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2019

Western Kentucky University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 162

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Maharrey, Cynthia Saddler, B. 1969 (Fa 1359), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2019

Maharrey, Cynthia Saddler, B. 1969 (Fa 1359), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1359. Student folk studies project titled “The Intersection of Yesteryear Farming and the Eco/Org Healthy Food Movement” which includes an interview with Jerald Anderson “Jerry” Hicks by Cynthia Saddler Maharrey about farming in Fleming County, Kentucky. Project includes an audio interview, PowerPoint presentation, and color photographs related to Hicks and his farm. The interview is archived in the WKU Sound Archives.


Effects Of Active Sitting On Reading And Typing Task Productivity, Claire Doroff, Emily Langford, Ronald L. Snarr Jr. Nov 2019

Effects Of Active Sitting On Reading And Typing Task Productivity, Claire Doroff, Emily Langford, Ronald L. Snarr Jr.

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(5): 1216-1224, 2019. Increased sedentary behavior and reduced physical activity among children and adults has led to the advent of various active devices to combat these behaviors. Active sitting, consisting of modified chairs or stability balls, allows the body to stay dynamic while seated. While research has evaluated the health benefits of active sitting, minimal research has shown the effects of active sitting on productivity in adult populations. The purpose was to evaluate the effects of various chairs (active versus non-active) on typing and reading task productivity. Twenty adult participants performed typing and reading ...


Feasibility, Acceptability, And Preliminary Efficacy Of A Recess-Based Fitness Intervention In Elementary School Children, Christine W. St. Laurent, Sarah Burkart, Sofiya Alhassan Nov 2019

Feasibility, Acceptability, And Preliminary Efficacy Of A Recess-Based Fitness Intervention In Elementary School Children, Christine W. St. Laurent, Sarah Burkart, Sofiya Alhassan

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 1225-1243, 2019. Although fitness may benefit cognition in youth, most attention has been given to cardiorespiratory fitness despite the health benefits of muscular fitness. Few studies have examined interventions that incorporate both cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness or have been offered during school recess. Furthermore, most fitness intervention studies examining cognitive outcomes have not reported on implementation information. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy on fitness and cognition of a recess intervention in elementary school children. Two schools were randomized to either a 3-month cardiorespiratory ...


Three-Months Of Neuromotor Fitness Program Affect The Body Composition And Physical Performance In Untrained Women, João Vinnícius Vasconcellos De Oliveira, Estêvão Rios Monteiro, Victor Gonçalves Corrêa Neto, Paulo Henrique Marchetti, Jefferson Da Silva Novaes, Amanda Fernandes Brown Nov 2019

Three-Months Of Neuromotor Fitness Program Affect The Body Composition And Physical Performance In Untrained Women, João Vinnícius Vasconcellos De Oliveira, Estêvão Rios Monteiro, Victor Gonçalves Corrêa Neto, Paulo Henrique Marchetti, Jefferson Da Silva Novaes, Amanda Fernandes Brown

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 1346-1354, 2019. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of three months of neuromotor fitness on body composition and physical performance in untrained women. Nine untrained women (age: 38.1 ± 6.9 years; total body mass: 79.3 ± 10.7 kg; height: 161.5 ± 3.9 cm; body mass index: 30.4 ± 4.1) participated in the present study. Subjects attended the laboratory on twenty-seven occasions during a three-month period at least forty-eight hours in between sessions. Sessions 1 and 2 were used to measure morphology and body composition, and ...


Hot Training Conditions Inhibit Adequate Ad Libitum Recovery Fluid Intake Of Runners, Brett A. Davis, Eric O'Neal, Samantha Johnson, Richard S. Farley Nov 2019

Hot Training Conditions Inhibit Adequate Ad Libitum Recovery Fluid Intake Of Runners, Brett A. Davis, Eric O'Neal, Samantha Johnson, Richard S. Farley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(6): 1322-1333, 2019. This study examined voluntary fluid intake, hydration descriptors, and sweat loss estimation accuracy following runs in wet bulb globe temperatures of 18 (TEMP) and 26 ºC (HOT). Twelve male runners completed 1-h runs at 65% of VO2 max with access to water during runs and a variety of beverages for the following 24-h. Urine specific gravity (USG), body mass, fluid intake, and urine output were assessed at 12 and 24-h. Runners lost 1.355 ± 0.263 and 1.943 ± 0.485 L during TEMP and HOT, respectively. Sweat loss volume ...


