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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Single-Neutron States In Titanium Isotopes, Jessica Nebel-Crosson Jul 2019

Single-Neutron States In Titanium Isotopes, Jessica Nebel-Crosson

Physics and Astronomy Summer Fellows

Current theory regarding the collective behavior of exotic nuclei systematically over-predicts the probabilities of exciting those collective states. The theory lacks any adjustable parameters, however, the model inputs are characteristics of single particle states which we are attempting to verify through neutron transfer into a 50Ti target.


First Measurement Of Near-Threshold J/ᴪ Exclusive Photoproduction Off The Proton, M. Ali, M. Amaryan, E.G. Anassontzis, Q. Zhou, X. Zhou, B. Zihlmann, Gluex Collaboration Jan 2019

First Measurement Of Near-Threshold J/ᴪ Exclusive Photoproduction Off The Proton, M. Ali, M. Amaryan, E.G. Anassontzis, Q. Zhou, X. Zhou, B. Zihlmann, Gluex Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We report on the measurement of the γp -> J/ψp cross section from Eγ = 11.8 GeV down to the threshold at 8.2 GeV using a tagged photon beam with the GlueX experiment. We find that the total cross section falls toward the threshold less steeply than expected from two-gluon exchange models. The differential cross section dσ/dt has an exponential slope of 1.67 ± 0.39 GeV-2 at 10.7 GeV average energy. The LHCb pentaquark candidates P+c can be produced in the s channel of this reaction. We see no evidence for them and ...


Azimuthal Anisotropy In Cu+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Jul 2018

Azimuthal Anisotropy In Cu+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The azimuthal anisotropic flow of identified and unidentified charged particles has been systematically studied in Cu+Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV for harmonics n = 1–4 in the pseudorapidity range |η| < 1. The directed flow in Cu+Au collisions is compared with the rapidity-odd and, for the first time, the rapidity-even components of charged particle directed flow in Au+Au collisions at √sNN = 20 GeV. The slope of the directed flow pseudorapidity dependence in Cu+Au collisions is found to be similar to that in Au+Au collisions, with the intercept shifted toward positive pseudorapidity values, i.e., the Cu-going direction. The mean transverse momentum projected onto the spectator plane ⟨px⟩ in Cu+Au collision also exhibits approximately linear dependence on pseudorapidity with the intercept at about ...


Qcd Process In Few Nucleon Systems, Dhiraj Maheswari Jun 2018

Qcd Process In Few Nucleon Systems, Dhiraj Maheswari

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

One of the important issues of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) - the fundamental theory of strong interaction, is the understanding of the role of the quark-gluon interactions in the processes involving nuclear targets. One direction in such studies is to explore the onset of the quark gluon degrees of freedom in nuclear dynamics. The other direction is using the nuclear targets as a “micro-labs” in studies of the QCD processes involving protons and neutrons bound in the nucleus. In the proposed research, we work in both directions considering high energy photo- and electro-production reactions involving deuteron and 3 He nuclei.

In the ...


Bulk Properties Of The Medium Produced In Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions From The Beam Energy Scan Program, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, D. Brown, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Oct 2017

Bulk Properties Of The Medium Produced In Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions From The Beam Energy Scan Program, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, D. Brown, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present measurements of bulk properties of the matter produced in Au+Au collisions at √SNN = 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV using identified hadrons (π±, K±, p, and p¯) from the STAR experiment in the Beam Energy Scan (BES) Program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Midrapidity (|y| < 0.1) results for multiplicity densities dN/dy, average transverse momenta ⟨pT⟩, and particle ratios are presented. The chemical and kinetic freeze-out dynamics at these energies are discussed and presented as a function of collision centrality and energy. These results constitute the systematic measurements of bulk properties of matter formed ...


Lorentz-Symmetry Test At Planck-Scale Suppression With Nucleons In A Spin-Polarized 133 Cs Cold Atom Clock, H. Pihan-Le Bars, C. Guerlin, R.-D. Lasseri, J.-P. Ebran, Q. G. Bailey, S. Bize, E. Khan, P. Wolf Apr 2017

Lorentz-Symmetry Test At Planck-Scale Suppression With Nucleons In A Spin-Polarized 133 Cs Cold Atom Clock, H. Pihan-Le Bars, C. Guerlin, R.-D. Lasseri, J.-P. Ebran, Q. G. Bailey, S. Bize, E. Khan, P. Wolf

Publications

The authors introduce an improved model that links the frequency of the 133 Cs hyperfine Zeeman transitions.


