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Articles 1  30 of 1136
FullText Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics
Improving The Quality Of Neural Machine Translation Using Terminology Injection, Duane K. Dougal
Improving The Quality Of Neural Machine Translation Using Terminology Injection, Duane K. Dougal
All Theses and Dissertations
Most organizations use an increasing number of domain or organizationspecific words and phrases. A translation process, whether human or automated, must also be able to accurately and efficiently use these specific multilingual terminology collections. However, comparatively little has been done to explore the use of vetted terminology as an input to machine translation (MT) for improved results. In fact, no single established process currently exists to integrate terminology into MT as a general practice, and especially no established process for neural machine translation (NMT) exists to ensure that the translation of individual terms is consistent with an approved terminology collection ...
Clean Indices Of Common Rings, Benjamin L. Schoonmaker
Clean Indices Of Common Rings, Benjamin L. Schoonmaker
All Theses and Dissertations
Lee and Zhou introduced the clean index of rings in 2004. Motivated by this work, Basnet and Bhattacharyya introduced both the weak clean index of rings and the nil clean index of rings and Cimpean and Danchev introduced the weakly nil clean index of rings. In this work, we calculate each of these indices for the rings ℤ/nℤ and matrix rings with entries in ℤ/nℤ. A generalized index is also introduced.
Netlight: Cloud Baked Indirect Illumination, Nathan Andrew Zabriskie
Netlight: Cloud Baked Indirect Illumination, Nathan Andrew Zabriskie
All Theses and Dissertations
Indirect lighting drastically increases the realism of rendered scenes but it has traditionally been very expensive to calculate. This has long precluded its use in realtime rendering applications such as video games which have mere milliseconds to respond to user input and produce a final image. As hardware power continues to increase, however, some recently developed algorithms have started to bring realtime indirect lighting closer to reality. Of specific interest to this paper, cloudbased rendering systems add indirect lighting to realtime scenes by splitting the rendering pipeline between a server and one or more connected clients. However, thus far they ...
A Quantitative Study Of The Deployment Of The Sender Policy Framework, Eunice Zsu Tan
A Quantitative Study Of The Deployment Of The Sender Policy Framework, Eunice Zsu Tan
All Theses and Dissertations
Email has become a standard form of communication between businesses. With the prevalent use of email as a form of communication between businesses and customers, phishing emails have emerged as a popular social engineering approach. With phishing, attackers trick users into divulging their personal information through email spoofing. Thus, it is imperative to verify the sender of an email. Antispoofing mechanisms such as the Sender Policy Framework (SPF) have been developed as the first line of defense against spoofing by validating the source of an email as well as the presenting options of how to handle emails that fail to ...
Certificate Revocation Table: Leveraging Locality Of Reference In Web Requests To Improve Tls Certificate Revocation, Luke Austin Dickinson
Certificate Revocation Table: Leveraging Locality Of Reference In Web Requests To Improve Tls Certificate Revocation, Luke Austin Dickinson
All Theses and Dissertations
X.509 certificate revocation defends against maninthemiddle attacks involving a compromised certificate. Certificate revocation strategies face scalability, effectiveness, and deployment challenges as HTTPS adoption rates have soared. We propose Certificate Revocation Table (CRT), a new revocation strategy that is competitive with or exceeds alternative stateoftheart solutions in effectiveness, efficiency, certificate growth scalability, mass revocation event scalability, revocation timeliness, privacy, and deployment requirements. The CRT periodically checks the revocation status of X.509 certificates recently used by an organization, such as clients on a university's private network. By prechecking the revocation status of each certificate the client is likely to ...
Adding Limit Points To BassSerre Graphs Of Groups, Alexander Jin Shumway
Adding Limit Points To BassSerre Graphs Of Groups, Alexander Jin Shumway
All Theses and Dissertations
We give a brief overview of BassSerre theory and introduce a method of adding a limit point to graphs of groups. We explore a basic example of this method, and find that while the fundamental theorem of BassSerre theory no longer applies in this case we still recover a group action on a covering space of sorts with a subgroup isomorphic to the fundamental group of our new base space with added limit point. We also quantify how much larger the fundamental group of a graph of groups becomes after this construction, and discuss the effects of adding and identifying ...
