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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Low Childhood Nature Exposure Is Associated With Worse Mental Health In Adulthood, Myriam Preuß, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Sandra Marquez, Marta Cirach, Payam Dadvand, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Regina Grazuleviciene, Hanneke Kruize, Wilma Zijlema Jan 2019

Low Childhood Nature Exposure Is Associated With Worse Mental Health In Adulthood, Myriam Preuß, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Sandra Marquez, Marta Cirach, Payam Dadvand, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Regina Grazuleviciene, Hanneke Kruize, Wilma Zijlema

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE) is associated with health benefits; however, evidence on the impact of NOE exposure during childhood on mental health (MH) and vitality in adulthood is scarce. This study was based on questionnaire data collected from 3585 participants, aged 18–75, in the PHENOTYPE project (2013) in four European cities. Mixed models were used to investigate associations between childhood NOE exposure and (i) MH; (ii) vitality (perceived level of energy and fatigue); and (iii) potential mediation by perceived amount, use, satisfaction, importance of NOE, and residential surrounding greenness, using pooled and city-level data. Adults with low ...


Do Physical Activity Social Cohesion, And Loneliness Mediate The Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space And Mental Health?, Magdalena M. Van Den Berg, Mireille Van Poppel, Irene Van Kamp, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Regina Gražulevičiene, Willem Van Mechelen, Hanneke Kruize, Jolanda Maas Jan 2019

Do Physical Activity Social Cohesion, And Loneliness Mediate The Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space And Mental Health?, Magdalena M. Van Den Berg, Mireille Van Poppel, Irene Van Kamp, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Regina Gražulevičiene, Willem Van Mechelen, Hanneke Kruize, Jolanda Maas

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

This cross-sectional study investigated whether physical activity, social cohesion, and loneliness mediate the association between time spent visiting green spaces and perceived mental health and vitality. Questionnaire data were collected from 3,948 residents from 124 neighborhoods across four European cities. Multilevel linear regression analysis revealed positive, but weak, associations between time spent visiting green space and Medical Outcome Study Short Form (SF-36) mental health and vitality score, which suggest small mental health benefits. Single mediation analyses showed that different indicators of physical activity (total, during leisure time, and walking during leisure time), social cohesion, and loneliness were mediators. Multiple ...


Objectively-Measured Neighbourhood Attributes As Correlates And Moderators Of Quality Of Life In Older Adults With Different Living Arrangements: The Alecs Cross-Sectional Study, Casper J. P. Zhang, Anthony Barnett, Janice M. Johnston, Poh-Chin Lai, Ruby S. Y. Lee, Cindy H. P. Sit, Ester Cerin Jan 2019

Objectively-Measured Neighbourhood Attributes As Correlates And Moderators Of Quality Of Life In Older Adults With Different Living Arrangements: The Alecs Cross-Sectional Study, Casper J. P. Zhang, Anthony Barnett, Janice M. Johnston, Poh-Chin Lai, Ruby S. Y. Lee, Cindy H. P. Sit, Ester Cerin

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

With an ageing world population, preservation of older adults’ health and quality of life (QoL) is paramount. Due to lower levels of physical functionality, older adults are particularly susceptible to local environment influences, especially those living alone and lacking family support. Using generalised additive mixed models, we examined associations and confounder-adjusted associations between objectively-measured neighbourhood attributes and QoL domains in 909 Hong Kong Chinese elderly community dwellers. Most examined neighbourhood attributes were not associated with QoL in the whole sample. Neighbourhood residential and entertainment density was curvilinearly and/or linearly related to specific QoL domains. Number of parks was negatively ...


