Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Journal Articles

Pulmonology

Keyword
Publication Year
File Type

Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

A Sleep Medicine Curriculum For Pulmonary And Pulmonary/Critical Care Fellowship Programs A Multisociety Expert Panel Report, D. A. Schulman, C. A. Piquette, M. M. Alikhan, E. Freedman, S. Kumar, J. Mccallister, B. Mokhlesi, J. Santamauro, E. Singas, K. R. Casey, +2 Additional Authors Jan 2019

A Sleep Medicine Curriculum For Pulmonary And Pulmonary/Critical Care Fellowship Programs A Multisociety Expert Panel Report, D. A. Schulman, C. A. Piquette, M. M. Alikhan, E. Freedman, S. Kumar, J. Mccallister, B. Mokhlesi, J. Santamauro, E. Singas, K. R. Casey, +2 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Septic Emboli Of The Lung Due To Fusobacterium Necrophorum, A Case Of Lemierre's Syndrome, S. Habib, K. Rajdev, A. H. Siddiqui, M. Azam, A. Memon, M. Chalhoub Jan 2019

Septic Emboli Of The Lung Due To Fusobacterium Necrophorum, A Case Of Lemierre's Syndrome, S. Habib, K. Rajdev, A. H. Siddiqui, M. Azam, A. Memon, M. Chalhoub

Journal Articles

© 2019 The Authors Fusobacterium necrophorum plays a causal role in a rare and life-threatening condition, Lemierre's syndrome. It is characterized by infection involving the posterior compartment of the lateral pharyngeal space complicated by septic suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein with F. necrophorum bacteremia and metastatic abscesses, primarily to the lung and pulmonary septic emboli. Herein, we present a very rare case of oropharyngeal infection complicated by Lemierre's syndrome with characteristic septic emboli to the lungs presenting as sore throat in a previously healthy patient. A 23-year-old woman presented with sore throat and was found to be ...


Delayed Pneumothorax: A Potential Complication Of Transbronchial Lung Biopsy, N. Narula, F. Siddiqui, A. H. Siddiqui, W. C. Man, M. Chalhoub Jan 2018

Delayed Pneumothorax: A Potential Complication Of Transbronchial Lung Biopsy, N. Narula, F. Siddiqui, A. H. Siddiqui, W. C. Man, M. Chalhoub

Journal Articles

© 2018 The purpose of this article is to report a case of secondary tension pneumothorax presenting seven weeks post Transbronchial Lung biopsy. A 62 year old male with a known history of germ cell tumor was found to have a left-sided pneumothorax which later complicated to a tension pneumothorax.To the best of our knowledge this is the second case being reported for a delayed pneumothorax post a Transbronchial Lung Biopsy.The purpose of this case report is to create awareness among physicians to consider this diagnosis even at a later stage and the importance of patient education regarding the ...


Achromobacter Xylosoxidans/Denitrificans Bacteremia And Subsequent Fatal Escherichia Coli/Streptococcus Anginosus Pleural Empyema, S. Habib, N. Fuca, M. Azam, A. H. Siddiqui, K. Rajdev, M. Chalhoub Jan 2018

Achromobacter Xylosoxidans/Denitrificans Bacteremia And Subsequent Fatal Escherichia Coli/Streptococcus Anginosus Pleural Empyema, S. Habib, N. Fuca, M. Azam, A. H. Siddiqui, K. Rajdev, M. Chalhoub

Journal Articles

© 2018 The Authors Achromobacter xylosoxidans, a gram-negative bacillus with low virulence has rarely been reported to cause clinically significant infections. We report an unusual case of MDR Achromobacter xylosoxidans/denitrificans bacteremia from a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) and subsequent fatal pleural empyema due to MDR Escherichia coli and Streptococcus anginosus. A 44-year-old male presented to the hospital with chief complaints of chest tightness associated with a productive cough. He was found to have pleural empyema secondary to MDR E. coli and S. anginous. Three months prior to current presentation, he had a history of MDR A. xylosoxidans originating from ...


