Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Series

Materials Science and Engineering

2003

Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Ab Initio Study Of The Ideal Tensile Strength And Mechanical Stability Of Transition-Metal Disilicides, Martin Friák, Mojmír Šob, Vaclav Vitek Nov 2003

Ab Initio Study Of The Ideal Tensile Strength And Mechanical Stability Of Transition-Metal Disilicides, Martin Friák, Mojmír Šob, Vaclav Vitek

Departmental Papers (MSE)

The ideal tensile test in transition metal disilicides MoSi2 and WSi2 with a C11b structure is simulated by ab initio electronic structure calculations using the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave method. The theoretical tensile strength for [001] loading is determined for both disilicides and compared with that of other materials. A full relaxation of all external and one internal structural parameter is performed, and the influence of each relaxation process on energetics and strength of materials studied is investigated. Differences in the behavior of various interatomic bonds including tension-compression asymmetry are analyzed and their origin in connection ...


Identification Of Dynamic Properties Of Materials For The Nuclear Waste Package, Brendan O'Toole, Mohamed Trabia, Amy J. Smiecinski Oct 2003

Identification Of Dynamic Properties Of Materials For The Nuclear Waste Package, Brendan O'Toole, Mohamed Trabia, Amy J. Smiecinski

Publications (YM)

Stainless steel 316L, titanium alloy grade 7, and alloy C22 are currently under consideration as candidate materials for use in various components associated with the spent nuclear fuel package, which must be designed to withstand structural deformation caused by static, thermal, and handling loads. In addition, it has to maintain its integrity in case of accidents, where it may be subjected to high loads over a very short period of time. Mechanical characteristics of these three materials under dynamic loading are not well documented. This paper describes the procedures and results obtained from experiments performed over a range of slow ...


Task 32 Delayed Hydride Cracking Of Spent Fuel Cladding Under Repository Conditions, Ajit K. Roy, Anthony Hechanova, Amy J. Smiecinski Sep 2003

Task 32 Delayed Hydride Cracking Of Spent Fuel Cladding Under Repository Conditions, Ajit K. Roy, Anthony Hechanova, Amy J. Smiecinski

Publications (YM)

The objective of this quality-affecting task is to evaluate the susceptibility of spent nuclear fuel cladding materials (zirconium alloys) to stress corrosion cracking (SCC), delayed hydride cracking (DHC) and localized corrosion (pitting/crevice) in simulated repository environments. During the first year of this project, major efforts were focused on developing the infrastructure for performing the desired testing involving two highly corrosion-resistant alloys namely, zircaloy-2 (Zr-2) and zircaloy-4 (Zr-4) in simulated concentrated acidic water (SAW) and modified SAW (SAWM). Modification of the SAW chemistry was done by adding hydrochloric acid (HC1) to achieve lower pH. The construction of the "Materials Performance ...


Design And Analysis For Melt Casting Metallic Fuel Pins Incorporating Volatile Actinides: Quarterly Progress Report 5/16/03- 8/15/03, Yitung Chen, Randy Clarksean, Darrell Pepper Aug 2003

Design And Analysis For Melt Casting Metallic Fuel Pins Incorporating Volatile Actinides: Quarterly Progress Report 5/16/03- 8/15/03, Yitung Chen, Randy Clarksean, Darrell Pepper

Fuels Campaign (TRP)

The analysis of mold filling and solidification continues with progress being made for the consideration of these two features within one model. Analysis of the induction heating process of an Induction Skull Melter (ISM) is under study. Efforts are underway to validate the modeling procedure and specific comparisons are being made to previously published work. Few detailed modeling results have been reported by other researchers, making the validations an important part of the overall modeling process. Skin heating depths, power deposition rates, and other process parameters are being evaluated for use in upcoming furnace design simulations. Efforts are beginning on ...


Highly Directional Receiver And Source Antennas Using Photonic Band Gap Crystals, Rana Biswas, Gary L. Tuttle, Ekmel Ozbay, Burak Temelkuran, Mihail Sigalas, Kai-Ming Ho Jul 2003

Highly Directional Receiver And Source Antennas Using Photonic Band Gap Crystals, Rana Biswas, Gary L. Tuttle, Ekmel Ozbay, Burak Temelkuran, Mihail Sigalas, Kai-Ming Ho

Iowa State University Patents

A directional antenna made with photonic band gap structures has been presented. The directional antenna is formed with two photonic band gap structures oriented back to back and separated from each other by a distance to form a resonant cavity between the photonic band gap structures. An antenna element is placed in the resonant cavity. The resonant frequency of the cavity is tuned by adjusting the distance between the photonic band gap structures. The resonant cavity can be asymmetrical or symmetrical.


