an existing literature that focuses either on institutional comparisons or studies of specific subjects, by providing discipline-specific results across all of the 10 major disciplinary areas as defined by Australia's Department of Education, Science and Training. The model draws upon four (highly significant) discipline-specific explanatory variables; staff size, research expenditure, PhD completions and student-staff ratios to predict the output of refereed articles.


A Welfare Analysis Of The Commonwealth Seniors Health Card, Peter M. Siminski Jan 2009

A Welfare Analysis Of The Commonwealth Seniors Health Card, Peter M. Siminski

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The Commonwealth Seniors Health Card (CSHC) is a key element of a suite of benefits for Australia's 'self-funded retirees'. Its main component is a pharmaceutical concession, which is analysed as a form of public health insurance. The utility gain through risk-pooling is found to be negligible under conservative assumptions. The deadweight loss through moral hazard may be considerable. Finally, the CSHC may be seen as an inequitable transfer, because CSHC holders are a particularly wealthy population.


Not Just Any Volunteers: Segmenting The Market To Attract The High Contributors, Melanie J. Randle, Sara Dolnicar Jan 2009

Not Just Any Volunteers: Segmenting The Market To Attract The High Contributors, Melanie J. Randle, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Growing competition in the third sector has resulted in nonprofit organizations making more sophisticated use of marketing techniques to attract volunteers. Not only are organizations attempting to attract more volunteers but increasingly the focus is shifting to attracting the right type of volunteers, or those who will contribute the most hours. This study segments the volunteering market by number of hours contributed in the past 12 months, and identifies significant differences between the characteristics of high-contribution and low-contribution volunteers. High-contribution volunteers are found to (a) exhibit distinctive sociodemographic characteristics; (b) have a greater number, and broader range, of motivations for ...


The Influence Of Virtual Representatives On Recommender System Evaluation, Kyung-Hyan Yoo, Ulrike Gretzel Jan 2009

The Influence Of Virtual Representatives On Recommender System Evaluation, Kyung-Hyan Yoo, Ulrike Gretzel

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Virtual representatives are increasingly used in recommender systems to guide users and add conversational aspects. However, the impacts of virtual representatives on users’ evaluations of the recommender system have not been investigated. This study specifically examined the influence of virtual representatives’ anthropomorphism cues on system users’ perceptions of system credibility and liking. The results revealed that system users’ perceptions of the virtual representative’s credibility have a significant influence on users’ perceived credibility and liking of the system. Also, the human-like appearance of a virtual representative significantly influences users’ perceived attractiveness of the virtual representative, while voice outputs from the ...


Call Auction Transparency And Market Liquidity: The Shanghai Experience, Dionigi Gerace, Gary G. Tian, Willa Hua-Qing Zheng Jan 2009

Call Auction Transparency And Market Liquidity: The Shanghai Experience, Dionigi Gerace, Gary G. Tian, Willa Hua-Qing Zheng

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

On July 1 2006, the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SHSE) changed its pre-market openingauction system from an entirely black box into a more transparent system with indicativeauction prices, indicative equilibrium volume and indicative unexecuted volumedisseminated in real time throughout the pre-opening period. This paper use the naturalexperiment offered by SHSE to investigate the impact of opening call transparency onmarket liquidity. The dynamics of the opening process and its impact on trading activityfor the rest of the day is of interest to traders because traders can either cluster their tradesduring the non-trading period or withhold their orders until the market opens. We ...


R Package Gcexplorer: Graphical And Inferential Exploration Of Cluster Solutions, Theresa Scharl, Friedrich Leisch Jan 2009

R Package Gcexplorer: Graphical And Inferential Exploration Of Cluster Solutions, Theresa Scharl, Friedrich Leisch

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Cluster analysis is commonly applied to microarray data in order to find groups of co-expressed genes where cluster algorithms with the ability to visualize the resulting cluster objects (e.g., a dendrogram for hierarchical clustering) are usually preferred. The display of cluster solutions particularly for a large number of clusters is very important in exploratory data analysis. It gives practitioners an idea of the relationships between segments of a partition and allows to interpret the cluster results. Neighborhood graphs (Leisch, 2006) can be used for visual assessment of the cluster structure of centroid-based cluster solutions. In a neighborhood graph each ...


