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1994

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1897

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

The Growth, Enrichment, And Dehalogenating Properties Of Pyrococcus Gbd And Desulfurococcus Sy, Siegfried Georg Mueller Dec 1994

The Growth, Enrichment, And Dehalogenating Properties Of Pyrococcus Gbd And Desulfurococcus Sy, Siegfried Georg Mueller

Theses

Recent investigations of volcanic smoker chimneys along the Atlantic Rift has lead to the discovery of hyperthermophilic bacteria. In particular, Pyrococcus GBD and Desulfurococcus SY were studied, optimizing growth conditions. This was achieved using elemental sulfur amendments, artificial sea water, and dehydrated marine broth. The microbes were then acclimated to enriched cultures containing 2,4,6 trichlorophenol in 0.0126 mM, 0.063 mM, and 0.126 mM amendments. The amended cultures showed dehalogenating properties and were subjected to a data qualifying program. This program indicated that the dehalogenation was a function of microbial gowth. A mass balance experiment showed ...


Ultra-Thin Silicon Wafer Bonding, Diyu Yan Dec 1994

Ultra-Thin Silicon Wafer Bonding, Diyu Yan

Theses

In this thesis the history and recent developments on the silicon direct bonding technique are reviewed. The growing applications of this technique in SOI, SOS and MEMS areas, difficulties and disadvantages of various bonding processes are discussed. A direct bonding procedure for attaching ultra-thin wafers less than 200 μm thick to substrate wafers is developed and described in detail. Difficulties in handling, aligning and annealing ultra-thin wafers are reported. Wafers of different doping concentration, thickness, surface roughness and chemical characteristics are tested for bondability. Methods to minimize voids and other failure mechanisms are proposed. A photodetector is designed based on ...


Quantitative Studies Of An Immobilized Cell Oxidative Bioreactor, Timothy Lance Borkowski Dec 1994

Quantitative Studies Of An Immobilized Cell Oxidative Bioreactor, Timothy Lance Borkowski

Theses

The purpose of this work was to determine a suitable method of utilizing dissolved oxygen in reservoir solution data to quantitatively measure the amount of oxygen and substrate consumed for an immobilized cell batch bioreactor in a recirculation configuration. Statistical analysis was performed on multiple phenol injections to determine the mathematical relationship between dissolved oxygen readout and the amount of phenol degraded.

Factors considered in the mathematical analysis include amount of substrate degraded, reaction time, recirculation flow rate, measured dissolved oxygen concentration and oxygen consumption, oxygen conversion per pass through the bioreactor during steady state, and vitality of the microorganisms ...


Off-Line Hand-Printed Chinese Character Recognition Based On Stroke Matching, Sunshine Chang Dec 1994

Off-Line Hand-Printed Chinese Character Recognition Based On Stroke Matching, Sunshine Chang

Theses

The specific purpose of this thesis is the automated recognition of the off-line Chinese hand-printed characters by using a blue ball-point pen. Through mask processing, the main components in a Chinese character such as vertical, horizontal, and slant strokes can be extracted. Then, the connected components with the coordinates of the top, bottom, leftmost, and rightmost ends of each stroke extracted are found. From these coordinates, the length and position of each stroke can be computed.

According to the number, relative length, and relative position of each stroke, both of the coarse and fine rule-based classification can be made, and ...


A High Temperature Pressure Sensor Based On Magnetic Coupling And Silicon Wafer Bonding, Deguang Zhu Dec 1994

A High Temperature Pressure Sensor Based On Magnetic Coupling And Silicon Wafer Bonding, Deguang Zhu

Theses

In this thesis, the design and fabrication of a bulk micromachined and wafer bonded pressure sensor for high temperature applications is described. The device design is based on the magnetic coupling principle as described by the Biot-Savart law. By combining the mechanical properties of single crystal silicon with magnetic coupling, the designed sensor can be operated up to 600°C. The key components within the sensor are two inductive coils, a silicon diaphragm and a hermetic vacuum cavity.

The modeling based on a nine-turn single level coil device and a 300 μm x 300 diaphragm indicates an output rms voltage ...


