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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Techniques To Improve The Volume, Texture And Nutritional Quality Of Gluten Free Bread, Zachary Christman May 2021

Techniques To Improve The Volume, Texture And Nutritional Quality Of Gluten Free Bread, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

This article highlights the use of soy flour to improve the protein and fiber of gluten free bread. Also, the use of an extrusion process on soybean and corn flour blends improves the volume and texture of the bread. A full listing of the ingredients and method for production of higher quality gluten free bread is included.


Trends In Us Crop Yields & Water Use, Britta L. Schumacher May 2021

Trends In Us Crop Yields & Water Use, Britta L. Schumacher

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over half the land in the US is dedicated to agriculture, with the vast majority of all cropland cultivated in corn, wheat, or soybean. Despite continuing advances in agricultural technologies, and consistent yield growth over the twentieth century, research suggests that environmental change is already impacting agricultural yield and future changes are sure to exacerbate challenges to agricultural production. It follows that the future of US agriculture depends on the evolution of the changing climate, the relationship between crop yields and the environment, on-farm management and adaptations, the ecosystems that support agriculture, the political and economic incentives that shape what ...


Innovative Water Management Using Advanced Irrigation Systems And Biochar, Jonathan A. Holt May 2021

Innovative Water Management Using Advanced Irrigation Systems And Biochar, Jonathan A. Holt

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Two approaches to water optimization in agriculture are to increase soil water retention and improve the efficiency of irrigation. A soil amendment that has received attention for its ability to increase soil water retention is biochar, the remaining biomass after high C materials have been pyrolyzed (burned with limited oxygen and heat). Two studies were conducted at a total of 10 site-years in Utah from 2018 to 2020 to evaluate how wood biochar influences the productivity and crop quality of irrigated alfalfa (Medicago Sativa L.), corn (Zea mays L.), and wheat (Triticum L.), along with soil water tension. One study ...


Detecting Recent Crop Phenology Dynamics In Corn And Soybean Cropping Systems Of Kentucky, Yanjun Yang, Bo Tao, Liang Liang, Yawen Huang, Christopher J. Matocha, Chad D. Lee, Michael Sama, Bassil El Masri, Wei Ren Apr 2021

Detecting Recent Crop Phenology Dynamics In Corn And Soybean Cropping Systems Of Kentucky, Yanjun Yang, Bo Tao, Liang Liang, Yawen Huang, Christopher J. Matocha, Chad D. Lee, Michael Sama, Bassil El Masri, Wei Ren

Geography Faculty Publications

Accurate phenological information is essential for monitoring crop development, predicting crop yield, and enhancing resilience to cope with climate change. This study employed a curve-change-based dynamic threshold approach on NDVI (Normalized Differential Vegetation Index) time series to detect the planting and harvesting dates for corn and soybean in Kentucky, a typical climatic transition zone, from 2000 to 2018. We compared satellite-based estimates with ground observations and performed trend analyses of crop phenological stages over the study period to analyze their relationships with climate change and crop yields. Our results showed that corn and soybean planting dates were delayed by 0 ...


Coccidia Vaccine Challenge And Exogenous Enzyme Supplementation In Broiler Chicken 1. Effect On Digesta Viscosity, Diet Energy Utilization, And Apparent Metabolizable Energy Value Of Wheat, Andrew E. Dunaway, Sunday A. Adedokun Feb 2021

Coccidia Vaccine Challenge And Exogenous Enzyme Supplementation In Broiler Chicken 1. Effect On Digesta Viscosity, Diet Energy Utilization, And Apparent Metabolizable Energy Value Of Wheat, Andrew E. Dunaway, Sunday A. Adedokun

Animal and Food Sciences Faculty Publications

This study examined the effect of exogenous mixed-enzyme supplementation (xylanase, β-glucanase, and pectinase) to a corn-SBM (CS) and a wheat-CS-based (WCS) diet in birds challenged with coccidia vaccine (Coccivac B-52™). The WCS-based diet was produced by replacing 30% of the energy-yielding portions of the CS-based diet with wheat. On day 14, 448 (n = 7) Cobb by-product breeder male broilers were assigned to a 2 (diet types) × 2 (with or without enzyme supplementation) × 2 (0 or 20 × coccidia vaccine challenge; CVC) factorial arrangement of treatments in a completely randomized design for the determination of the apparent metabolizable energy (AME) value of ...


