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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Purdue University

2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 90

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Chinese Feminisms And Adaptation-As-Translation Readings Of Letter From An Unknown Woman, Jinhua Li Dec 2007

Chinese Feminisms And Adaptation-As-Translation Readings Of Letter From An Unknown Woman, Jinhua Li

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her paper, "Chinese Feminisms and Adaptation-as-Translation Readings of Letter from an Unknown Woman," Jinhua Li investigates the complex cultural and political issues engendered by an increasingly popular phenomenon of transnational film adaptations. Through a comparative reading of Jinglei Xu's 2004 adaptation of Stefan Zweig's novella Brief einer Unbekannten (Letter From an Unknown Woman), Jinhua Li argues that the adaptation-as-translation approach, as a valuable theoretical model for feminist cultural studies of Eastern-Western dynamics, allows the film to be read not only as a "translated/adapted" literary discourse that functions on different narrative levels, but also as a trope ...


Literary And Cinematic Responses To The Crime Story In Contemporary France, Deborah Streifford Reisinger Dec 2007

Literary And Cinematic Responses To The Crime Story In Contemporary France, Deborah Streifford Reisinger

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her paper, "Literary and Cinematic Responses to the Crime Story in Contemporary France," Deborah Streifford Reisinger examines society's relationship to violence in an era of increased media dominance. Reisinger's interdisciplinary approach integrates media, cinema, and literary studies to analyze how the crime story functions as a site of discursive struggle. Reisinger focuses on the sensational Paulin and Succo affairs that became mobile signifiers about crime, insecurity and the Other in France in the 1980s. By situating these crime stories in a larger historical and political context, she analyzes how media and politicians use the crime story as ...


Unreliable Narration Through Representations Of The Grotesque In Lagerkvist's The Dwarf, Nitya Morales Vázquez Dec 2007

Unreliable Narration Through Representations Of The Grotesque In Lagerkvist's The Dwarf, Nitya Morales Vázquez

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Nitya Morales Vázquez, in her paper "Unreliable Narration through Representations of the Grotesque in Lagerkvist's The Dwarf," begins with the hypothesis that most direct expression of ideology in discourse is found in the semantics of discourse. In literature, one can analyze this ideology by examining whether the narration is reliable or whether it is unreliable. Based on these presuppositions, Morales Vázquez analyses discourse in Pär Fabian Lagerkvist's novel, The Dwarf. Morales Vázquez argues that through the use of the conceptual frames of characterization, voice, and focalization the dwarf's character offers an unreliable narration. Through representations present in ...


Gustav Shpet's Literary And Theatre Theory, Galin Tihanov Dec 2007

Gustav Shpet's Literary And Theatre Theory, Galin Tihanov

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his paper, "Gustav Shpet's Literary and Theatre Theory," Galin Tihanov introduces Shpet's theoretical work on literature and theatre, until recently little studied. Neither has been sufficient attention paid to Shpet's overall presence on the Russian cultural scene in the 1910s-1930s. As a result, our knowledge and appreciation of the scope of his writings and the variety of Russian literary and theatre life in the first third of the twentieth century have remained less rich and well-informed than they could otherwise have been. Tihanov explains that Shpet's participation in contemporary literature and theatre assumed different forms ...


National And Regional Identities In Central And East Europe After 1989: A Review Of Books By Donskis, Foster And Wigmore, And Koczanowicz And Singer, Agata Anna Lisiak Dec 2007

National And Regional Identities In Central And East Europe After 1989: A Review Of Books By Donskis, Foster And Wigmore, And Koczanowicz And Singer, Agata Anna Lisiak

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Globalizing Compassion, Photography, And The Challenge Of Terror, Ariel Dorfman Oct 2007

Globalizing Compassion, Photography, And The Challenge Of Terror, Ariel Dorfman

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article, "Globalizing Compassion, Photography, and the Challenge of Terror," Ariel Dorfman reflects on the use of photography to make global violence visible and to mourn the losses caused by acts of terror. Dorfman draws on events that range from the attacks on the World Trade Center to Pinochet's dictatorship to other similar atrocities and he shows that, while these events always feel singular in the moment, they are best understood comparatively. At the core of the paper is a central question: does the shared practice of using photos to represent terror help build bridges across humanity or ...


Democracy's Promise And The Politics Of Worldliness In The Age Of Terror, Henry A. Giroux Oct 2007

Democracy's Promise And The Politics Of Worldliness In The Age Of Terror, Henry A. Giroux

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article, "Democracy's Promise and the Politics of Worldliness in the Age of Terror," Henry A. Giroux draws attention to how the crisis in US-American democracy has been heralded and exacerbated by the nation's increasing skepticism -- or even overt hostility -- toward the educational system. Part of such a challenge means that educators, artists, students, and others need to rethink and affirm the important presupposition that higher education is integral to fostering the imperatives of an inclusive democracy and that the crisis of higher education must be understood as part of the wider crisis of politics, power, and ...


