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Mechanical Engineering

Computational fluid dynamics

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Cavitation From A Butterfly Valve: Comparing 3d Simulations To 3d X-Ray Computed Tomography Flow Visualization, Graham Brett, Marc Riveland, Terrence C. Jensen, Theodore J. Heindel Jul 2011

Cavitation From A Butterfly Valve: Comparing 3d Simulations To 3d X-Ray Computed Tomography Flow Visualization, Graham Brett, Marc Riveland, Terrence C. Jensen, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Flow control valves may experience localized cavitation when the local static pressure drops to the liquid vapor pressure. Localized damage to the valve and surrounding area can occur when the vapor cavity collapses. Valve designs that reduce cavitation are based on empirical evidence and accumulated experience, but there are still considerable cavitation problems in industry. Valve designers may use computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to simulate cavitation in flow control valves, but model validation is challenging because there are limited data of local cavitation from the valve surface. Typically, the intensity of cavitation in a control valve is inferred from measurements ...


Modeling A Biomass Fluidizing Bed With Side Port Air Injection, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel Aug 2009

Modeling A Biomass Fluidizing Bed With Side Port Air Injection, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Fluidized beds are used to gasify materials such as coal or biomass in the production of producer gas. Modeling these reactors using computational fluid dynamics is advantageous when performing parametric studies for design and scale-up. While two-dimensional simulations are easier to perform than three-dimensional simulations, they may not capture the proper physics. This paper compares two- and three-dimensional simulations with experiments for a reactor geometry with side port air injection. The side port is located within the bed region so that the injected air can help promote mixing. Of interest in this study is validating the hydrodynamics of fluidizing biomass ...