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2005

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Afci Quarterly Input – Unlv October 1 Through December 31, 2005, Harry Reid Center For Environmental Studies. Nuclear Science And Technology Division Dec 2005

Afci Quarterly Input – Unlv October 1 Through December 31, 2005, Harry Reid Center For Environmental Studies. Nuclear Science And Technology Division

Transmutation Research Program Reports (TRP)

Quarterly report highlighting research projects, activities and objectives of the Transmutation Research Program at the Nuclear Science & Technology Division, Harry Reid Research Center.

The University of Nevada, Las Vegas supports the AFCI through research and development of technologies for economic and environmentally sound refinement of spent nuclear fuel. The UNLV program has four components: infrastructure, international collaboration, student-based research, and management and program support.


High-Temperature Calcium Vapor Cell For Spectroscopy On The 4s2 1s0-4s4p 3p1 Intercombination Line, Christopher J. Erickson, Brian Neyenhuis, Dallin S. Durfee Dec 2005

High-Temperature Calcium Vapor Cell For Spectroscopy On The 4s2 1s0-4s4p 3p1 Intercombination Line, Christopher J. Erickson, Brian Neyenhuis, Dallin S. Durfee

Faculty Publications

We have demonstrated a high-temperature vapor cell for absorption spectroscopy on the Ca intercombination line. The cell uses a dual-chamber design to achieve the high temperatures necessary for an optically dense vapor while avoiding the necessity of high-temperature vacuum valves and glass-to-metal seals. We have observed over 50% absorption in a single pass through the cell. Although pressure broadening in the cell prevented us from performing saturated-absorption spectroscopy, the broadening resulted in higher signal-to-noise ratios by allowing us to probe the atoms with intensities much greater than the 0.2µW/cm2 saturation intensity of the unbroadened transition. The techniques presented ...


Nonmetal Ordering In Tic1-Xnx: Ground-State Structure And The Effects Of Finite Temperature, Gus L. W. Hart, Brian Kolb Dec 2005

Nonmetal Ordering In Tic1-Xnx: Ground-State Structure And The Effects Of Finite Temperature, Gus L. W. Hart, Brian Kolb

Faculty Publications

The TiC1-xNx system has long been prized in industry because of its desirable thermodynamic and hardness characteristics. Previous studies have not produced comprehensive results describing the ordering tendencies of TiC1-xNx at any temperature. We apply the mixed-basis cluster expansion and Monte Carlo methods to the problem and find a fascinating array of ground-state structures occurring at precise nitrogen-concentration intervals of ∆x=1/16 and related to each other by simple (201) quasisuperlattice motifs. Thermodynamic Monte Carlo results indicate that the critical ordering temperatures at all concentrations are well below room temperature. short-range ordering develops at T ≈ 800 K and exhibits ...


Control Of Dispersion In Form Birefringent-Based Holographic Optical Retarders, Erica N. Montach, Philip J. Bos Dec 2005

Control Of Dispersion In Form Birefringent-Based Holographic Optical Retarders, Erica N. Montach, Philip J. Bos

Chemical Physics Publications

Holographic retarders based on form birefringence are shown to have controllable dispersion properties. Significantly, we show that the dispersion properties of these retarders can be adjusted over a large wavelength range by varying the periodicity of the index of refraction profile. These retarders with controllable dispersion characteristics are of high value for applications such as the compensation of liquid crystal displays.


An Event-Based Approach To Validating Solar Wind Speed Predictions: High-Speed Enhancements In The Wang-Sheeley-Arge Model, M. J. Owens, C. N. Arge, Harlan E. Spence, A. Pembroke Dec 2005

An Event-Based Approach To Validating Solar Wind Speed Predictions: High-Speed Enhancements In The Wang-Sheeley-Arge Model, M. J. Owens, C. N. Arge, Harlan E. Spence, A. Pembroke

Physics Scholarship

[1] One of the primary goals of the Center for Integrated Space Weather Modeling (CISM) effort is to assess and improve prediction of the solar wind conditions in near-Earth space, arising from both quasi-steady and transient structures. We compare 8 years of L1 in situ observations to predictions of the solar wind speed made by the Wang-Sheeley-Arge (WSA) empirical model. The mean-square error (MSE) between the observed and model predictions is used to reach a number of useful conclusions: there is no systematic lag in the WSA predictions, the MSE is found to be highest at solar minimum and lowest ...