Arkansas Corn And Grain Sorghum Performance Tests 2020, J. F. Carlin, R. D. Bond, R. B. Morgan Jan 2021

Arkansas Corn And Grain Sorghum Performance Tests 2020, J. F. Carlin, R. D. Bond, R. B. Morgan

Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series

Corn and grain sorghum performance tests are conducted each year in Arkansas by the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture. The tests provide information to companies marketing seed within the state and aid the Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service in formulating recommendations for producers.

The 2020 corn performance tests contained 85 hybrids and were conducted at the Northeast Research and Extension Center (NEREC) at Keiser, the Lon Mann Cotton Research Station (LMCRS) near Marianna, the Bell Farming Company (BFC) near Des Arc, the Pine Tree Research Station (PTRS) near Colt, the Rohwer Research Station (RRS) near Rohwer, and the Rice ...


Crop Production 2020 – Corn, Sorghum, Soybean, And Sunflower Variety Testing, G. F. Sassenrath, L. Mengarelli, J. Lingenfelser, X. Lin Jan 2021

Crop Production 2020 – Corn, Sorghum, Soybean, And Sunflower Variety Testing, G. F. Sassenrath, L. Mengarelli, J. Lingenfelser, X. Lin

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This is a summary of the variety testing for corn, sorghum, soybean, and sunflower. Nine corn varieties were tested in 2020, with an average yield of 107.6 bu/a. Twenty-four cultivars of soybeans from maturity groups (MG) 3-4 and twenty-seven cultivars from MG4-5 were tested in both full-season and double-cropped management. Full-season beans yielded an average of 54.5 bu/a for MG3-4 and 58.8 bu/a for MG4-5, which was greater than the average yields in the double-cropped beans at 32 bu/a for MG3-4 and 40.5 bu/a for MG4-5. The state-wide average soybean yield ...


Evaluation Of Corn Agronomic Management Practices Following A Rye Cover Crop, Daniel John Quinn Jan 2021

Evaluation Of Corn Agronomic Management Practices Following A Rye Cover Crop, Daniel John Quinn

Theses and Dissertations--Plant and Soil Sciences

Fall implementation of a rye (Secale cereale L.) cover crop (RCC) prior to spring corn (Zea mays L.) planting is a management practice used to improve soil conservation, water quality, and limit herbicide dependence. However, corn growth and yield following a RCC is often reduced due to early-season nitrogen (N) stress and decreased plant emergence, which can limit RCC adoption. The objective(s) of this research were to evaluate corn agronomic management practices (e.g., N and seeding rate management, in-furrow (IF) starter use) following a RCC and determine which management practices can be used to limit corn stress following ...


Assessment Of Grain Safety In Developing Nations, Jose R. Mendoza Dec 2020

Assessment Of Grain Safety In Developing Nations, Jose R. Mendoza

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Grains are the most widely consumed foods worldwide, with maize (Zea mays) being frequently consumed in developing countries where it feeds approximately 900 million people under the poverty line of 2 USD per day. While grain handling practices are acceptable in most developed nations, many developing nations still face challenges such as inadequate field management, drying, and storage. Faulty grain handling along with unavoidably humid climates result in recurrent fungal growth and spoilage, which compromises both the end-quality and safety of the harvest. This becomes particularly problematic where there is little awareness about health risks associated with poor quality grain ...


Characterizing Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Associations In Corn Inoculated With Soil From Till Or No-Till Farmlands, Catherine Defouw Nov 2020

Characterizing Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Associations In Corn Inoculated With Soil From Till Or No-Till Farmlands, Catherine Defouw

Student Summer Scholars Manuscripts

Many crops have mutualistic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi(AMF) associations that positively affect plant and soil health. AMF likely mitigates agricultural problems like topsoil depletion and compaction from tilling. The literature review on AMF associations under different practices showed the need for more studies. This project studied an AMF community's impact on soil quality and plant health in conventional till(CT) and no-till(NT) managed corn and soybean plants. Data was gathered from these fields in West MI, using field soil to inoculate greenhouse plants in normal/drought conditions. Three types of data were collected for each case: 1)AMF ...