Data Assimilation In The Boussinesq Approximation For Mantle Convection, Shane Alexander Mcquarrie
Data Assimilation In The Boussinesq Approximation For Mantle Convection, Shane Alexander Mcquarrie
All Theses and Dissertations
Many highly developed physical models poorly approximate actual physical systems due to natural random noise. For example, convection in the earth's mantle—a fundamental process for understanding the geochemical makeup of the earth's crust and the geologic history of the earth—exhibits chaotic behavior, so it is difficult to model accurately. In addition, it is impossible to directly measure temperature and fluid viscosity in the mantle, and any indirect measurements are not guaranteed to be highly accurate. Over the last 50 years, mathematicians have developed a rigorous framework for reconciling noisy observations with reasonable physical models, a technique ...
Use Of Phase And Amplitude Gradient Estimation For Acoustic Source Characterization And Localization, Joseph Scott Lawrence
Use Of Phase And Amplitude Gradient Estimation For Acoustic Source Characterization And Localization, Joseph Scott Lawrence
All Theses and Dissertations
Energybased acoustic quantities provide vital information about acoustic fields and the characterization of acoustic sources. Recently, the phase and amplitude gradient estimator (PAGE) method has been developed to reduce error and extend bandwidth of energybased quantity estimates. To inform uses and applications of the method, analytical and experimental characterizations of the method are presented. Analytical PAGE method bias errors are compared with those of traditional estimation for two and threemicrophone onedimensional probes. For a monopole field when phase unwrapping is possible, zero bias error is achieved for active intensity using threemicrophone PAGE and for specific acoustic impedance using twomicrophone PAGE ...
Euclidean Domains, Vandy Jade Tombs
Euclidean Domains, Vandy Jade Tombs
All Theses and Dissertations
In the usual definition of a Euclidean domain, a ring has a norm function whose codomain is the positive integers. It was noticed by Motzkin in 1949 that the codomain could be replaced by any wellordered set. This motivated the study of transfinite Euclidean domains in which the codomain of the norm function is replaced by the class of ordinals. We prove that there exists a (transfinitely valued) Euclidean Domain with Euclidean order type for every indecomposable ordinal. Modifying the construction, we prove that there exists a Euclidean Domain with no multiplicative norm. Following a definition of Clark and Murty ...
Machine Learning For Inspired, Structured, Lyrical Music Composition, Paul Mark Bodily
Machine Learning For Inspired, Structured, Lyrical Music Composition, Paul Mark Bodily
All Theses and Dissertations
Computational creativity has been called the "final frontier" of artificial intelligence due to the difficulty inherent in defining and implementing creativity in computational systems. Despite this difficulty computer creativity is becoming a more significant part of our everyday lives, in particular music. This is observed in the prevalence of music recommendation systems, cocreational music software packages, smart playlists, and procedurallygenerated video games. Significant progress can be seen in the advances in industrial applications such as Spotify, Pandora, Apple Music, etc., but several problems persist. Of more general interest, however, is the question of whether or not computers can exhibit autonomous ...
The Arithmetic Of Modular Grids, Grant Steven Molnar
The Arithmetic Of Modular Grids, Grant Steven Molnar
All Theses and Dissertations
Let M_{k}^{(∞)} (Gamma, nu) denote the space of weight k weakly holomorphic weight modular forms with poles only at the cusp (∞), and let widehat M_{k}^{(∞)} (Gamma, nu) subseteq M_{k}^{(∞)} (Gamma, nu) denote the space of weight k weakly holomorphic modular forms in M_{k}^{(∞)} (Gamma, nu) which vanish at every cusp other than (∞). We construct canonical bases for these spaces in terms of MaassPoincaré series, and show that the coefficients of these bases satisfy Zagier duality.
Ion Friction At Small Values Of The Coulomb Logarithm, Robert Tucker Sprenkle
Ion Friction At Small Values Of The Coulomb Logarithm, Robert Tucker Sprenkle
All Theses and Dissertations
We create a dualspecies ultracold neutral plasma (UNP) by photoionizing Yb and Ca atoms in a dualspecies magnetooptical trap. Unlike singlespecies UNP expansion, these plasmas are well outside of the collisionless (Vlasov) approximation. We observe the mutual interaction of the Yb and Ca ions by measuring the velocity distribution for each ion species separately. We model the expansion using a fluid code including ionion friction and compare with experimental results to obtain a value of the Coulomb logarithm of Λ= 0.04.
Finding TorsionFree Groups Which Do Not Have The Unique Product Property, Lindsay Jennae Soelberg
Finding TorsionFree Groups Which Do Not Have The Unique Product Property, Lindsay Jennae Soelberg
All Theses and Dissertations
This thesis discusses the Kaplansky zero divisor conjecture. The conjecture states that a group ring of a torsionfree group over a field has no nonzero zero divisors. There are situations for which this conjecture is known to hold, such as linearly orderable groups, unique product groups, solvable groups, and elementary amenable groups. This paper considers the possibility that the conjecture is false and there is some counterexample in existence. The approach to searching for such a counterexample discussed here is to first find a torsionfree group that has subsets A and B such that AB has no unique product. We ...
