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Chemical Physics Publications

2008

Liquid-crystal

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Polar And Nonpolar Orderings In The Electrically Induced Isotropic-Nematic Phase Transition, Mingxia Gu, Sergij V. Shiyanovskii, Oleg Lavrentovich Oct 2008

Polar And Nonpolar Orderings In The Electrically Induced Isotropic-Nematic Phase Transition, Mingxia Gu, Sergij V. Shiyanovskii, Oleg Lavrentovich

Chemical Physics Publications

We study the dynamics of the isotropic-nematic phase transition caused by an applied electric field at the time scales of dielectric relaxation. In the classic Landau-Khalatnikov theory of the phase transition dynamics, the nematic (nonpolar) order parameter is an instantaneous function of the applied field. We demonstrate that, when the field is changing faster than the time of dielectric relaxation, the induced polar order dynamics influences the dynamics of the nonpolar order parameter. We develop a model based on the Langevin equation to describe the simultaneous dynamics of both polar and nonpolar order parameters; the model is supported by experiment.