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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Interface Alloying And Magnetic Properties Of Fe/Rh Multilayers, K. Hanisch, W. Keune, R.A. Brand, Christian Binek, Wolfman Kleemann Nov 1994

Interface Alloying And Magnetic Properties Of Fe/Rh Multilayers, K. Hanisch, W. Keune, R.A. Brand, Christian Binek, Wolfman Kleemann

Christian Binek Publications

Rh(20 Å)/57Fe(tFe) multilayers with Fe thicknesses tFe of 2, 5, 10, and 15 Å prepared by alternate evaporation in UHV have been investigated by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Mössbauer spectroscopy, and SQUID magnetometry. First- and second-order superstructure Bragg peaks (but no higher-order peaks) in small-angle XRD patterns suggest some compositional modulation. Mössbauer spectra taken at 4.2 K are characterized by a distribution P(Bhf) of hyperfine fields Bhf. Peaks observed in the P(Bhf) curves near 17 and 35 T are assigned to an fcc-RhFe interface alloy (~7–24 at. % Fe ...


Blocking Of Logarithmic Temporal Relaxation Of Magnetic Remanence By Piezomagnetically Induced Domains In Fe1-XZnXF2, J. Kushauer, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann May 1994

Blocking Of Logarithmic Temporal Relaxation Of Magnetic Remanence By Piezomagnetically Induced Domains In Fe1-XZnXF2, J. Kushauer, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann

Christian Binek Publications

Faraday rotation and superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry were used to investigate the relaxation of the weak-field induced remanence, µ, of the random-field Ising model system Fe1-xZnxF2. The stretched logarithmic decay law, as predicted by Nattermann and Vilfan for the case of compact domains with fractal surfaces, was confirmed for freezing fields of 3≤B≤5 T. Virtually constant remanence, µ, was found at low fields, 0.0002≤B≤1.5 T. This ferrimagnetic moment is due to the piezomagnetic effect acting on random-stress induced immobile domains. Chemical etching, which removes surface stress originating from ...


Domainlike Antiferromagnetic Correlations Of Paramagnetic Fecl2: A Field-Induced Griffiths Phase?, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann Feb 1994

Domainlike Antiferromagnetic Correlations Of Paramagnetic Fecl2: A Field-Induced Griffiths Phase?, Christian Binek, Wolfgang Kleemann

Christian Binek Publications

Domainlike antiferromagnetic correlations are detected by SQUID measurements of the low-frequency susceptibility in the metamagnet FeCl2 when exposed to an axial magnetic field H at temperatures Tc (H)≤T≤TN. A distinct change of curvature of χ’’ vs T appearing at TN is explained in terms of fluctuating distributions of demagnetizing fields and, hence, transition temperatures. The field-induced dynamic domain phase—an analog of the Griffiths phase predicted for a ferromagnet with dilution x within Tc(x)≤T≤Tc(0)—is confirmed by elastic light scattering experiments.


Random-Field Critical And Spin-Flop Behavior Of The Anisotropic Heisenberg Antiferromagnet Fe0.9mg0.1br2 In Axial Magnetic Fields, Christian Binek Feb 1994

Random-Field Critical And Spin-Flop Behavior Of The Anisotropic Heisenberg Antiferromagnet Fe0.9mg0.1br2 In Axial Magnetic Fields, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Faraday optical measurements on the dilute hexagonal antiferromagnet Fe0.85Mg0.15Br2 in an external axial field reveal a spin-flop phase line ending at a multicritical point (Tm=8.1 K, Hm=1050 kA m-1) and crossover from random-exchange to random-field Ising criticality with an exponent Phi =1.40+or-0.04 in the vicinity of TN=11.1 K. Cusp-like behaviour of the specific heat at TN is discussed in view of recent Monte Carlo results.