An Algorithm For Symbolic Computing Of Singular Limits Of Dynamical Systems, Dane Jordan Bjork
An Algorithm For Symbolic Computing Of Singular Limits Of Dynamical Systems, Dane Jordan Bjork
All Theses and Dissertations
The manifold boundary approximation method, MBAM is a new technique used in approximating systems of equations using parameter reduction. This method and other approximation methods are introduced and described. Several current issues in performing MBAM are discussed in further detail. These issues significantly slow down the process of MBAM and create a barrier of entry for those wishing to use the method without a strong background in mathematics. A solution is proposed to automatically reparameterize models and evaluate specific types of variables approaching limits  significantly speeding up the process of MBAM. An implementation of the solution is discussed.
Congruences For Fourier Coefficients Of Modular Functions Of Levels 2 And 4, Eric Brandon Moss
Congruences For Fourier Coefficients Of Modular Functions Of Levels 2 And 4, Eric Brandon Moss
All Theses and Dissertations
We give congruences modulo powers of 2 for the Fourier coefficients of certain level 2 modular functions with poles only at 0, answering a question posed by Andersen and Jenkins. The congruences involve a modulus that depends on the binary expansion of the modular form's order of vanishing at infinity. We also demonstrate congruences for Fourier coefficients of some level 4 modular functions.
Application Of The Entropy Concept To Thermodynamics And Life Sciences: Evolution Parallels Thermodynamics, Cellulose Hydrolysis Thermodynamics, And Ordered And Disordered Vacancies Thermodynamics, Marko Popovic
All Theses and Dissertations
Entropy, first introduced in thermodynamics, is used in a wide range of fields. Chapter 1 discusses some important theoretical and practical aspects of entropy: what is entropy, is it subjective or objective, and how to properly apply it to living organisms. Chapter 2 presents applications of entropy to evolution. Chapter 3 shows how cellulosic biofuel production can be improved. Chapter 4 shows how lattice vacancies influence the thermodynamic properties of materials. To determine the nature of thermodynamic entropy, Chapters 1 and 2 describe the roots, the conceptual history of entropy, as well as its path of development and application. From ...
Probabilistic Programming For Theory Of Mind For Autonomous Decision Making, Iris Rubi Seaman
Probabilistic Programming For Theory Of Mind For Autonomous Decision Making, Iris Rubi Seaman
All Theses and Dissertations
As autonomous agents (such as unmanned aerial vehicles, or UAVs) become more ubiquitous, they are being used for increasingly complex tasks. Eventually, they will have to reason about the mental state of other agents, including those agents' beliefs, desires and goals – socalled Theory of Mind – and make decisions based on that reasoning. We describe increasingly complex theory of mind models of a UAV pursuing an intruder, and show that (1) there is a natural Bayesian formulation to reasoning about the uncertainty inherent in our estimate of another agent's mental state, and that (2) probabilistic programming is a natural way ...
Evaluating The Usability Of TwoFactor Authentication, Kendall Ray Reese
Evaluating The Usability Of TwoFactor Authentication, Kendall Ray Reese
All Theses and Dissertations
Passwords are the dominant form of authentication on the web today. However,many users choose weak passwords and reuse the same password on multiple sites, thus increasing their vulnerability to having their credentials leaked or stolen. Twofactor authentication strengthens existing password authentication schemes against impersonation attacks and makes it more difficult for attackers to reuse stolen credentials on other websites. Despite the added security benefits of twofactor authentication, there are still many open questions about its usability. Many twofactor authentication systems in widespread usage today have not yet been subjected to adequate usability testing. Previous comparative studies have demonstrated significant ...
Network Specializations, Symmetries, And Spectral Properties, Dallas C. Smith
Network Specializations, Symmetries, And Spectral Properties, Dallas C. Smith
All Theses and Dissertations
In this dissertation, we introduce three techniques for network sciences. The first of these techniques is a series of new models for describing network growth. These models, called network specialization models, are built with the idea that networks grow by specializing the function of subnetworks. Using these models we create theoretical networks which exhibit wellknown properties of real networks. We also demonstrate how the spectral properties are preserved as the models grow. The second technique we describe is a method for decomposing networks that contain automorphisms in a way that preserves the spectrum of the original graph. This method for ...