Measurements Of Ep → E′Π+Π-P′ Cross Sections With Clas At 1.40 Gev < W < 2.0 Gev And 2.0 Gev² < Q² < 5.0 Gev², E.L. Isupov, V.D. Burkert, D.S. Carman, R. W. Gothe, R. Hicks, B. S. Ishkhanov, V. I. Mokeev, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, M. J. Amaryan, G. Charles, A. Klein, Y. Prok, B. Torayev Jan 2017

Measurements Of Ep → E′Π+Π-P′ Cross Sections With Clas At 1.40 Gev < W < 2.0 Gev And 2.0 Gev² < Q² < 5.0 Gev², E.L. Isupov, V.D. Burkert, D.S. Carman, R. W. Gothe, R. Hicks, B. S. Ishkhanov, V. I. Mokeev, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, M. J. Amaryan, G. Charles, A. Klein, Y. Prok, B. Torayev

Physics Faculty Publications

This paper reports new exclusive cross sections for ep → e′π+π-p′ using the CLAS detector at Jefferson Laboratory. These results are presented for the first time at photon virtualities 2.0GeV2 2 < 5.0GeV2 in the center-of-mass energy range 1.4 GeV < W < 2.0 GeV, which covers a large part of the nucleon resonance region. Using a model developed for the phenomenological analysis of electroproduction data, we see strong indications that the relative contributions from the resonant cross sections at W < 1.74 GeV increase with Q2. These data considerably extend the kinematic reach of previous measurements. Exclusive ep → e′π+π-p′ cross section measurements are of particular importance for the extraction of resonance electrocouplings in the mass range above 1.6 GeV.


Near-Side Azimuthal And Pseudorapidity Correlations Using Neutral Strange Baryons And Mesons In D+Au, Cu+Cu, And Au+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, B. Abelev, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, L. S. Barnby, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, M. Bombara, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, I. Bunzarov, J. Butterworth, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Jul 2016

Near-Side Azimuthal And Pseudorapidity Correlations Using Neutral Strange Baryons And Mesons In D+Au, Cu+Cu, And Au+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, B. Abelev, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, L. S. Barnby, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, M. Bombara, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, I. Bunzarov, J. Butterworth, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present measurements of the near side of triggered di-hadron correlations using neutral strange baryons (Λ, Λ) and mesons (K0S) at intermediate transverse momentum (3 < pT < 6 GeV/c) to look for possible flavor and baryon-meson dependence. This study is performed in d+Au, Cu+Cu, and Au+Au collisions at √SNN = 200 GeV measured by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The near-side di-hadron correlation contains two structures, a peak which is narrow in azimuth and pseudorapidity consistent with correlations from jet fragmentation, and a correlation in azimuth which is broad in pseudorapidity. The particle composition of the ...


The Beam-Helicity Asymmetry For Two Pseudoscalar Mesons In Photoproduction And A Partial Wave Analysis For Excited Hyperons, Rafael A. Badui Jun 2016

The Beam-Helicity Asymmetry For Two Pseudoscalar Mesons In Photoproduction And A Partial Wave Analysis For Excited Hyperons, Rafael A. Badui

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The first-time measurement of the angular dependence of the beam-helicity asymmetry for $\gamma p \rightarrow pK^{+}K^{-}$ is shown and compared to $\gamma p \rightarrow p\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$. The data obtained were from the CLAS g12 experiment at Jefferson Lab. The experiment utilized a beam of circularly polarized photons with energies between 1.1 and 5.4 GeV incident on an unpolarized liquid hydrogen target, which produced an unprecedented number of strange hadrons in photoproduction. The production mechanism for strange hadrons is not well understood. The beam-helicity asymmetry is a polarization observable that provides information on interfering production mechanisms in ...


Hard Qcd Processes In The Nuclear Medium, Adam Freese Mar 2016

Hard Qcd Processes In The Nuclear Medium, Adam Freese

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The environment inside the atomic nucleus is one of the most fascinating arenas for the study of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). The strongly-interacting nature of the nuclear medium affects the nature of both QCD processes and the quark-gluon structure of hadrons, allowing several unique aspects of the strong nuclear force to be investigated in reactions involving nuclear targets. The research presented in this dissertation explores two aspects of nuclear QCD: firstly, the partonic structure of the nucleus itself; and secondly, the use of the nucleus as a micro-laboratory in which QCD processes can be studied.

The partonic structure of the nucleus ...


