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Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Nonanalytic Magnetization Dependence Of The Magnon Effective Mass In Itinerant Quantum Ferromagnets, Dietrich Belitz, Theodore R. Kirkpatrick, Andrew J. Millis, Thomas Vojta Dec 1998

Nonanalytic Magnetization Dependence Of The Magnon Effective Mass In Itinerant Quantum Ferromagnets, Dietrich Belitz, Theodore R. Kirkpatrick, Andrew J. Millis, Thomas Vojta

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The spin-wave dispersion relation in both clean and disordered itinerant quantum ferromagnets is calculated. It is found that effects akin to weak-localization physics cause the frequency of the spin waves to be a nonanalytic function of the magnetization m. For low frequencies Ω, small wave vectors k, and m→0, the dispersion relation is found to be of the form Ω=const x m1-αk2, with α = (4-d)/2 (2 < d < 4) for disordered systems, and α = (3-d) (1 < d < 3) for clean ones. In d = 4 (disordered) and d = 3 (clean), Ωαm ln (1/m) k2. Experiments to test these predictions are proposed.


Differences Between Regular And Random Order Of Updates In Damage-Spreading Simulations, Thomas Vojta, Michael Schreiber Dec 1998

Differences Between Regular And Random Order Of Updates In Damage-Spreading Simulations, Thomas Vojta, Michael Schreiber

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate the spreading of damage in the three-dimensional Ising model by means of large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. Within the Glauber dynamics we use different rules for the order in which the sites are updated. We find that the stationary damage values and the spreading temperature are different for different update order. In particular, random update order leads to larger damage and a lower spreading temperature than regular order. Consequently, damage spreading in the Ising model is nonuniversal not only with respect to different update algorithms (e.g., Glauber vs heat-bath dynamics) as already known, but even with respect to ...


Production Of Bound Μ⁺Μˉ Systems In Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions, Ilya F. Ginzburg, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Savely Karshenboim, Frank Krauss, Valery G. Serbo, Gerhard Soff Dec 1998

Production Of Bound Μ⁺Μˉ Systems In Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions, Ilya F. Ginzburg, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Savely Karshenboim, Frank Krauss, Valery G. Serbo, Gerhard Soff

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Dimuonium (the bound system of two muons, the μ+ μ--atom system) has not been observed yet. In this paper we discuss the electromagnetic production of dimuonium at RHIC and LHC in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The production of parastates is analyzed in the equivalent photon approximation. For the treatment of orthostates, we develop a three-photon formalism. We determine the production rates at RHIC and LHC with an accuracy of a few percent and discuss problems related to the observation of dimuonium.


Do Interactions Increase Or Reduce The Conductance Of Disordered Electrons? It Depends!, Thomas Vojta, Frank Epperlein, Michael Schreiber Nov 1998

Do Interactions Increase Or Reduce The Conductance Of Disordered Electrons? It Depends!, Thomas Vojta, Frank Epperlein, Michael Schreiber

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We investigate the influence of electron-electron interactions on the conductance of two-dimensional disordered spinless electrons. We present an efficient numerical method based on diagonalization in a truncated basis of Hartree-Fock states to determine with high accuracy the low-energy properties in the entire parameter space. We find that weak interactions increase the dc conductance in the strongly localized regime while they decrease the dc conductance for weak disorder. Strong interactions always decrease the conductance. We also study the localization of single-particle excitations at the Fermi energy which turns out to be only weakly influenced by the interactions.


Comparison Of Electron-Atom Collision Parameters For S To P Transitions Under Reversal Of Energy Transfer, Max Shurgalin, Andrew James Murray, William R. Macgillivray, M. C. Standage, Don H. Madison, Kathrin D. Winkler, Igor Bray Nov 1998

Comparison Of Electron-Atom Collision Parameters For S To P Transitions Under Reversal Of Energy Transfer, Max Shurgalin, Andrew James Murray, William R. Macgillivray, M. C. Standage, Don H. Madison, Kathrin D. Winkler, Igor Bray

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Inelastic and superelastic electron scattering from the optically prepared 32P3/2 state of sodium has enabled atomic collision parameters to be deduced for the 4S-3P deexcitation and the 3S-3P excitation processes. These data are compared with convergent close coupling and second order distorted wave Born calculations. For excitation, both theories agree with experiment, whereas for deexcitation the close coupling theory is in better agreement. A long-standing proposal relating to the sign of the transferred angular momentum is not supported.


Essential Role Of Correlations In Governing Charge Transport In Disordered Organic Materials, Sergei V. Novikov, David H. Dunlap, Vasudev M. Kenkre, Paul Ernest Parris, Anatoly V. Vannikov Nov 1998

Essential Role Of Correlations In Governing Charge Transport In Disordered Organic Materials, Sergei V. Novikov, David H. Dunlap, Vasudev M. Kenkre, Paul Ernest Parris, Anatoly V. Vannikov

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The transport of photoinjected charges in disordered organic films is often interpreted using a formula based on a Gaussian disorder model (GDM) that neglects spatial correlations due to charge-dipole interactions, even though such correlations have recently been shown to explain the universal electric field dependence observed in these systems. Based on extensive computer simulations of a 3D disorder model that includes such correlations, we present a new formula for analyzing experiments that accurately describes transport in these materials.