Removal Of Chlorinated Hydrocarbons From Water By Air Stripping And Solvent Sublation, Alpana Gami Dec 1994

Removal Of Chlorinated Hydrocarbons From Water By Air Stripping And Solvent Sublation, Alpana Gami

Theses

Removal of trichloroethylene, monochlorobenzene and 1,3 dichlorobenzene from water by air stripping and solvent sublation into an organic phase was investigated. The sublation solvents used were paraffin oil and decyl alcohol. The rate of removal from water by solvent sublation and air stripping was highest for trichloroethylene, followed by chlorobenzene and finally 1,3 dichlorobenzene. For the three compounds, solvent sublation had the greatest advantage over air stripping in the reduction of emission of the compounds to the atmosphere. For the three compounds, the removal was enhanced at higher flowrate in both air stripping and solvent sublation. For the ...


Catalytic Oxidation Of Trichloroethylene Over 5% [Alpha]-Fe2o3/[Gamma]-Alumina On A Honeycomb Monolith, Jeongho Han Dec 1994

Catalytic Oxidation Of Trichloroethylene Over 5% [Alpha]-Fe2o3/[Gamma]-Alumina On A Honeycomb Monolith, Jeongho Han

Theses

This study addresses the ability of iron oxide to catalytically oxidize low concentrations of trichloroethylene (TCE) with air. The catalytic oxidation of trichloroethylene in a tubular reactor system was evaluated experimentally as a function of temperature and space velocity. A gas chromatograph with electron capture and flame ionization detectors was used for quantitative analysis of feed and product streams. X-ray diffraction measurement were used to qualitatively analyze the catalyst. The result indicate that over 99% conversion of 109 ppmv trichloroethylene in air is achieved at 1,490 v/v/hr and 450 °C, and at 21,768 v/v/hr ...


Silicon Optical Fiber Pressure Sensor, Jian Pan Dec 1994

Silicon Optical Fiber Pressure Sensor, Jian Pan

Theses

A novel optical fiber pressure sensor based on a micromachined thin silicon diaphragm is proposed. Detail descriptions of the sensor structure, modulation principle and fabrication process are given.

The device operates on the following principle: Pressure deflects a silicon diaphragm which moves the output end of a light source fiber. The emitted light intensity is picked up and shared by two receiving fibers placed side by side. The variation of the intensity ratio in the receiving fibers caused by the relative motion of the emitting fiber can be easily converted to a linear signal versus the deflection of the silicon ...


The Neutralino Sector In Strongly Interacting Supersymmetric Models, Tonnis Ter Veldhuis Dec 1994

The Neutralino Sector In Strongly Interacting Supersymmetric Models, Tonnis Ter Veldhuis

Tonnis ter Veldhuis

No abstract provided.


Collective Expansion In Central Au+Au Collisions, W. C. Hsi, G. J. Kunde, J. Pochodzalla, W. G. Lynch, M. B. Tsang, M. L. Begemann-Blaich, D. R. Bowman, R. J. Charity, F. Cosmo, A. Ferrero, C. K. Gelbke, T. Glasmacher, T. Hofmann, G. Imme, I. Iori, J. Hubele, J. Kempter, P. Kreutz, W. D. Kunze, V. Lindenstruth, M. A. Lisa, U. Lynen, M. Mang, A. Moroni, W. F.J. Müller, M. Neumann, B. Ocker, C. A. Ogilvie, Graham F. Peaslee, G. Raciti, F. Rosenberger, H. Sann, R. Scardaoni, A. Schüttauf, C. Schwarz, W. Seidei, V. Serfling, L. G. Sobotka Dec 1994

Collective Expansion In Central Au+Au Collisions, W. C. Hsi, G. J. Kunde, J. Pochodzalla, W. G. Lynch, M. B. Tsang, M. L. Begemann-Blaich, D. R. Bowman, R. J. Charity, F. Cosmo, A. Ferrero, C. K. Gelbke, T. Glasmacher, T. Hofmann, G. Imme, I. Iori, J. Hubele, J. Kempter, P. Kreutz, W. D. Kunze, V. Lindenstruth, M. A. Lisa, U. Lynen, M. Mang, A. Moroni, W. F.J. Müller, M. Neumann, B. Ocker, C. A. Ogilvie, Graham F. Peaslee, G. Raciti, F. Rosenberger, H. Sann, R. Scardaoni, A. Schüttauf, C. Schwarz, W. Seidei, V. Serfling, L. G. Sobotka

Faculty Publications

Energy spectra for intermediate mass fragments produced in central Au + Au collisions at EA=100 MeV indicate a collective expansion at breakup. For the first time, values for this collective expansion energy per nucleon are extracted independently for each charge. Typically, these values are one-third to one-half of the incident kinetic energy per nucleon in the c.m. system, but they decrease with Zf, suggesting that all fragments do not participate equally in the collective expansion.