Magnetic And Spectroscopic Characteristics Of Znmno System, Aswini K. Pradhan, D. Hunter, Kai Zhang, J.B. Dadson, S. Mohanty, T.M. Williams, K. Lord, R.R. Rakimhov, U.N. Roy, Y. Cui, A. Burger, Jun Zhang, David J. Sellmyer Dec 2005

Magnetic And Spectroscopic Characteristics Of Znmno System, Aswini K. Pradhan, D. Hunter, Kai Zhang, J.B. Dadson, S. Mohanty, T.M. Williams, K. Lord, R.R. Rakimhov, U.N. Roy, Y. Cui, A. Burger, Jun Zhang, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

We report on the observation of room-temperature ferromagnetism in epitaxial (Zn,Mn)O films grown by a pulsed-laser deposition technique using high-density targets. The X-ray, microscopic, spectroscopic and magnetic properties of target material containing 6 at.% of Mn and films were compared. The target shows the presence of large clusters exhibiting paramagnetic behavior. However, ferromagnetic properties were observed in (Zn,Mn)O films grown at a substrate temperature of 500 °C and with an oxygen partial pressure of 1 mTorr. Although, crystalline quality of the film improves with increasing substrate temperature, the ferromagnetism becomes weaker.


Laser-Controlled Local Magnetic Field With Semiconductor Quantum Rings, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, Carlo Piermarocchi Dec 2005

Laser-Controlled Local Magnetic Field With Semiconductor Quantum Rings, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, Carlo Piermarocchi

Faculty Publications

We analyze theoretically the dynamics of N electrons localized in a narrow semiconductor quantum ring under a train of phase-locked infrared laser pulses. The pulse sequence is designed to control the total angular momentum of the electrons. The quantum ring can be put in states characterized by strong currents. The local magnetic field created by these currents can be used for a selective quantum control of single spins in semiconductor systems. The current generation in quantum rings with finite width is also studied.


Spin-Photovoltaic Effect In Quantum Wires Due To Intersubband Transitions, Arkady Fedorov, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, Carlo Piermarocchi Dec 2005

Spin-Photovoltaic Effect In Quantum Wires Due To Intersubband Transitions, Arkady Fedorov, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, Carlo Piermarocchi

Faculty Publications

We consider the current induced in a quantum wire by external electromagnetic radiation. The photocurrent is caused by the interplay of spin-orbit interaction (Rashba and Dresselhaus terms) and an external in-plane magnetic field. We calculate this current using a Wigner functions approach, taking into account radiation-induced transitions between transverse subbands. The magnitude and the direction of the current depends on the Dresselhaus and Rashba constants, strength of magnetic field, radiation frequency, and intensity. The current can be controlled by changing some of these parameters.


Rescattering Effects In The Multiphoton Regime, M. V. Frolov, A. V. Flegel, N. L. Manakov, Anthony F. Starace Dec 2005

Rescattering Effects In The Multiphoton Regime, M. V. Frolov, A. V. Flegel, N. L. Manakov, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

LETTER TO THE EDITOR

The plateau features that characterize the low-frequency spectra of fundamental strong-field processes such as harmonic generation, above-threshold ionization and laser-assisted electron-atom scattering are shown to exist also for photon energies Eγ of the order of the energy |E0| of a bound electron. The existence of these rescattering effects in such a high-frequency (and thus nontunnelling) regime is supported by accurate quantum analyses of intense Ti-Sapphire laser interactions with halogen negative ions, for which Eγ ≈ 0.5|E0|.


