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University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Cepheids

Edward Schmidt Publications

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Spectra Of Type Ii Cepheid Candidates And Related Stars, Edward G. Schmidt, Danielle Rogalla, Lauren Thacker-Lynn Feb 2011

Spectra Of Type Ii Cepheid Candidates And Related Stars, Edward G. Schmidt, Danielle Rogalla, Lauren Thacker-Lynn

Edward Schmidt Publications

We present low-resolution spectra for variable stars in the Cepheid period range from the ROTSE-I Demonstration Project and the All Sky Automated Survey, some of which were previously identified as type II Cepheid candidates. We have derived effective temperatures, gravities, and metallicities from the spectra. Based on this, three types of variables were identified: Cepheid strip stars, cool stars that lie along the red subgiant and giant branch, and cool main-sequence stars. Many fewer type II Cepheids were found than expected and most have amplitudes less than 0.4 mag. The cool variables include many likely binaries as well as ...


V371 Per — A Thick-Disk, Short-Period F/1o Cepheid, P. Wils, A. A. Henden, S. Kleidis, Edward G. Schmidt, D. L. Welch Jan 2010

V371 Per — A Thick-Disk, Short-Period F/1o Cepheid, P. Wils, A. A. Henden, S. Kleidis, Edward G. Schmidt, D. L. Welch

Edward Schmidt Publications

V371 Per was found to be a double-mode Cepheid with a fundamental mode period of 1.738 days, the shortest among Galactic beat Cepheids, and an unusually high period ratio of 0.731, while the other Galactic beat Cepheids have period ratios between 0.697 and 0.713. The latter suggests that the star has a metallicity [Fe/H] between −1 and −0.7. The derived distance from the Galactic plane places it in the thick disk or the Halo, while all other Galactic beat Cepheids belong to the thin disk. There are indications from historical data that both the ...


Mining Sky Surveys For Astrophysically Interesting Variable Stars: The Cepheid Period Range, Edward G. Schmidt Jan 2009

Mining Sky Surveys For Astrophysically Interesting Variable Stars: The Cepheid Period Range, Edward G. Schmidt

Edward Schmidt Publications

We have undertaken a project to discover new type II Cepheids in two large-area sky surveys. However, most of the candidates from the surveys differ from type II Cepheids in their amplitude and period distributions and they form a separate, cooler sequence relative to the Cepheids in a temperature-gravity plot. We refer to these objects as "Cepheid-lke" stars. Many exhibit unstable pulsation which we illustrate with representative light curves.


Photometry Of Type Ii Cepheid Candidates From The Rotse-I Demonstration Project, Edward G. Schmidt, Shawn Langan, Danielle Rogalla, Lauren Thacker-Lynn Feb 2007

Photometry Of Type Ii Cepheid Candidates From The Rotse-I Demonstration Project, Edward G. Schmidt, Shawn Langan, Danielle Rogalla, Lauren Thacker-Lynn

Edward Schmidt Publications

We have obtained VR photometry of 205 Cepheid variable star candidates that were discovered in a small section of the Northern Sky Variability Survey. Given their locations and apparent magnitudes, any stars in this sample that are Cepheids are very likely to be type II Cepheids. On the basis of the regularity of variation, revised periods, light-curve morphology, slope of the color-magnitude relation, and color, we have identified 97 probable Cepheids and 17 possible Cepheids. While some of the photometric properties, particularly the colors, are consistent with the identification of these stars as Cepheids, the amplitudes are small compared to ...


Four-Color And Hβ Photometry Of Stars In Ngc 7654 And M25, Edward G. Schmidt Jan 1977

Four-Color And Hβ Photometry Of Stars In Ngc 7654 And M25, Edward G. Schmidt

Edward Schmidt Publications

Four-color and Hβ photometry has been obtained of stars in the galactic clusters NGC 7654 and M25. An analysis of these data shows variable extinction in both clusters. The distance modnlus of NGC 7654 is found to be 10m.99 ± 0.2 and that of M25 is 8m.68 ± 0.1.