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Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Septin 9 Isoforms Promote Tumorigenesis In Mammary Epithelial Cells By Increasing Migration And Ecm Degradation Through Metalloproteinase Secretion At Focal Adhesions, J. Marcus, M. Bejerano-Sagie, N. Patterson, S. Bagchi, V. V. Verkhusha, D. Connolly, G. L. Goldberg, A. Golden, V. P. Sharma, C. Montagna, +1 Additional Author Jan 2019

Septin 9 Isoforms Promote Tumorigenesis In Mammary Epithelial Cells By Increasing Migration And Ecm Degradation Through Metalloproteinase Secretion At Focal Adhesions, J. Marcus, M. Bejerano-Sagie, N. Patterson, S. Bagchi, V. V. Verkhusha, D. Connolly, G. L. Goldberg, A. Golden, V. P. Sharma, C. Montagna, +1 Additional Author

Journal Articles

© 2019, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited. The cytoskeletal interacting protein Septin 9 (SEPT9), a member of the septin gene family, has been proposed to have oncogenic functions. It is a known hot spot of retroviral tagging insertion and a fusion partner of both de novo and therapy-induced mixed lineage leukemia (MLL). Of all septins, SEPT9 holds the strongest link to cancer, especially breast cancer. Murine models of breast cancer frequently exhibit SEPT9 amplification in the form of double minute chromosomes, and about 20% of human breast cancer display genomic amplification and protein over expression at ...


Compassionate Coverage: A Patient Access Linen System, J. M. Rabin, K. C. Farner, A. H. Brody, A. Peyser, M. Kline Jan 2018

Compassionate Coverage: A Patient Access Linen System, J. M. Rabin, K. C. Farner, A. H. Brody, A. Peyser, M. Kline

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Two Successful Pregnancies Following Fertility Preservation In A Patient With Anaplastic Astrocytoma: A Case Report, A. Peyser, S. L. Bristow, A. Hershlag Jan 2018

Two Successful Pregnancies Following Fertility Preservation In A Patient With Anaplastic Astrocytoma: A Case Report, A. Peyser, S. L. Bristow, A. Hershlag

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Extremely Preterm (23 Weeks) Vaginal Cephalic Delivery En Caul And Subsequent Postpartum Intraventricular Hemorrhage And Respiratory Distress: A Teaching Case., R. Malik, A. Sarfraz, R. Faroqui, W. Onyebeke, J. Wanerman Jan 2018

Extremely Preterm (23 Weeks) Vaginal Cephalic Delivery En Caul And Subsequent Postpartum Intraventricular Hemorrhage And Respiratory Distress: A Teaching Case., R. Malik, A. Sarfraz, R. Faroqui, W. Onyebeke, J. Wanerman

Journal Articles

En caul deliveries are defined as a fetus that is delivered completely contained within an amniotic sac and are considered to be less common than 1 in 80,000 live births. Vaginal en caul births compared to abdominal or cesarean are the rarest subtype. Most en caul births are associated with prematurity and low gravida. The combination of prematurity, high gravida, vaginal en caul birth, and severe postpartum complications has not previously been described. We report a woman with gravida of 12 delivering vaginally a neonate female en caul at the extremely preterm gestational age of 23 weeks. The neonate ...


Severe Maternal Morbidity Associated With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Flare In The Second Trimester Of Pregnancy., M. J. Blitz, A. Fleischer Jan 2018

Severe Maternal Morbidity Associated With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Flare In The Second Trimester Of Pregnancy., M. J. Blitz, A. Fleischer

Journal Articles

Pregnancy in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with an increased risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Here, we present a case of severe maternal morbidity in a 23-year-old primigravida with SLE and secondary Sjögren's syndrome who experienced a life-threatening multisystem flare at 17 weeks of gestational age. She presented to the emergency department complaining of cough with hemoptysis and shortness of breath. She developed hypoxic respiratory failure and was admitted to the intensive care unit. Bronchoscopy confirmed diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. Physical exam and laboratory evaluation were consistent with an active SLE flare, pancytopenia, and new-onset ...


