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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Feeling In Their Bones: Issues Of Deciphering Animal Ritual In The Archaeological Record Among The Naskapi Innu And Eastern Cree, Arwen M. Johns Aug 2016

A Feeling In Their Bones: Issues Of Deciphering Animal Ritual In The Archaeological Record Among The Naskapi Innu And Eastern Cree, Arwen M. Johns

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Whether religion and ritual are elements of past cultures that can be studied effectively by archaeologists has divided experts for some time within the discipline. This paper examines specific animal rituals from two mobile hunter gatherer groups from Canada’s North, the Naskapi Innu and Eastern Cree, in relation to Colin Renfrew’s 1985 book The Archaeology of Cult. In this paper I seek to demonstrate that the archaeological concepts and methods put forth in Renfrew’s (1985) work, related to analyzing religious and ritual contexts in large scale sedentary societies, cannot be neatly applied to Northern mobile hunter gatherer ...


Bodies Of Information: Human-Animal Entanglement At Çatalhöyük And Cis-Baikal As Seen Through Zooarchaeology, John Vandergugten Jul 2015

Bodies Of Information: Human-Animal Entanglement At Çatalhöyük And Cis-Baikal As Seen Through Zooarchaeology, John Vandergugten

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Zooarchaeology—the study of the human past through animal remains—has often been said to demonstrate that animals have had a variety of tangible roles in relation to human individuals and cultures throughout time: from sources of food to implements of labour. In contrast, intangible aspects of the human-animal relationship have been generally unrecognized and only recently appreciated within (zoo)archaeological discourse. Through exploratory case studies of research at the sites of Çatalhöyük and Cis-Baikal, it is suggested here that new modes of reflecting upon human-animal bonds are necessary in order to better understand the multifarious meanings and uses of ...


Keeping Crm Archaeology Relevant: Presenting An Archaeology Of Children And Childhood In The Past, Katelyn E. Mather Jul 2015

Keeping Crm Archaeology Relevant: Presenting An Archaeology Of Children And Childhood In The Past, Katelyn E. Mather

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

The industry of cultural resource management (CRM) has been criticized for its failure to communicate research results publicly, and to make contributions on a local and global scale. In this paper, I suggest that school-based archaeology programs – either through mock archaeological digs, participation in actual excavations, or the use of specific material culture types to tell stories about the past – provide a means to make CRM archaeology relevant to a wider audience. I also propose that an effective teaching tool about local archaeology would be to create a program on the archaeology of children and childhood. This would be an ...


Dietary And Physiological Contributions To The Relationship Between Diet, Bone Collagen, And Structural Carbonate Δ13c Values, Alex Leatherdale Jul 2014

Dietary And Physiological Contributions To The Relationship Between Diet, Bone Collagen, And Structural Carbonate Δ13c Values, Alex Leatherdale

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Numerous models have been proposed to explain and predict the relationship between diet, bone collagen, and structural carbonate δ13C values. Within these models, many internal and external factors are implicated in generating the observed variation in δ13C values, such as trophic level, dietary protein source, digestive physiology, tissue growth and remodeling, and post-mortem chemical alteration of bone collagen and bone mineral. The current understanding of the relationship between the isotopic chemistry of bone and diet hinges on the observation that bone collagen and structural carbonate fractionate differentially from diet due to underlying metabolic differences. The stable ...


The Creation Of Female Origin Myth: A Critical Analysis Of Gender In The Archaeology Of Neolithic China, Shu Xin Chen Jul 2014

The Creation Of Female Origin Myth: A Critical Analysis Of Gender In The Archaeology Of Neolithic China, Shu Xin Chen

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

This essay explores and critiques the creation of female origin myths in the archaeology of Neolithic China. The first example is the debate surrounding the gender relations in the Yangshao culture. The second half of the paper focuses on whether or not the possible goddess worship in the Hongshan culture can shed light on the understanding of women. It concludes by stating this kind of gynocentric archaeology does not provide an accurate picture of gender in Neolithic China, or propel the feminist agenda.


