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Articles 1 - 30 of 11919

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Project Resilience: A Community-Based Resilience Initiative To Engage Rural Adolescents Towards Healthy Functioning, Anthony J. Hill, Joshua Kirven Nov 2018

Project Resilience: A Community-Based Resilience Initiative To Engage Rural Adolescents Towards Healthy Functioning, Anthony J. Hill, Joshua Kirven

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Project Resilience: A community-based Resilience Initiative to engage rural adolescents towards healthy functioning

Project Resilience, a community-based resilience initiative was developed to address public concern. In the first part of the year of 2012 in a rural Mid-Atlantic state, eight adolescents and young adults died by suicide. Concerned public officials asked the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to assist with the epidemiologic investigation of these deaths. Mental health problems were found to be a significant contributing factor to the fatal suicide attempts. The scope of this paper will explore the potential influence of rural stress, trauma and violence ...


Accessibility And Health: An International Analysis Of Government Expenditure, Socioeconomic Development And Infant Mortality, Isaac Zvi Christiansen, Robert Mazur Nov 2018

Accessibility And Health: An International Analysis Of Government Expenditure, Socioeconomic Development And Infant Mortality, Isaac Zvi Christiansen, Robert Mazur

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This research examines the relationship between government’s share of health expenditures and infant mortality (IMR). Public healthcare funding is a critical component of ensuring access to care for the poor. Financial barriers may lead to postponement of care, thereby exacerbating health outcomes. We find a moderate association between the government’s share of health expenditures and IMR and strong support for a multifaceted approach to accessibility that includes doctor density, vaccination coverage, improved water and sanitation, and female literacy in reducing IMR. Findings suggest that the effect of government’s share of health spending on IMR is stronger in ...


Writing Ourselves Into Existence: Healing Through Collaborative Curriculum Development, Bianca Ivette Laureano, Sara C. Flowers Drph Nov 2018

Writing Ourselves Into Existence: Healing Through Collaborative Curriculum Development, Bianca Ivette Laureano, Sara C. Flowers Drph

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Here we offer an open exchange / evaluation of our experience as facilitator and editor (Bianca) and writer and collaborator (Sara) during the inaugural Women of Color Sexual Health Network Curriculum Lab which took place November 2017 in New Orleans, LA. In two months, 7 women and femmes of color who are sexuality educators wrote a robust curriculum for our communities that centers pleasure, social emotional learning competencies as early Freedom Schools implemented, sex and pleasure positive, using an intersectional framework and praxis, disability justice framework, inclusive of LGBTQ communities, and does not assume HIV negative status. This is one of ...


Designing Climate Policy: Lessons From The Renewable Fuel Standard And The Blend Wall, Gabriel E. Lade, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin Lawell, Aaron Smith Nov 2018

Designing Climate Policy: Lessons From The Renewable Fuel Standard And The Blend Wall, Gabriel E. Lade, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin Lawell, Aaron Smith

Economics Working Papers

Many policies mandate renewable energy production to combat global climate change. These policies often differ significantly from first-best policy prescriptions. Among the largest renewable energy mandates enacted to date is the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), which mandates biofuel consumption far beyond what is feasible with current technology and infrastructure. In this article, we critically review the methods used by the Environmental Protection Agency to project nearand long-term compliance costs under the RFS, and draw lessons from the RFS experience to date that would improve the program’s efficiency. The lessons are meant to inform both future RFS rulemaking and the ...


A Qualitative Investigation Of Farmer And Rancher Perceptions Of Trees And Woody Biomass Production On Marginal Agricultural Land, Ashley Hand, John Tyndall Oct 2018

A Qualitative Investigation Of Farmer And Rancher Perceptions Of Trees And Woody Biomass Production On Marginal Agricultural Land, Ashley Hand, John Tyndall

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

Bioenergy produced from perennial feedstocks such as woody biomass could serve as an opportunity to strengthen local and regional economies and also jointly produce various environmental services. In order to assess the potential for biomass- based bioenergy, it’s essential to characterize the interest that potential biomass suppliers have in such an endeavor. In the U.S. Great Plains region, this largely means assessing relevant perceptions of farmers and ranchers. We conducted a series of farmer and rancher oriented focus groups in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas to qualitatively explore opinions about the role that trees can play ...


Transactive Energy Design For Integrated Transmission And Distribution Systems, Hieu Trung Nguyen, Swathi Battula, Rohit Reddy Takkala, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion Oct 2018

Transactive Energy Design For Integrated Transmission And Distribution Systems, Hieu Trung Nguyen, Swathi Battula, Rohit Reddy Takkala, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers

The increasing deployment of distributed energy resources (DERs) is disrupting every aspect of power system operations, from retail distribution to wholesale production and transmission. This paper reports on the development of an agentbased test system enabling the study of new transactive energy system (TES) designs to ensure the reliable efficient operation of integrated transmission and distribution (ITD) systems with growing DER penetration. This ITD test system is used to explore the ability of a non-profit Distribution System Operator (DSO), participating within an ITD system, to use an innovative TES design to manage the power usage of DER devices in accordance ...