Critical Dynamics Of Nonconserved Ising-Like Systems, K. E. Bassler, Beate Schmittmann Dec 1994

Critical Dynamics Of Nonconserved Ising-Like Systems, K. E. Bassler, Beate Schmittmann

Beate Schmittmann

We show that the dynamical fixed point of Ising-like models, characterized by a single scalar, nonconserved ordering field, is stable near four dimensions with respect to all dynamic perturbations, including those of a nonequilibrium nature.


Quo Vadis-A Framework For Intelligent Routing In Large Communication Networks., Armin Mikler, Johnny S. Wong, Vasant Honavar Dec 1994

Quo Vadis-A Framework For Intelligent Routing In Large Communication Networks., Armin Mikler, Johnny S. Wong, Vasant Honavar

Computer Science Technical Reports

This paper presents Quo Vadis, an evolving framework for intelligent traffic management in very large communication networks. Quo Vadis is designed to exploit topological properties of large networks as well as their spatio-temporal dynamics to optimize multiple performance criteria through cooperation among nodes in the network. It employs a distributed representation of network state information using local load measurements supplemented by a less precise global summary. Routing decisions in Quo Vadis are based on parameterized heuristics designed to optimize various performance metrics in an anticipatory or pro-active as well as compensatory or reactive mode and to minimize the overhead associated ...


Formation Of Shape-Preserving Pulses In A Nonlinear Adiabatically Integrable System, R. Grobe, Foek T. Hioe, J. H. Eberly Dec 1994

Formation Of Shape-Preserving Pulses In A Nonlinear Adiabatically Integrable System, R. Grobe, Foek T. Hioe, J. H. Eberly

Physics Faculty/Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Fragmentation Of Necklike Structures, C. P. Montoya, W. G. Lynch, D. R. Bowman, Graham F. Peaslee, N. Carlin, R. T. De Souza, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, L. Phair, M. B. Tsang, J. B. Webster, C. Williams, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M. A. Mcmahan, G. J. Wozniak, L. G. Moretto Dec 1994

Fragmentation Of Necklike Structures, C. P. Montoya, W. G. Lynch, D. R. Bowman, Graham F. Peaslee, N. Carlin, R. T. De Souza, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, L. Phair, M. B. Tsang, J. B. Webster, C. Williams, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M. A. Mcmahan, G. J. Wozniak, L. G. Moretto

Faculty Publications

Intermediate mass fragment (IMF: 3≤Z≤20 emission from necklike structures joining projectilelike and targetlike residues has been observed for peripheral Xe129 + Cunat collisions at EA=50 MeV. These fragments are emitted primarily at velocities between those of the projectilelike and targetlike residues. Relative to the charge distribution of fragments evaporated from projectilelike residues, the distribution for "neck" emission shows an enhanced emission for fragments with 4≤ZIMF≤12. This feature is consistent with expectations for the fragmentation of a noncompact cylindrical configuration.


Parametric Micro-Level Performance Models For Parallel Computing, Youngtae Kim, Mark Fienup, Jeffrey S. Clary, Suresh C. Kothari Dec 1994

Parametric Micro-Level Performance Models For Parallel Computing, Youngtae Kim, Mark Fienup, Jeffrey S. Clary, Suresh C. Kothari

Computer Science Technical Reports

Parametric micro-level (PM) performance models are introduced to address the important issue of how to realistically model parallel performance. These models can be used to predict execution times, identify performance bottlenecks, and compare machines. The accurate prediction and analysis of execution times is achieved by incorporating precise details of interprocessor communication, memory operations, auxiliary instructions, and effects of communication and computation schedules. Parameters are used for flexibility to study various algorithmic and architectural issues. The development and verification process, parameters and the scope of applicability of these models are discussed. A coherent view of performance is obtained from the execution ...


