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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Phase Stability, Ordering Tendencies, And Magnetism In Single-Phase Fcc Au-Fe Nanoalloys, I. A. Zhuravlev, S. V. Barabash, J. M. An, K. D. Belashchenko Oct 2017

Phase Stability, Ordering Tendencies, And Magnetism In Single-Phase Fcc Au-Fe Nanoalloys, I. A. Zhuravlev, S. V. Barabash, J. M. An, K. D. Belashchenko

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

Bulk Au-Fe alloys separate into Au-based fcc and Fe-based bcc phases, but L10 and L12 orderings were reported in single-phase Au-Fe nanoparticles. Motivated by these observations, we study the structural and ordering energetics in this alloy by combining density functional theory (DFT) calculations with effective Hamiltonian techniques: a cluster expansion with structural filters, and the configuration-dependent lattice deformation model. The phase separation tendency in Au-Fe persists even if the fcc-bcc decomposition is suppressed. The relative stability of disordered bcc and fcc phases observed in nanoparticles is reproduced, but the fully ordered L10 AuFe, L12 Au3Fe, and L12 AuFe3 structures are ...


Distance Verification For Classical And Quantum Ldpc Codes, Ilya Dumer, Alexey Kovalev, Leonid P. Pryadko Jul 2017

Distance Verification For Classical And Quantum Ldpc Codes, Ilya Dumer, Alexey Kovalev, Leonid P. Pryadko

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

The techniques of distance verification known for general linear codes are first applied to the quantum stabilizer codes. Then, these techniques are considered for classical and quantum (stabilizer) low-density-parity-check (LDPC) codes. New complexity bounds for distance verification with provable performance are derived using the average weight spectra of the ensembles of LDPC codes. These bounds are expressed in terms of the erasure-correcting capacity of the corresponding ensemble. We also present a new irreducible-cluster technique that can be applied to any LDPC code and takes advantage of parity-checks’ sparsity for both the classical and quantum LDPC codes. This technique reduces complexity ...


Reversible Spin Texture In Ferroelectric Hfo2, L. L. Tao, Tula R. Paudel, Alexey Kovalev, Evgeny Tsymbal Jun 2017

Reversible Spin Texture In Ferroelectric Hfo2, L. L. Tao, Tula R. Paudel, Alexey Kovalev, Evgeny Tsymbal

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

Spin-orbit coupling effects occurring in noncentrosymmetric materials are known to be responsible for nontrivial spin configurations and a number of emergent physical phenomena. Ferroelectric materials may be especially interesting in this regard due to reversible spontaneous polarization making possible a nonvolatile electrical control of the spin degrees of freedom. Here, we explore a technologically relevant oxide material, HfO2, which has been shown to exhibit robust ferroelectricity in a noncentrosymmetric orthorhombic phase. Using theoretical modelling based on density-functional theory, we investigate the spin-dependent electronic structure of the ferroelectric HfO2 and demonstrate the appearance of chiral spin textures driven by spin-orbit coupling ...


Pumping Of Magnons In A Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Ferromagnet, Alexey Kovalev, Vladimir Zyuzin, Bo Li Apr 2017

Pumping Of Magnons In A Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Ferromagnet, Alexey Kovalev, Vladimir Zyuzin, Bo Li

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We formulate a microscopic linear response theory of magnon pumping applicable to multiple-magnonic-band uniform ferromagnets with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. From the linear response theory, we identify the extrinsic and intrinsic contributions where the latter is expressed via the Berry curvature of magnonic bands. We observe that in the presence of a time-dependent magnetization Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions can act as fictitious electric fields acting on magnons. We study various current responses to this fictitious field and analyze the role of Berry curvature. In particular, we obtain an analog of the Hall-like response in systems with nontrivial Berry curvature of magnon bands. After identifying ...


Two-Color Multiphoton Emission From Nanotips, Wayne Cheng-Wei Huang, Maria Becker, Joshua Beck, Herman Batelaan Feb 2017

Two-Color Multiphoton Emission From Nanotips, Wayne Cheng-Wei Huang, Maria Becker, Joshua Beck, Herman Batelaan

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

Two-color multiphoton emission from polycrystalline tungsten nanotips has been demonstrated using two-color laser fields. The two-color photoemission is assisted by a three-photon multicolor quantum channel, which leads to a twofold increase in quantum efficiency. Weak-field control of two- color multiphoton emission was achieved by changing the efficiency of the quantum channel with pulse delay. The result of this study complements two-color tunneling photoemission in strong fields, and has potential applications for nanowire-based photonic devices. Moreover, the demonstrated two-color multiphoton emission may be important for realizing ultrafast spin-polarized electron sources via optically injected spin current.


Structure Evolution And Multiferroic Properties In Cobalt Doped Bi4Ndti3Fe1-XCoXO15- Bi3Ndti2Fe1-XCoxo12-Δ Intergrowth Aurivillius Compounds, D. L. Zhang, W. C. Huang, Z. W. Chen, W. B. Zhao, L. Feng, M. Li, Y. W. Yin, S. N. Dong, X. G. Li Jan 2017

Structure Evolution And Multiferroic Properties In Cobalt Doped Bi4Ndti3Fe1-XCoXO15- Bi3Ndti2Fe1-XCoxo12-Δ Intergrowth Aurivillius Compounds, D. L. Zhang, W. C. Huang, Z. W. Chen, W. B. Zhao, L. Feng, M. Li, Y. W. Yin, S. N. Dong, X. G. Li

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

Here, we report the structure evolution, magnetic and ferroelectric properties in Co-doped 4- and 3-layered intergrowth Aurivillius compounds Bi4NdTi3Fe1-x CoxO15-Bi3NdTi2Fe1-xCoxO12-δ. The compounds suffer a structure evolution from the parent 4-layered phase (Bi4NdTi3FeO15) to 3-layered phase (Bi3NdTi2CoO12-δ) with increasing cobalt doping level from 0 to 1. Meanwhile the remanent magnetization and polarization show opposite variation tendencies against the doping level, and the sample with x = 0.3 has the ...


Dualism Between Optical And Difference Parametric Amplification, Wayne Cheng-Wei Huang, Herman Batelaan Jan 2017

Dualism Between Optical And Difference Parametric Amplification, Wayne Cheng-Wei Huang, Herman Batelaan

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

Breaking the symmetry in a coupled wave system can result in unusual amplification behavior. In the case of difference parametric amplification the resonant pump frequency is equal to the difference, instead of the sum, frequency of the normal modes. We show that sign reversal in the symmetry relation of parametric coupling give rise to difference parametric amplification as a dual of optical parametric amplification. For optical systems, our result can potentially be used for efficient XUV amplification.