Bacterial Spinal Epidural And Psoas Abscess In Pregnancy Associated With Intravenous Drug Use., T. N. Spiegel Strauss, S. L. Pachtman, B. Rochelson Jan 2018

Bacterial Spinal Epidural And Psoas Abscess In Pregnancy Associated With Intravenous Drug Use., T. N. Spiegel Strauss, S. L. Pachtman, B. Rochelson

Journal Articles

Spontaneous spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare infection of the central nervous system. We report a case of a 25-year-old G3 P0020 at 36 weeks of gestational age with history of intravenous drug abuse presenting with acute-onset and severe back pain. Despite antibiotic therapy, pain worsened and she developed lower extremity weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an SEA, and cesarean delivery was performed secondary to increasing weakness, followed by laminectomy (T9-12) and decompression of epidural abscess. Postoperative course was complicated by a psoas muscle abscess and persistent SEA refractory to antibiotic therapy, requiring surgical reexploration and extended treatment ...


Robotic-Assisted Sacrocolpopexy With Versus Without Concomitant Midurethral Sling: A 2-Year Follow-Up Of Urinary Symptoms And Quality Of Life, J. S. Schachar, K. S. Williams, H. A. Winkler Jan 2018

Robotic-Assisted Sacrocolpopexy With Versus Without Concomitant Midurethral Sling: A 2-Year Follow-Up Of Urinary Symptoms And Quality Of Life, J. S. Schachar, K. S. Williams, H. A. Winkler

Journal Articles

© 2018 Journal of Mid-life Health | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess long-term postoperative urinary incontinence (UI) symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in patients after robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy (RASC) with or without concomitant midurethral sling (MUS). Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional survey of patients comparing long-term postoperative urinary symptoms and QOL measurements in women who underwent RASC with or without MUS. We included all patients from 2011 to 2014 who had RASC with or without MUS. All patients had preoperative urodynamic testing (UDS). Patients who demonstrated stress UI on UDS underwent ...


Twelve-Month Efficacy And Safety Data For The "Stress Incontinence Control, Efficacy And Safety Study": A Phase Iii, Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Study Treating Female Stress Urinary Incontinence Using The Vesair Intravesical Balloon, H. Winkler, K. Jacoby, S. Kalota, J. Snyder, K. Cline, K. Robertson, R. Kahan, L. Green, K. Mccammon, C. Rardin, +1 Author Jan 2018

Twelve-Month Efficacy And Safety Data For The "Stress Incontinence Control, Efficacy And Safety Study": A Phase Iii, Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Study Treating Female Stress Urinary Incontinence Using The Vesair Intravesical Balloon, H. Winkler, K. Jacoby, S. Kalota, J. Snyder, K. Cline, K. Robertson, R. Kahan, L. Green, K. Mccammon, C. Rardin, +1 Author

Journal Articles

© 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. Objectives The "Stress Incontinence Control, Efficacy and Safety Study" (SUCCESS) is a phase III study of the Vesair Balloon in women with stress urinary incontinence who had failed conservative therapy, and either failed surgery, were not candidates for surgery, or chose not to have surgery. The safety and efficacy of the balloon at 12 months is reported for those participants in the treatment arm who elected to continue with the SUCCESS trial beyond the primary end point at 3 months. Methods The SUCCESS trial is a multicenter, prospective, single-blinded, randomized, sham-controlled study. Participants were randomized ...


