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FullText Articles in Physics
Optically Induced Periodic Structures In SmecticC Liquid Crystals, Antal Jákli, A. Vajda, E. Benkler, Janossy, Peter PalffyMuhoray
Optically Induced Periodic Structures In SmecticC Liquid Crystals, Antal Jákli, A. Vajda, E. Benkler, Janossy, Peter PalffyMuhoray
Antal Jakli
We explore periodic structures of smecticC (SmC) liquid crystals, induced optically by a polarization grating. The studied cells contain a passive surface of rubbed polyimide and an active photosensitive substrate of atedye doped polyimide. In a nematic phase the director field can be periodic independent of the angle between the grating vector and the rubbing direction. In the SmA phase periodic structure can be induced only by layer undulations. The SmC behaves similarly to the nematic phase, but the director can rotate only on a cone, which results in a more complex geometry. The periodic pattern is superimposed with four ...
Topology And Metastability In The Lattice Skyrme Model, Alec Schramm, Benjamin Svetitsky
Topology And Metastability In The Lattice Skyrme Model, Alec Schramm, Benjamin Svetitsky
Alec J Schramm
We offer the Skyrme model on a lattice as an effective field theory—fully quantized—of baryonmeson interactions at temperatures below the chiral phase transition. We define a local topological density that involves the volumes of tetrahedra in the target space S3 and we make use of Coxeter’s formula for the Schläfli function to implement it. This permits us to calculate the meansquare radius of a Skyrmion in the threedimensional lattice Skyrme model, which may be viewed as a GinzburgLandau effective theory for the full quantum theory at finite temperature. We find that, contrary to expectations, the Skyrmion shrinks ...
Calculating The Tension Of Domain Wall Junctions And Vortices In Generalized WessZumino Models, M Shifman, Tonnis Ter Veldhuis
Calculating The Tension Of Domain Wall Junctions And Vortices In Generalized WessZumino Models, M Shifman, Tonnis Ter Veldhuis
Tonnis ter Veldhuis
No abstract provided.
Relaxation Dynamics Of Rubbed Polystyrene Thin Films, D. M. G. Agra, A. D. Schwab, JH. Kim, Satyendra Kumar, A. Dhinojwala
Relaxation Dynamics Of Rubbed Polystyrene Thin Films, D. M. G. Agra, A. D. Schwab, JH. Kim, Satyendra Kumar, A. Dhinojwala
Satyendra Kumar
Optical retardation measurements were used to probe the chain relaxation dynamics in rubbed polystyrene films of varying thicknesses on glass substrates. A model based on KohlrauschWilliamsWatts relaxation was developed and used to determine the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the films. Results showed reductions of 15–20 K in Tg for thin films of thicknesses comparable to the radius of gyration as well as for cast films rubbed with different strengths. These results provide evidence of a faster relaxation dynamics relative to the polymersubstrate interface for thinner films and enhanced chain mobility at the polymerair interface.
Measurements Of The Hyperpolarizability Tensor By Means Of HyperRayleigh Scattering, LiangChy Chien, V. Ostroverkhova, R. G. Petschek, K. D. Singer, L. Sukhomlinova, R. J. Twieg, S.X. Wang
Measurements Of The Hyperpolarizability Tensor By Means Of HyperRayleigh Scattering, LiangChy Chien, V. Ostroverkhova, R. G. Petschek, K. D. Singer, L. Sukhomlinova, R. J. Twieg, S.X. Wang
LiangChy Chien
We describe improvements to a previously reported hyperRayleigh scattering technique [J. Opt. Sec. Am. B 15, 289 (1998)], for measuring all rotational invariants of the first hyperpolarizability tensor. The full hyperRayleigh scattering tensor is expressed in terms of its rotationally invariant components leading to a figures of merit corresponding to each of the rotationally invariant tensors. With elliptically polarized incident light, the polarization state and the intensity of the harmonic light are measured at a scattering angle of 45 degrees. A new analytical fitting method is applied to the signal for two polarization measurements to yield the invariants. We have ...
On The Effect Of LongWavelength Electron Plasma Waves On LargeAngle Stimulated Raman Scattering Of Short Laser Pulse In Plasmas, Nikolai E. Andreev, Serguei Y. Kalmykov
On The Effect Of LongWavelength Electron Plasma Waves On LargeAngle Stimulated Raman Scattering Of Short Laser Pulse In Plasmas, Nikolai E. Andreev, Serguei Y. Kalmykov
Serge Youri Kalmykov
Spectral features of a largeangle stimulated Raman scattering (LA SRS) of a short electromagnetic pulse in an underdense plasma, which are caused by the presence in a plasma of a given linear longwavelength electron plasma wave (LW EPW), are investigated. It is shown that the LW EPW, whose phase velocity coincides with a group velocity of a pulse and a density perturbation normalized to a background electron density, \delta n_{LW} / n_0, exceeds the ratio of the electron plasma frequency to the laser frequency, \omega_{pe} / \omega_0, suppresses the wellknown Stokes branch of the weakly coupled LA SRS. Under the ...