The Dream Scene And The Future Of Vision In The City Of Lost Children And Until The End Of The World, Donna Wilkerson-Barker Sep 2007

The Dream Scene And The Future Of Vision In The City Of Lost Children And Until The End Of The World, Donna Wilkerson-Barker

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article, "The Dream Scene and the Future of Vision in The City of Lost Children and Until the End of the World," Donna Wilkerson-Barker examines how these films investigate the place of imagination (or representation) in postmodern visual culture through their portrayal of technologized vision as an obstacle to experience. Drawing parallels between the dream scenes in these films and virtual reality and cyberspace, she argues that image technologies in The City of Lost Children and Until the End of the World lead to a dissociation of experience from corporeal reality, a dissociation that is ultimately linked to ...


A Postmodern Solzhenitsyn?, William H. Thornton Sep 2007

A Postmodern Solzhenitsyn?, William H. Thornton

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

William H. Thornton undertakes in his article, "A Postmodern Solzhenitsyn?," to bring Solzhenitsyn in from the cold, critically speaking, by closing the gap between him and his many postmodern detractors. That gap has been premised on the rough equivalence of poststructuralism and postmodernism. The postmodern realism advanced in this study challenges not only Solzhenitsyn's critics but his own stated aversion to postmodernism. Operating on both a microhistorical and macrohistorical plane, Solzhenitsyn's literary historiography testifies to the awesome scope of the gulag while never losing sight of its human factor.The double vision of Solzhenitsyn's proto-postmodern referentiality, a ...


African Literature And The Role Of The Nigerian Government College Umuahia, Terri Ochiagha Sep 2007

African Literature And The Role Of The Nigerian Government College Umuahia, Terri Ochiagha

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Terri Ochiagha, in her paper "African Literature and the Role of the Nigerian Government College Umuahia," discusses how the college contributed towards nurturing the talent of some of the most relevant authors in African literary history. With the help of the testimonies of these authors in interviews, correspondence, essays, autobiographies, and with the aid of literary critics and scholars who realized the role the Umuahia College played in creating a literary elite, Ochiagha analyses this literary phenomenon and takes us on a journey through the school's literary ambience: its library and the novels which were later to prompt the ...


Twain's A Connecticut Yankee In King Arthur's Court And U.S. Imperialism, Jennifer A. O'Neill Sep 2007

Twain's A Connecticut Yankee In King Arthur's Court And U.S. Imperialism, Jennifer A. O'Neill

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her paper, "Twain's novel A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court and U.S. Imperialism," Jennifer A. O'Neill argues that while it Twain's text is commonly viewed as an attack on monarchy and the Catholic church, one of the book's primary focuses is U.S. imperialism. In the scholarship of Twain's text some have acknowledged the text as a discussion of colonialism, most tend to see it as an exaltation of "civilizing" efforts rather than the scalding indictment it was clearly intended to be. Indeed, Twain embraced U.S. colonial efforts in the ...


The "Teucer Paradigm" And The Eastern Other In Western Literature, Maria Beatrice Bittarello Sep 2007

The "Teucer Paradigm" And The Eastern Other In Western Literature, Maria Beatrice Bittarello

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her paper, "The 'Teucer Paradigm' and the Eastern Other in Western Literature," Maria Beatrice Bittarello argues that modern representations of characters with mixed-blood heritage (Western and Eastern) are rooted in classical representations of the Middle East and that such representations are thematically re-cast from a literary thematic archetype elaborated on in the ancient Greek and Roman cultures. Bittarello examines how Greek and Roman authors portray the Greek mythological hero Teucer, son of Telamon and the Trojan princess Hesione. Teucer's liminal position allows him to be used in already in Greek and Roman culture both as colonizer and "bridge ...


Chaos Theory And Literature From An Existentialist Perspective, Yasser Khamees Ragab Aman Sep 2007

Chaos Theory And Literature From An Existentialist Perspective, Yasser Khamees Ragab Aman

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Yasser Khamees Ragab Aman proposes in his article "Chaos Theory and Literature from an Existentialist Perspective" that in literature the relation, principles, and processes of chaos and order can be analyzed from an existentialist perspective. Chaos lies at the heart of nothingness and order is the appearance of the achievement it tries to realize, temporary it may seem. Aman argues that with the application of chaos theory to works of literature may yield new insight and applies in his paper aspects of chaos theory reading three literary works which represent three different literatures and cultures, namely Arabic, English, and French ...


Beyond Access, Paul Peters Jun 2007

Beyond Access, Paul Peters

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

Advocates of open access have generally focused on the benefits that an open access publication model will have in terms of providing researchers with increased access to scholarly literature. However, there are equally important benefits that open access can have in creating a more economically efficient market for scholarly journals. A business model based on publication charges can potentially enable far greater competition between publishers, ultimately leading to a more functional market than currently exists in the subscription world. In evaluating the various business models that can provide open access, it is important to understand the impact that each model ...