Interactive Shape Control And Rapid Display Of A-Patches, Chandrajit L. Bajaj, Jindon Chen, Guoliang Xu Dec 1994

Interactive Shape Control And Rapid Display Of A-Patches, Chandrajit L. Bajaj, Jindon Chen, Guoliang Xu

Department of Computer Science Technical Reports

No abstract provided.


Ariadne User Manual Version 2.0, Edward Mascarenhas, Vernon J. Rego, Vaidy Sunderam Dec 1994

Ariadne User Manual Version 2.0, Edward Mascarenhas, Vernon J. Rego, Vaidy Sunderam

Department of Computer Science Technical Reports

No abstract provided.


Do Microplates In Subduction Zones Leave A Geological Record?, Jeffrey Lee, Joann M. Stock Dec 1994

Do Microplates In Subduction Zones Leave A Geological Record?, Jeffrey Lee, Joann M. Stock

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of the Sciences

Active microplate boundaries in ocean-continent subduction zones may induce deformation of the overlying plate and spatial or geochemical variations in the volcanic arc. We discuss two modern cases. The first is the South Gorda-Juan de Fuca plate boundary in the Cascadia subduction zone, where there is little or no effect on the overriding plate and the oceanic plate takes up much of the deformation. The second case is the Cocos-Rivera plate boundary in the Middle America trench, where the overlying Colima graben contains substantial deformation in a zone extending from the trench to the volcanic arc and the sub-duction-related volcanism ...


Native Vegetation Handbook For The Shire Of Tammin, Sarah J. Weaving Dec 1994

Native Vegetation Handbook For The Shire Of Tammin, Sarah J. Weaving

Native vegetation handbook series

This booklet provides land managers with information relating to the natural resources of the Shire of Tammin including the existing vegetation, drainage systems and soils. Some of the problems relating to the management of natural vegetation resources in the Shire of Tammin and possible solutions to these problems are also discussed. By providing this information it is hoped this booklet will contribute to the long term viability of the agricultural landscape and the conservation of native vegetation within the Shire.


Native Vegetation Handbook For The Shire Of Wyalkatchem, Sarah J. Weaving Dec 1994

Native Vegetation Handbook For The Shire Of Wyalkatchem, Sarah J. Weaving

Native vegetation handbook series

This booklet provides land managers with information relating to the natural resources of the Shire of Wyalkatchem including the existing vegetation, drainage systems and soils. Some of the problems relating to the management of natural vegetation resources in the Shire of Wyalkatchem and possible solutions to these problems are also discussed. Provision of this information will contribute to the long term viability of the agricultural landscape and the conservation of native vegetation within the Shire.


Native Vegetation Handbook For The Shire Of York, Sarah J. Weaving Dec 1994

Native Vegetation Handbook For The Shire Of York, Sarah J. Weaving

Native vegetation handbook series

This booklet provides rural communities with information relating to the natural resources of the Shire of York including the original and existing vegetation, fauna and flora, drainage systems, topography and soils. Some of the problems relating to the management of natural vegetation resources in the Shire of York and community initiatives to address these problems are also discussed. It is hoped that this information will contribute to the long term viability of the agricultural landscape and the conservation of native vegetation within the Shire.


Square Roots Of Finite Groups - Ii, Matthew Devos, David Mcadams, Rebecca Rapoport Dec 1994

Square Roots Of Finite Groups - Ii, Matthew Devos, David Mcadams, Rebecca Rapoport

Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)

A subset R of a finite group G is a square root of G if R2 = G. If R is a square root of G for which |R|2 = G, then R is referred to as a perfect square root of G. It can be shown using character theory that perfect square roots do not exist. The purpose of this paper is to work toward an elementary proof of this result.