Mac Newsletter (Vol. 46, No. 2), Midwest Archives Conference Oct 2018

Mac Newsletter (Vol. 46, No. 2), Midwest Archives Conference

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Mac Fall 2018 Symposium: "From The Stacks To The Classroom", Midwest Archives Conference Oct 2018

Mac Fall 2018 Symposium: "From The Stacks To The Classroom", Midwest Archives Conference

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


President's Page, David Mccartney Oct 2018

President's Page, David Mccartney

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Vice President's Column: Mac Meetings And Symposia Update, Joshua Ranger Oct 2018

Vice President's Column: Mac Meetings And Symposia Update, Joshua Ranger

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Archival Issues 39.1: Chock Full Of Archival Goodness, Alexandra A. A. Orchard Oct 2018

Archival Issues 39.1: Chock Full Of Archival Goodness, Alexandra A. A. Orchard

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


2018 Archie Motley Scholarship Recipients Thank Mac, Midwest Archives Conference Oct 2018

2018 Archie Motley Scholarship Recipients Thank Mac, Midwest Archives Conference

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


2018 Louisa Bowen Memorial Scholarship Recipient Thanks Mac; 2018 Emeritus Scholarship Winner Gives Thanks, Midwest Archives Conference Oct 2018

2018 Louisa Bowen Memorial Scholarship Recipient Thanks Mac; 2018 Emeritus Scholarship Winner Gives Thanks, Midwest Archives Conference

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


News From The Midwest, Midwest Archives Conference Oct 2018

News From The Midwest, Midwest Archives Conference

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


To Boldly Go: The Future Of Fanwork And Fan Culture Preservation, Laney Knight Oct 2018

To Boldly Go: The Future Of Fanwork And Fan Culture Preservation, Laney Knight

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Digital Detective Work: Unlocking The Secrets Of A Medieval Manuscript, Alyssa Mertka Oct 2018

Digital Detective Work: Unlocking The Secrets Of A Medieval Manuscript, Alyssa Mertka

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Preservation Internship: To Do Or Not To Do?, Justin Bridges Oct 2018

Preservation Internship: To Do Or Not To Do?, Justin Bridges

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Meet Charla Wilson, Archivist For The Black Experience, Northwestern University Libraries, Charla Wilson Oct 2018

Meet Charla Wilson, Archivist For The Black Experience, Northwestern University Libraries, Charla Wilson

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


A Change Would Do You Good: Cross-Sector Perspectives, Rebecca Katz, Kayla Harris, Marcella Huggard Oct 2018

A Change Would Do You Good: Cross-Sector Perspectives, Rebecca Katz, Kayla Harris, Marcella Huggard

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


People And Posts, Midwest Archives Conference Oct 2018

People And Posts, Midwest Archives Conference

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Mac Contacts, Midwest Archives Conference Oct 2018

Mac Contacts, Midwest Archives Conference

MAC Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Firm Internal Network, Environmental Regulation, And Plant Death, Jingbo Cui, Giancarlo Moschini Oct 2018

Firm Internal Network, Environmental Regulation, And Plant Death, Jingbo Cui, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

This paper examines the role of a firm’s internal network in determining plant shutdown decisions in response to environmental regulations. Using unique plant-level data for U.S. manufacturing industries from 1990 to 2008, we find evidence that, in response to increasingly stringent environmental regulations at the county level, multi-plant firms do exercise their greater flexibility in adjusting production, relative to single-plant firms. Specifically, in regulated counties, the likelihood of a plant shutting down is higher for multi-plant firms. Moreover, we measure the firm internal network effect at the local, neighborhood, and the wider-area levels, as defined by the number ...


Library & Administrative Support For Civil & Environmental Engineering Scholars, Erin Thomas, Kris Stacy-Bates Oct 2018

Library & Administrative Support For Civil & Environmental Engineering Scholars, Erin Thomas, Kris Stacy-Bates

Library Reports

As university researchers’ needs for information and research support continue to change over time, it is important for university libraries to assess how well their services fit with the current research environment. Collecting perspectives from scholars in particular fields is a key step in developing and redeveloping library support for research. The Supporting Civil and Environmental Engineering Scholars project was coordinated by Ithaka S+R and sponsored by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) to explore the research and information needs of scholars in the fields of civil and environmental engineering. All phases of the research process, from idea ...


Political Advertising Saturation In The 2016 Iowa Caucuses, Jay Newell Sep 2018

Political Advertising Saturation In The 2016 Iowa Caucuses, Jay Newell

Journalism Publications

Allocating the optimum amount of campaign resources to advertising is a critical question for political managers. This research presents the case of the 2016 Iowa Caucuses, in which over $46 million of broadcast television advertising was purchased on behalf of 21 Republican and Democratic candidates and run in eight media markets over 9 months. Using Federal Communication Commission (FCC)-derived data from more than 3,700 political advertising contracts, and responses to two waves of surveys among Iowa voters, this research considers the connection between advertising weight (adspend) and political outcomes in a media-saturated campaign. In contrast to some earlier ...