Structure Variation Of Intersubband ElectronAcoustic Phonon Scattering Rate In Coupled Quantum Wells, K Pozela, S.B. Naran, J.P. Leburton, James Heyman
Structure Variation Of Intersubband ElectronAcoustic Phonon Scattering Rate In Coupled Quantum Wells, K Pozela, S.B. Naran, J.P. Leburton, James Heyman
James Heyman
No abstract provided.
FewCycle Thz Spectroscopy Of Nanostructures, K Unterrainer, R Kersting, R Bratschitsch, G Strasser, James Heyman, K.D. Maranowski, A.C. Gossard
FewCycle Thz Spectroscopy Of Nanostructures, K Unterrainer, R Kersting, R Bratschitsch, G Strasser, James Heyman, K.D. Maranowski, A.C. Gossard
James Heyman
No abstract provided.
Direct And Indirect Limits On The ElectroMagnetic Form Factors Of Wimps, M Pospelov, Tonnis Ter Veldhuis
Direct And Indirect Limits On The ElectroMagnetic Form Factors Of Wimps, M Pospelov, Tonnis Ter Veldhuis
Tonnis ter Veldhuis
No abstract provided.
The Spectral Function Of A Composite From Reflectance Data., Anthony Day, M. Thorpe, A. Grant, A. Sievers
The Spectral Function Of A Composite From Reflectance Data., Anthony Day, M. Thorpe, A. Grant, A. Sievers
Anthony Roy Day
In the BergmanMilton spectral representation for the effective dielectric constant of a composite all relevant geometric information is captured in a spectral function that is independent of material properties. We present numerical simulations of the reflectance of a model two component composite, where both components have temperaturedependant dielectric resonances, and show that the spectral function can be extracted from the data. The same spectral function is obtained from simulation data corresponding to different temperatures but the resolution depends on the width of the resonance line and is greatest at lowtemperatures.
Domain Wall Junctions In A Generalized WessZumino Model, D Binosi, Tonnis Ter Veldhuis
Domain Wall Junctions In A Generalized WessZumino Model, D Binosi, Tonnis Ter Veldhuis
Tonnis ter Veldhuis
No abstract provided.
Sampling A Terahertz Dipole Transition With Subcycle Time Resolution, R Hersting, R Bratschitsch, G Strassar, K Unterrainer, James Heyman
Sampling A Terahertz Dipole Transition With Subcycle Time Resolution, R Hersting, R Bratschitsch, G Strassar, K Unterrainer, James Heyman
James Heyman
No abstract provided.
MindMatter Interaction In Quantum Physics, Milan Meszaros Physicist
MindMatter Interaction In Quantum Physics, Milan Meszaros Physicist
Milan Meszaros physicist
By the end of the 20th century, the EinsteinPodolskyRosen, Schrödinger’s cat and Wigner’s friend paradoxes of quantum theory were already known. The Bell’s inequalities, the AharonovBohm effect and the holographical principles etc. were also acquainted. There were positive experiments of Aspect, Daligbard and Roger just as Aspect, Grangier and Roger etc. In connection with these paradoxes and paradoxical experiments etc., the questions are raised: What is the ontological frame for description of these effects or notions: nonlocal, guiding wave (pilot wave), instantenous, delayedchoice experiments, superluminal, ghost wave, immaterial or mind, mindmatter interaction, holographical universe or entangled states ...
Spectral Function Of Composites From Reflectivity Measurements, Anthony Day, A. Grant, A. Sievers, M. Thorpe
Spectral Function Of Composites From Reflectivity Measurements, Anthony Day, A. Grant, A. Sievers, M. Thorpe
Anthony Roy Day
We demonstrate a method of calculating the spectral function of a composite from measured reflectivity data. To solve this inverse problem it is necessary for the reflectivity data to be taken through a strong, high Q, resonance. By analyzing the reststrahlen region of different fill fraction KCldiamond composites at three different temperatures, we find accurate spectral functions that are independent of temperature with the low temperature data giving the best resolution. These spectral functions are then used to successfully predict the optical response of RbCldiamond composites.