Adaptive Fluid Simulation Using A Linear Octree Structure, Sean A. Flynn
Adaptive Fluid Simulation Using A Linear Octree Structure, Sean A. Flynn
All Theses and Dissertations
An Eulerian approach to fluid flow provides an efficient, stable paradigm for realistic fluid simulation. However, its traditional reliance on a fixedresolution grid is not ideal for simulations that simultaneously exhibit both large and smallscale fluid phenomena. Octreebased fluid simulation approaches have provided the needed adaptivity, but the inherent weakness of a pointerbased tree structure has limited their effectiveness. We present a linear octree structure that provides a significant runtime speedup using these octreebased simulation algorithms. As memory prices continue to decline, we leverage additional memory when compared to traditional octree structures to provide this improvement. In addition to reducing ...
Signal Structure For A Class Of Nonlinear Dynamic Systems, Meilan Jin
Signal Structure For A Class Of Nonlinear Dynamic Systems, Meilan Jin
All Theses and Dissertations
The signal structure is a partial structure representation for dynamic systems. It characterizes the causal relationship between manifest variables and is depicted in a weighted graph, where the weights are dynamic operators. Earlier work has defined signal structure for linear timeinvariant systems through dynamical structure function. This thesis focuses on the search for the signal structure of nonlinear systems and proves that the signal structure reduces to the linear definition when the systems are linear. Specifically, this work: (1) Defines the complete computational structure for nonlinear systems. (2) Provides a process to find the complete computational structure given a state ...
A New Family Of Topological Invariants, Nicholas Guy Larsen
A New Family Of Topological Invariants, Nicholas Guy Larsen
All Theses and Dissertations
We define an extension of the nth homotopy group which can distinguish a larger class of spaces. (E.g., a converging sequence of disjoint circles and the disjoint union of countably many circles, which have isomorphic fundamental groups, regardless of choice of basepoint.) We do this by introducing a generalization of homotopies, called componenthomotopies, and defining the nth extended homotopy group to be the set of componenthomotopy classes of maps from compact subsets of (0,1)^{n} into a space, with a concatenation operation. We also introduce a method of treeadjoinment for "connecting" disconnected metric spaces and show how this ...
A Geomorphological Study Of Yardangs In China, The Altiplano/Puna Of Argentina, And Iran As Analogs For Yardangs On Titan, Dustin Shawn Northrup
A Geomorphological Study Of Yardangs In China, The Altiplano/Puna Of Argentina, And Iran As Analogs For Yardangs On Titan, Dustin Shawn Northrup
All Theses and Dissertations
Collections of straight, RADARbright, linear features, or BLFs, on Saturn's moon Titan are revealed in Cassini SAR (Synthetic Aperture RADAR) images. Most are widely distributed across the northern midlatitudes SAR on SAR swaths T18, T23, T30, T64, and T83 and in swath T56 in the southern midlatitudes. To understand the origin of these features, we compare them with terrestrial yardangs in Dunhuang, China, the Altiplano/Puna of Argentina, and the Lut Desert of Iran and with a similar morphological landform, linear dunes in the Namib Sand Sea, Namibia and on Titan. We apply a statistical classification model developed through ...
Thin Film Carbon Nanofuses For Permanent Data Storage, Kevin Robert Laughlin
Thin Film Carbon Nanofuses For Permanent Data Storage, Kevin Robert Laughlin
All Theses and Dissertations
We have fabricated nanofuses from thinfilm, arcevaporation carbon for use in permanent data storage. Thin film carbon fuses have fewer fabrication barriers and retain the required resistivity and structural stability to work as a data storage medium. Carbon thin films were characterized for their electrical, microstructural, and chemical bonding properties. Annealing the thinfilm carbon in an argon environment at 400°C reduced the resistivity from about 4*10^{2} Ω cm as deposited down to about 5*10^{4} Ω cm, allowing a lower blowing voltage. Nanofuses with widths ranging from 200 nm down to 60 nm were fabricated and ...