Sarcomatoid Carcinoma Of Lung Presenting As Localized Bronchiectasis: A Case Report And Review Of Literature, K. Rajdev, A. H. Siddiqui, U. Ibrahim, S. Agarwal, J. Ding, M. Chalhoub Jan 2018

Sarcomatoid Carcinoma Of Lung Presenting As Localized Bronchiectasis: A Case Report And Review Of Literature, K. Rajdev, A. H. Siddiqui, U. Ibrahim, S. Agarwal, J. Ding, M. Chalhoub

Journal Articles

© 2018 The Authors Sarcomatoid carcinoma (SC) of the lung is a rare and aggressive biphasic lung tumor with a 5-year survival of 20%. Early detection and treatment is the only way to improve outcomes in patients with SC of the lung. We present a case of primary SC identified early based on high suspicion. A 56-year-old female with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presented with hemoptysis and exertional dyspnea. Chest X-ray revealed right upper lobe (RUL) opacity and patient was started on antibiotics for pneumonia. Due to the persistence of hemoptysis, a computed tomography scan was performed ...


Giant Cell Carcinoma Of The Lung Successfully Treated With Surgical Resection And Adjuvant Vinorelbine And Cisplatin, S. Habib, L. E. Leifer, M. Azam, A. H. Siddiqui, K. Rajdev, M. Chalhoub Jan 2018

Giant Cell Carcinoma Of The Lung Successfully Treated With Surgical Resection And Adjuvant Vinorelbine And Cisplatin, S. Habib, L. E. Leifer, M. Azam, A. H. Siddiqui, K. Rajdev, M. Chalhoub

Journal Articles

© 2018 Giant Cell Carcinoma of the lung, a subtype of Sarcomatoid lung cancer is a poorly differentiated Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer. GCCL has exceptionally aggressive characteristics, and its prognosis is much poorer than any other NSCLCs. Herein, we present a rare case of Giant Cell Carcinoma of lung treated successfully with surgical resection and adjuvant vinorelbine and cisplatin. A 48-year-old African American man with a history of smoking and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was admitted to the hospital for chief complaints of shortness of breath. He was found to have a 3.5 cm × 3.3 cm x 2.8 cm ...


The Design And Evaluation Of The Comprehensive Hospitalist Assessment And Mentorship With Portfolios (Champ) Ultrasound Program, B. K. Mathews, K. Reierson, V. Khuong, A. Mehta, P. Miller, S. Koenig, M. Narasimhan Jan 2018

The Design And Evaluation Of The Comprehensive Hospitalist Assessment And Mentorship With Portfolios (Champ) Ultrasound Program, B. K. Mathews, K. Reierson, V. Khuong, A. Mehta, P. Miller, S. Koenig, M. Narasimhan

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Current Review Of Pharmacological Management, S. Sahni, M. Ojrzanowski, S. Majewski, A. Talwar Jan 2016

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Current Review Of Pharmacological Management, S. Sahni, M. Ojrzanowski, S. Majewski, A. Talwar

Journal Articles

Pulmonary hypertension (PHTN) is a rare and devastating disease characterized by progressive increases in pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance, which eventually leads to right ventricular failure and death. At present there is no cure for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH); however over the past decade targeted pharmaceutical options have become available for the treatment of PAH. Prior to evaluation for therapeutic options a definitive diagnosis of pulmonary arterial hypertension must be made via comprehensive physical exam and definitive diagnostic testing. Screening test of choice remains echocardiography and gold standard for definitive diagnosis is right heart catheterization. Once the establishment ...


Comparison Of Cytologic Accuracy Of Endobronchial Ultrasound Transbronchial Needle Aspiration Using Needle Suction Versus No Suction, K. Harris, R. Maroun, K. Attwood, M. Chalhoub Jan 2015

Comparison Of Cytologic Accuracy Of Endobronchial Ultrasound Transbronchial Needle Aspiration Using Needle Suction Versus No Suction, K. Harris, R. Maroun, K. Attwood, M. Chalhoub

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a relatively new procedure initially used for lung cancer diagnosis, staging and re-staging and extended to benign diseases such as sarcoidosis and other mediastinal lesions. Previously, multiple studies evaluated the use of needle biopsy with no aspiration that did not change the diagnostic accuracy compared with needle biopsy aspiration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All adult subjects who were scheduled to undergo EBUS-TBNA to sample mediastinal lesions were eligible. We evaluated two methods of sampling mediastinal lesions. The first method was the application of negative pressure syringe for needle suction aspiration. The ...


