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Articles 1 - 30 of 11004

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The View From Somewhere: Institutional Values In Collections Decisions, Heather A. Howard, David Zwicky, Danielle Walker Nov 2022

The View From Somewhere: Institutional Values In Collections Decisions, Heather A. Howard, David Zwicky, Danielle Walker

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

As educational institutions consider our values and ethical standards in the wake of 2020, libraries need to scrutinize how those values and standards connect with our licensing and purchasing decisions. “Critical Librarianship”, which is based on a foundation of social justice, the belief that everyone deserves equal opportunities and basic economic, political, and social rights, is at the forefront of work being done by librarians across the country. There is an existing body of literature about the contents of the library collections themselves, with respect to issues like decolonization and open access. These collections, used by students, instructors, and researchers ...


Trauma, History, And Terror In The Poetry Of Yusef Komunyakaa And Sinan Antoon, Hessa A. Alghadeer Jun 2022

Trauma, History, And Terror In The Poetry Of Yusef Komunyakaa And Sinan Antoon, Hessa A. Alghadeer

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her comparative study “Trauma, History, and Terror in the Poetry of Yusef Komunyakaa and Sinan Antoon,” Hessa A. Alghadeer considers the work of the African American poet Yusef Komunyakaa (b. 1941) and the (Arab) Iraqi poet Sinan Antoon (b. 1967) through the lens of trauma theory of some notable theorists including; Freud, Cathy Caruth, Jean Laplanche, Roger Luckhurst, and Shoshana Felman—have negotiated in this field. The article explores the literary manifestations of trauma in two distinct historical periods and geographical settings to show the specificities of each prototype and how the historical-cultural significance and textual meanings of trauma ...


Poetics Of The Crystal-Image: Dreams In Mirror And Ashes Of Time Redux, Yuh-Yi Tan Jun 2022

Poetics Of The Crystal-Image: Dreams In Mirror And Ashes Of Time Redux, Yuh-Yi Tan

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

This paper delves into recurrent dreams and related recollections in Andrei Tarkovsky’s Mirror and Wong Kar-wai’s Ashes of Time Redux. Gilles Deleuze has called Mirror a film of “turning crystal” because it reflects the two sides of the protagonist’s relationship with his mother and ex-wife by juxtaposing them in a mysterious labyrinth of past-present-future. The crystal imaging refracts four sides of two couples by showing the bonding of the parents along with the connection to his ex-wife and son. The same structure is apparent in Ashes of Time Redux where another set of two bilateral symmetries is ...


Precarity In The Times Of Partition: Personal Vs Communal Love In Khushwant Singh’S Train To Pakistan And Saadat Hasan Manto’S “Gurmukh Singh Ki Wasiyat”, Ayesha Perveen Jun 2022

Precarity In The Times Of Partition: Personal Vs Communal Love In Khushwant Singh’S Train To Pakistan And Saadat Hasan Manto’S “Gurmukh Singh Ki Wasiyat”, Ayesha Perveen

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

The paper studies how various shades of love respond to precarity in anarchic times by comparing the narrative representation of the aftermath of the Partition of the British colonized Subcontinent into independent countries of India and Pakistan in 1947 with particular focus on Sikh-Muslim relationships in Punjab as presented in Khushwant Singh’s novel Train to Pakistan and Saadat Hasan Manto’s short story “Gurmukh Singh ki Wasiyat.” Employing Judith Butler’s concept of precarity, the paper analyzes how both the writers sketch precarity in partition times ensuing in post-Partition communal violence and effacement of love. The selection of the ...