Ultracold Neutral Plasma Expansion In Two Dimensions, E. A. Cummings, J. E. Daily, Dallin S. Durfee, Scott D. Bergeson Dec 2005

Ultracold Neutral Plasma Expansion In Two Dimensions, E. A. Cummings, J. E. Daily, Dallin S. Durfee, Scott D. Bergeson

Faculty Publications

An isothermal model of ultracold neutral plasma expansion is extended to systems without spherical symmetry. It is used to interpret new fluorescence measurements on ultracold neutral calcium plasmas. For a self-similar expansion, the fluid equations are solved both analytically and numerically. The density and velocity solutions are used to predict fluorescence signals induced by a laser beam weakly focused into the plasma. Despite the simplicity of the model, predicted fluorescence signals reproduce major features of the experimental data


Structural Studies On A Mitochondrial Glyoxalase Ii, Gishanthi P. K. Marasinghe, Ian M. Sander, Brian Bennett, Gopal R. Periyannan, Ke-Wu Yang, Christopher A. Makaroff, Michael W. Crowder Dec 2005

Structural Studies On A Mitochondrial Glyoxalase Ii, Gishanthi P. K. Marasinghe, Ian M. Sander, Brian Bennett, Gopal R. Periyannan, Ke-Wu Yang, Christopher A. Makaroff, Michael W. Crowder

Physics Faculty Research and Publications

Glyoxalase 2 is a β-lactamase fold-containing enzyme that appears to be involved with cellular chemical detoxification. Although the cytoplasmic isozyme has been characterized from several organisms, essentially nothing is known about the mitochondrial proteins. As a first step in understanding the structure and function of mitochondrial glyoxalase 2 enzymes, a mitochondrial isozyme (GLX2-5) from Arabidopsis thaliana was cloned, overexpressed, purified, and characterized using metal analyses, EPR and 1H NMR spectroscopies, and x-ray crystallography. The recombinant enzyme was shown to bind 1.04 ± 0.15 eq of iron and 1.31 ± 0.05 eq of Zn(II) and to exhibit ...


Fluid And Kinetic Structure Of Magnetic Merging In The Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment, W. H. Matthaeus, C. D. Cothran, Matthew Joseph Landreman , '03, Michael R. Brown Dec 2005

Fluid And Kinetic Structure Of Magnetic Merging In The Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment, W. H. Matthaeus, C. D. Cothran, Matthew Joseph Landreman , '03, Michael R. Brown

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

Measurement of the in-plane Lorentz force and the out-of-plane magnetic field associated with the Hall electric field near the reconnection zone in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment (SSX) confirms expectations, based on simulation, theory and spacecraft data, that the quadrupolar out-of-plane magnetic field is a signature of collisionless effects in magnetic reconnection with a weak guide field.


Dynamical Control Of Qubit Coherence: Random Versus Deterministic Schemes, Lea F. Santos, Lorenza Viola Dec 2005

Dynamical Control Of Qubit Coherence: Random Versus Deterministic Schemes, Lea F. Santos, Lorenza Viola

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We reexamine the problem of switching off unwanted phase evolution and decoherence in a single two-state quantum system in the light of recent results on random dynamical decoupling methods [L. Viola and E. Knill, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 060502 (2005)]. A systematic comparison with standard cyclic decoupling is effected for a variety of dynamical regimes, including the case of both semiclassical and fully quantum decoherence models. In particular, exact analytical expressions are derived for randomized control of decoherence from a bosonic environment. We investigate quantitatively control protocols based on purely deterministic, purely random, as well as hybrid design, and identify ...


Broadband Optical Phased-Array Beam Steering, Paul F. Mcmanamon, Jianru Shi, Philip J. Bos Dec 2005

Broadband Optical Phased-Array Beam Steering, Paul F. Mcmanamon, Jianru Shi, Philip J. Bos

Chemical Physics Publications

An array of phase retarders can be used as an optical phased array (OPA) to steer light [McManamon et al., Proc. IEEE 84 (2), 268 298 (1996)]. The introduction of resets enables steering to larger angles without requiring an optical path difference (OPD) greater than one wavelength. These resets, however, are correct only at the design wavelength. The beam steerer is therefore very dispersive. It has been shown theoretically that resets of an integer multiple of the wavelength will make the beam steerer less dispersive [McManamon and Watson, Proc. SPIE 4369, 140-148 (2001)]. We offer the first experimental proof that ...


