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Biological and Chemical Physics

Chemistry & Physics Faculty Publications

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Continued Development Of An Empirical Function For Predicting And Rationalizing Protein–Protein Binding Affinities, Joseph Audie Aug 2009

Continued Development Of An Empirical Function For Predicting And Rationalizing Protein–Protein Binding Affinities, Joseph Audie

Chemistry & Physics Faculty Publications

Here we summarize recent work on the continued development of our fast and simple empirical equation for predicting and structurally rationalizing protein–protein and protein–peptide binding affinities. Our empirical expression consists of six regression-weighted physical descriptors and derives from two key simplifying assumptions: (1) the assumption of rigid-body association and (2) the assumption that all contributions not explicitly considered in the equation make a net contribution to binding of ≈0 kcal. Within the strict framework of rigid-body association, we tested relative binding affinity predictions using our empirical equation against the corresponding experimental binding free energy data for 197 interface ...


Development And Validation Of An Empirical Free Energy Function For Calculating Protein–Protein Binding Free Energy Surfaces, Joseph Audie Feb 2009

Development And Validation Of An Empirical Free Energy Function For Calculating Protein–Protein Binding Free Energy Surfaces, Joseph Audie

Chemistry & Physics Faculty Publications

In a previous paper, we described a novel empirical free energy function that was used to accurately predict experimental binding free energies for a diverse test set of 31 protein–protein complexes to within ≈1.0 kcal. Here, we extend that work and show that an updated version of the function can be used to (1) accurately predict native binding free energies and (2) rank crystallographic, native-like and non-native binding modes in a physically realistic manner. The modified function includes terms designed to capture some of the unfavorable interactions that characterize non-native interfaces. The function was used to calculate one-dimensional ...


A Novel Empirical Free Energy Function That Explains And Predicts Protein–Protein Binding Affinities, Joseph Audie, Suzanne Scarlata Sep 2007

A Novel Empirical Free Energy Function That Explains And Predicts Protein–Protein Binding Affinities, Joseph Audie, Suzanne Scarlata

Chemistry & Physics Faculty Publications

A free energy function can be defined as a mathematical expression that relates macroscopic free energy changes to microscopic or molecular properties. Free energy functions can be used to explain and predict the affinity of a ligand for a protein and to score and discriminate between native and non-native binding modes. However, there is a natural tension between developing a function fast enough to solve the scoring problem but rigorous enough to explain and predict binding affinities. Here, we present a novel, physics-based free energy function that is computationally inexpensive, yet explanatory and predictive. The function results from a derivation ...