Effects Of Caffeine On Tennis Serve Accuracy, Benjamin Pj Poire, Lauren Killen, Matt Green, Eric O'Neal, Lee Renfroe Nov 2019

Effects Of Caffeine On Tennis Serve Accuracy, Benjamin Pj Poire, Lauren Killen, Matt Green, Eric O'Neal, Lee Renfroe

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(6): 1290-1301, 2019. This study examined the effects of caffeine on tennis serve accuracy. Division II tennis athletes (n = 10) completed two serve trials (double-blind, counterbalanced) following ingestion of 6 mg/kg of caffeine or matched placebo an hour prior to data collection. During each tennis serve trial, participants completed 48 non-fault serves divided into 3 sets with 2 serves per 8 different targets. Following each 2 serves per target format, participants completed a shuttle run sprint. Separate 2 (trial) x 8 (targets) repeated measures analysis of variances (ANOVAs) were used for distances from ...


The Relationship Between Maternal And Obese Children’S Daily Physical Activity., Shelby J. Foote, Alexandra Venezia, Darby J. Winkler, Keith R. Losche, Danielle D. Wadsorth Nov 2019

The Relationship Between Maternal And Obese Children’S Daily Physical Activity., Shelby J. Foote, Alexandra Venezia, Darby J. Winkler, Keith R. Losche, Danielle D. Wadsorth

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(5): 1302-1314, 2019. This study examined the effects of maternal influence on child’s daily physical activity. Participants consisted of eight families; parents (n = 9) and obese children (n = 10). Families were asked to attend exercise sessions at a university laboratory for 10 weeks. Daily physical activity was measured with a MovBand 3 which is a wrist worn accelerometer that records physical activity as moves. Linear mixed-effects models were used to predict daily physical activity over time and child physical activity as a function of parent physical activity on a day-to-day basis. Physical activity ...


Is The Ftp Test A Reliable, Reproducible And Functional Assessment Tool In Highly-Trained Athletes?, Eanna M. Mc Grath, Nicholas Mahony, Neil Fleming, Bernard Donne Nov 2019

Is The Ftp Test A Reliable, Reproducible And Functional Assessment Tool In Highly-Trained Athletes?, Eanna M. Mc Grath, Nicholas Mahony, Neil Fleming, Bernard Donne

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 1334-1345, 2019. The aim of the current study was to assess reliability of the Functional Threshold Power test (FTP) and the corresponding intensity sustainable for 1-hour in a “quasi-steady state”. Highly-trained athletes (n = 19) completed four non-randomized tests over successive weeks on a Wattbike; a 3-min incremental test (GxT) to exhaustion, two 20-min FTP tests and a 60-min test at computed FTP (cFTP). Power at cFTP was calculated by reducing 20-min FTP data by 5% and was compared with power at Dmax and lactate threshold (TLac). Ventilatory and blood lactate (BLa) responses ...


Effect Of Capris In Validity Of Air-Displacement Plethysmography In Female College Students, Sydney Haynes, Joshua Miller, Kyle Susa Nov 2019

Effect Of Capris In Validity Of Air-Displacement Plethysmography In Female College Students, Sydney Haynes, Joshua Miller, Kyle Susa

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 1315-1321, 2019. Body composition testing is completed in human performance laboratories, local health clubs, and many other locations each day. Maintaining proper technique is required to make sure the results are reliable and valid. The purpose of this study was to compare traditional clothing (spandex shorts and sports bra) and non-traditional clothing (Capri-length spandex pants and sports bra) in females while utilizing the Bod Pod to determine body composition. Nineteen female participants ages 18 - 25 years (Mage = 21.2 years) performed two Bod Pod tests either wearing traditional or non-traditional clothing when ...