Physics Department News, December 2005, College Of Arts And Sciences Dec 2005

Physics Department News, December 2005, College Of Arts And Sciences

Physics Newsletter

Contents from Volume 4, Issue 1:

  • A Note from the Editor
  • From the Chair
  • What’s New at the University
  • Faculty Highlights
  • Staff Highlights
  • ICPEAC 2009
  • Year of Physics 2005
  • PhysTEC
  • Alumni News
  • Student News
  • Annual Student Awards
  • Recent Graduates
  • Department Roster
  • Feedback/Update Reply For


Soft-Gluon Corrections To Hard-Scattering Cross Sections Through Nnnlo, Nikolaos Kidonakis Dec 2005

Soft-Gluon Corrections To Hard-Scattering Cross Sections Through Nnnlo, Nikolaos Kidonakis

Faculty Publications

I present a systematic approach to calculating soft-gluon corrections through next-to-next-to-nextto-leading order for arbitrary hard-scattering cross sections. Using a unified approach, master formulas are derived for processes with both simple and complex color flows. Applications and numerical results are given for some processes of interest, including charged Higgs production and top quark production in the Standard Model and beyond.


Klein Paradox With Spin-Resolved Electrons And Positrons, P Krekora, Q Su, Rainer Grobe Dec 2005

Klein Paradox With Spin-Resolved Electrons And Positrons, P Krekora, Q Su, Rainer Grobe

Faculty publications – Physics

Using numerical solutions to relativistic quantum field theory with space-time resolution, we illustrate how an incoming electron wave packet with a definite spin scatters off a supercritical potential step. We show that the production rate is reduced of only those electrons that have the same spin as the incoming electron is reduced. This spin-resolved result further clarifies the importance of the Pauli-exclusion principle for the Klein paradox.


Lattice Quantum Algorithm For The Schrodinger Wave Equation In 2+1 Dimensions With A Demonstration By Modeling Soliton Instabilities, Jeffrey Yepez, George Vahala, Linda L. Vahala Dec 2005

Lattice Quantum Algorithm For The Schrodinger Wave Equation In 2+1 Dimensions With A Demonstration By Modeling Soliton Instabilities, Jeffrey Yepez, George Vahala, Linda L. Vahala

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

A lattice-based quantum algorithm is presented to model the non-linear Schrödinger-like equations in 2 + 1 dimensions. In this lattice-based model, using only 2 qubits per node, a sequence of unitary collide (qubit-qubit interaction) and stream (qubit translation) operators locally evolve a discrete field of probability amplitudes that in the long-wavelength limit accurately approximates a non-relativistic scalar wave function. The collision operator locally entangles pairs of qubits followed by a streaming operator that spreads the entanglement throughout the two dimensional lattice. The quantum algorithmic scheme employs a non-linear potential that is proportional to the moduli square of the wave function. The ...


Extreme Sensitivity Of Differential Momentum Transfer Cross Sections To Target Atom Initial Conditions, Ronald E. Olson, J. Fiol Dec 2005

Extreme Sensitivity Of Differential Momentum Transfer Cross Sections To Target Atom Initial Conditions, Ronald E. Olson, J. Fiol

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Heavy-particle cross sections differential in the momentum transferred to the target are investigated using the classical trajectory Monte Carlo method. with the 3.6  MeV/u Au53++He system as a test case, it is shown that these cross sections are extremely sensitive to the initial target temperature. In particular, when thermal motion is varied for one of the target's initial momentum components between 0 and 25 K the absolute cross sections vary by orders of magnitude and, in addition, their relative shapes undergo major changes. We find that by setting one of the target's transverse momenta to ...


Fractal Dimensions In Perceptual Color Space: A Comparison Study Using Jackson Pollock’S Art, Jonas R. Mureika Dec 2005

Fractal Dimensions In Perceptual Color Space: A Comparison Study Using Jackson Pollock’S Art, Jonas R. Mureika

Physics Faculty Works

The fractal dimensions of color-specific paint patterns in various Jackson Pollock paintings are calculated using a filtering process that models perceptual response to color differences (L*a*b* color space). The advantage of the L*a*b* space filtering method over traditional red-green-blue (RGB) spaces is that the former is a perceptually uniform (metric) space, leading to a more consistent definition of “perceptually different” colors. It is determined that the RGB filtering method underestimates the perceived fractal dimension of lighter-colored patterns but not of darker ones, if the same selection criteria is applied to each. Implications of the findings to ...