The Utility Of The Assessment Of Spirituality And Religious Sentiments (Aspires) Scale With Christians And Buddhists In Sri Lanka, R. Piedmont, M. B. Werdel, Mario Fernando Jan 2009

The Utility Of The Assessment Of Spirituality And Religious Sentiments (Aspires) Scale With Christians And Buddhists In Sri Lanka, R. Piedmont, M. B. Werdel, Mario Fernando

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The Assessment of Spirituality and Religious Sentiments (ASPIRES) Scale represents spirituality as a universal source of motivation. Psychometric evidence for this argument is demonstrated when scores on the scale remain reliable and structurally valid across cultures and religious contexts. The psychometric qualities of the ASPIRES was examined with in a diverse religious sample from Sri Lanka. The results demonstrated the structural validity and applicability of the measure within this ethnic group. The data provided further support for cross-cultural applicability of the instrument and for the assumption of spirituality as a universal aspect of the human experience.


The Use Of Computer Supported Analysis For Interview Data: A Cross-Cultural Example From The Electronic Gaming Industry, June Buchanan, Michael L. Jones Jan 2009

The Use Of Computer Supported Analysis For Interview Data: A Cross-Cultural Example From The Electronic Gaming Industry, June Buchanan, Michael L. Jones

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Computer assisted analysis has long been a major factor of quantitative analysis. This paper illustrates the use of computer assisted analysis for qualitative research, looking specifically at research in the Electronic Gaming Industry, across two country sectors – New South Wales, Australia and Nevada, USA, where empirical data are collected and analysed. The paper highlights the important place that computer assisted analysis holds in social and societal marketing. A detailed discussion explains how analysis was undertaken in the Electronic Gaming Industry, and how concepts and theory emerged. This paper discusses the qualitative approach used in this research. In particular, it highlights ...


The Phillips Curve And The Nairu: A Reinterpretation, Edgar J. Wilson Jan 2009

The Phillips Curve And The Nairu: A Reinterpretation, Edgar J. Wilson

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper criticises the use of partial equilibrium analysis in new Keynesian explanations of wage and price stickiness, specifying the Phillips curve as a structural equation (rather than the outcome of the monetary transmission process), and using comparative static ad hoc models to characterise the dynamic trade-off.

An intertemporal optimisation model with imperfect competition is solved to generate a dynamic Phillips curve. The predicted wage inertia and impact effects on employment accord with empirical evidence on the effects of monetary policy. The employment dynamics allow an alternative interpretation of the NAIRU relative to the ‘natural rate of unemployment’ (NRU).


Management Control Systems For R&D Activities In Government Sector: A Case Of Indonesia, Parulian Silaen, Robert Williams Jan 2009

Management Control Systems For R&D Activities In Government Sector: A Case Of Indonesia, Parulian Silaen, Robert Williams

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Research and Development (R&D) organisation has different activity, employee’s characteristics, goals, and planning system from a non-R&D organisation. It requires Management Control Systems (MCS) that fit R&D activities. The study proposes four important core elements of MCS particularly for a R&D organisation: desired ends, actors, control implementation, and control tools. The study investigates the existence and the use of those core elements in R&D project from the Government units and the control systems implemented by three government units. The study finds the existence of desired ends to have qualitative characteristics and to use it ...


Environmental Health And Choice Of Residence, Amnon Levy Jan 2009

Environmental Health And Choice Of Residence, Amnon Levy

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper analyses the relationships between the values and dispersion of residential properties and the environmental-health quality of their locations. It constructs residents' health-adjusted lifetime-utility function by combining satisfaction from consumption over the lifespan with risk to life from living in an environmentally unhealthy location. It employs this utility function to analyse willingness to pay for environmental-health quality, choice of location and residential dispersion and its relationship with income distribution.