Xylanase Supplementation In Corn-Based Swine Diets: A Review With Emphasis On Potential Mechanisms Of Action, Amy L. Petry, John F. Patience Nov 2020

Xylanase Supplementation In Corn-Based Swine Diets: A Review With Emphasis On Potential Mechanisms Of Action, Amy L. Petry, John F. Patience

Animal Science Publications

Corn is a common energy source in pig diets globally; when financially warranted, industrial corn coproducts, such as corn distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS), are also employed. The energy provided by corn stems largely from starch, with some contribution from protein, fat, and non-starch polysaccharides (NSP). When corn DDGS are used in the diet, it will reduce starch within the diet; increase dietary protein, fat, and NSP levels; and alter the source profile of dietary energy. Arabinoxylans (AXs) comprise the majority of NSP in corn and its coproducts. One strategy to mitigate the antinutritive effects of NSP and ...


Synergy Of Thermochemical Treatment Of Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles With Bioethanol Production For Increased Sustainability And Profitability, Samuel O’Brien, Jacek A. Koziel, Chumki Banik, Andrzej Białowiec Sep 2020

Synergy Of Thermochemical Treatment Of Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles With Bioethanol Production For Increased Sustainability And Profitability, Samuel O’Brien, Jacek A. Koziel, Chumki Banik, Andrzej Białowiec

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The bioethanol industry continues improving sustainability, specifically focused on plant energy and GHG emission management. Dried distiller grains with solubles (DDGS) is a byproduct of ethanol fermentation and is used for animal feed. DDGS is a relatively low-value bulk product that decays, causes odor, and is challenging to manage. The aim of this research was to find an alternative, value-added-type concept for DDGS utilization. Specifically, we aimed to explore the techno-economic feasibility of torrefaction, i.e., a thermochemical treatment of DDGS requiring low energy input, less sophisticated equipment, and resulting in fuel-quality biochar. Therefore, we developed a research model that ...


Clopyralid Uptake Of Contaminated Compost‐Fertilised Corn, Ryuichi Uegaki, Munehiro Ebato, Madoka Sutoh, Yimin Cai Aug 2020

Clopyralid Uptake Of Contaminated Compost‐Fertilised Corn, Ryuichi Uegaki, Munehiro Ebato, Madoka Sutoh, Yimin Cai

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Cultivator In Snow Aug 2020

Cultivator In Snow

Farming in Arkansas

Photograph of a horse-drawn cultivator resting in a snowy field with corn shocks behind it.


Brochure, "Dortch's Southern Hybrid Seed Corn" Aug 2020

Brochure, "Dortch's Southern Hybrid Seed Corn"

Farming in Arkansas

This is an advertising brochure for Dortch's Southern Hybrid Seed Corn produced by Robert L. Dortch in Scott.


Influence Of Cover Crop Management Practices On Rainfed Corn Production In Semi-Arid Western Nebraska, Alexandre Tonon Rosa Jul 2020

Influence Of Cover Crop Management Practices On Rainfed Corn Production In Semi-Arid Western Nebraska, Alexandre Tonon Rosa

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

With the increased cover crop (CC) popularity, producers of semi-arid regions of western Nebraska are questioning whether they could successfully incorporate CC into their rainfed winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-corn (Zea mays L.)-fallow rotations. The major concern is that CCs may deplete soil water affecting the subsequent crop. Therefore, three studies were established under rainfed conditions of western Nebraska to access the effects of CCs on soil water, soil compaction, nutrient cycling, weed demographics, residue coverage, and subsequent corn yield. The first study evaluated the influence of CC planting and termination times prior to corn establishment. Late termination ...