Insulin-Like Growth Factor 2: A Poor Prognostic Biomarker Linked To Racial Disparity In Women With Uterine Carcinosarcoma, A. R. Van Arsdale, R. C. Arend, M. J. Cossio, B. K. Erickson, Y. Wang, D. W. Doo, C. A. Leath, G. L. Goldberg, G. S. Huang Jan 2018

Insulin-Like Growth Factor 2: A Poor Prognostic Biomarker Linked To Racial Disparity In Women With Uterine Carcinosarcoma, A. R. Van Arsdale, R. C. Arend, M. J. Cossio, B. K. Erickson, Y. Wang, D. W. Doo, C. A. Leath, G. L. Goldberg, G. S. Huang

Journal Articles

© 2018 The Authors. Cancer Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) expression and survival in women with uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS). Insulin-like growth factor 2 protein expression was determined by immunohistochemical staining of tumor tissues from 103 patients with UCS. The H-score (product of staining intensity and percentage positive cells) was quantified for the epithelial cytoplasmic (EC), epithelial nuclear (EN), and malignant stromal compartments. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to examine the relationship of IGF2 levels with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Adjusting for stage, race, and adjuvant therapy, PFS and OS were reduced in patients with high IGF2 (H-score ≥ median) in the EC and EN compartments. Black race was independently associated with reduced PFS and OS in patients with early-stage disease, and IGF2 levels in the EC were higher in black than in white patients (P = 0.02, Wilcoxon test). In a race-stratified multivariable analysis, high IGF2 in the epithelial compartments more than doubled the risk of death in black women; HR = 2.43 (95% CI: 1.18–5.01, P = 0.02) for high IGF2 in the EC; and HR = 2.34 (95% CI: 1.25–4.39, P = 0.008) for high IGF2 in the EN. In conclusion, high tumor IGF2 expression is an independent risk factor for reduced PFS and OS in UCS. Black women have elevated tumor IGF2 compared with white women, and decreased survival associated with high IGF2. These findings identify IGF2 as a candidate biomarker for survival linked to racial disparity in women with UCS.


First Trimester Fetal Heart Rate As A Predictor Of Newborn Sex, L. A. Bracero, D. J. Seybold, S. Witsberger, L. Rincon, A. Modak, L. V. Baxi Jan 2016

First Trimester Fetal Heart Rate As A Predictor Of Newborn Sex, L. A. Bracero, D. J. Seybold, S. Witsberger, L. Rincon, A. Modak, L. V. Baxi

Journal Articles

OBJECTIVE: To predict the sex of newborns using first trimester fetal heart rate (FHR). METHODS: This was a retrospective review of medical records and ultrasounds performed between 8 and 13 weeks of gestation. Continuous variables were compared using Student's t-tests while categorical variables were compared using Chi-square test. RESULTS: We found no significant differences between 332 (50.7%) female and 323 (49.3%) male FHRs during the first trimester. The mean FHR for female fetuses was 167.0 +/- 9.1 bpm and for male fetuses 167.3 +/- 10.1 bpm (p = 0.62). There was no significant difference in ...


Skin Conductance At Baseline And Post-Heel Lance Reflects Sympathetic Activation In Neonatal Opiate Withdrawal, C. N. Oji-Mmuo, E. J. Michael, J. Mclatchy, M. M. Lewis, J. E. Becker, K. K. Doheny Jan 2016

Skin Conductance At Baseline And Post-Heel Lance Reflects Sympathetic Activation In Neonatal Opiate Withdrawal, C. N. Oji-Mmuo, E. J. Michael, J. Mclatchy, M. M. Lewis, J. E. Becker, K. K. Doheny

Journal Articles

AIM: Skin conductance (SC) provides an objective measure of autonomic system regulation through sympathetic-mediated filling of sweat glands. This study aimed to test the utility of SC to detect sympathetic activation in neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). METHODS: 14 term (mean, SE: 38.8 + 0.35 weeks gestational age) neonates with chronic prenatal opiate exposure were enrolled. SC (peaks/sec and mean of peaks) were measured at baseline, during heel lance/squeeze (HLS) and recovery from HLS at 24-48 (mean 38) hours of life prior to treatment for NAS. Blinded coders with established reliability assessed neonates using the Modified Finnegan Neonatal ...