Structure And Decay Correlations Of Two-Neutron Systems Beyond The Dripline, Z. Kohley, T. Baumann, D. Bazin, G. Christian, P. A. De Young, J. E. Finck, R. A. Haring-Kaye, J. Hinnefeld, N. Frank, E. Lunderberg, B. Luther, S. Mosby, W. A. Peters, J. K. Smith, J. Snyder, Sharon L. Stephenson, M. J. Strongman, A. Spyrou, M. Thoennessen, A. Volya May 2014

Structure And Decay Correlations Of Two-Neutron Systems Beyond The Dripline, Z. Kohley, T. Baumann, D. Bazin, G. Christian, P. A. De Young, J. E. Finck, R. A. Haring-Kaye, J. Hinnefeld, N. Frank, E. Lunderberg, B. Luther, S. Mosby, W. A. Peters, J. K. Smith, J. Snyder, Sharon L. Stephenson, M. J. Strongman, A. Spyrou, M. Thoennessen, A. Volya

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The two-neutron unbound systems of 16Be, 13Li, 10He, and 26O have been measured using the Modular Neutron Array (MoNA) and 4 Tm Sweeper magnet setup. The correlations of the 3-body decay for the 16Be and 13Li were extracted and demonstrated a strong correlated enhancement between the two neutrons. The measurement of the 10He ground state resonance from a 14Be(−2p2n) reaction provided insight into previous predictions that wavefunction of the entrance channel, projectile, can influence the observed decay energy spectrum for the unbound system. Lastly, the decay-in-target (DiT) technique was utilized to extract the lifetime of the 26O ground state ...


First Observation Of 15be, J. Snyder, T. Baumann, G. Christian, R. A. Haring-Kaye, P. A. Deyoung, Z. Kohley, B. Luther, M. Mosby, S. Mosby, A. Simon, J. K. Smith, A. Spyrou, Sharon L. Stephenson, M. Thoennessen Sep 2013

First Observation Of 15be, J. Snyder, T. Baumann, G. Christian, R. A. Haring-Kaye, P. A. Deyoung, Z. Kohley, B. Luther, M. Mosby, S. Mosby, A. Simon, J. K. Smith, A. Spyrou, Sharon L. Stephenson, M. Thoennessen

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The neutron-unbound nucleus 15Be was observed for the first time. It was populated using neutron transfer from a deuterated polyethylene target with a 59 MeV/u 14Be beam. Neutrons were measured in coincidence with outgoing 14Be particles and the reconstructed decay energy spectrum exhibits a resonance at 1.8(1) MeV. This corresponds to 15Be being unbound by 0.45 MeV more then 16Be thus significantly hindering the sequential two-neutron decay of 16Be to 14Be through this state.


Top-Quark Production And Qcd, Nikolaos Kidonakis, Ben D. Pecjak Jul 2012

Top-Quark Production And Qcd, Nikolaos Kidonakis, Ben D. Pecjak

Faculty Publications

We review theoretical calculations for top-quark production that include complete next-to-leading-order QCD corrections as well as higher-order soft-gluon corrections from threshold resummation. We discuss in detail the differences between various approaches that have appeared in the literature and review results for top-quark total cross sections and differential distributions at the Tevatron and the LHC.


The Role Of Llnl's Fast Calibration Facility In Diagnosing Nif Fusion Plasmas, Joshua G. Thompson, Carey Scott, Greg V. Brown Aug 2011

The Role Of Llnl's Fast Calibration Facility In Diagnosing Nif Fusion Plasmas, Joshua G. Thompson, Carey Scott, Greg V. Brown

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

The Fusion and Astrophysics (FAST) Calibration and Diagnostic Facility uses the original Electron Beam Ion Trap (EBIT-I) to profile x-ray filters that are used in the Dante Soft X-Ray Diagnostic at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). FAST has an advantage over any other facility not only for its high accuracy, but also for its proximity to NIF in the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). This makes for highly accurate and near-instantaneous filter calibration turnover.

EBIT-I was first constructed to create, trap, and observe static highly charged ions (HCIs) and conduct experimental astrophysics (creating an x-ray spectroscopy catalogue of ions). To ...


Double Ionization Of Helium By Ion Impact Analyzed Using Four-Body Dalitz Plots, M. F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, T. Kirchner, Daniel Fischer, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich Jun 2008

Double Ionization Of Helium By Ion Impact Analyzed Using Four-Body Dalitz Plots, M. F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, T. Kirchner, Daniel Fischer, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have performed experimental and theoretical studies of double ionization of helium by 6 MeV proton impact using a recently developed tool, four-particle Dalitz plots [Schulz et al., J. Phys. B 22, 3091 (2007)] which enable the representation of multiple differential cross sections as a function of all four fragments in a single spectrum without loss of any part of the total cross section. As a result, the relative importance of the various interactions between the fragments can be studied in great detail. Comparisons of experimental data with theoretical first-order calculations and simulations for the higher-order (TS-2) process show that ...


