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Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

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2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 328

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Front Matter Dec 2007

Front Matter

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Masthead Dec 2007

Masthead

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Back Matter Dec 2007

Back Matter

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Triumph Of Numbers By I. B. Cohen, H L. Vacher Dec 2007

Review Of The Triumph Of Numbers By I. B. Cohen, H L. Vacher

Numeracy

I. Bernard Cohen, The Triumph of Numbers: How Counting Shaped Modern Life. (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2005). 209 pp. $24.95 (USA). ISBN 0-393-05769-0.

The premier historian of science ends his career telling how the world has become awash in numbers—“how numbers entered the conduct of life and of government, the understanding of nature, and the analysis of societies.” The stories begin with Kepler and end with Florence Nightingale. In between, major players include Galileo, Harvey, Leeuwenhoek, and Halley; Graunt and Petty; Jefferson and Franklin; Lavoisier, Sinclair, Pinel and Louis; Guerry and Quetelet. The book tells of the spread of what Cohen refers to as the “quantifying spirit” from physical science to “political arithmetic” (Sir William Petty), economics, and the beginning of psychiatry, sociology, medical statistics, and public health.


Birds–Dead And Deadly: Why Numeracy Needs To Address Social Construction, Joel Best Dec 2007

Birds–Dead And Deadly: Why Numeracy Needs To Address Social Construction, Joel Best

Numeracy

Sociologists use the term social construction to refer to the processes by which people assign meaning to their world. This paper argues that numeracy education needs to address social construction. In particular, thinking critically about the statistics the news media report regarding social issues requires understanding the competitive nature of the social problems marketplace, and the social forces that allow questionable numbers to receive widespread public attention. Such critiques must incorporate more than assessing how the numbers were calculated; they must consider the social construction of particular statistics. Two recent examples—claims about the number of birds killed flying into ...


Development Of Case Stories By Interviewing Students About Their Critical Moments In Science, Math, And Engineering Classes, Vicki V. May, Thomas H. Luxon, Kathy Weaver, Rachel Esselstein, Cynthia Char Dec 2007

Development Of Case Stories By Interviewing Students About Their Critical Moments In Science, Math, And Engineering Classes, Vicki V. May, Thomas H. Luxon, Kathy Weaver, Rachel Esselstein, Cynthia Char

Numeracy

Dartmouth’s Critical Moments project is designed to promote discussions among faculty and graduate students about the retention of students, particularly women and minorities, in science, math, and engineering (SME) disciplines. The first phase of the ongoing project has been the development of four case stories, which are fictionalized composites drawn from surveys and interviews of real Dartmouth students. The surveyed population was 125 students in general chemistry. Of the 77 who agreed to be interviewed, 61 reported having experienced a critical moment – i.e., a positive or negative event or time that had a significant impact on the student ...


Teachers Talk: Pressure Points In The K-8 Mathematics Curriculum, Kim Rheinlander, Dorothy Wallace, Wells Morrison, Daniel Ansari, Donna Coch, B. Venus Williams Dec 2007

Teachers Talk: Pressure Points In The K-8 Mathematics Curriculum, Kim Rheinlander, Dorothy Wallace, Wells Morrison, Daniel Ansari, Donna Coch, B. Venus Williams

Numeracy

Forty K-8 teachers participated in small, in-depth, facilitated discussions about "pressure points" in the curriculum. We define a pressure point as a topic, skill, or concept that is crucial to future mathematics learning but which many or most students do not master to the extent expected at a given grade level. They are issues that persist from one grade level to the next; eventually they impair the ability of students to succeed in technical disciplines. The teachers identified a number of pressure points; we focus on an understanding of place value and "reasonableness" of answer as two examples that were ...


Scientifically Based Research In Quantitative Literacy: Guidelines For Building A Knowledge Base, Richard L. Scheaffer Dec 2007

Scientifically Based Research In Quantitative Literacy: Guidelines For Building A Knowledge Base, Richard L. Scheaffer

Numeracy

Research in quantitative literacy (QL) is in its infancy, so now is the time to begin a regimen for healthy growth into adulthood. As a new discipline still defining itself, QL has the opportunity to build a sound infrastructure for accumulating a solid body of interconnected research that will serve the discipline well in years to come. To that end, much can be learned from recent studies of the weaknesses of mathematics education research and recommendations on how to overcome them. Mathematics education lacks a strong research foundation, one that is scientific, cumulative, interconnected, and intertwined with teaching practice. These ...


Evolution Of Numeracy And The National Numeracy Network, Bernard L. Madison, Lynn Arthur Steen Dec 2007

Evolution Of Numeracy And The National Numeracy Network, Bernard L. Madison, Lynn Arthur Steen

Numeracy

The National Numeracy Network grew from heightened awareness of the complex and sophisticated nature of quantitative literacy and the resulting need for interdisciplinary attention to education for quantitative literacy in schools and colleges. This complexity and sophistication applies especially to the US where it is fueled by an agile economy and the needs of a democratic society. This paper describes the environment surrounding the National Numeracy Network’s establishment, some of its activities, and some complementary and synergistic actions by other professional societies. The paper concludes with a sample of quantitative literacy programs in colleges and universities


The Scope Of Numeracy, H L. Vacher, Dorothy Wallace Dec 2007

The Scope Of Numeracy, H L. Vacher, Dorothy Wallace

Numeracy

No abstract provided.