Method Of Making Active Magnetic Refrigerant, Colossal Magnetostriction And Giant Magnetoresistive Materials Based On Gd-Si-Ge Alloys, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., Alexandra O. Pecharsky, Vitalij K. Pecharsky Jul 2003

Method Of Making Active Magnetic Refrigerant, Colossal Magnetostriction And Giant Magnetoresistive Materials Based On Gd-Si-Ge Alloys, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., Alexandra O. Pecharsky, Vitalij K. Pecharsky

Iowa State University Patents

Method of making an active magnetic refrigerant represented by Gd5(SixGe1−x)4alloy for 0≦x≦1.0 comprising placing amounts of the commercially pure Gd, Si,and Ge charge components in a crucible, heating the charge contents under subambient pressure to a melting temperature of the alloy for a time sufficient to homogenize the alloy and oxidize carbon with oxygen present in the Gd charge component to reduce carbon, rapidly solidifying the alloy in the crucible, and heat treating the solidified alloy at a temperature below the melting temperature for a time effective to ...


Comment On: 'Depolarization Corrections To The Coercive Field In Thin-Film Ferroelectrics', Stephen Ducharme, Vladimir Fridkin Jul 2003

Comment On: 'Depolarization Corrections To The Coercive Field In Thin-Film Ferroelectrics', Stephen Ducharme, Vladimir Fridkin

Stephen Ducharme Publications

The Letter by Dawber et al. [J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 15 L393 (2003)] notes that incomplete screening in the electrodes of a ferroelectric capacitor can result in an underestimate for the true coercive field in films of nanometer thickness. We show that their estimate of the magnitude of this correction it too large in the case of ferroelectric copolymer Langmuir- Blodgett films and, as a result, invalidates the claim that finite-size scaling of the ferroelectric coercive field is evident in films thinner than 15 nm.


Design And Analysis For Melt Casting Metallic Fuel Pins Incorporating Volatile Actinides: Quarterly Progress Report 2/16/03- 5/15/03, Yitung Chen, Randy Clarksean, Darrell Pepper May 2003

Design And Analysis For Melt Casting Metallic Fuel Pins Incorporating Volatile Actinides: Quarterly Progress Report 2/16/03- 5/15/03, Yitung Chen, Randy Clarksean, Darrell Pepper

Fuels Campaign (TRP)

Progress continues on the analysis of casting and solidification of the melt into molds. Modeling results for constant pressure casting, which is more realistic, have been obtained and produce physically realistic results for flow that starts, flows, and then eventually stops as it enters the mold. Potential mass transfer modeling features (Lammuir’s law for example) are being studied to enhance the capabilities of a mass transfer in a detailed system model. Different parameters are being varied as part of a parametric study to evaluate factors that impact the flow of the melt into the molds. The ability to include ...


Magnetic Field Induced Phase Transitions In Gd5(Si1.95ge2.05) Single Crystal And The Anisotropic Magnetocaloric Effect, H. Tang, A. O. Pecharsky, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr. May 2003

Magnetic Field Induced Phase Transitions In Gd5(Si1.95ge2.05) Single Crystal And The Anisotropic Magnetocaloric Effect, H. Tang, A. O. Pecharsky, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr.

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Magnetization measurements using a Gd5(Si1.95Ge2.05) single crystal with the magnetic field applied along three crystallographic directions, [001], [010] and [100], were carried out as a function of the applied field (0–56 kOe) at various temperatures (∼5–320 K). The magnetic field (H)–temperature (T) phase diagrams were constructed for theGd5(Si1.95Ge2.05) single crystal with field along the three directions. A small anisotropy was observed. The magnetocaloric effect was calculated from isothermal magnetization data, and the observed anisotropy correlates with the HT phase diagrams. The results ...


Magnetism, Elasticity, And Magnetostriction Of Fecoga Alloys, Liyang Dai, James Cullen, Manfred Wuttig, Thomas A. Lograsso, Eckhard Quandt May 2003

Magnetism, Elasticity, And Magnetostriction Of Fecoga Alloys, Liyang Dai, James Cullen, Manfred Wuttig, Thomas A. Lograsso, Eckhard Quandt

Ames Laboratory Publications

It is known that the substitution of Co for Fe gives rise to increases in magnetization and Curie temperature, not only in the bcc metals, but also in intermetallic compounds and alloys as well. With the expectation that this is the case in Co-substituted FeGa, we measured magnetization, Curie temperature, magnetostriction and elastic constants of a series of polycrystalline FeCoGa ternary alloys with up to 17% Ga and up to 10% Co. The magnetostriction at saturation for Fe0.93−xCo.07Gax increases to 90 ppm for x=0.17. For larger percentages of Co, the rise ...