Evidence Of Initial-State Two-Center Effects For (E, 2e) Reactions, Sindu P. Jones, Don H. Madison Oct 1998

Evidence Of Initial-State Two-Center Effects For (E, 2e) Reactions, Sindu P. Jones, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Coincidence, or (e, 2e), measurements of electron-impact ionization of atoms have established that the largest values of triply differential cross sections are obtained in collisions involving small momentum transfer to the target. Absolute measurements for these reactions are now available for hydrogen at 54.4-eV impact energy, and relative data have recently been reported at 27.2 eV. Previous theoretical works have concentrated on employing asymptotically correct two-center wave functions for the final state, leaving the initial state described by the Born approximation. Here we report results for which asymptotically correct two-center wave functions are used for both the initial ...


Shakeoff Measurement Of The L = 3 States Of Barium, Heider N. Ereifej, J. Greg Story Sep 1998

Shakeoff Measurement Of The L = 3 States Of Barium, Heider N. Ereifej, J. Greg Story

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Isolated core excitation was used to produce low-energy continuum electrons in the l = 3 angular momentum state of barium. Data were taken over a region of energy that coincided with the energy of the 6p3/2nf doubly excited states. Analysis of the data using multichannel quantum defect theory allowed the measurement of the widths of the 6p3/2nf states and the energy-dependent phase of the continuum electronic wave functions due to interaction with the doubly excited states. The phase of the continuum electrons is shown to vary continuously with energy, due to the anomalously broad widths ...


Low-Field Hopping Among Randomly-Distributed Sites With Uncorrelated Energetic Disorder, Paul Ernest Parris Sep 1998

Low-Field Hopping Among Randomly-Distributed Sites With Uncorrelated Energetic Disorder, Paul Ernest Parris

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The low-field mobility μ of a small concentration of charge carriers hopping among a random distribution of transport sites is studied, as a function of the mean interparticle spacing ρ and the temperature T, for model systems having different site-energy distribution functions. For a uniform density of states our calculations show that the mobility obeys empirical scaling laws similar to those found in the theory of variable-range hopping. For a binary distribution of site energies we observe a crossover as a function of site density between trap-limited conduction and trap-mediated conduction. For a Gaussian density of states our results confirm ...


Nature Of Resonant Photoemission In Gd, Shubhra R. Mishra, Thomas K. Cummins, George Daniel Waddill, W. J. Gammon, Gerrit V. Van Der Laan, Kyle W. Goodman, James G. Tobin Aug 1998

Nature Of Resonant Photoemission In Gd, Shubhra R. Mishra, Thomas K. Cummins, George Daniel Waddill, W. J. Gammon, Gerrit V. Van Der Laan, Kyle W. Goodman, James G. Tobin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The phenomenon of resonant photoemission happens when, in addition to a direct photoemission channel, a second indirect channel opens up as the absorption threshold of a core level is crossed. A massive increase in emission cross section can occur, but the nature of the process remains clouded. Using novel magnetic linear dichroism in photoelectron spectroscopy experiments and theoretical calculations, we can now clearly demonstrate that temporal matching of the processes as well as energy matching is a requirement for true "resonant photoemission.".


Nonlinear Field Dependence Of The Mobility Of A Charge Subjected To A Superposition Of Dichotomous Stochastic Potentials, A. M. Kenkre, Marek Kus, David H. Dunlap, Paul Ernest Parris Jul 1998

Nonlinear Field Dependence Of The Mobility Of A Charge Subjected To A Superposition Of Dichotomous Stochastic Potentials, A. M. Kenkre, Marek Kus, David H. Dunlap, Paul Ernest Parris

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A general prescription is presented to address a large variety of forms of the nonlinear dependence of the static charge mobility on the applied electric field. The system consists of a classical charge subjected to an arbitrarily strong steady state electric field and to a stochastic potential consisting of a linear superposition of an unlimited number of dichotomous potentials in one-dimensional space. It is shown that the nonlinear mobility can be calculated for arbitrary forms of the density function of the individual dichotomous components of the stochastic potential. Specific cases of physical interest are analyzed. One of them provides a ...


Next-To-Leading Order Qcd Corrections For The B⁰B⁰ Mixing With An Extended Higgs Sector, Jorg Org Urban, Frank Krauss, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Gerhard Soff Jul 1998

Next-To-Leading Order Qcd Corrections For The B⁰B⁰ Mixing With An Extended Higgs Sector, Jorg Org Urban, Frank Krauss, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Gerhard Soff

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present a calculation of the B0B0 mixing including next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD corrections within the Two-Higgs Doublet Model (2HDM). The QCD corrections at NLO are contained in the factor denoted by η2 which modifies the result obtained at the lowest order of perturbation theory. In the Standard Model case, we confirm the results for η2 obtained by Buras, Jamin and Weisz [Nucl. Phys, B 347 (1990) 491]. The factor η2 is gauge and renormalization prescription invariant and it does not depend on the infrared behaviour of the theory, which constitutes an important test ...


