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Australian Catholic University

Walking

Life Sciences

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

How Do Neighbourhood Definitions Influence The Associations Between Built Environment And Physical Activity?, Suzanne Mavoa, Nasser Bagheri, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Karen Elaine Lamb, Koichiro Oka, David O'Sullivan, Karen Witten Jan 2019

How Do Neighbourhood Definitions Influence The Associations Between Built Environment And Physical Activity?, Suzanne Mavoa, Nasser Bagheri, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Karen Elaine Lamb, Koichiro Oka, David O'Sullivan, Karen Witten

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Researchers investigating relationships between the neighbourhood environment and health first need to decide on the spatial extent of the neighbourhood they are interested in. This decision is an important and ongoing methodological challenge since different methods of defining and delineating neighbourhood boundaries can produce different results. This paper explores this issue in the context of a New Zealand-based study of the relationship between the built environment and multiple measures of physical activity. Geographic information systems were used to measure three built environment attributes—dwelling density, street connectivity, and neighbourhood destination accessibility—using seven different neighbourhood definitions (three administrative unit boundaries ...


Gait Characteristics And Falls In Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis [Accepted Manuscript], Mark W. Creaby, Michael H. Cole Dec 2018

Gait Characteristics And Falls In Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis [Accepted Manuscript], Mark W. Creaby, Michael H. Cole

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction: Given the high rate of falls during walking in people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), identifying at risk individuals and developing targeted interventions to reduce falls incidence is paramount. Numerous studies have investigated gait-related risk factors for falls in PD, however findings are inconsistent across studies, and thus a synthesis of the current evidence is needed to guide clinical practice and the development of interventions to reduce falls risk. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature regarding the association between walking biomechanics and falls in people with PD, and where possible, perform meta-analyses. Methods ...


Associations Between The Neighbourhood Environment Characteristics And Physical Activity In Older Adults With Specific Types Of Chronic Conditions: The Alecs Cross-Sectional Study, Anthony Barnett, Ester Cerin, Casper J.P. Zhang, Cindy H.P. Sit, Janice M. Johnston, Martin C. Cheung, Ruby S.Y. Lee Jan 2016

Associations Between The Neighbourhood Environment Characteristics And Physical Activity In Older Adults With Specific Types Of Chronic Conditions: The Alecs Cross-Sectional Study, Anthony Barnett, Ester Cerin, Casper J.P. Zhang, Cindy H.P. Sit, Janice M. Johnston, Martin C. Cheung, Ruby S.Y. Lee

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Neighbourhood characteristics may influence physical activity (PA), which has positive effects on the health of older adults. Older adults with chronic conditions are less active and possibly more affected by environmental factors than their peers. Understanding neighbourhood characteristics associated with PA specific to older adults with chronic conditions is currently lacking. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the associations between the neighbourhood environment and various forms of PA in older adults with and without visual impairment, hearing impairment, musculoskeletal disease and/or genitourinary disease. Methods: Neighbourhood environment and PA data were collected in Hong Kong older adults (N = 909 ...


Can Air Pollution Negate The Health Benefits Of Cycling And Walking?, Marko Tainio, Audrey J. De Nazelle, Thomas Götschi, Sonja Kahlmeier, David Rojas-Rueda, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Thiago Hérick De Sá, Paul Kelly, James Woodcock Jan 2016

Can Air Pollution Negate The Health Benefits Of Cycling And Walking?, Marko Tainio, Audrey J. De Nazelle, Thomas Götschi, Sonja Kahlmeier, David Rojas-Rueda, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Thiago Hérick De Sá, Paul Kelly, James Woodcock

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Active travel (cycling, walking) is beneficial for the health due to increased physical activity (PA). However, active travel may increase the intake of air pollution, leading to negative health consequences. We examined the risk–benefit balance between active travel related PA and exposure to air pollution across a range of air pollution and PA scenarios. The health effects of active travel and air pollution were estimated through changes in all-cause mortality for different levels of active travel and air pollution. Air pollution exposure was estimated through changes in background concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), ranging from 5 to ...


Physical Activity Through Sustainable Transport Approaches (Pasta): Protocol For A Multi-Centre, Longitudinal Study, Evi Dons, Thomas Götschi, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Audrey De Nazelle, Esther Anaya, Ione Avila-Palencia, Christian Brand, Tom Cole-Hunter, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Sonja Kahlmeier, Michelle Laeremans, Natalie Mueller, Juan Pablo Orjuela, Elisabeth Raser, David Rojas-Rueda, Arnout Standaert, Erik Stigell, Tina Uhlmann, Regine Gerike, Luc Int Panis Jan 2015

Physical Activity Through Sustainable Transport Approaches (Pasta): Protocol For A Multi-Centre, Longitudinal Study, Evi Dons, Thomas Götschi, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Audrey De Nazelle, Esther Anaya, Ione Avila-Palencia, Christian Brand, Tom Cole-Hunter, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Sonja Kahlmeier, Michelle Laeremans, Natalie Mueller, Juan Pablo Orjuela, Elisabeth Raser, David Rojas-Rueda, Arnout Standaert, Erik Stigell, Tina Uhlmann, Regine Gerike, Luc Int Panis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Physical inactivity is one of the leading risk factors for non-communicable diseases, yet many are not sufficiently active. The Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches (PASTA) study aims to better understand active mobility (walking and cycling for transport solely or in combination with public transport) as an innovative approach to integrate physical activity into individuals’ everyday lives. The PASTA study will collect data of multiple cities in a longitudinal cohort design to study correlates of active mobility, its effect on overall physical activity, crash risk and exposure to traffic-related air pollution. Methods/Design: A set of online questionnaires incorporating ...