Resident Endothelial Cells And Endothelial Progenitor Cells Restore Endothelial Barrier Function After Inflammatory Lung Injury, S. Z. Mao, X. B. Ye, G. Liu, D. M. Song, S. F. Liu Jan 2015

Resident Endothelial Cells And Endothelial Progenitor Cells Restore Endothelial Barrier Function After Inflammatory Lung Injury, S. Z. Mao, X. B. Ye, G. Liu, D. M. Song, S. F. Liu

Journal Articles

Objective Disruption of endothelial barrier integrity is a characteristic of many inflammatory conditions. However, the origin and function of endothelial cells (ECs) restoring endothelial barrier function remain unknown. This study defined the roles of resident ECs (RECs) and bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (BMDEPCs) in endothelial barrier restoration after endotoxemic lung injury. Approach and Results We generated mice that enable to quantify proliferating RECs or BMDEPCs and also to study the causal link between REC or BMDEPC proliferation and endothelial barrier restoration. Using these mouse models, we showed that endothelial barrier restoration was associated with increased REC and BMDEPC proliferation ...


"Saw-Tooth Sign" In Upper Airway Disorders - A Case Report, S. Sahni, A. Blood, S. Paulus, A. Talwar Jan 2015

"Saw-Tooth Sign" In Upper Airway Disorders - A Case Report, S. Sahni, A. Blood, S. Paulus, A. Talwar

Journal Articles

Spirometry flow-volume loop measurement is the screening test of choice to rule out obstructive lung diseases. Flow oscillations occasionally seen on flow volume loops, referred to as a "saw-tooth" sign, are thought to be due to an upper airway obstructive processes associated with upper airway collapsibility. Widely described in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, flow oscillations have also been linked to many other upper airway pathologies. The mechanism by which flow oscillations occur is centered on the inspiratory and expiratory flow of air. It has been theorized that the mechanism of flow oscillations result from rapid intermittent changes in driving pressure ...


Lps Down-Regulates Specificity Protein 1 Activity By Activating Nf-Kappab Pathway In Endotoxemic Mice, X. Ye, H. Liu, Y. S. Gong, S. F. Liu Jan 2015

Lps Down-Regulates Specificity Protein 1 Activity By Activating Nf-Kappab Pathway In Endotoxemic Mice, X. Ye, H. Liu, Y. S. Gong, S. F. Liu

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Specificity protein (Sp) 1 mediates the transcription of a large number of constitutive genes encoding physiological mediators. NF-kappaB mediates the expression of hundreds of inducible genes encoding pathological mediators. Crosstalk between Sp1 and NF-kappaB pathways could be pathophysiologically significant, but has not been studied. This study examined the crosstalk between the two pathways and defined the role of NF-kappaB signaling in LPS-induced down-regulation of Sp1 activity. METHODS AND MAIN FINDINGS: Challenge of wild type mice with samonelia enteritidis LPS (10 mg/kg, i.p.) down-regulated Sp1 binding activity in lungs in a time-dependent manner, which was concomitantly associated with ...


Pulmonary Rehabilitation And Exercise In Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: An Underutilized Intervention, S. Sahni, B. Capozzi, A. Iftikhar, V. Sgouras, M. Ojrzanowski, A. Talwar Jan 2015

Pulmonary Rehabilitation And Exercise In Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: An Underutilized Intervention, S. Sahni, B. Capozzi, A. Iftikhar, V. Sgouras, M. Ojrzanowski, A. Talwar

Journal Articles

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare and devastating disease characterized by progressive increases in pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance which eventually leads to right ventricular failure and death. Early thought process was that exercise and increased physical activity may be detrimental to PAH patients however many small cohort trials have proven otherwise. In addition to the many pharmaceutical options, exercise and pulmonary rehabilitation have also been shown to increase exercise capacity as well as various aspects of psychosomatic health. As pulmonary and exercise rehabilitation become more widely used as an adjuvant therapy patient outcomes improve and physicians ...


Dyspnea, Depression And Health Related Quality Of Life In Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Patients, A. Talwar, S. Sahni, E. J. Kim, S. Verma, N. Kohn Jan 2015

Dyspnea, Depression And Health Related Quality Of Life In Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Patients, A. Talwar, S. Sahni, E. J. Kim, S. Verma, N. Kohn

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Ultrasound In The Diagnosis And Management Of Pleural Effusions, N. J. Soni, R. Franco, M. I. Velez, D. Schnobrich, R. Dancel, M. I. Restrepo, P. H. Mayo Jan 2015