A Critical Role For The Host Mediator Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor In The Pathogenesis Of Malarial Anemia, M. A. Mcdevitt, J. Xie, S. Ganapathy-Kanniappan, J. Griffith, A. Liu, C. Mcdonald, P. Thuma, V. R. Gordeuk, C. N. Metz, R. Mitchell, J. Keefer, J. David, L. Leng, R. Bucala Jan 2015

A Critical Role For The Host Mediator Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor In The Pathogenesis Of Malarial Anemia, M. A. Mcdevitt, J. Xie, S. Ganapathy-Kanniappan, J. Griffith, A. Liu, C. Mcdonald, P. Thuma, V. R. Gordeuk, C. N. Metz, R. Mitchell, J. Keefer, J. David, L. Leng, R. Bucala

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Dynamic Reciprocity Between Cells And Their Microenvironment In Reproduction, J. T. Thorne, T. R. Segal, S. Chang, S. Jorge, J. H. Segars, P. C. Leppert Jan 2015

Dynamic Reciprocity Between Cells And Their Microenvironment In Reproduction, J. T. Thorne, T. R. Segal, S. Chang, S. Jorge, J. H. Segars, P. C. Leppert

Journal Articles

Dynamic reciprocity (DR) refers to the ongoing, bidirectional interaction between cells and their microenvironment, specifically the extracellular matrix (ECM). The continuous remodeling of the ECM exerts mechanical force on cells and modifies biochemical mediators near the cell membrane, thereby initiating cell-signaling cascades that produce changes in gene expression and cell behavior. Cellular changes, in turn, affect the composition and organization of ECM components. These continuous interactions are the fundamental principle behind DR, and its critical role throughout development and adult tissue homeostasis has been extensively investigated. While DR in the mammary gland has been well described, we provide direct evidence ...


A Quantitative Proteomics-Based Signature Of Platinum Sensitivity In Ovarian Cancer Cell Lines, G. Fan, K. O. Wrzeszczynski, C. Fu, G. Su, D. J. Pappin, R. Lucito, N. K. Tonks Jan 2015

A Quantitative Proteomics-Based Signature Of Platinum Sensitivity In Ovarian Cancer Cell Lines, G. Fan, K. O. Wrzeszczynski, C. Fu, G. Su, D. J. Pappin, R. Lucito, N. K. Tonks

Journal Articles

Although DNA encodes the molecular instructions that underlie the control of cell function, it is the proteins that are primarily responsible for implementing those instructions. Therefore quantitative analyses of the proteome would be expected to yield insights into important candidates for the detection and treatment of disease. We present an iTRAQ (isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification)-based proteomic analysis of ten ovarian cancer cell lines and two normal ovarian surface epithelial cell lines. We profiled the abundance of 2659 cellular proteins of which 1273 were common to all 12 cell lines. Of the 1273, 75 proteins exhibited elevated ...


Use Of External Cephalic Version And Amnioreduction In The Delivery Of A Fetal Demise With Macrocephaly Secondary To Massive Intracranial Teratoma, M. J. Blitz, E. Greeley, H. T. Tam, B. Rochelson Jan 2015

Use Of External Cephalic Version And Amnioreduction In The Delivery Of A Fetal Demise With Macrocephaly Secondary To Massive Intracranial Teratoma, M. J. Blitz, E. Greeley, H. T. Tam, B. Rochelson

Journal Articles

Introduction Congenital intracranial tumors are rare and often incidentally diagnosed on routine ultrasound. We report a case of a fetal demise with a massive intracranial teratoma at 25 weeks of gestation and the management of her delivery in the setting of macrocephaly, breech presentation, and polyhydramnios. Case A 31-year-old G3P1011 woman at 25 weeks' gestation presented with a recent fetal demise and a fetal intracranial tumor first identified at 16 weeks' gestational age. The patient had declined termination of pregnancy. Biometry was consistent with 24 weeks' gestation, except for a head circumference of 394.4 mm consistent with 39 weeks ...