Particulate Sizing And Emission Indices For A Jet Engine Exhaust Sampled At Cruise, Donald E. Hagen, Philip D. Whitefield, Jonathan D. Paladino, Max B. Trueblood May 1998

Particulate Sizing And Emission Indices For A Jet Engine Exhaust Sampled At Cruise, Donald E. Hagen, Philip D. Whitefield, Jonathan D. Paladino, Max B. Trueblood

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Particle size and emission indices measurements for jet engines, primarily the Rolls Royce RB211 engines on a NASA 757 aircraft are reported. These data were used to estimate the fraction of fuel sulfur that was converted to particulates. These measurements were made in-situ with the sampling aircraft several kilometers behind the source. Some complimentary ground measurements on the same source aircraft and engines are also reported. Significant differences are seen between the ground observations and the in-situ observations, indicating that plume processes are changing the aerosol's characteristics.


Sources And Chemistry Of Noₓ In The Upper Troposphere Over The United States, Lyatt Jaegle, Daniel J. Jacob, Yuhua Wang, Andrew J. Weinheimer, Brian A. Ridley, Teresa L. Campos, Glen W. Sachse, Donald E. Hagen May 1998

Sources And Chemistry Of Noₓ In The Upper Troposphere Over The United States, Lyatt Jaegle, Daniel J. Jacob, Yuhua Wang, Andrew J. Weinheimer, Brian A. Ridley, Teresa L. Campos, Glen W. Sachse, Donald E. Hagen

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The origin of NOx in the upper troposphere over the central United States is examined using aircraft observations obtained during the SUCCESS campaign in April–May of 1996. Correlations between NOy (sum of NOx and its oxidation products) and CO at 8–12 km altitude indicate that NOx originates primarily from convective transport of polluted boundary layer air. Lightning and aircraft emissions appear to be only minor sources of NOx. Chemical steady state model calculations constrained by local observations of NO underestimate the measured NOx/NOy concentration ratio at 8–12 km altitude ...


Solvable Model Of Two-Dimensional Dilaton Gravity Coupled To A Massless Scalar Field, Marco Cavaglia Apr 1998

Solvable Model Of Two-Dimensional Dilaton Gravity Coupled To A Massless Scalar Field, Marco Cavaglia

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present a solvable model of two-dimensional dilaton-gravity coupled to a massless scalar field. We locally integrate the field equations and briefly discuss the properties of the solutions. For a particular choice of the coupling between the dilaton and the scalar field the model can be interpreted as the two-dimensional effective theory of 2+1 cylindrical gravity minimally coupled to a massless scalar field.


Pressure Induced Reversal Of The Volume Expansion Caused By Interstitial Nitrogen In Nd₂Fe₁₇N₃, R. Luo, William B. Yelon, Yusheng S.. Zhao, M. Ellouze, Ph. I'Héritier, G. K. Marasinghe, Peter C. Ezekwenna, R. B. Von Dreele, William Joseph James Jan 1998

Pressure Induced Reversal Of The Volume Expansion Caused By Interstitial Nitrogen In Nd₂Fe₁₇N₃, R. Luo, William B. Yelon, Yusheng S.. Zhao, M. Ellouze, Ph. I'Héritier, G. K. Marasinghe, Peter C. Ezekwenna, R. B. Von Dreele, William Joseph James

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Magnetic And Thermal Properties Of Pr In La₁₋ₓPrxbacacu₃O₇ System With 0.0, Rajvir Singh, S. Uma, E. Gmelin, William B. Yelon, V. P. S. Awana, S. X. Dou, A. V. Narlikar, Satish K. Malik Jan 1998

Magnetic And Thermal Properties Of Pr In La₁₋ₓPrxbacacu₃O₇ System With 0.0, Rajvir Singh, S. Uma, E. Gmelin, William B. Yelon, V. P. S. Awana, S. X. Dou, A. V. Narlikar, Satish K. Malik

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


A Neutron Diffraction Structural Study Of R₂Fe₁₇₋ₓAlx(C) (R=Tb,Ho) Alloys, William B. Yelon, H. Luo, Mingxing Chen, W. C. Chang, S. H. Tsai Jan 1998

A Neutron Diffraction Structural Study Of R₂Fe₁₇₋ₓAlx(C) (R=Tb,Ho) Alloys, William B. Yelon, H. Luo, Mingxing Chen, W. C. Chang, S. H. Tsai

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Neutron Diffraction And Frequency Dependence Of The A.C. Susceptibility Of The System Zncr₂Xal₂-₂Xs₄, M. Hamedoun, A. Hourmatallah, N. Benzakour, K. Mediouri, J. Ilali, William B. Yelon, H. Luo Jan 1998

Neutron Diffraction And Frequency Dependence Of The A.C. Susceptibility Of The System Zncr₂Xal₂-₂Xs₄, M. Hamedoun, A. Hourmatallah, N. Benzakour, K. Mediouri, J. Ilali, William B. Yelon, H. Luo

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.