Ultrasound In The Diagnosis And Management Of Pleural Effusions, N. J. Soni, R. Franco, M. I. Velez, D. Schnobrich, R. Dancel, M. I. Restrepo, P. H. Mayo

Journal Articles

We review the literature on the use of point-of-care ultrasound to evaluate and manage pleural effusions. Point-of-care ultrasound is more sensitive than physical exam and chest radiography to detect pleural effusions, and avoids many negative aspects of computerized tomography. Additionally, point-of-care ultrasound can assess pleural fluid volume and character, revealing possible underlying pathologies and guiding management. Thoracentesis performed with ultrasound guidance has lower risk of pneumothorax and bleeding complications. Future research should focus on the clinical effectiveness of point-of-care ultrasound in the routine management of pleural effusions and how new technologies may expand its clinical utility. Journal of Hospital Medicine ...


A Case Of Delayed Bacteremia From An Unusual Pseudomonas Species, A. Palkar, A. Budhatoki, P. Singh Jan 2015

A Case Of Delayed Bacteremia From An Unusual Pseudomonas Species, A. Palkar, A. Budhatoki, P. Singh

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Case Report: Pulmonary Kaposi Sarcoma In A Non-Hiv Patient, A. Kodra, M. Walczyszyn, C. Grossman, D. Zapata, T. Rambhatla, B. Mina Jan 2015

Case Report: Pulmonary Kaposi Sarcoma In A Non-Hiv Patient, A. Kodra, M. Walczyszyn, C. Grossman, D. Zapata, T. Rambhatla, B. Mina

Journal Articles

Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) is an angioproliferative tumor associated with human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8). Often known as one of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining skin diseases, pulmonary involvement in KS has only been discussed in a handful of case reports, rarely in a non-HIV patient. Herein we report the case of a 77 year-old- male who presented with a 6-week history of progressive dyspnea on exertion accompanied by productive cough of yellow sputum and intermittent hemoptysis. His past medical history was significant for Non-Hodgkin's Follicular B-Cell Lymphoma (NHL). Patient also had biopsy-confirmed cutaneous KS. His physical exam was ...


Clinical Relevance Of The Incidentaloma: A Clinician's Viewpoint, S. Sahni, S. Verma, R.S. Thomas, B. Capozzi, A. Talwar Jan 2015

Clinical Relevance Of The Incidentaloma: A Clinician's Viewpoint, S. Sahni, S. Verma, R.S. Thomas, B. Capozzi, A. Talwar

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Clinicopathologic Features And Survival Outcomes In Asian Pacific Islanders Residing In The United States: A Seer Analysis, M. S. Hamid, R. Shameem, K. Gafoor, J. George, B. Mina, K. Sullivan Jan 2015

Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Clinicopathologic Features And Survival Outcomes In Asian Pacific Islanders Residing In The United States: A Seer Analysis, M. S. Hamid, R. Shameem, K. Gafoor, J. George, B. Mina, K. Sullivan

Journal Articles

Background. The objective of our study was to ascertain racial/ethnic disparities in Asian/Pacific Islanders (API) for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) clinicopathologic features and survival outcomes based on various tumor characteristics and treatment modalities. Method. SEER database identified invasive NSCLC cases from 2004 to 2010. Variables included American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage 7, tumor grade, tumor size, histology, age, marital status, radiation, surgery, and reason for no surgery. The Kruskall-Wallis test and the Z test were used to examine differences between races/ethnicities and the referent, non-Hispanic white (NHW). Multivariate Cox proportional analyses were used to establish ...


Obstructive Sleep Apnea As A Risk Factor For Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, P. Rajan, H. Greenberg Jan 2015

Obstructive Sleep Apnea As A Risk Factor For Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, P. Rajan, H. Greenberg

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Respiratory Failure With Hilar Mass: Role Of Endobronchial Ultrasound-Guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration In The Medical Intensive Care Unit, A. Chichra, K. W. Lama, S. J. Koenig Jan 2015

Respiratory Failure With Hilar Mass: Role Of Endobronchial Ultrasound-Guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration In The Medical Intensive Care Unit, A. Chichra, K. W. Lama, S. J. Koenig

Journal Articles

We report the case of a 58-year-old man on chronic steroid therapy, who developed a rapidly progressive right upper lobe infiltrate/mass that extended into the right hilum. Respiratory failure necessitated endotracheal intubation. Broad spectrum antibiotics were initiated without clinical improvement and because of his immunosuppressive therapy opportunistic pathogens were considered. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) was performed in the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) with rapid onsite evaluation. Specimens obtained from the right hilar mass revealed organisms suspicious for cryptococcal infection, subsequently confirmed via a culture. No complications occurred during the EBUS procedure despite the patient requiring vasopressor ...