Validity Of Neural Distance Measures In Representational Similarity Analysis, Fabian A. Soto, Emily R. Martin, Hyeonjeong Lee, Nafiz Ahmed, Juan Estepa, Kianoosh Hosseini, Olivia A. Stibolt, Valentina Roldan, Alycia Winters, Mohammadreza Bayat May 2022

Validity Of Neural Distance Measures In Representational Similarity Analysis, Fabian A. Soto, Emily R. Martin, Hyeonjeong Lee, Nafiz Ahmed, Juan Estepa, Kianoosh Hosseini, Olivia A. Stibolt, Valentina Roldan, Alycia Winters, Mohammadreza Bayat

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Influence Of Perceptual Noise On Visual Flanker Effects Through Bayesian Model Fitting, Jordan Deakin, Dietmar Heinke May 2022

Understanding The Influence Of Perceptual Noise On Visual Flanker Effects Through Bayesian Model Fitting, Jordan Deakin, Dietmar Heinke

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Visual Expertise In An Anatomically-Inspired Model Of The Visual System, Garrison W. Cottrell, Martha Gahl, Shubham Kulkarni May 2022

Visual Expertise In An Anatomically-Inspired Model Of The Visual System, Garrison W. Cottrell, Martha Gahl, Shubham Kulkarni

MODVIS Workshop

We report on preliminary results of an anatomically-inspired deep learning model of the visual system and its role in explaining the face inversion effect. Contrary to the generally accepted wisdom, our hypothesis is that the face inversion effect can be accounted for by the representation in V1 combined with the reliance on the configuration of features due to face expertise. We take two features of the primate visual system into account: 1) The foveated retina; and 2) The log-polar mapping from retina to V1. We simulate acquisition of faces, etc., by gradually increasing the number of identities the network learns ...


Feature Tracking And Geometrical Priors Counteract Illusory Non-Rigidities From Outputs Of Motion-Energy Cells, Akihito Maruya, Qasim Zaidi May 2022

Feature Tracking And Geometrical Priors Counteract Illusory Non-Rigidities From Outputs Of Motion-Energy Cells, Akihito Maruya, Qasim Zaidi

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Perceived Object Motion Variance Across Optical Contexts, Jan Jaap R. Van Assen, Mitchell J.P. Van Zuijlen, Shin'ya Nishida May 2022

Perceived Object Motion Variance Across Optical Contexts, Jan Jaap R. Van Assen, Mitchell J.P. Van Zuijlen, Shin'ya Nishida

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Monocular 3d Reconstruction Of Polyhedral Shapes Via Neural Network, Mark Beers, Zygmunt Pizlo May 2022

Monocular 3d Reconstruction Of Polyhedral Shapes Via Neural Network, Mark Beers, Zygmunt Pizlo

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Modeling The Impacts Of Inter-Display And Inter-Lens Separation On Perceived Slant In Virtual Reality Head-Mounted Displays, Jonathan Tong, Laurie M. Wilcox, Robert S. Allison May 2022

Modeling The Impacts Of Inter-Display And Inter-Lens Separation On Perceived Slant In Virtual Reality Head-Mounted Displays, Jonathan Tong, Laurie M. Wilcox, Robert S. Allison

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Fixational Eye Movements, Perceptual Filling-In, And Perceptual Fading Of Grayscale Images, Michael E. Rudd May 2022

Fixational Eye Movements, Perceptual Filling-In, And Perceptual Fading Of Grayscale Images, Michael E. Rudd

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Constraining Computational Models Of Brightness Perception: What’S The Right Psychophysical Data?, Guillermo Aguilar, Joris Vincent, Marianne Maertens May 2022

Constraining Computational Models Of Brightness Perception: What’S The Right Psychophysical Data?, Guillermo Aguilar, Joris Vincent, Marianne Maertens

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Identifying And Localizing Multiple Objects Using Artificial Ventral And Dorsal Visual Cortical Pathways, Zhixian Han, Anne Sereno May 2022

Identifying And Localizing Multiple Objects Using Artificial Ventral And Dorsal Visual Cortical Pathways, Zhixian Han, Anne Sereno

MODVIS Workshop

We concluded in our previous study that model cortical visual pathways actively retained information differently according to the different goals of the training tasks. One limitation of our study was that there was only one object in each input image whereas in reality there may be multiple objects in a scene. In our current study, we try to find a brain-like algorithm that can recognize and localize multiple objects.