Fractal Dimensions In Perceptual Color Space: A Comparison Study Using Jackson Pollock’S Art, Jonas R. Mureika Dec 2005

Fractal Dimensions In Perceptual Color Space: A Comparison Study Using Jackson Pollock’S Art, Jonas R. Mureika

Physics Faculty Works

The fractal dimensions of color-specific paint patterns in various Jackson Pollock paintings are calculated using a filtering process that models perceptual response to color differences (L*a*b* color space). The advantage of the L*a*b* space filtering method over traditional red-green-blue (RGB) spaces is that the former is a perceptually uniform (metric) space, leading to a more consistent definition of “perceptually different” colors. It is determined that the RGB filtering method underestimates the perceived fractal dimension of lighter-colored patterns but not of darker ones, if the same selection criteria is applied to each. Implications of the findings to ...


Isomers And Seniority In The Trans-Pb Nuclei, J. J. Ressler, C. W. Beausang, R. F. Casten, N. V. Zamfir, H. Ai, H. Amro, M. Babilon, R. Cakirli, J. A. Caggiano, G. Gurdal, A. Heinz, R. O. Hughes, S. D. Langdown, E. A. Mccutchan, D. A. Meyer, C. Plettner, J. Qian, P. H. Regan, M.J. S. Sciacchitano, N. J. Thomas, E. Williams, A. Yamamoto Sep 2005

Isomers And Seniority In The Trans-Pb Nuclei, J. J. Ressler, C. W. Beausang, R. F. Casten, N. V. Zamfir, H. Ai, H. Amro, M. Babilon, R. Cakirli, J. A. Caggiano, G. Gurdal, A. Heinz, R. O. Hughes, S. D. Langdown, E. A. Mccutchan, D. A. Meyer, C. Plettner, J. Qian, P. H. Regan, M.J. S. Sciacchitano, N. J. Thomas, E. Williams, A. Yamamoto

Physics Faculty Publications

Low-energy excited states of 210Ra and 208Ra were investigated at the Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory of Yale University. Fusion evaporation recoils were selected using the gas-filled spectrometer, SASSYER. Delayed γ -rays, following isomeric decays, were detected at the focal plane of SASSYER with a small array of HPGe detectors. Transitions following the proposed J π = 8+ isomers were observed, and the half-lives measured. The experiments are discussed and results compared to expectations from the seniority scheme.


Theoretical Status Of The Top Quark Cross Section, Nikolaos Kidonakis, Ramona Vogt Jun 2005

Theoretical Status Of The Top Quark Cross Section, Nikolaos Kidonakis, Ramona Vogt

Faculty Publications

We discuss the most recent calculations of the top quark total cross section and transverse momentum distributions at the Tevatron and the LHC. These calculations include the soft-gluon corrections at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO). The soft NNLO corrections stabilize the scale dependence of the cross section.


Nearest-Neighbor-Atom Core-Hole Transfer In Isolated Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, D. Rolles, S. W. Yu, A. Wolska, I. Tran, A. C. Hudson, J. Baker, Dennis W. Lindle Jun 2004

Nearest-Neighbor-Atom Core-Hole Transfer In Isolated Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, D. Rolles, S. W. Yu, A. Wolska, I. Tran, A. C. Hudson, J. Baker, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

A new phenomenon sensitive only to next-door-neighbor atoms in isolated molecules is demonstrated using angle-resolved photoemission of site-selective core electrons. Evidence for this interatomic core-to-core electron interaction is observable only by measuring nondipolar angular distributions of photoelectrons. In essence, the phenomenon acts as a very fine atomic-scale sensor of nearest-neighbor elemental identity.


Dramatic Nondipole Effects In Low-Energy Photoionization: Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Xe 5s, Oliver Hemmers, Renaud Guillemin, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, Dennis W. Lindle, S. H. Southworth, R. Wehlitz, J. Baker, A. C. Hudson, M. Lotrakul, D. Rolles, Wayne C. Stolte, I. Tran, A. Wolska, S. Yu, M. Ya Amusia, K. T. Cheng, L. V. Chernysheva, W. R. Johnson, S. T. Manson Aug 2003

Dramatic Nondipole Effects In Low-Energy Photoionization: Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Xe 5s, Oliver Hemmers, Renaud Guillemin, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, Dennis W. Lindle, S. H. Southworth, R. Wehlitz, J. Baker, A. C. Hudson, M. Lotrakul, D. Rolles, Wayne C. Stolte, I. Tran, A. Wolska, S. Yu, M. Ya Amusia, K. T. Cheng, L. V. Chernysheva, W. R. Johnson, S. T. Manson

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The Xe 5s nondipole photoelectron parameter γ is obtained experimentally and theoretically from threshold to ∼200  eV photon energy. Significant nondipole effects are seen even in the threshold region of this valence shell photoionization. In addition, contrary to previous understanding, clear evidence of interchannel coupling among quadrupole photoionization channels is found.