False Frontiers: Archaeology And The Myth Of The Canadian Wilderness, Joshua Dent Apr 2013

False Frontiers: Archaeology And The Myth Of The Canadian Wilderness, Joshua Dent

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Terra nullius provided a, now defunct, legal allowance for colonial activities in North America. No longer widely used, the concept persists in the widespread use of the term wilderness. Inferring that the Canadian landscape is largely unaltered, pathless, and without attached meaning, wilderness negates the creation and maintenance of Indigenous landscapes. The myth that much of the Canadian landscape consists of pristine and untouched wilderness is perpetuated by several aspects of Canadian society: the natural resource industry, environmentalists, wilderness tourism, and Canadian nationalism. Each of these areas benefits from or exploits in some way, the concept of wilderness. Archaeology, through ...


Interpreting Stable Carbon And Nitrogen Isotope Ratios In Archaeological Remains: An Overview Of The Processes Influencing The Δ13c And Δ15n Values Of Type I Collagen, Alexander J. Leatherdale Apr 2013

Interpreting Stable Carbon And Nitrogen Isotope Ratios In Archaeological Remains: An Overview Of The Processes Influencing The Δ13c And Δ15n Values Of Type I Collagen, Alexander J. Leatherdale

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

The application of isotopic ratio mass spectrometry to archaeological science has produced many important contributions to the study and understanding of ancient human and animal populations. Paleodietary reconstruction through the analysis of stable isotope ratios in skeletal, dental, and soft tissue remains presents another avenue for interpreting the past. The methodology employed to obtain isotopic data from archaeological remains directly influences the types of questions that can be addressed and the interpretation of the data. Furthermore, there are fundamental idiosyncrasies of archaeological specimens and their ante- and post-mortem environments that may influence the results of an isotopic study. This paper ...


Re-Thinking The Value Of 20th-Century Archaeological Sites In Canada, Colleen Haukaas Apr 2013

Re-Thinking The Value Of 20th-Century Archaeological Sites In Canada, Colleen Haukaas

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

Though archaeological sites dating to the 20th century in Ontario are eligible for protection under the recently updated Standards and Guidelines for Consulting Archaeologists, many archaeologists do not consider them to valuable heritage resources. In academic archaeology in other parts of Canada, however, 20th-century sites have proven to be useful in archaeological research in several ways. This paper will discuss how 20th-century archaeological sites are investigated in Ontario, and then compare case studies from academic archaeology in the Yukon, British Columbia, and Newfoundland and Labrador where recent archaeological sites were found to be valuable to ...


Excavating Zion: Archaeology And Nation-Making In Palestine/Israel, Peige Desjarlais Apr 2013

Excavating Zion: Archaeology And Nation-Making In Palestine/Israel, Peige Desjarlais

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

This paper demonstrates that archaeological discourse and practice in Palestine/Israel is intertwined with a nation-making project of settler colonialism that contains both spatial and temporal dimensions. This project primarily serves to invent a link between the ancient Israelite past and the modern Israeli state, presenting colonization as “return” to “the homeland” through familiar narratives of frontier settlement. This article proposes that Israeli archaeological practices not only help to reproduce these narratives, but also participate in the inscription of the national territory as Jewish, and the consequent dispossession of the Palestinians


Museums Narrating The Nation: Case Studies From Greece And Bosnia-Herzegovina, Evan P. Taylor Jul 2012

Museums Narrating The Nation: Case Studies From Greece And Bosnia-Herzegovina, Evan P. Taylor

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

A museum that represents a community’s history and culture has the ability to influence the way that visitors understand that community in the present. In this paper, museums in Greece and Bosnia-Herzegovina are examined as case studies in order to better understand how museums attempt to narrate national identity to visitors, both domestic and international. Critical analysis of exhibits in these museums reveal that museum narratives often attempt to project the image of singular national identities. Meanwhile, they may deny the history of place of other contemporary or historic communities that are held in disfavor by those who influence ...