Arkansas Corn And Grain Sorghum Research Studies 2019, Victor Ford, Jason Kelley, Nathan Mckinney Ii Jul 2020

Arkansas Corn And Grain Sorghum Research Studies 2019, Victor Ford, Jason Kelley, Nathan Mckinney Ii

Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series

The 2020 Arkansas Corn and Grain Sorghum Research Studies Series is the inaugural edition of this annual report and includes research results on all topics pertaining to corn and grain sorghum production including disease management, environmental/sustainability, irrigation, post-harvest drying, soil fertility, weed control, and research verification program results. Our objective is capturing and broadly distributing the results of research projects funded by the Arkansas Corn and Grain Sorghum Board. The intended audience includes producers and their advisors, current investigators, and future researchers. The Series will also serve as a citable archive of research results. Research reports contained in this ...


Cover Cropping In Soybean-Corn Rotation System: Economic, Agronomic, And Soil Fertility Impact, Jose Rodolfo Mite Jun 2020

Cover Cropping In Soybean-Corn Rotation System: Economic, Agronomic, And Soil Fertility Impact, Jose Rodolfo Mite

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Planting winter-annual cover crops prevent soil erosion, reduces water runoff, and improves soil structure and soil quality. This research was conducted from 2017 to 2019 to evaluate the nutrient turnover of different species of cover crops in soils under different row crop production systems in Northeast and Central Louisiana. In Northeast Louisiana (Site 1, 2, and 3), treatments (cover crops and no cover crop) were arranged in a strip trial with three replications. At the Ben Hur Research Station, the treatments included three planting dates (September, October, and November) with [7 kg ha-1 of phosphorus (P) and potassium (K ...


Equation Chapter 1 Section 1 Corn Suitability Rating For Southern Highland Zone Of Tanzania - A Feasibility Assessment At The Tari-Uyole, Mbeya, Tanzania, Johnson Godlove Mtama, Charles Lee Burras, Balthazar Michael Msanya May 2020

Equation Chapter 1 Section 1 Corn Suitability Rating For Southern Highland Zone Of Tanzania - A Feasibility Assessment At The Tari-Uyole, Mbeya, Tanzania, Johnson Godlove Mtama, Charles Lee Burras, Balthazar Michael Msanya

Agronomy Publications

Corn productivity indices (CSR2T) for representative soils in the Southern Highland Zone of Tanzania were developed. The approaches used were derived from Iowa State University’s CSR2. Consistent with ISU, index points were applied to the pedon based on the USDA Soil Taxonomy subgroup, family particle size class, and available water holding capacity, solum depth and resilience to degradation characterizations. Additional index points were applied based on field conditions especially slope, erosion history and flooding or ponding risk in order to determine the inherent productivity potential of the soils in the work sites. The results were used to develop the ...


Midseason Nitrogen Sufficiency Guidelines For Corn Production In Arkansas Based On Tissue Analysis And Remote Sensing, Caio Luiz Dos Santos May 2020

Midseason Nitrogen Sufficiency Guidelines For Corn Production In Arkansas Based On Tissue Analysis And Remote Sensing, Caio Luiz Dos Santos

Theses and Dissertations

There are a lack of tools to assess midseason nitrogen (N) status in corn (Zea mays L.) production systems and identify the need for additional N fertilization. This study was conducted to determine the ability of leaf N concentration (LN) and the Dark Green Color Index (DGCI) at the 10th collared leaf stage (V10), the 12th collared leaf stage (V12), and tasseling (VT) to predict if midseason N is required to maximize corn grain yield. From 2017 to 2019, eight field studies with 11 N treatments ranging from 0 to 258 kg N ha-1 were conducted on silt loam soils ...


Developing A Method To Contain The Feeding Of The Wheat Curl Mite (Aceria Tosichella Keifer), Pierce Leef, Gary Hein Apr 2020

Developing A Method To Contain The Feeding Of The Wheat Curl Mite (Aceria Tosichella Keifer), Pierce Leef, Gary Hein

UCARE Research Products

To better understand the ecology and epidemiology of the wheat curl mite (Aceria tosichella Keifer) as a vector of wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV), it is necessary to develop a method to confine the microscopic mites and their infection to specific areas of their host plants, particularly wheat and corn. In this study, corn was the plant of interest. The device developed for this mite-confining method was made by removing the lens of a phone camera lens clip and gluing a 2.5 cm x 4.5 cm piece of wood to the other arm of the clip. Clips were ...