Replacing Sedentary Time With Physical Activity: Effects On Health-Related Quality Of Life In Older Japanese Adults, Akitomo Yasunaga, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Shigeru Inoue, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen, Koichiro Oka Jan 2018

Replacing Sedentary Time With Physical Activity: Effects On Health-Related Quality Of Life In Older Japanese Adults, Akitomo Yasunaga, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Shigeru Inoue, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen, Koichiro Oka

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: The isotemporal substitution (IS) approach can be used to assess the effect of replacing one activity with the equal duration of another activity on relevant outcomes. This study examined the associations of objectively assessed sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in older Japanese adults, using the IS approach. Methods: Participants were 287 older Japanese adults (aged 65–84 years) who wore accelerometers for at least 7 days. We calculated the average daily time spent in SB (≤1.5 METs); light-intensity PA (LPA: >  1.5 to <  3.0 METs); and moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA: ≥3.0 METs) per day. HRQOL was assessed using the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form-8 questionnaire. Results: The IS models showed replacing SB or LPA with MVPA to be significantly associated with better physical component summary scores. Replacing SB with MVPA was marginally associated with better mental component summary scores. Conclusion: These findings indicate that replacing SB with the same amount of MVPA may contribute to better physical HRQOL in older adults.


Depression And Prostate Cancer: Examining Comorbidity And Male-Specific Symptoms, Simon M. Rice, John L. Oliffe, Mary T. Kelly, Prue Cormie, Suzanne Chambers, John S. Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy Jan 2018

Depression And Prostate Cancer: Examining Comorbidity And Male-Specific Symptoms, Simon M. Rice, John L. Oliffe, Mary T. Kelly, Prue Cormie, Suzanne Chambers, John S. Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Depression in men with prostate cancer is a significant and complex issue that can challenge clinicians’ diagnostic efforts. The objective of the current study was to evaluate prototypic and male-specific depression symptoms and suicidal ideation in men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer relative to those with and without comorbidity. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Male Depression Risk Scale-22 (MDRS-22) were completed online along with demographic and background variables by 100 men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer (n = 54 prostatectomy, n = 33 receiving active treatment). Hierarchical logistic regression was used to examine recent (past 2 weeks) suicide ideation ...


A Systematic Review Of Evidence For Fitness-To-Drive Among People With The Mental Health Conditions Of Schizophrenia, Stress/Anxiety Disorder, Depression, Personality Disorder And Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Carolyn A. Unsworth, Anne M. Baker, Man H. So, Priscilla Harries, Desmond O'Neill Jan 2017

A Systematic Review Of Evidence For Fitness-To-Drive Among People With The Mental Health Conditions Of Schizophrenia, Stress/Anxiety Disorder, Depression, Personality Disorder And Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Carolyn A. Unsworth, Anne M. Baker, Man H. So, Priscilla Harries, Desmond O'Neill

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Limited evidence exists regarding fitness-to-drive for people with the mental health conditions of schizophrenia, stress/anxiety disorder, depression, personality disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder (herein simply referred to as ‘mental health conditions’). The aim of this paper was to systematically search and classify all published studies regarding driving for this population, and then critically appraise papers addressing assessment of fitness-to-drive where the focus was not on the impact of medication on driving. Methods: A systematic search of three databases (CINAHL, PSYCHINFO, EMBASE) was completed from inception to May 2016 to identify all articles on driving and mental health conditions ...


Richness And Reciprocity: Undergraduate Student Nurse Mentoring In Mental Health, Thomas Harding, Kerry Mawson Jan 2017

Richness And Reciprocity: Undergraduate Student Nurse Mentoring In Mental Health, Thomas Harding, Kerry Mawson

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Recruiting and retaining nurses in mental health practice settings have long been problematic: A situation which is not helped by student nurses being exposed to negative attitudes about mental health nursing or poor clinical experiences. A pilot program in which student nurses were mentored on the mental health clinical placement was initiated at an Australian School of Nursing. A qualitative study was undertaken to explore the value of this program for the student mentee and the registered nurse mentor. A questionnaire containing six questions was distributed to all participants before and after the clinical experience. The questions were open format ...


Exercise, Physical Activity, And Sedentary Behavior In The Treatment Of Depression: Broadening The Scientific Perspectives And Clinical Opportunities, Mats A. Hallgren, Matthew P. Herring, Neville Owen, David Wayne Dunstan, Örjan Ekblom, Björg Helgadottir, Olivia Aya Nakitanda, Yvonne Forsell Jan 2016

Exercise, Physical Activity, And Sedentary Behavior In The Treatment Of Depression: Broadening The Scientific Perspectives And Clinical Opportunities, Mats A. Hallgren, Matthew P. Herring, Neville Owen, David Wayne Dunstan, Örjan Ekblom, Björg Helgadottir, Olivia Aya Nakitanda, Yvonne Forsell

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Research exploring links between exercise and depression now span several decades, yet several clinically relevant research questions remain unanswered. This opinion article briefly describes the status of selected research issues from the exercise depression literature and offer insights into research areas that are currently lacking. We draw particular attention to the potential of research exploring links between sedentary behavior and depression.


A Cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial Of Values-Based Training To Promote Autonomously Held Recovery Values In Mental Health Workers, Virginia Williams, Frank P. Deane, Lindsay G. Oades, Trevor P. Crowe, Joseph Ciarrochi, Retta Andresen Jan 2016

A Cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial Of Values-Based Training To Promote Autonomously Held Recovery Values In Mental Health Workers, Virginia Williams, Frank P. Deane, Lindsay G. Oades, Trevor P. Crowe, Joseph Ciarrochi, Retta Andresen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The implementation and use of evidence-based practices is a key priority for recovery-oriented mental health service provision. Training and development programmes for employees continue to be a key method of knowledge and skill development, despite acknowledged difficulties with uptake and maintenance of behaviour change. Self-determination theory suggests that autonomy, or a sense that behaviour is self-generated, is a key motivator to sustained behaviour change, in this case practices in mental health services. This study examined the utility of values-focused staff intervention as a specific, reproducible method of autonomy support.


The Public Stigma Of Problem Gambling: Its Nature And Relative Intensity Compared To Other Health Conditions, Nerilee Hing, Alex M. T. Russell, Sally M. Gainsbury, Elaine Nuske Jan 2016

The Public Stigma Of Problem Gambling: Its Nature And Relative Intensity Compared To Other Health Conditions, Nerilee Hing, Alex M. T. Russell, Sally M. Gainsbury, Elaine Nuske

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Problem gambling attracts considerable public stigma, with deleterious effects on mental health and use of healthcare services amongst those affected. However, no research has examined the extent of stigma towards problem gambling within the general population. This study aimed to examine the stigma-related dimensions of problem gambling as perceived by the general public compared to other health conditions, and determine whether the publicly perceived dimensions of problem gambling predict its stigmatisation. A sample of 2000 Australian adults was surveyed, weighted to be representative of the state population by gender, age and location. Based on vignettes, the online survey measured perceived ...


Natural Outdoor Environments And Mental And Physical Health: Relationships And Mechanisms, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Payam Dadvand, Marta Cirach, David Martínez, Antonia Medina, Anna Mompart, Xavier Basagaña, Regina Gražulevičienė, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2015

Natural Outdoor Environments And Mental And Physical Health: Relationships And Mechanisms, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Payam Dadvand, Marta Cirach, David Martínez, Antonia Medina, Anna Mompart, Xavier Basagaña, Regina Gražulevičienė, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background
Evidence is growing for the beneficial impacts of natural outdoor environments on health. However, most of the evidence has focused on green spaces and little evidence is available on health benefits of blue spaces and about possible mediators and modifiers of such impacts. We investigated the association between natural outdoor environments (separately for green and blue spaces) and health (general and mental) and its possible mediators and modifiers.
Methods
Cross-sectional data from adults interviewed in Catalonia (Spain) between 2010 and 2012 as part of the Catalonia Health Survey were used. The collected data included sociodemographic characteristics, self-perceived general health ...


Incidence Of Depression, Anxiety And Stress Following Traumatic Injury: A Longitudinal Study, Taneal A. Wiseman, Kate Curtis, Mary Lam, Kim Narelle Foster Jan 2015

Incidence Of Depression, Anxiety And Stress Following Traumatic Injury: A Longitudinal Study, Taneal A. Wiseman, Kate Curtis, Mary Lam, Kim Narelle Foster

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Traumatic injury and mental health disorders are co-associated. Early identification of depression, anxiety and stress following injury, and subsequent preventive intervention, may reduce the long-term symptoms and negative impacts associated with depression and anxiety. The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence, severity and predictors of depression, anxiety and stress in injured patients in the acute phase of care, and at six months following injury, as well as the effectiveness of an in-hospital screening tool. Methods: This descriptive longitudinal study of trauma patients was conducted at a Level 1 Metropolitan Trauma Centre in Australia over 14 months ...