Access To Global Information—A Case Of Digital Divide In Bangladesh, Anisur Rahman Jun 2007

Access To Global Information—A Case Of Digital Divide In Bangladesh, Anisur Rahman

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

ICTs can reduce communication costs and break down geographical borders. In the developed nations government policies are being established which attempt to ensure that all citizens will get the opportunity to access the effective use of ICTs in order to enable them to participate in the educational, social and economic activities and democratic processes. Developed countries are getting much benefit from the advancement of ICTs. There is digital divide between developed and developing countries. The term digital divide has been applied to the gap that exists in most countries between those with ready access to the tools of ICTs, and ...


Open Access Journals And The Developing World - Experiences From Operating The Directory Of Open Access Journals (Doaj), Lars Björnshauge Jun 2007

Open Access Journals And The Developing World - Experiences From Operating The Directory Of Open Access Journals (Doaj), Lars Björnshauge

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


Science-Specific Search: Bridging The Gap In Dissemination Of And Access To Information, Joris Van Rossum Jun 2007

Science-Specific Search: Bridging The Gap In Dissemination Of And Access To Information, Joris Van Rossum

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


Driver: Supporting Institutional Repositories In Europe, Sophia Jones Jun 2007

Driver: Supporting Institutional Repositories In Europe, Sophia Jones

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


Engineers Australia Collection On Informit, Elena Vvedenskaia Jun 2007

Engineers Australia Collection On Informit, Elena Vvedenskaia

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


Developing World Access To Peer-Reviewed Research - Oa In Action, Emily Gillingham Jun 2007

Developing World Access To Peer-Reviewed Research - Oa In Action, Emily Gillingham

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


Not Just Quality Information: Hinari Drives Desirable Change In Teaching & Research, Tony Mcséan, Daviess Menefee Jun 2007

Not Just Quality Information: Hinari Drives Desirable Change In Teaching & Research, Tony Mcséan, Daviess Menefee

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


Research Knowledge In A Global Perspective, A Public Good Or Part Of A Knowledge Apartheid., Rune Nilsen Jun 2007

Research Knowledge In A Global Perspective, A Public Good Or Part Of A Knowledge Apartheid., Rune Nilsen

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


Challenging Libraries In The Alternative Dissemination Of African Scholarly Communicastion, Hannie Sander Jun 2007

Challenging Libraries In The Alternative Dissemination Of African Scholarly Communicastion, Hannie Sander

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


Enabling International Access To Data Sets: The Distributed Data Curation Center (D2c2), James Mullins Jun 2007

Enabling International Access To Data Sets: The Distributed Data Curation Center (D2c2), James Mullins

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

The challenge of accessing, maintaining, sharing and preserving massive datasets, generally referred to as data curation, has been a direct result of computational e-science. Although scientists and engineers recognized the problem, the solution was not apparent. The principles that underlay library science are not widely understood or appreciated by those outside librarianship. The theory and principles behind librarianship are obscured by historical application primarily to print materials – books and journals – however, the same principles that apply to organization, retrieval, and preservation of print materials apply to the digital realm as well. The National Science Foundation (NSF) in the United States ...


Library Service-Oriented Architecture To Enhance Access To Science, Richard Akerman Jun 2007

Library Service-Oriented Architecture To Enhance Access To Science, Richard Akerman

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

In the digital world, library services need to be transformed to recognize that automation and machine-to-machine communication of information enables many advanced features. NRC CISTI, Canada's National Science Library, has addressed this challenge using Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA). Using SOA based on Enterprise Architecture, we have modeled services provided by the catalogue, services related to document delivery, and advanced services to provide more open data access. We will present a completed model of some library business functions, discuss the challenges of implementing an SOA within the library technology environment, and present our vision of how library SOA is an important ...


Biomedical Literature Mining (And Why We Really Need Open Access), Lars Juhl Jensen Jun 2007

Biomedical Literature Mining (And Why We Really Need Open Access), Lars Juhl Jensen

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


Upcommons: Global Access To Upc Knowledge, Roser Gómez Enrich, Marta López Vicancos Jun 2007

Upcommons: Global Access To Upc Knowledge, Roser Gómez Enrich, Marta López Vicancos

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


International Research Assessment Revisited - A Comparison Between The Research Performance Of Kth And Selected Uk Universities, Folke Snickars, Björn Marklund, Tom Letcher Jun 2007

International Research Assessment Revisited - A Comparison Between The Research Performance Of Kth And Selected Uk Universities, Folke Snickars, Björn Marklund, Tom Letcher

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


E-Research Infrastructures And Scientific Communication, Ralph Schroeder, Jennifer A. Debeer, Jenny Fry Jun 2007

E-Research Infrastructures And Scientific Communication, Ralph Schroeder, Jennifer A. Debeer, Jenny Fry

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


New Metaphors In Scientific Communication: Libraries And The Commons, John Wilbanks Jun 2007

New Metaphors In Scientific Communication: Libraries And The Commons, John Wilbanks

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.