A Preliminary Study Of Three-Dimensional Sonographic Measurements Of The Fetus, U. Ergaz, I. Goldstein, M. Divon, Z. Weiner Jan 2015

A Preliminary Study Of Three-Dimensional Sonographic Measurements Of The Fetus, U. Ergaz, I. Goldstein, M. Divon, Z. Weiner

Journal Articles

OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at establishing an ideal method for performing three-dimensional measurements of the fetus in order to improve the estimation of fetal weight. METHODS: The study consisted of two phases. Phase I was a prospective cross-sectional study performed between 28 and 40 weeks' gestation. The study population (n=110) comprised low-risk singleton pregnancies who underwent a routine third-trimester sonographic estimation of fetal weight. The purpose of this phase was to establish normal values for the fetal abdominal and head volumes throughout the third trimester. Phase II was a prospective study that included patients admitted for an elective ...


Effect Of Single Embryo Transfer On The Risk Of Preterm Birth Associated With In Vitro Fertilization, A. J. Fechner, K. R. Brown, N. Onwubalili, S. K. Jindal, G. Weiss, L. T. Goldsmith, P. G. Mcgovern Jan 2015

Effect Of Single Embryo Transfer On The Risk Of Preterm Birth Associated With In Vitro Fertilization, A. J. Fechner, K. R. Brown, N. Onwubalili, S. K. Jindal, G. Weiss, L. T. Goldsmith, P. G. Mcgovern

Journal Articles

To determine whether elective single embryo transfer (eSET) reduces the risk of preterm delivery associated with in vitro fertilization (IVF). This is an observational study of 3125 eSET cycles performed from 2008 to 2009 and reported to the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) database. Preterm delivery rates were compared to the overall preterm delivery rate among all patients undergoing IVF over the same time period. The 3125 eSET cycles resulted in 1507 live births (live birth rate 48.2 %) Among these deliveries were 27 twins (1.8 %) and one set of triplets (0.07 %). The overall preterm delivery rate ...


Adolescent Experiences With Intrauterine Devices: A Qualitative Study, E. O. Schmidt, A. James, K. M. Curran, J. F. Peipert, T. Madden Jan 2015

Adolescent Experiences With Intrauterine Devices: A Qualitative Study, E. O. Schmidt, A. James, K. M. Curran, J. F. Peipert, T. Madden

Journal Articles

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to improve understanding of adolescents' reasons for choosing an intrauterine device (IUD) and to explore experiences that led to continuation or discontinuation of the levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) and the copper IUD (copper IUD). METHODS: We conducted focus groups (FGs) with adolescents and young women who were current or former IUD users stratified by IUD type and 12-month IUD continuation or discontinuation. All subjects were participants from the Contraceptive CHOICE Project. FG data were supplemented with in-depth interviews (IDIs). Data collection was continued until thematic saturation was reached. Transcripts were independently coded by ...


Brain Region-Specific Alterations In The Gene Expression Of Cytokines, Immune Cell Markers And Cholinergic System Components During Peripheral Endotoxin-Induced Inflammation, H. A. Silverman, M. Dancho, A. Regnier-Golanov, M. Nasim, M. Ochani, P. S. Olofsson, M. Ahmed, E. J. Miller, S. S. Chavan, E. Golanov, C. Metz, K. J. Tracey, V. A. Pavlov Jan 2014

Brain Region-Specific Alterations In The Gene Expression Of Cytokines, Immune Cell Markers And Cholinergic System Components During Peripheral Endotoxin-Induced Inflammation, H. A. Silverman, M. Dancho, A. Regnier-Golanov, M. Nasim, M. Ochani, P. S. Olofsson, M. Ahmed, E. J. Miller, S. S. Chavan, E. Golanov, C. Metz, K. J. Tracey, V. A. Pavlov