Modeling Perceptual Grouping Strategies In Visual Search Tasks, Maria Kon, Gregory Francis May 2022

Modeling Perceptual Grouping Strategies In Visual Search Tasks, Maria Kon, Gregory Francis

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


An Empirical Exploration Of Southeast Asian American Residential Patterns In The San Francisco Bay Area (2000–2019), Minh Q. Nguyen May 2022

An Empirical Exploration Of Southeast Asian American Residential Patterns In The San Francisco Bay Area (2000–2019), Minh Q. Nguyen

Journal of Southeast Asian American Education and Advancement

This paper explores three methods of reporting residential patterns: (1) concentration profiles, (2) density maps, and (3) proximity profiles. I analyze U.S. Census data to map and evaluate the residential patterns for Southeast Asian Americans in the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area. Drawing from the field of urban planning, I report two measures of segregation and concentration (a) dissimilarity indices and (b) spatial proximity indices, and I discuss their limitations. Since mapping and spatial statistics are essential to understanding the histories, development, and advancement of Southeast Asian American communities, it is important to promote their broad usage. The paper ...


The Meaning And Malleableness Of Liberty From 1897-1945, Quentin E. Smith May 2022

The Meaning And Malleableness Of Liberty From 1897-1945, Quentin E. Smith

The Purdue Historian

This paper covers how the substance and meaning of liberty changed during the ending years of the Gilded Age (1870-1900) through the beginning ages of the Civil Rights Movement (1954-1968). Economic liberty took shape in the cases Allegeyer v. Louisiana (1897) and Lochner v. New York (1905). Civil liberties would take several more years to come into the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction. The case Gitlow v. New York (1925) began the establishment of incorporation of the Bill of Rights to the states, otherwise known as our fundamental liberties (note: The Supreme Court used selective incorporation, however). In the case U ...


A Mixed-Methods Assessment Of Human Well-Being Related To The Presence Of Companion Animals During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Bindi Bennett, Suzie Cosh, Jack Thepsourinthone, Amy Lykins Apr 2022

A Mixed-Methods Assessment Of Human Well-Being Related To The Presence Of Companion Animals During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Bindi Bennett, Suzie Cosh, Jack Thepsourinthone, Amy Lykins

People and Animals: The International Journal of Research and Practice

COVID-19 and the measures used to curb the pandemic (e.g., lockdowns, isolation) have significantly impacted mental health and well-being. This study sought to investigate the role of companion animals in alleviating stress and improving mental health during the pandemic. In this study, 250 Australian adults completed measures of well-being and life satisfaction, animal dependency, perceived emotional support from animals, and animals’ effect on mood. Employment and living with others were the strongest predictors of positive life satisfaction and well-being, while greater dependency on companion animals for emotional support and companion animals’ negative effects on mood were associated with reduced ...


Transitioning From Academia To The Workplace: Information Literacy Experiences Of Business Students, Heather A. Howard, Margaret L. Phillips, Garrett R. Brewster Apr 2022

Transitioning From Academia To The Workplace: Information Literacy Experiences Of Business Students, Heather A. Howard, Margaret L. Phillips, Garrett R. Brewster

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Workplace preparedness is an integral application of information literacy skills for our students as they move forward and leave the university. It is also important to prepare students for the information needs they will face as they complete co-ops and internships during their time in academia. To best educate students in the information literacy skills they will need on-the-job, it is important for librarians to understand what types of information employers are requiring students to use in these co-op and internship experiences and in what ways. While work has been done on this regarding engineering students (Jeffryes and Lafferty, 2012 ...


Is Discourse About Flexible Working, A Mechanism Of Gender In/Equality, Changing Over Time? The Case Of Working From Home (Wfh)., Alyson Gounden Rock Apr 2022

Is Discourse About Flexible Working, A Mechanism Of Gender In/Equality, Changing Over Time? The Case Of Working From Home (Wfh)., Alyson Gounden Rock

Dismantling Bias Conference Series

No abstract provided.