Simulating Southern Rust Damage In Corn Through Defoliation, Michael Keith Shannon Apr 2020

Simulating Southern Rust Damage In Corn Through Defoliation, Michael Keith Shannon

LSU Master's Theses

The importance of leaf area to corn for grain production beginning at silking is well documented. However, being able to predict yield loss due to defoliators such as foliar plant diseases and insects that progressively increase in defoliation over time has been difficult to quantify. To address this issue, a leaf removal study was conducted at the Dean Lee Research and Extension Center located near Alexandria, Louisiana in 2017 and 2018. Two hybrids, differing in relative maturity were evaluated in this study. An early maturing hybrid (108 days in 2017 and 107 days in 2018) and a later maturing hybrid ...


Effect Of Homofermentative Inoculant On Fermentation Characteristics And Nutritive Values Of Corn Silage, Nafeesa Qudsia Hanif, Iffat Tahira, Nighat Sultana, Mujahid Hasan Mar 2020

Effect Of Homofermentative Inoculant On Fermentation Characteristics And Nutritive Values Of Corn Silage, Nafeesa Qudsia Hanif, Iffat Tahira, Nighat Sultana, Mujahid Hasan

Journal of Bioresource Management

An in vitro study was planned to assess the effects of a homofermentative microbial inoculant on the fermentation parameters and nutritive value of corn silage. The inoculant was applied at concentrations of 5x104cfu/g of forage (T1), 1x105cfu/g of forage (T2) 1.5x105cfu/g of forage (T3) and a negative control group (T0) without bacterial inoculant in three replicates each. At day 3, 7, 45 and 90 of the experiment individual buckets were opened to characterize the material, quick acidification, dry matter recovery, and aerobic stability of silage respectively. The temperature of the ...


Proyecto Productivo De Maíz Zea Mays Variedad Ica V109 Como Alternativa Económica En El Municipio De La Primavera, Departamento De Vichada, Raúl Andrés Aldana Andueza Jan 2020

Proyecto Productivo De Maíz Zea Mays Variedad Ica V109 Como Alternativa Económica En El Municipio De La Primavera, Departamento De Vichada, Raúl Andrés Aldana Andueza

Ingeniería Agronómica

Se realizó el establecimiento de un proyecto productivo agrícola de maíz (Zea mays) variedad ICA V109 en el resguardo La Pascua, municipio de La Primavera, departamento del Vichada, en un área de 15.000 m2 , teniendo en cuenta todos los requerimientos técnicos necesarios en este sistema de producción agrícola, buscando así una alternativa económica para los habitantes del resguardo. Dentro del proyecto productivo se realizó un plan de manejo técnico que incluyó un plan de fertilización basado en un análisis de suelo, se efectúo un plan de manejo integrado de plagas, enfermedades y arvenses con los respectivos controles y umbrales ...


Sistema De Ensilaje Como Modelo De Producción En El Municipio De San José Departamento Del Guaviare, Nelby Nerieth Urrego Ramos Jan 2020

Sistema De Ensilaje Como Modelo De Producción En El Municipio De San José Departamento Del Guaviare, Nelby Nerieth Urrego Ramos

Ingeniería Agronómica

El presente trabajo se basó en el desarrollo del proyecto productivo a través de un sistema de ensilaje como modelo de producción en el municipio de San José departamento del Guaviare, en el que se describe la metodología y resultados obtenidos del desarrollo de cada uno de los componentes trabajados en el proyecto. En cuanto al componente de ingeniería agronómica se implementó una hectárea de maíz (Zea mays) del híbrido ATL 200 en el municipio de San José, con fines de ensilaje para consumo animal principalmente ganado bovino. De tal forma, que el componente de empresarización se basó en la ...