Journal Articles

Inflammatory conditions characterized by excessive peripheral immune responses are associated with diverse alterations in brain function, and brain-derived neural pathways regulate peripheral inflammation. Important aspects of this bidirectional peripheral immune - brain communication, including the impact of peripheral inflammation on brain region-specific cytokine responses, and brain cholinergic signaling (which plays a role in controlling peripheral cytokine levels) remain unclear. To provide insight, we studied gene expression of cytokines, immune cell markers and brain cholinergic system components in the cortex, cerebellum, brainstem, hippocampus, hypothalamus, striatum, and thalamus in mice following an intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide injection. Endotoxemia was accompanied by elevated serum levels of ...


Circulating Biomarkers For Detection Of Ovarian Cancer And Predicting Cancer Outcomes, I. Shapira, M. Oswald, J. Lovecchio, H. Khalili, A. Menzin, Jill Whyte, L. Dos Santos, S. Liang, T. Bhuiya, M. Keogh, C. Mason, K. Sultan, D. Budman, P. K. Gregersen, A. T. Lee Jan 2014

Circulating Biomarkers For Detection Of Ovarian Cancer And Predicting Cancer Outcomes, I. Shapira, M. Oswald, J. Lovecchio, H. Khalili, A. Menzin, Jill Whyte, L. Dos Santos, S. Liang, T. Bhuiya, M. Keogh, C. Mason, K. Sultan, D. Budman, P. K. Gregersen, A. T. Lee

Journal Articles

Background: Securing a diagnosis of ovarian cancer and establishing means to predict outcomes to therapeutics remain formidable clinical challenges. Early diagnosis is particularly important since survival rates are markedly improved if tumour is detected early. Methods: Comprehensive miRNA profiles were generated on presurgical plasma samples from 42 women with confirmed serous epithelial ovarian cancer, 36 women diagnosed with a benign neoplasm, and 23 comparably age-matched women with no known pelvic mass. Results: Twenty-two miRNAs were differentially expressed between healthy controls and the ovarian cancer group (P


Spontaneous Live Recurrent Ectopic Pregnancy After Ipsilateral Partial Salpingectomy Leading To Tubal Rupture, C. Abraham, V. Seethappan Jan 2014

Spontaneous Live Recurrent Ectopic Pregnancy After Ipsilateral Partial Salpingectomy Leading To Tubal Rupture, C. Abraham, V. Seethappan

Journal Articles

INTRODUCTION: Ectopic pregnancy accounts for 1-2% of all pregnancies in the United States. The most common site of implantation for an ectopic pregnancy is the fallopian tube. We present the first case describing a recurrent ectopic pregnancy with a fetal heartbeat after ipsilateral salpingectomy that led to tubal rupture. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient presented with abdominal pain approximately six weeks after her last menstrual period. Seven years prior to presentation, a laparoscopic partial right salpingectomy had been performed for a tubal ectopic pregnancy. Physical exam was significant for diffuse abdominal tenderness and guarding. Ultrasonography revealed a right tubal pregnancy ...


Laser-Assisted Zona Pellucida Thinning Does Not Facilitate Hatching And May Disrupt The In Vitro Hatching Process: A Morphokinetic Study In The Mouse, T. Schimmel, J. Cohen, H. Saunders, M. Alikani Jan 2014

Laser-Assisted Zona Pellucida Thinning Does Not Facilitate Hatching And May Disrupt The In Vitro Hatching Process: A Morphokinetic Study In The Mouse, T. Schimmel, J. Cohen, H. Saunders, M. Alikani

Journal Articles

STUDY QUESTION: Does laser-assisted zona thinning of cleavage stage mouse embryos facilitate hatching in vitro? SUMMARY ANSWER: No, unlike laser zona opening, zona thinning does not facilitate embryo hatching. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Artificial opening of the zona pellucida facilitates hatching of mouse and human embryos. Laser-assisted zona thinning has also been used for the purpose of assisted hatching of human embryos but it has not been properly investigated in an animal model; thinning methods have produced inconsistent clinical results. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Time-lapse microscopy was used to study the hatching process in the mouse after zona opening and ...