Investigation Of The Probe-Sample Interaction In The Ultrasonic/Shear-Force Microscope: The Phononic Friction Mechanism, Xiquan Cui, Andres H. La Rosa Dec 2005

Investigation Of The Probe-Sample Interaction In The Ultrasonic/Shear-Force Microscope: The Phononic Friction Mechanism, Xiquan Cui, Andres H. La Rosa

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The dissipative and conservative interactions between a sharp probe and a flat Si sample in the ultrasonic/shear-force microscope are investigated. It is shown that, when working in the ambient condition, there are two distinct probe-sample interaction regions: the pure dissipative interaction region in the relatively far probe-sample distance, and the highly correlated dissipative and conservative interaction region in the close probe-sample distance. The ultrasonic data suggest that the phonon generation is a dissipative channel for the probe-sample interaction in the shear force microscope. A shaking potential model is proposed to explain the phononic friction mechanism


Mutual Ionization In 200-Kev H⁻+ He Collisions, T. Ferger, Daniel Fischer, Michael Schulz, R. Moshammer, A. B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, J. Ullrich Dec 2005

Mutual Ionization In 200-Kev H⁻+ He Collisions, T. Ferger, Daniel Fischer, Michael Schulz, R. Moshammer, A. B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, J. Ullrich

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We studied mutual ionization in 200-keV H-+He collisions in a kinematically complete experiment by measuring the fully momentum-analyzed recoil ions and both active electrons in coincidence. Comparison of the data to our calculations, based on various theoretical models, show that mutual ionization proceeds predominantly through the interaction between both electrons. The post-collision interaction between the outgoing ejected electrons as well as higher order processes involving the interaction between the core of both collision partners are also important.


Nonrelativistic Qed Approach To The Lamb Shift, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Andrzej Czarnecki, Krzysztof Pachucki Dec 2005

Nonrelativistic Qed Approach To The Lamb Shift, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Andrzej Czarnecki, Krzysztof Pachucki

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We calculate the one- and two-loop corrections of order α(Zα)6 and α2(Zα)6, respectively, to the Lamb shift in hydrogenlike systems using the formalism of nonrelativistic quantum electrodynamics. We obtain general results valid for all hydrogenic states with nonvanishing orbital angular momentum and for the normalized difference of S states. These results involve the expectation value of local effective operators and relativistic corrections to Bethe logarithms. The one-loop correction is in agreement with previous calculations for the particular cases of S, P, and D states. The two-loop correction in the order α2(Zα)6 includes ...


Theoretical Analysis Of Mound Slope Selection During Unstable Multilayer Growth, Maozhi Li, James W. Evans Dec 2005

Theoretical Analysis Of Mound Slope Selection During Unstable Multilayer Growth, Maozhi Li, James W. Evans

Mathematics Publications

A "step dynamics" model is developed for mound formation during multilayer homoepitaxy. Downward funneling of atoms deposited at step edges is incorporated and controls mound slope selection. Behavior of the selected slope differs from that predicted by phenomenological continuum treatments where the lateral mass current vanishes identically. Instead, this current is shown to vary periodically and vanish only on average. An exact coarse-grained continuum formulation with appropriate boundary conditions is derived and recovers step dynamics results.


Ferroelectric Polymer Langmuir–Blodgett Films For Nonvolatile Memory Applications, Stephen Ducharme, Timothy J. Reece, Christina M. Othon, R. K. Rannow Dec 2005

Ferroelectric Polymer Langmuir–Blodgett Films For Nonvolatile Memory Applications, Stephen Ducharme, Timothy J. Reece, Christina M. Othon, R. K. Rannow

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We review the potential for integrating ferroelectric polymer Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) films with semiconductor technology to produce nonvolatile ferroelectric random-access memory (NV-FRAM or NV-FeRAM) and data-storage devices. The prototype material is a copolymer consisting of 70% vinylidene fluoride (VDF) and 30% trifluoroethylene (TrFE), or P(VDF-TrFE 70:30). Recent work with LB films and more conventional solventformed films shows that the VDF copolymers are promising materials for nonvolatile memory applications. The prototype device is themetal–ferroelectric–insulator–semiconductor (MFIS) capacitance memory. Field-effect transistor (FET)-based devices are also discussed. The LB films afford devices with low-voltage operation, but there are ...


