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Kent State University

2010

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Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Lyotropic Chromonic Liquid Crystal Semiconductors For Water-Solution Processable Organic Electronics, V. G. Nazarenko, O. P. Boiko, M. I. Anisimov, A. K. Kadashchuk, Yuriy A. Nastishin, A. B. Golovin, Oleg Lavrentovich Dec 2010

Lyotropic Chromonic Liquid Crystal Semiconductors For Water-Solution Processable Organic Electronics, V. G. Nazarenko, O. P. Boiko, M. I. Anisimov, A. K. Kadashchuk, Yuriy A. Nastishin, A. B. Golovin, Oleg Lavrentovich

Chemical Physics Publications

We propose lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals (LCLCs) as a distinct class of materials for organic electronics. In water, the chromonic molecules stack on top of each other into elongated aggregates that form orientationally ordered phases. The aligned aggregated structure is preserved when the material is deposited onto a substrate and dried. The dried LCLC films show a strongly anisotropic electric conductivity of semiconductor type. The field-effect carrier mobility measured along the molecular aggregates in unoptimized films of LCLC V20 is 0.03 cm(2) V-1 s(-1). Easy processibility, low cost, and high mobility demonstrate the potential of LCLCs for ...


Surface Alignment, Anchoring Transitions, Optical Properties, And Topological Defects In The Nematic Phase Of Thermotropic Bent-Core Liquid Crystal A131, B. Senyuk, H. Wonderly, M. Mathews, Q. Li, Sergij V. Shiyanovskii, Oleg Lavrentovich Oct 2010

Surface Alignment, Anchoring Transitions, Optical Properties, And Topological Defects In The Nematic Phase Of Thermotropic Bent-Core Liquid Crystal A131, B. Senyuk, H. Wonderly, M. Mathews, Q. Li, Sergij V. Shiyanovskii, Oleg Lavrentovich

Chemical Physics Publications

We study optical, structural, and surface anchoring properties of thermotropic nematic bent-core material A131. The focus is on the features associated with orientational order as the material has been reported to exhibit not only the usual uniaxial nematic but also the biaxial nematic phase. We demonstrate that A131 experiences a surface anchoring transition from a perpendicular to tilted alignment when the temperature decreases. The features of the tilted state are consistent with surface-induced birefringence associated with smectic layering near the surface and a molecular tilt that changes along the normal to the substrates. The surface-induced birefringence is reduced to zero ...


Nematic Biaxiality In A Bent-Core Material, Hyungguen Yoon, Shin-Woong Kang, Ronald Y. Dong, Alberto Marini, Kattera A. Suresh, Mohan Srinivasarao, Satyendra Kumar May 2010

Nematic Biaxiality In A Bent-Core Material, Hyungguen Yoon, Shin-Woong Kang, Ronald Y. Dong, Alberto Marini, Kattera A. Suresh, Mohan Srinivasarao, Satyendra Kumar

Physics Publications

The results of a recent investigation of the nematic biaxiality in a bent-core mesogen (A131) are in apparent disagreement with earlier claims. Samples of mesogen A131 used in the two studies were investigated with polarized optical microscopy, conoscopy, carbon-13 NMR, and crossover frequency measurements. The results demonstrate that textural changes associated with the growth of biaxial nematic order appear at similar to 149 degrees C. The Maltese cross observed in the conoscopic figure gradually splits into two isogyres at lower temperatures indicating phase biaxiality. Presence of the uniaxial to biaxial nematic phase transition is further confirmed by temperature trends of ...