What Shall We Do About Grit? A Critical Review Of What We Know And What We Don’T Know, Marcus Crede Sep 2018

What Shall We Do About Grit? A Critical Review Of What We Know And What We Don’T Know, Marcus Crede

Psychology Publications

Grit is a construct that is widely studied by educational researchers and that has generally been enthusiastically received by educational practitioners. This essay highlights that many of the core claims about grit have either been unexamined or are directly contradicted by the accumulated empirical evidence. Specifically, there appears to be no reason to accept the combination of perseverance and passion for long-term goals into a single grit construct, nor is there any support for the claim that grit is a particularly good predictor of success and performance in an educational setting or that grit is likely to be responsive to ...


Identifying Treatment Effects In The Presence Of Confounded Types, Desire Kedagni Sep 2018

Identifying Treatment Effects In The Presence Of Confounded Types, Desire Kedagni

Economics Working Papers

In this paper, I consider identification of treatment effects when
the treatment is endogenous. The use of instrumental variables is a popular
solution to deal with endogeneity, but this may give misleading answers when
the instrument is invalid. I show that when the instrument is invalid due to
correlation with the first stage unobserved heterogeneity, a second (also
possibly invalid) instrument allows to partially identify not only the local
average treatment effect but also the entire potential outcomes distributions
for compliers. I exploit the fact that the distribution of the observed
outcome in each group defined by the treatment and ...


The Impact Of The 2018 Trade Disruptions On The Iowa Economy, Edward J. Balistreri, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Minghao Li, Lee Schulz, David A. Swenson, Wendong Zhang, John M. Crespi Sep 2018

The Impact Of The 2018 Trade Disruptions On The Iowa Economy, Edward J. Balistreri, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Minghao Li, Lee Schulz, David A. Swenson, Wendong Zhang, John M. Crespi

CARD Policy Briefs

In this analysis, we use historical trade patterns, revenue linkages, and recent futures market price changes to discern the 2018 tariffs’ near-term impacts on the state of Iowa. We use two distinct modeling techniques, and in each technique we make two distinct assumptions. First, we use partial-equilibrium modeling approaches that do not directly consider linkages among the markets and industries across the state of Iowa. In these approaches, two assumptions about price changes are invoked—either the price changes are based upon supply and demand elasticities or the price changes are based upon observations in the futures market. The partial ...


Human Factors And Ergonomics In Diversity, Inclusion And Social Justice Research, Rupa Valdez, Enid Montague, Mattie N. Milner, Michael C. Dorneich, Rod Roscoe Sep 2018

Human Factors And Ergonomics In Diversity, Inclusion And Social Justice Research, Rupa Valdez, Enid Montague, Mattie N. Milner, Michael C. Dorneich, Rod Roscoe

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Diversity Committee is entering its second year and continuing to explore ways to increase the diversity of the society. Following last year’s panel on “Challenges and Opportunities for Involvement,” we, and others, recognized that human factors and ergonomics (HFE) professionals are equipped and able to advance diversity, inclusion and social justice issues. This panel will bring together researchers to discuss experiences addressing these issues to highlight existing work, spark excitement about conducting new work and share advice. This panel will discuss and share lessons learned in a range of projects, including an HFE ...


The Wearer, The Device, And Its Use: Advances In Understanding The Social Acceptability Of Wearables, Norene Kelly, Stephen B. Gilbert Sep 2018

The Wearer, The Device, And Its Use: Advances In Understanding The Social Acceptability Of Wearables, Norene Kelly, Stephen B. Gilbert

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The WEAR Scale was used to collect data on the social acceptability of three wearable devices from 1,387 participants from the US Midwest and Silicon Valley. The most notable result was that a head-worn “medical device” was rated as more socially acceptable (d=0.78) than the same device described as a “brain fitness tool,” which was the opposite of what was hypothesized. Also, as hypothesized, Silicon Valley participants found the wearables more socially acceptable than Midwestern U.S. participants. The Scale and these results enable industry to better predict the human factors affecting social acceptability of wearables throughout ...


Feedback Design Considerations For Intelligent Team Tutoring Systems, Jamiahus Walton, Alec Ostrander, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot H. Winer, Anne Sinatra Sep 2018

Feedback Design Considerations For Intelligent Team Tutoring Systems, Jamiahus Walton, Alec Ostrander, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot H. Winer, Anne Sinatra

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Challenges arise when developing a computer-based Intelligent Team Tutoring System (ITTS) that attempts to deliver feedback to teams as effectively as a human tutor. The purpose of this current work is to outline elements of feedback that should be considered when designing feedback for an ITTS. The authors present the results of a study that consisted of 32 participants grouped into 16 teams of two. Each team conducted a surveillance task where they received individual or team feedback. Feedback content was written using either the bald (direct feedback; no need for interpretation) or off-record (general feedback; interpretation needed) etiquette strategy ...