Extraordinary Magnetoelasticity And Lattice Softening In Bcc Fe-Ga Alloys, A. E. Clark, K. B. Hathaway, M. Wun-Fogle, J. B. Restorff, Thomas A. Lograsso, V. M. Keppens, G. Petculescu, R. A. Taylor May 2003

Extraordinary Magnetoelasticity And Lattice Softening In Bcc Fe-Ga Alloys, A. E. Clark, K. B. Hathaway, M. Wun-Fogle, J. B. Restorff, Thomas A. Lograsso, V. M. Keppens, G. Petculescu, R. A. Taylor

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Extraordinary magnetostrictive behavior has been observed in Fe-Ga alloys with concentrations of Ga between 4% and 27%. λ100 exhibits two peaks as a function of Ga content. At room temperature, λ100 reaches a maximum of 265 ppm near 19% Ga and 235 ppm near 27% Ga. For compositions between 19% and 27%, λ100 drops sharply to a minimum near 24% Ga and exhibits an anomalous temperature dependence, decreasing by as much as a factor of 2 at low temperatures. This unusual magnetostrictive behavior is interpreted on the basis of a single maximum in the magnetoelastic coupling ∣b ...


In Situ Applied Field Imaging Of A Magnetic Tunnel Junction Using Magnetic Force Microscopy, J. S. Leib, Chester C.H. Lo, John E. Snyder, David C. Jiles May 2003

In Situ Applied Field Imaging Of A Magnetic Tunnel Junction Using Magnetic Force Microscopy, J. S. Leib, Chester C.H. Lo, John E. Snyder, David C. Jiles

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Knowledge of domain behavior in magnetic tunnel junctions is an essential component, together with knowledge of the electron band structure, for understanding their magnetoelectronic properties. To this purpose, the magnetization reversal processes of a multilayertunnel junction of structure substrate/NiFe/AlOx/FeCo/CrPtMn/Al of tapered half-ellipsoid shape have been imaged using a magnetic force microscope(MFM) within situ applied magnetic fields. Stripe domains through both the stack and free layers observed at zero applied field were erased by a ∼100 Oe field applied to the left followed by applying a small field to the right. Magnetic domain structure ...


Design And Analysis Of A Process For Melt Casting Metallic Fuel Pins Incorporating Volatile Actinides, Yitung Chen, Darrel W. Pepper, Randy Clarksean Feb 2003

Design And Analysis Of A Process For Melt Casting Metallic Fuel Pins Incorporating Volatile Actinides, Yitung Chen, Darrel W. Pepper, Randy Clarksean

Fuels Campaign (TRP)

UNLV has developed and will continue to develop process models for the analysis of melt casting processes. This work will continue to be performed under the guidance of Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) engineers to insure that their knowledge and experience benefits the project. The research to be conducted during year three will center on performing detailed analyses on a conceptual design of an inductively heated skull-crucible casting furnace. Processing conditions will be analyzed, basic models utilized, and detailed heat and mass transfer models will be developed to analyze the most promising processes. The goal of this third year is to ...


Experimental Investigation Of Steel Corrosion In Lead Bismuth Eutectic (Lbe): Characterization, Species Identification, And Chemical Reactions, John Farley, Dale L. Perry, Allen L. Johnson Feb 2003

Experimental Investigation Of Steel Corrosion In Lead Bismuth Eutectic (Lbe): Characterization, Species Identification, And Chemical Reactions, John Farley, Dale L. Perry, Allen L. Johnson

Transmutation Sciences Materials (TRP)

The goal of the present research is to achieve a basic understanding of corrosion of steels by Lead Bismuth Eutectic (LBE). Liquid LBE is under consideration in the transmuter as both a spallation target and as a blanket coolant. There have been previous studies of LBE, especially by the Russians, who have over 80 reactor-years experience with LBE coolant in their Alpha-class submarine reactors. The Russians found that the presence of small amounts (ppm) of oxygen in the LBE significantly reduced corrosion. However, a fundamental understanding and verification of its role in the corrosion of steels is still very incomplete ...


Corrosion Of Steel By Lead Bismuth Eutectic: Quarterly Report November- December 2002 January 2003, John Farley Feb 2003

Corrosion Of Steel By Lead Bismuth Eutectic: Quarterly Report November- December 2002 January 2003, John Farley

Transmutation Sciences Materials (TRP)

We continue to get valuable data from sputter depth profiling of steel samples. We meet weekly to discuss progress. We took depth-profiling data on D9 steel that had been exposed to LBE. This the first time we have examined this type of steel. This is important because it will enable us to separate out two effects and determine their effect on corrosion: composition of the steel vs surface preparation.

We started to plan a small experiments using a crucible of heated LBE, with the research program to be conducted at UNLV, on basic aspects of corrosion in this system. The ...