E1-E2 Interference In The Vuv Photoionization Of He, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, S. H. Southworth, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, M. Ya Amusia, L. V. Chernysheva, N. L. S. Martin Jul 2003

E1-E2 Interference In The Vuv Photoionization Of He, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, S. H. Southworth, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, M. Ya Amusia, L. V. Chernysheva, N. L. S. Martin

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

We have measured the forward-backward asymmetry of photoelectron angular distributions produced in the vacuum ultraviolet photoionization of helium. This asymmetry, a consequence of the breakdown of the dipole approximation, measures the real part of the ratio of the quadrupole and dipole matrix elements. In the autoionization region, the strong energy dependence of the asymmetry permits an experimental separation of the ratio of those magnitudes from their phase difference. We experimentally determined the Fano parameters of the 2p21D2 quadrupole resonance, and report improved values of the width Γ and line profile parameter q from those previously available ...


Non-Dipolar Electron Angular Distributions From Fixed-In-Space Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, E. Shigemasa, K. Le Guen, D. Ceolin, C. Miron, N. Leclercq, P. Morin, Marc Simon, P. W. Langhoff Jul 2002

Non-Dipolar Electron Angular Distributions From Fixed-In-Space Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, E. Shigemasa, K. Le Guen, D. Ceolin, C. Miron, N. Leclercq, P. Morin, Marc Simon, P. W. Langhoff

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The first indication of nondipole effects in the azimuthal dependence of photoelectron angular distributions emitted from fixed-in-space molecules is demonstrated in N2. Comparison of the results with angular distributions observed for randomly oriented molecules and theoretical derivations for the nondipole correction first order in photon momentum suggests that higher orders will be needed to describe distributions measured in the molecular frame.


Exploring The Limits Of The Dipole Approximation With Angle-Resolved Electron Time-Of-Flight Spectrometry, Sierra Laidman, Monica Pangilinan, Renaud Guillemin, Sung Woo Yu, Gunnar Ohrwall, Dennis W. Lindle, Oliver Hemmers Jan 2002

Exploring The Limits Of The Dipole Approximation With Angle-Resolved Electron Time-Of-Flight Spectrometry, Sierra Laidman, Monica Pangilinan, Renaud Guillemin, Sung Woo Yu, Gunnar Ohrwall, Dennis W. Lindle, Oliver Hemmers

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Understanding the electronic structure of atoms and molecules is fundamental in determining their basic properties as well as the interactions that occur with different particles such as light. One such interaction is single photoionization; a process in which a photon collides with an atom or molecule and an electron with a certain kinetic energy is emitted, leaving behind a residual ion. Theoretical models of electronic structures use the dipole approximation to simplify x-ray interactions by assuming that the electromagnetic field of the radiation, expressed as a Taylor-series expansion, can be simplified by using only the first term. It has been ...


Breakdown Of The Independent Particle Approximation In High-Energy Photoionization, E. W. B. Dias, H. S. Chakraborty, P. C. Deshmukh, S. T. Manson, Oliver Hemmers, P. Glans, D. Hansen, H. Wang, S. B. Whitfield, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, Jon C. Levin, I. A. Sellin Jun 1997

Breakdown Of The Independent Particle Approximation In High-Energy Photoionization, E. W. B. Dias, H. S. Chakraborty, P. C. Deshmukh, S. T. Manson, Oliver Hemmers, P. Glans, D. Hansen, H. Wang, S. B. Whitfield, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, Jon C. Levin, I. A. Sellin

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The independent particle approximation is shown to break down for the photoionization of both inner and outer nℓ (ℓ>0) electrons of all atoms, at high enough energy, owing to interchannel interactions with the nearby ns photoionization channels. The effect is illustrated for Ne 2p in the 1 keV photon energy range through a comparison of theory and experiment. The implications for x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of molecules and condensed matter are discussed.


Limitation Of The Semirelativistic Approach In Sum Rules And Related Calculations In Atomic Physics, M. L. Rustgi, P.T. Leung, S. A. Long Mar 1988

Limitation Of The Semirelativistic Approach In Sum Rules And Related Calculations In Atomic Physics, M. L. Rustgi, P.T. Leung, S. A. Long

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

It is shown that the semirelativistic approach, when applied consistently to atomic calculations involving the Thomas-Reiche-Kuhn sum rule or its applications, may lead to very inaccurate results.