A Geophysical And Geological Analysis Of A RegressivePhase Lake Bonneville Deposit, Pilot Valley, Nv, Katelynn Marie Smith
A Geophysical And Geological Analysis Of A RegressivePhase Lake Bonneville Deposit, Pilot Valley, Nv, Katelynn Marie Smith
All Theses and Dissertations
Pilot Valley, located in the eastern Basin and Range, north of Wendover, UT, contains numerous shorelines and depositional remnants of late Pleistocene Lake Bonneville. These remnants present classic ground penetrating radar (GPR) targets due to their coherent stratification, low clay, low salinity, and low moisture content. Threedimensional (3D) GPR imaging can resolve finescale stratigraphy of these deposits down to a few centimeters. While lake levels fluctuated due to flooding events, climatic changes were the dominant factor in controlling lake levels. In Pilot Valley, the paleowind entered from the northwest, with storms coming from the south, and circulated clockwise around the ...
Subtraction Games: Range And Strict Periodicity, Bryce Emerson Blackham
Subtraction Games: Range And Strict Periodicity, Bryce Emerson Blackham
All Theses and Dissertations
In this paper I introduce some background for subtraction games and explore the SpragueGrundy functions defined on them. I exhibit some subtraction games where the functions are guaranteed to be strictly periodic. I also exhibit a class of subtraction games which have bounded range, and show there are uncountably many of these.
Discovery Of Possible Paleotsunami Deposits In Pangandaran And Adipala, Java, Indonesia Using Grain Size, Xrd, And ^{14}C Analyses, Kevin L. Stuart
Discovery Of Possible Paleotsunami Deposits In Pangandaran And Adipala, Java, Indonesia Using Grain Size, Xrd, And 14C Analyses, Kevin L. Stuart
All Theses and Dissertations
Grain size, ^{14}C age, and Xray diffraction (XRD) analyses of sediments indicate possible tsunami deposits on the southern coast of Java near Pangandaran and Adipala. Previous studies that have described known recent and paleotsunami deposits were used for comparison. Finingupward grain size trends, interbedded sand and mud, sediment composition, and trends in heavy mineral abundances are among the characteristics used for tsunami deposit identification. At Batu Kalde, an archaeological site south of Pangandaran, a layer of aragonitic sand with marine fossils was found atop a layer of archaeological fragments at an elevation of ~25 m. It is likely this ...
PaleoEnvironmental Interpretations And Weathering Effects Of The Mowry Shale From Geochemical Analysis Of Outcrop Samples In The Western Margin Of The Wind River Basin Near Lander, Wyoming, Trevor Robinson Tuttle
PaleoEnvironmental Interpretations And Weathering Effects Of The Mowry Shale From Geochemical Analysis Of Outcrop Samples In The Western Margin Of The Wind River Basin Near Lander, Wyoming, Trevor Robinson Tuttle
All Theses and Dissertations
The Cretaceous Mowry Shale is an organicrich, siliceous marine shale, and as such is a known source rock in the Western United States. Studies have documented that total organic carbon (TOC) in the Wind River Basin, Wyoming increases to the southeast. These studies cover large areas with limited sample sets. In this study, over 250 samples were collected near Lander, Wyoming to address spatial heterogeneity of TOC within the Mowry Shale at a much finer scale than previously examined. Samples were collected along five vertical sections at three localities, and following correlation of the vertical sections, which was strongly aided ...
A LargeScale Analysis Of How Openssl Is Used In OpenSource Software, Scott Jared Heidbrink
A LargeScale Analysis Of How Openssl Is Used In OpenSource Software, Scott Jared Heidbrink
All Theses and Dissertations
As vulnerabilities become more common the security of applications are coming under increased scrutiny. In regards to Internet security, recent work discovers that many vulnerabilities are caused by TLS library misuse. This misuse is attributed to large and confusing APIs and developer misunderstanding of security generally. Due to these problems there is a desire for simplified TLS libraries and security handling. However, as of yet there is no analysis of how the existing APIs are used, beyond how incorrect usage motivates the need to replace them. We provide an analysis of contemporary usage of OpenSSL across 410 popular secure applications ...
Evaporated Aluminum Fluoride As A Barrier Layer To Retard Oxidation Of Aluminum Mirrors, Margaret Miles
Evaporated Aluminum Fluoride As A Barrier Layer To Retard Oxidation Of Aluminum Mirrors, Margaret Miles
All Theses and Dissertations
The aluminum oxide growth rate for aluminum protected with 2.4 nm of aluminum fluoride has been determined. We show that a 2.4 nm aluminum fluoride layer does not prevent aluminum from oxidation but does significantly retard the oxide growth – decreasing the oxide layer thickness from 1 nm in less than an hour to 0.9 nm over 116 hours. Additionally, the optical constants for aluminum oxide growing under an aluminum fluoride barrier layer have been determined – showing an increase in absorption at high energies for Al_{2}O_{3} forming at room temperature as compared to highly ordered ...