Maternal Magnesium Deficiency In Mice Leads To Maternal Metabolic Dysfunction And Altered Lipid Metabolism With Fetal Growth Restriction, M. Gupta, M. H. Solanki, P. K. Chatterjee, X. Y. Xue, A. Roman, N. Desai, B. Rochelson, C. N. Metz Jan 2014

Maternal Magnesium Deficiency In Mice Leads To Maternal Metabolic Dysfunction And Altered Lipid Metabolism With Fetal Growth Restriction, M. Gupta, M. H. Solanki, P. K. Chatterjee, X. Y. Xue, A. Roman, N. Desai, B. Rochelson, C. N. Metz

Journal Articles

Inadequate magnesium (Mg) intake is a widespread problem, with over 50% of women of reproductive age consuming less than the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). Because pregnancy increases the requirement for Mg and the beneficial effects of magnesium sulfate for preeclampsia/eclampsia and fetal neuroprotection are well described, we examined the outcomes of Mg deficiency during pregnancy. Briefly, pregnant Swiss Webster mice were fed either control or Mg-deficient diets starting on gestational day (GD) 6 through euthanasia on GD17. Mg-deficient dams had significantly reduced weight gain and higher plasma adipokines, in the absence of inflammation. Livers of Mg-deficient dams had significantly ...


Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein-A2: A Novel Biomarker For Down Syndrome, S. Munnangi, S. J. Gross, R. Madankumar, G. Salcedo, S. E. Reznik Jan 2014

Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein-A2: A Novel Biomarker For Down Syndrome, S. Munnangi, S. J. Gross, R. Madankumar, G. Salcedo, S. E. Reznik

Journal Articles

Introduction: In an effort to improve prenatal screening for Trisomy 21, we evaluated pregnancy associated plasma protein-A2 (PAPP-A2) as a potential novel second trimester biomarker for Trisomy 21. Methods: Trisomy 21 and normal control mid-trimester placental samples were subjected to quantitative rt PCR analysis of seven genes we had previously found to be differentially expressed in Trisomy 21 placentae. The localization and differential expression of PAPP-A2 in second trimester placentae from normal and Trisomy 21 pregnancies was determined by immunohistochemistry. PAPP-A2 maternal serum protein levels in ten Trisomy 21 and ten diploid pregnancies were compared by Western blotting. Maternal serum ...


Loss Of Dok2 Induces Carboplatin Resistance In Ovarian Cancer Via Suppression Of Apoptosis, E. Lum, M. Vigliotti, N. Banerjee, N. Cutter, K. O. Wrzeszczynski, S. Khan, S. Kamalakaran, D. A. Levine, N. Dimitrova, R. Lucito Jan 2013

Loss Of Dok2 Induces Carboplatin Resistance In Ovarian Cancer Via Suppression Of Apoptosis, E. Lum, M. Vigliotti, N. Banerjee, N. Cutter, K. O. Wrzeszczynski, S. Khan, S. Kamalakaran, D. A. Levine, N. Dimitrova, R. Lucito

Journal Articles

Objective. Ovarian cancers are highly heterogeneous and while chemotherapy is the preferred treatment many patients are intrinsically resistant or quickly develop resistance. Furthermore, all tumors that recur ultimately become resistant. Recent evidence suggests that epigenetic deregulation may be a key factor in the onset and maintenance of chemoresistance. We set out to identify epigenetically silenced genes that affect chemoresistance. Methods. The epigenomes of a total of 45 ovarian samples were analyzed to identify epigenetically altered genes that segregate with platinum response, and further filtered with expression data to identify genes that were suppressed. A tissue culture carboplatin resistance screen was ...