Age Influences Inflammatory Responses, Hemodynamics, And Cardiac Proteasome Activation During Acute Lung Injury, H. M. Linge, J. Y. Lee, K. Ochani, K. Koga, N. Kohn, K. Ojamaa, S. R. Powell, E. J. Miller Jan 2015

Age Influences Inflammatory Responses, Hemodynamics, And Cardiac Proteasome Activation During Acute Lung Injury, H. M. Linge, J. Y. Lee, K. Ochani, K. Koga, N. Kohn, K. Ojamaa, S. R. Powell, E. J. Miller

Journal Articles

Background: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a significant source of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Age is a major determinant of clinical outcome in ALI. The increased ALI-associated mortality in the older population suggests that there are age-dependent alterations in the responses to pulmonary challenge. The objective of this observational study was to evaluate age-dependent differences in the acute (within 6 hours) immunological and physiological responses of the heart and lung, to pulmonary challenge, that could result in increased severity. Methods: Male C57Bl/6 mice (young: 2-3 months, old: 18-20 months) were challenged intratracheally with cell wall components ...


What Happens To Patients With Copd With Long-Term Oxygen Treatment Who Receive Mechanical Ventilation For Copd Exacerbation? A 1-Year Retrospective Follow-Up Study, N. Hajizadeh, K. Goldfeld, K. Crothers Jan 2014

What Happens To Patients With Copd With Long-Term Oxygen Treatment Who Receive Mechanical Ventilation For Copd Exacerbation? A 1-Year Retrospective Follow-Up Study, N. Hajizadeh, K. Goldfeld, K. Crothers

Journal Articles

We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) on long-term oxygen treatment (LTOT) who received invasive mechanical ventilation for COPD exacerbation. Of the 4791 patients, 23% died in the hospital, and 45% died in the subsequent 12 months. 67% of patients were readmitted at least once in the subsequent 12 months, and 26.8% were discharged to a nursing home or skilled nursing facility within 30 days. We conclude that these patients have high mortality rates, both in-hospital and in the 12 months postdischarge. If patients survive, many will be readmitted to the hospital ...


Ulinastatin Activates Haem Oxygenase 1 Antioxidant Pathway And Attenuates Allergic Inflammation, D. M. Song, G. Song, Y. H. Niu, W. Song, J. T. Wang, L. Yu, J. W. Yang, H. Steinberg, S. F. Liu, B. S. Wang, +1 Additional Author Jan 2014

Ulinastatin Activates Haem Oxygenase 1 Antioxidant Pathway And Attenuates Allergic Inflammation, D. M. Song, G. Song, Y. H. Niu, W. Song, J. T. Wang, L. Yu, J. W. Yang, H. Steinberg, S. F. Liu, B. S. Wang, +1 Additional Author

Journal Articles

Background and PurposeUlinastatin (UTI), a serine protease inhibitor, was recently found to have an anti-inflammatory action. However, the mechanisms mediating this anti-inflammatory effect are not well understood. This study tested the hypothesis that UTI suppresses allergic inflammation by inducing the expression of haem oxygenase 1 (HO1). Experimental ApproachControl mice and mice sensitized (on days 1, 9 and 14) and challenged (on days 21 to 27) with ovalbumin (OVA) were treated with UTI. The effects of UTI on basal expression of HO1 and that induced by OVA challenge were examined. The involvement of UTI-induced HO1 expression in anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects ...


Resolution Of Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea After Treatment Of Anti-Muscle Kinase Receptor-Positive Myasthenia Gravis Despite 60-Pound Weight Gain, M. Morgenstern, E. Singas, B. Zleik, H. Greenberg Jan 2014

Resolution Of Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea After Treatment Of Anti-Muscle Kinase Receptor-Positive Myasthenia Gravis Despite 60-Pound Weight Gain, M. Morgenstern, E. Singas, B. Zleik, H. Greenberg

Journal Articles

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) may be caused by reduced pharyngeal dilator muscle activity. We report a patient with anti-muscle kinase receptor MG with severe OSA and hypoventilation that resolved upon successful treatment of MG despite a 60-lb weight gain.