Focused-Laser Interferometric Position Sensor, Stephen J. Friedman, Brett E. Barwick, Herman Batelaan Dec 2005

Focused-Laser Interferometric Position Sensor, Stephen J. Friedman, Brett E. Barwick, Herman Batelaan

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We describe a simple method to measure the position shifts of an object with a range of tens of micrometers using a focused-laser (FL) interferometric position sensor. In this article we examine the effects of mechanical vibration on FL and Michelson interferometers. We tested both interferometers using vibration amplitudes ranging from 0 to 20 μm. Our FL interferometer has a resolution much better than the diffraction grating periodicities of 10 and 14 μm used in our experiments. A FL interferometer provides improved mechanical stability at the expense of spatial resolution. Our experimental results show that Michelson interferometers cannot be used ...


Photonic Bandgaps Of Conformally Coated Structures, Rana Biswas, Jinho Ahn, Taoho Lee, Jae-Hwang Lee, Yong-Sung Kim, Chang-Hwan Kim, Wai Y. Leung, Cha-Hwan Oh, Kristen P. Constant, Kai-Ming Ho Dec 2005

Photonic Bandgaps Of Conformally Coated Structures, Rana Biswas, Jinho Ahn, Taoho Lee, Jae-Hwang Lee, Yong-Sung Kim, Chang-Hwan Kim, Wai Y. Leung, Cha-Hwan Oh, Kristen P. Constant, Kai-Ming Ho

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Polymeric molds of the layer-by-layer photonic crystal can be economically synthesized with a microtransfer molding technique. The refractive indices of these molds are low, preventing formation of a photonic bandgap. We find that such molds can be conformally coated with higher-index material. Photonic band calculations find structures in which conformally coated layer-by-layer molds have complete bandgaps for both titania and silicon coatings. Large stop bands exist in the 001 stacking direction. Feasibility of experimental conformal coating of the molds has been demonstrated with a titania-coated polyurethane mold, which shows optical features in agreement with simulations of reflection and transmission.


Percolation Quantum Phase Transitions In Diluted Magnets, Thomas Vojta, Jörg Schmalian Nov 2005

Percolation Quantum Phase Transitions In Diluted Magnets, Thomas Vojta, Jörg Schmalian

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We show that the interplay of geometric criticality and quantum fluctuations leads to a novel universality class for the percolation quantum phase transition in diluted magnets. All critical exponents involving dynamical correlations are different from the classical percolation values, but in two dimensions they can nonetheless be determined exactly. We develop a complete scaling theory of this transition, and we relate it to recent experiments in La2Cu1-p(Zn,Mg)pO4. Our results are also relevant for disordered interacting boson systems.


Dynamics Of A Nanomechanical Resonator Coupled To A Superconducting Single-Electron Transistor, M. P. Blencowe, J. Imbers, A. D. Armour Nov 2005

Dynamics Of A Nanomechanical Resonator Coupled To A Superconducting Single-Electron Transistor, M. P. Blencowe, J. Imbers, A. D. Armour

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We present an analysis of the dynamics of a nanomechanical resonator coupled to a superconducting single-electron transistor (SSET) in the vicinity of Josephson quasi-particle (JQP) and double Josephson quasi-particle (DJQP) resonances. For weak coupling and wide separation of dynamical timescales, we find that for either superconducting resonances the dynamics of the resonator are given by a Fokker–Planck equation, i.e. the SSET behaves effectively as an equilibrium heat bath, characterized by an effective temperature, which also damps the resonator and renormalizes its frequency. Depending on the gate and drain–source voltage bias points with respect to the superconducting resonance ...


Fluorescence Measurements Of Expanding Strongly Coupled Neutral Plasmas, E. A. Cummings, J. E. Daily, Dallin S. Durfee, Scott D. Bergeson Nov 2005

Fluorescence Measurements Of Expanding Strongly Coupled Neutral Plasmas, E. A. Cummings, J. E. Daily, Dallin S. Durfee, Scott D. Bergeson

Faculty Publications

We report new detailed density profile measurements in expanding strongly coupled neutral calcium plasmas. Using laser-induced fluorescence techniques, we determine plasma densities in the range of 10^5 to 10^9 cm^-3 with a time resolution limit as small as 7 ns. Strong coupling in the plasma ions is inferred directly from the fluorescence signals. Evidence for strong coupling at late times is presented, confirming a recent theoretical result.