Sacred Politics: An Examination Of Inca Huacas And Their Use For Political And Social Organization, Amy B. Scott Jun 2011

Sacred Politics: An Examination Of Inca Huacas And Their Use For Political And Social Organization, Amy B. Scott

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Stature Trends In Ancient Maya Populations: Re-Examining Studies From Tikal And Altar De Sacrificios, Lindi J. Masur Jun 2011

Stature Trends In Ancient Maya Populations: Re-Examining Studies From Tikal And Altar De Sacrificios, Lindi J. Masur

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


A Look At The Destruction And Decline Of A Minoan Town: Palaikastro, Amanda Hardman Jun 2011

A Look At The Destruction And Decline Of A Minoan Town: Palaikastro, Amanda Hardman

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Analytical Techniques In The Analysis Of Rock Art, Dori Rainey Jun 2011

Analytical Techniques In The Analysis Of Rock Art, Dori Rainey

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Venus Figurines Of The Upper Paleolithic, Shawntelle Nesbitt Jun 2011

Venus Figurines Of The Upper Paleolithic, Shawntelle Nesbitt

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Race, Ethnicity And Nationalism In The Age Of Migrations, Kate Dougherty Jun 2011

Race, Ethnicity And Nationalism In The Age Of Migrations, Kate Dougherty

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


A Study Of Class And Gender In The Great Lakes Early Palaeoindian Period, Katherine Mcmillian Jun 2011

A Study Of Class And Gender In The Great Lakes Early Palaeoindian Period, Katherine Mcmillian

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Oxygen Isotope Analysis And Tooth Enamel Phosphate And Its Application To Archaeology, Lisa Blyth Jun 2011

Oxygen Isotope Analysis And Tooth Enamel Phosphate And Its Application To Archaeology, Lisa Blyth

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Moche Human Sacrifice: The Role Of Funerary And Warrior Sacrifice In Moche Ritual Organization, Christina Taggart Jun 2011

Moche Human Sacrifice: The Role Of Funerary And Warrior Sacrifice In Moche Ritual Organization, Christina Taggart

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


A Multidisciplinary Approach To Ancient Maya Adornment And Costume: Mobilizing The Body And The Senses, Cara G. Tremain Jun 2011

A Multidisciplinary Approach To Ancient Maya Adornment And Costume: Mobilizing The Body And The Senses, Cara G. Tremain

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Thule Palaeopathology: The Health Concerns Of An Arctic Lifestyle, Katherine Bishop Jun 2011

Thule Palaeopathology: The Health Concerns Of An Arctic Lifestyle, Katherine Bishop

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Spectacles To Behold: Colours In Algonquin Landscapes, Dagmara Zawadzka Jun 2011

Spectacles To Behold: Colours In Algonquin Landscapes, Dagmara Zawadzka

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Multiple Histories: The Archaeology, Ethnohistory, Oral History, And National History Of Iximche', Guatemala, Jessica Z. Metcalfe Jun 2011

Multiple Histories: The Archaeology, Ethnohistory, Oral History, And National History Of Iximche', Guatemala, Jessica Z. Metcalfe

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


The Truth About Deer, Turtles, And Dogs: An Examination Of Ancient Maya Human-Faunal Interactions, Lindsay Foreman Jun 2011

The Truth About Deer, Turtles, And Dogs: An Examination Of Ancient Maya Human-Faunal Interactions, Lindsay Foreman

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Laser Ablation As A Valuable Tool In The Stable Isotope Analysis Of Archaeological Material, Allyson Brady Jun 2011

Laser Ablation As A Valuable Tool In The Stable Isotope Analysis Of Archaeological Material, Allyson Brady

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Revising The "Conjunctive Approach" In The American Southwest, M. Gordan Blainey Jun 2011

Revising The "Conjunctive Approach" In The American Southwest, M. Gordan Blainey

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


From Alaska To Greenland: A Comparison Of The Arctic Small Tool And Thule Traditions, Jake Anderson Jun 2011

From Alaska To Greenland: A Comparison Of The Arctic Small Tool And Thule Traditions, Jake Anderson

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Sponsorship And Other Fundraising For Heritage Organizations, Natasa Glarakis Jun 2011

Sponsorship And Other Fundraising For Heritage Organizations, Natasa Glarakis

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Cannibalism Among Fossil Hominids: Is There Archaeological Evidence?, Chad M. A. Tutt Jun 2011

Cannibalism Among Fossil Hominids: Is There Archaeological Evidence?, Chad M. A. Tutt

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


Fall Of Troy Vii: New Archaeological Interpretations And Considerations, Matthew Maher Jun 2011

Fall Of Troy Vii: New Archaeological Interpretations And Considerations, Matthew Maher

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.