Effects Of Pulmonary Rehabilitation On Fatigue Severity Scale In Patients With Lung Disease, A. Talwar, S. Sahni, S. John, S. Verma, J. Cardenas-Garcia, N. Kohn Jan 2014

Effects Of Pulmonary Rehabilitation On Fatigue Severity Scale In Patients With Lung Disease, A. Talwar, S. Sahni, S. John, S. Verma, J. Cardenas-Garcia, N. Kohn

Journal Articles

INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is a known symptom of advanced lung disease and impacts quality of life and psychological health. Many of these patients undergo pulmonary rehabilitation as part of their therapy. Understanding the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation on fatigue in these patients is important, as one may be able to design more focused rehabilitation programs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation on fatigue as measured by the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) in patients with advanced lung disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients were enrolled in a standardized 6 week pulmonary rehabilitation program. They were asked ...


Efficacy Of Nasal Mometasone For The Treatment Of Chronic Sinonasal Disease In Patients With Inadequately Controlled Asthma, A. E. Dixon, M. Castro, R. I. Cohen, L. B. Gerald, J. T. Holbrook, C. G. Irvin, S. Mohapatra, S. P. Peters, S. Rayapudi, E. A. Sugar, R. A. Wise Jan 2014

Efficacy Of Nasal Mometasone For The Treatment Of Chronic Sinonasal Disease In Patients With Inadequately Controlled Asthma, A. E. Dixon, M. Castro, R. I. Cohen, L. B. Gerald, J. T. Holbrook, C. G. Irvin, S. Mohapatra, S. P. Peters, S. Rayapudi, E. A. Sugar, R. A. Wise

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Chronic sinonasal disease is common in asthmatic patients and associated with poor asthma control; however, there are no long-term trials addressing whether chronic treatment of sinonasal disease improves asthma control. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether treatment of chronic sinonasal disease with nasal corticosteroids improves asthma control, as measured by the Childhood Asthma Control Test and Asthma Control Test in children and adults, respectively. METHODS: A 24-week multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of placebo versus nasal mometasone in adults and children with inadequately controlled asthma was performed. Treatments were randomly assigned, with concealment of allocation. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-seven ...


Depression In Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension And Interstitial Lung Diseases, S. Verma, J. Cardenas-Garcia, P. R. Mohapatra, A. Talwar Jan 2014

Depression In Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension And Interstitial Lung Diseases, S. Verma, J. Cardenas-Garcia, P. R. Mohapatra, A. Talwar

Journal Articles

Advanced lung diseases such as pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and interstitial lung diseases (ILD) are chronic diseases that cause significantly high morbidity and mortality. As a result, patients can undergo some psychological changes leading to a poor quality of life and depression. Diagnosis of depression is often obscured because fatigue and apathy, two common symptoms of depression, frequently overlap with PAH and ILD. Healthcare providers are sometimes reluctant to ask or mistakenly believe that these symptoms are part of the ongoing disease process, rather than a serious condition like depression. Screening tools are available for physicians to be well positioned ...


An Obligatory Role Of Nf-Kappa B In Mediating Bone Marrow Derived Endothelial Progenitor Cell Recruitment And Proliferation Following Endotoxemic Multiple Organ Injury In Mice, S. Z. Mao, X. B. Ye, G. Liu, D. M. Song, S. F. Liu Jan 2014

An Obligatory Role Of Nf-Kappa B In Mediating Bone Marrow Derived Endothelial Progenitor Cell Recruitment And Proliferation Following Endotoxemic Multiple Organ Injury In Mice, S. Z. Mao, X. B. Ye, G. Liu, D. M. Song, S. F. Liu

Journal Articles

Background: Recruitment of bone marrow derived endothelial progenitor cells (BMDEPCs) alleviates multiple organ injury (MOI) and improves outcomes. However, mechanisms mediating BMDEPC recruitment following septic MOI remain largely unknown. This study characterized the kinetics of BMDEPC recruitment and proliferation and defined the role of NF-kappa B in regulating BMDEPC recruitment and proliferation. Methods and Main Findings: Chimeric mice with an intact or disrupted NF-kappa B p50 gene and BMDEPC-restricted expression of green fluorescent protein were created and injected with LPS (2 mg/kg, i.p.). BMDEPC recruitment and proliferation in multiple organs were quantified. BMDEPC recruitment and proliferation are highly ...