Negotiating Allies And Alliances In Social Movements, Cynthia Wang, Sara Soderstom, Jennifer Whitson Apr 2022

Negotiating Allies And Alliances In Social Movements, Cynthia Wang, Sara Soderstom, Jennifer Whitson

Dismantling Bias Conference Series

No abstract provided.


A Difference In Perspective: Linking Empathy To Allyship Behaviors Via Authentic Emotional Connections, Beth Livingston, Tina Opie Apr 2022

A Difference In Perspective: Linking Empathy To Allyship Behaviors Via Authentic Emotional Connections, Beth Livingston, Tina Opie

Dismantling Bias Conference Series

No abstract provided.


Allyship And Incivility, Rohan Crawley Apr 2022

Allyship And Incivility, Rohan Crawley

Dismantling Bias Conference Series

No abstract provided.


Financial Hardships As Gendered Experiences And Financial Insecurity Trajectories, Heather Odle-Dusseau, Russell Matthews, Julie Wayne, Yi-Ren Wang Apr 2022

Financial Hardships As Gendered Experiences And Financial Insecurity Trajectories, Heather Odle-Dusseau, Russell Matthews, Julie Wayne, Yi-Ren Wang

Dismantling Bias Conference Series

No abstract provided.


Lean Dei: Applying A Proven Transformative Approach To “Sticky” Dei Problems, Valeria Sinclair-Chapman, Christopher Chapman Apr 2022

Lean Dei: Applying A Proven Transformative Approach To “Sticky” Dei Problems, Valeria Sinclair-Chapman, Christopher Chapman

Dismantling Bias Conference Series

No abstract provided.


The Australia, United Kingdom, United States (Aukus) Nuclear Submarine Agreement: Potential Implications, Bert Chapman Apr 2022

The Australia, United Kingdom, United States (Aukus) Nuclear Submarine Agreement: Potential Implications, Bert Chapman

FORCES Initiative: Strategy, Security, and Social Systems

The AUKUS Nuclear Submarine Agreement seeks to enhance multinational deterrence against Chinese geopolitical assertiveness by giving Australia nuclear powered submarines.

▶ This agreement will pose considerable cost and technical challenges for the Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

▶ Estimates of when Australia will be able to deploy nuclear submarines range from 2030-2040.

▶ The U.S. and its allies will have to make challenging decisions about where to build AUKUS in Australia.

▶ There is debate as to whether efforts to deter China in the Asia-Pacific should include non-Anglosphere countries in that region.

▶ Consideration should be given as to how China ...


What Is Genuine Allyship: An Exploration Of Transgender Workers' Job Attitudes And Experiences, Adam Pervez, Kevin D. Lo, Marissa K. Edwards Mar 2022

What Is Genuine Allyship: An Exploration Of Transgender Workers' Job Attitudes And Experiences, Adam Pervez, Kevin D. Lo, Marissa K. Edwards

Dismantling Bias Conference Series

No abstract provided.


Gender Backlash Against Men At Work: A Literature Review And Future Research Agenda, Payal Sharma, Rachel Sturm, Bradley Kirkman, Brett Neely Mar 2022

Gender Backlash Against Men At Work: A Literature Review And Future Research Agenda, Payal Sharma, Rachel Sturm, Bradley Kirkman, Brett Neely

Dismantling Bias Conference Series

No abstract provided.


What's In It For Men To Be Allies To Women? Examining Interpersonal And Institutional Pressure In Driving Men's Self-Interest In Allyship, Vienne Wing-Yan Lau-Dicicco, Meg A. Warren Mar 2022

What's In It For Men To Be Allies To Women? Examining Interpersonal And Institutional Pressure In Driving Men's Self-Interest In Allyship, Vienne Wing-Yan Lau-Dicicco, Meg A. Warren

Dismantling Bias Conference Series

No abstract provided.


Does The Fatherhood Bonus Apply To Single Fathers? Evidence From A Survey Experiment, Aimzhan Iztayeva Iztayeva Mar 2022

Does The Fatherhood Bonus Apply To Single Fathers? Evidence From A Survey Experiment, Aimzhan Iztayeva Iztayeva

Dismantling Bias Conference Series

No abstract provided.