Scalar Absorption By Spinning D3Branes, George Siopsis
Scalar Absorption By Spinning D3Branes, George Siopsis
George Siopsis
We discuss absorption of scalars by a distribution of spinning D3branes. The D3branes are multicenter solutions of supergravity theory. We solve the wave equation in various cases of supergravity backgrounds in which the equation becomes separable. We show that the absorption coefficients exhibit a universal behavior as functions of the angular momentum quantum number and the Hawking temperature. This behavior is similar to the form of the graybody factors one encounters in scattering by black holes. Our discussion includes the problematic case of spherically symmetric distributions of Dbranes, where resonances arise. We obtain the same universal form for the absorption ...
Evaluating The Effective Action, Br Holstein
Evaluating The Effective Action, Br Holstein
Barry R Holstein
The use of effective field theory, in situations wherein the energymomentum of light particles is much lower than the rest mass of heavy degrees of freedom, has become an important one in contemporary physics. Herein we examine various means by which this effective action can be evaluated, using the effective photon–photon interaction—the Euler–Heisenberg Lagrangian—as a pedagogical example.
Mirage Mirror On The Wall, T. Kosa, Peter PalffyMuhoray
Mirage Mirror On The Wall, T. Kosa, Peter PalffyMuhoray
Peter PalffyMuhoray
We discuss mirages formed near a sunheated wall, and consider the underlying physics. The temperature and refractive index variations in air near the wall are estimated, and a simple approximate picture of ray propagation is presented. Estimates of the thermal decay length and ray curvature are compared with experimental observations.
Cluster Monte Carlo Study Of Multicomponent Fluids Of The StillingerHelfand And WidomRowlinson Type, Rongfeng Sun, Harvey Gould, Jonathan Machta, L. W. Chayes
Cluster Monte Carlo Study Of Multicomponent Fluids Of The StillingerHelfand And WidomRowlinson Type, Rongfeng Sun, Harvey Gould, Jonathan Machta, L. W. Chayes
Jonathan Machta
Phase transitions of fluid mixtures of the type introduced by Stillinger and Helfand are studied using a continuum version of the invaded cluster algorithm. Particles of the same species do not interact, but particles of different types interact with each other via a repulsive potential. Examples of interactions include the Gaussian molecule potential and a repulsive step potential. Accurate values of the critical density, fugacity, and magnetic exponent are found in two and three dimensions for the twospecies model. The effect of varying the number of species and of introducing quenched impurities is also investigated. In all the cases studied ...
Dimension Eight Operators In The Weak Operator Product Expansion, Vincenzo Cirigliano, John Donoghue, Eugene Golowich
Dimension Eight Operators In The Weak Operator Product Expansion, Vincenzo Cirigliano, John Donoghue, Eugene Golowich
John Donoghue
We expose a potential flaw in standard treatments of weak decay amplitudes, including that of epsilon'/epsilon. We show that (contrary to conventional wisdom) dimensioneight operators do contribute to weak amplitudes, at order G_F alpha_s and without 1/M_W^2 suppression. We demonstrate the existence of these operators with a simple weak hamiltonian and proceed to discuss their contribution in a general context. We estimate the effect of dimensioneight operators to be at the 100% level in a sum rule determination of the operator O_7 for mu = 1.5 GeV, suggesting presently available values of mu are too low to ...
Trajectory Mapping: A Tool For Validation Of Trace Gas Observations, Gary A. Morris, James F. Gleason, Jerald Ziemke, Mark R. Schoeberl
Trajectory Mapping: A Tool For Validation Of Trace Gas Observations, Gary A. Morris, James F. Gleason, Jerald Ziemke, Mark R. Schoeberl
Gary A. Morris
We investigate the effectiveness of trajectory mapping(TM) as a data validation tool. TM combines a dynamical model of the atmosphere with trace gas observations to provide more statistically robust estimates of instrument performance over much broader geographic areas than traditional techniques are able to provide. We present four detailed case studies selected so that the traditional techniques are expected to work well. In each case the TM results are equivalent to or improve upon the measurement comparisons performed with traditional approaches. The TM results are statistically more robust than those achieved using traditional approaches since the TM comparisons occur ...
Configurational Entropy And Diffusivity Of Supercooled Water, Francis W. Starr, A. Scala, E. La Nave, F. Sciortino, H. E. Stanley
Configurational Entropy And Diffusivity Of Supercooled Water, Francis W. Starr, A. Scala, E. La Nave, F. Sciortino, H. E. Stanley
Francis Starr
No abstract provided.