Corn Yield Response To Nitrogen In North-Central Kansas, A. A. Correndo, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2020

Corn Yield Response To Nitrogen In North-Central Kansas, A. A. Correndo, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of corn (Zea mays L.) grain yield to nitrogen (N) fertilizer. During the 2019 cropping season, an N rate experiment in corn was established in Scandia, KS, evaluating five N fertilizer rates as UAN (28-0-0) under both dryland and irrigated conditions. Average yields ranged from 138 to 236 bu/a under rainfed and from 153 to 249 bu/a for irrigated conditions. Under both dryland and irrigated conditions, maximum yields were achieved with an N rate of about 161 lb/a. Total N supply was calculated as N at planting ...


Evaluation Of 21 Thailand Maize Germplasms For Resistance To Leaf Feeding Spodoptera Frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Craig A. Abel, M. Paul Scott Jan 2020

Evaluation Of 21 Thailand Maize Germplasms For Resistance To Leaf Feeding Spodoptera Frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Craig A. Abel, M. Paul Scott

Agronomy Publications

Native to the Americas, the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae), is a recent invasive pest of Africa and Asia. This insect causes economic damage to maize (Zea mays L.) primarily through leaf and ear tissue feeding. The pest is resistant to several classes of insecticide and several Bt-maize toxins. Native resistance in maize to fall armyworm could be used with existing control tactics to enhance control of this insect. The objective for this study was to evaluate maize germplasm, developed from Thailand and maintained by the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System, for resistance to leaf ...


Corn Response To Wastewater-Recycled Phosphorus Fertilizers, Shane R. Ylagan, Kristofor R. Brye Jan 2020

Corn Response To Wastewater-Recycled Phosphorus Fertilizers, Shane R. Ylagan, Kristofor R. Brye

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

The ability to recycle phosphorus (P) from wastewaters could provide a sustainable, continuous source of P that might also help protect surface water quality from P enrichment. The mineral struvite (MgNH4PO4 · 6H2O) is an understudied material that can be created from P- and nitrogen (N)-containing wastewater and has been shown to have agricultural fertilizer value. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of electrochemically precipitated struvite (ECST), chemically precipitated struvite (Crystal Green; CG), diammonium phosphate (DAP), monoammonium phosphate (MAP), rock phosphate (RP), and triple superphosphate (TSP) on corn (Zea mays) response in a greenhouse pot study ...


Improving Integrated Management Decisions For Corn And Soybean Farmers Through Use Of A Mobile Scouting Application (App), Matthew Vandehaar Jan 2020

Improving Integrated Management Decisions For Corn And Soybean Farmers Through Use Of A Mobile Scouting Application (App), Matthew Vandehaar

Creative Components

Scouting efforts by farmers, field agronomists and crop advisors diagnose field issues experienced throughout a growing season. Modern crop scouting tools include the use of mobile scouting applications (apps) on smartphones or tablets. These apps allow scouts to document observations while viewing issues within a field. Throughout the 2014 to 2018 growing seasons, over 1,000 scouting notes were recorded and summarized using Pioneer’s Encirca® View mobile scouting app, primarily documenting issues in corn and soybean fields in central Iowa. This summary of field scouting notes shows the frequency of various field issues, correlates data to certain weather patterns ...


The Effects Of Fungicide Applied At V5/V6, V12, And Vt/R1 On Corn Yield In New York, Heidi Lott Jan 2020

The Effects Of Fungicide Applied At V5/V6, V12, And Vt/R1 On Corn Yield In New York, Heidi Lott

Creative Components

Fungicides are used to manage diseases in a crop. They limit infection and disease development and thus prevent or minimize yield loss. Disease development is dependent on weather conditions that occur during the growing season. In New York, certain diseases occur every year under the right environmental conditions, for example, northern corn leaf blight and gray leaf spot. A study that compared applications of fungicide made at different growth stages was done in the Finger Lakes Region of Upstate New York in 2018 to evaluate the effect of fungicide on disease and yield.

A plot was established on Lott Farms ...