Ultrafine Nife2o4 Powder Fabricated From Reverse Microemulsion Process, Jiye Fang, Narayan Shama, Le Duc Tung, Eun Young Shin, Charles J. O'Connor, Kevin L. Stokes, Gabriel Caruntu, John B. Wiley, Leonard Spinu, Jinke Tang Jan 2003

Ultrafine Nife2o4 Powder Fabricated From Reverse Microemulsion Process, Jiye Fang, Narayan Shama, Le Duc Tung, Eun Young Shin, Charles J. O'Connor, Kevin L. Stokes, Gabriel Caruntu, John B. Wiley, Leonard Spinu, Jinke Tang

Physics Faculty Publications

NiFe2O4 ultrafine powder with high crystallinity has been prepared through a reverse microemulsion route. The composition in starting solution was optimized, and the resulting NiFe2O4 was formed at temperature of around 550–600 °C, which is much lower than that observed from the solid-state reaction. Magnetic investigation indicates that samples are soft-magnetic materials with low coercivity and with the saturation magnetization close to the bulk value of Ni ferrite.


Origin Of Particle Clustering In A Simulated Polymer Nanocomposite And Its Impact On Rheology, Francis W. Starr, J. F. Douglas, S. C. Glotzer Jan 2003

Origin Of Particle Clustering In A Simulated Polymer Nanocomposite And Its Impact On Rheology, Francis W. Starr, J. F. Douglas, S. C. Glotzer

Division III Faculty Publications

Many nanoparticles have short-range interactions relative to their size, and these interactions tend to be ‘‘patchy’’ since the interatomic spacing is comparable to the nanoparticle size. For a dispersion of such particles, it is not a priori obvious what mechanism will control the clustering of the nanoparticles, and how the clustering will be affected by tuning various control parameters. To gain insight into these questions, we perform molecular dynamics simulations of polyhedral nanoparticles in a dense bead–spring polymer melt under both quiescent and steady shear conditions. We explore the mechanism that controls nanoparticle clustering and find that the crossover ...


Corrosion Of Steel By Lead Bismuth Eutectic, John Farley, Allen L. Johnson, Dale L. Perry Jan 2003

Corrosion Of Steel By Lead Bismuth Eutectic, John Farley, Allen L. Johnson, Dale L. Perry

Transmutation Sciences Materials (TRP)

Materials for transmuter systems must be able to tolerate high neutron fluxes, great temperatures, and chemical corrosion. For lead bismuth eutectic (LBE) systems, there is an additional challenge in that the corrosive behaviors of materials in LBE are not well understood. Most of the available information on LBE systems has come from the Russians, who have over 80 reactor-years experience with LBE coolant in their Alpha-class submarine reactors. The Russians found that the presence of small amounts of oxygen (on the order of parts per million) in the LBE significantly reduced corrosion. However, a fundamental understanding and verification of its ...


Surface Studies Of Corrosion Of Stainless Steel By Lead Bismuth Eutectic, Daniel Koury, Brian D. Hosterman, John Farley, Dale L. Perry, D. Parsons, J. Manzerova, Allen L. Johnson Jan 2003

Surface Studies Of Corrosion Of Stainless Steel By Lead Bismuth Eutectic, Daniel Koury, Brian D. Hosterman, John Farley, Dale L. Perry, D. Parsons, J. Manzerova, Allen L. Johnson

Transmutation Sciences Materials (TRP)

Why is Lead Bismuth Eutectic Important?

• Changing national security stances have led to reexamination of nuclear waste reprocessing

• Dangerous actinides can be separated and

• Transmuted into safer products, creating a waste form dangerous for only hundreds of years, in addition to the production (up to 1/3 of the original fission energy) of useful energy

• Non-moderating coolants or spallation targets for production of fast neutrons is required for transmutation

• Russian experience with LBE coolants in their nuclear submarine fleet makes LBE an attractive possible transmutation coolant technology

• Corrosion of steel by LBE is an important sticking point in the utilization ...


Fabrication Of Photonic Band Gap Crystal Using Microtransfer Molded Templates, Wai Y. Leung, Henry Kang, Kristen P. Constant, D. Cann, Chang-Hwan Kim, Rana Biswas, M. M. Sigalas, Kai-Ming Ho Jan 2003

Fabrication Of Photonic Band Gap Crystal Using Microtransfer Molded Templates, Wai Y. Leung, Henry Kang, Kristen P. Constant, D. Cann, Chang-Hwan Kim, Rana Biswas, M. M. Sigalas, Kai-Ming Ho

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

We have proposed and demonstrated an economical technique to fabricate a three-dimensional layer-by-layer photonic band gapstructure in the infrared wavelengths. An organic polymer template structure, an inverse layer-by-layer photonic crystalstructure, is assembled using the microtransfer molding technique. This template is infiltrated with sol-gel or nanoparticle titanium oxide slurry, then later removed by heat treatment at a temperature range of 550–800 °C. This method can be extended to fabricatephotonic crystals operating at optical and ultraviolet frequencies.