Distinct Products Of Triples In Finite Groups, Curtis Z. Mitchell Dec 1994

Distinct Products Of Triples In Finite Groups, Curtis Z. Mitchell

Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)

Let G be a finite group and let Di(G) be the proportion of triples ( x , y , z ) of elements in G such that the cardinality of { xyz , xzy , yxz, yzx , zxy , zyx } is i. In this paper we show that:

i) The average value of Di is either 1 or at least 53/32.

ii) D2= 0 ==> D3 = D4 = D5 = D6 = 0;

iii) D3= 0 ==> D4 = D5 = 0


Polymer Institute Slovak Academy Of Sciences Bratislava, Slovakia, Otto Vogl Dec 1994

Polymer Institute Slovak Academy Of Sciences Bratislava, Slovakia, Otto Vogl

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Sixth U.S.-Japan Seminar On Polymer Synthesis: Macromolecular Design For Advanced Materials, Otto Vogl, Shiro Kobayashi Dec 1994

Sixth U.S.-Japan Seminar On Polymer Synthesis: Macromolecular Design For Advanced Materials, Otto Vogl, Shiro Kobayashi

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


64. Tibor Kelen, Otto Vogl Dec 1994

64. Tibor Kelen, Otto Vogl

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Depositional History Of The Eocene Chumstick Formation - Implications Of Tectonic Partitioning For The History Of The Leavenworth And Entiat-Eagle Creek Fault Systems, Washington, James E. Evans Dec 1994

Depositional History Of The Eocene Chumstick Formation - Implications Of Tectonic Partitioning For The History Of The Leavenworth And Entiat-Eagle Creek Fault Systems, Washington, James E. Evans

Earth, Environment, and Society Faculty Publications

The Chumstick basin opened as an extensional half-graben prior to 51 Ma, and was subsequently modified by two episodes of tectonic partitioning of drainage prior to basin deformation. Initially, westward flowing fluvial systems formed a unified depositional system with the Swauk basin. Tectonic partitioning of drainage at 51-49 Ma and at 44-42 Ma was controlled by localized uplift on the Leavenworth (LFZ), Eagle Creek (ECFZ), and Entiat (EFZ) fault zones and led in each instance to the truncation of regional depositional systems, modification and reversal of paleoflow, and internal drainage. Relief on the LFZ at 51-49 Ma may be the ...


Kinetics Of Clustering In Traffic Flows, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner Dec 1994

Kinetics Of Clustering In Traffic Flows, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner

Eli Ben-Naim

We study a simple aggregation model that mimics the clustering of traffic on a one-lane roadway. In this model, each ``car'' moves ballistically at its initial velocity until it overtakes the preceding car or cluster. After this encounter, the incident car assumes the velocity of the cluster which it has just joined. The properties of the initial distribution of velocities in the small velocity limit control the long-time properties of the aggregation process. For an initial velocity distribution with a power-law tail at small velocities, $\pvim$ as $v \to 0$, a simple scaling argument shows that the average cluster size ...


Stream Of Consciousness (1994), Alliance For Aquatic Resource Monitoring (Allarm) Dec 1994

Stream Of Consciousness (1994), Alliance For Aquatic Resource Monitoring (Allarm)

Stream of Consciousness

Stream of Consciousness is a publication from the Alliance for Aquatic Resource Monitoring (ALLARM) at Dickinson College.

Table of Contents

ALLARM Awarded Matching Funds Grant by The National Environment Education and Training Foundation (NEETF) / by Stefanie Comastro

Keeping Up with SMART / by Jonathan Cox

Volunteer Spotlight: George Walthour / by Melissa Russo

The Campaign for Clean Air Continues in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania / by Stefanie Comastro

ALLARM's 1994 Fall Board Meeting and General Workshop / by Todd Schively

What Can You Do to Help the Environment in 1995?

ALLARM To Start Its New Watershed Initiative With A Spring Training Workshop

Meet ...


John Muir Newsletter, Winter 1994/1995, John Muir Center For Regional Studies Dec 1994

John Muir Newsletter, Winter 1994/1995, John Muir Center For Regional Studies

John Muir Newsletters

John Muir Newsletter winter 19i4-9a university of the pacific volume 5, number 1 FOLLOWING MUIR'S FIRST SUMMER ROUTE by John Fiske (Editor's note: John Fiske, retired engineer and Muir aficionado, lives near Coulterville and has thoroughly explored the region, tracking Muir's 1869 route as described in My First Summer in the Sierra. A year ago he accompanied a group of Muir enthusiasts from Japan on an excursion that began near Snelling and ended in Tuolumne Meadows. Fiske's trail notes are reprinted below. His meticulous research, and his careful delineation of the current topography and nomenclature, are ...