Learning Languages From Positive Data And A Limited Number Of Short Counterexamples, Sanjay Jain, Efim Kinber Dec 2007

Learning Languages From Positive Data And A Limited Number Of Short Counterexamples, Sanjay Jain, Efim Kinber

School of Computer Science & Engineering Faculty Publications

We consider two variants of a model for learning languages in the limit from positive data and a limited number of short negative counterexamples (counterexamples are considered to be short if they are smaller than the largest element of input seen so far). Negative counterexamples to a conjecture are examples which belong to the conjectured language but do not belong to the input language. Within this framework, we explore how/when learners using n short (arbitrary) negative counterexamples can be simulated (or simulate) using least short counterexamples or just ‘no’ answers from a teacher. We also study how a limited ...


Stream Of Consciousness (2007), Alliance For Aquatic Resource Monitoring (Allarm) Dec 2007

Stream Of Consciousness (2007), Alliance For Aquatic Resource Monitoring (Allarm)

Stream of Consciousness

Stream of Consciousness is a publication from the Alliance for Aquatic Resource Monitoring (ALLARM) at Dickinson College.

Table of Contents

Riparian Buffer Zones: The Next BIG Step in Protecting Pennsylvania Streams / by Danielle Cioce

A New Addition / by Kalyn Campbell

To Be or Not to Be Sustainable? / by Benson Ansell

Carlisle's New Stormwater Project! / by Andrea Korman

How to Reduce Pollution in Stormwater Runoff / by Ashley Whiting

Meet FLAC! / by Jack Treichler

Who is Middle Spring Watershed Association? / by Courtney Haynes

Improve Stream Quality With Best Management Practices / by Jenny Bowman

Pharmaceuticals in Our Streams / by Sunil Baidar

The ...


Local Theorems Related To Lévy-Type Branching Mechanism, Vladimir Vinogradov Dec 2007

Local Theorems Related To Lévy-Type Branching Mechanism, Vladimir Vinogradov

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Functional Limit Theorems For Trace Processes In A Dyson Brownian Motion, Victor Pérez-Abreu, Constantin Tudor Dec 2007

Functional Limit Theorems For Trace Processes In A Dyson Brownian Motion, Victor Pérez-Abreu, Constantin Tudor

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Schrödinger Type Equation Associated With The Lévy And Volterra Laplacians, Kazuyoshi Sakabe Dec 2007

Schrödinger Type Equation Associated With The Lévy And Volterra Laplacians, Kazuyoshi Sakabe

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


Existence And Uniqueness Of Solutions To The Backward Stochastic Lorenz System, P Sundar, Hong Yin Dec 2007

Existence And Uniqueness Of Solutions To The Backward Stochastic Lorenz System, P Sundar, Hong Yin

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


A Random Change Of Variables And Applications To The Stochastic Porous Medium Equation With Multiplicative Time Noise, S V Lototsky Dec 2007

A Random Change Of Variables And Applications To The Stochastic Porous Medium Equation With Multiplicative Time Noise, S V Lototsky

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


The Characterization Of A Class Of Probability Measures By Multiplicative Renormalization, Izumi Kubo, Hui-Hsiung Kuo, Suat Namli Dec 2007

The Characterization Of A Class Of Probability Measures By Multiplicative Renormalization, Izumi Kubo, Hui-Hsiung Kuo, Suat Namli

Communications on Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.


On The Cover Dec 2007

On The Cover

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


From The Editor, Susan Fingerman Dec 2007

From The Editor, Susan Fingerman

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


Balanced Libraries: Thoughts On Continuity And Change, Walt Crawford Dec 2007

Balanced Libraries: Thoughts On Continuity And Change, Walt Crawford

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


2007 Annual Conference Reports Dec 2007

2007 Annual Conference Reports

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


Chemistry Division, A. Ben Wagner Dec 2007

Chemistry Division, A. Ben Wagner

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


Materials Research & Manufacturing Section, Betsy Aldridge Dec 2007

Materials Research & Manufacturing Section, Betsy Aldridge

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


Aerospace Section, Amy C. Smith Dec 2007

Aerospace Section, Amy C. Smith

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


Engineering Division, Bob Tolliver Dec 2007

Engineering Division, Bob Tolliver

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


Science-Technology Division, Ann Koopman Dec 2007

Science-Technology Division, Ann Koopman

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


Division Officers And Boards Dec 2007

Division Officers And Boards

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


Beyond The Chemistry Web, Bob Buchanan Dec 2007

Beyond The Chemistry Web, Bob Buchanan

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.


Web Reviews, Diane F. Brenes Dec 2007

Web Reviews, Diane F. Brenes

Sci-Tech News

No abstract provided.