Acute Caffeine Ingestion Increases Velocity And Power In Upper And Lower Body Free-Weight Resistance Exercises, Thomas Degrange, William Jackson, Tyler Williams, Rebecca R. Rogers, Mallory Marshall, Christopher Ballmann Nov 2019

Acute Caffeine Ingestion Increases Velocity And Power In Upper And Lower Body Free-Weight Resistance Exercises, Thomas Degrange, William Jackson, Tyler Williams, Rebecca R. Rogers, Mallory Marshall, Christopher Ballmann

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 1280-1289, 2019. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of caffeine supplementation on velocity and power output during bench press and back squat exercises. Resistance trained males (n = 12) consuming less than 300 mg of caffeine daily, were recruited for this study. In a blinded crossover study design, participants supplemented with 6 mg· kg-1 caffeine or placebo (placebo, gluten-free cornstarch) 60 min prior to exercise. Participants completed 3 × 1 repetition with maximum explosive intent at 80% of their 1-RM for bench and squat exercises with two minute rest ...


Effect Of Sex And Menstrual Cycle On Skin Sensory Nerve Contribution To Local Heating, Zachary T. Martin, Carley A. Shannon, Brandon M. Kistler, Paul R. Nagelkirk, Andrew T. Del Pozzi Nov 2019

Effect Of Sex And Menstrual Cycle On Skin Sensory Nerve Contribution To Local Heating, Zachary T. Martin, Carley A. Shannon, Brandon M. Kistler, Paul R. Nagelkirk, Andrew T. Del Pozzi

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 1265-1279, 2019. The purpose of this study was to determine sex differences in the contribution of sensory nerves to rapid cutaneous thermal hyperemia. Healthy young females (n = 15, tested during both the early follicular (EF) and the mid-luteal (ML) phase of the menstrual cycle) and males (n = 15) had a 4 cm2 area of skin on one forearm and one leg treated with a eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA). EMLA sites, along with corresponding control sites, were instrumented with laser Doppler flowmetry probes and local skin heaters. Baseline (33 °C), rapid and ...


Validation Of Practical Tools To Identify Walking Cadence To Reach Moderate Intensity, Spencer F.C. Smith, Matthew A. Short, Martin Sénéchal, Danielle R. Bouchard Nov 2019

Validation Of Practical Tools To Identify Walking Cadence To Reach Moderate Intensity, Spencer F.C. Smith, Matthew A. Short, Martin Sénéchal, Danielle R. Bouchard

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 1244-1253, 2019. It is recommended that adults get at minimum 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in bouts of 10 minutes or greaterevery week. Walking cadence (steps per minute) is one easy way to estimate intensity required, however tools that claim to quantify walking intensity via walking cadence have not been validated in adults. We aimed to validate: 1- the accuracy of walking cadence measurement by the Piezo RxD pedometer, Polar Stride Sensor Bluetooth Smart foot pod, and Garmin Ant+ foot pod at different speeds and slopes and 2- the ability of the ...


Effects Of Synchronous And Asynchronous Music During High Intensity Training On Obesity And Metabolic Health In Singapore Women, Dd Salle, Ms Aman, Mn Hashim, Fy Loo, T Tran Nov 2019

Effects Of Synchronous And Asynchronous Music During High Intensity Training On Obesity And Metabolic Health In Singapore Women, Dd Salle, Ms Aman, Mn Hashim, Fy Loo, T Tran

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(5): 1254-1264, 2019. Evidence suggests that high intensity exercise aided by musicrenders positive results in health related fitness components. However, less is known about the influence synchronous and asynchronous music may have on outcomes in overweight and obese women.A twelve-week, randomized-controlled trial was conducted using premenopausal overweight/obese (BMI > 24.9 kg/m2) adult Singapore women (n = 92) divided into three groups (exercise with synchronous, asynchronous, and no music, respectively). Pre-post clinical examinations, anthropometric, and fitness evaluations were conducted. Statistical analyses revealed that physical activity was effective in all groups with music ...


Starting The Resistance-Training Session With Lower-Body Exercises Provides Lower Session Perceived Exertion Without Altering The Training Volume In Older Women, João Pedro Nunes, Alexandre Jehan Marcori, Crisieli Maria Tomeleri, Matheus Amarante Nascimento, Jerry L. Mayhew, Alex Silva Ribeiro, Edilson Serpeloni Cyrino Oct 2019

Starting The Resistance-Training Session With Lower-Body Exercises Provides Lower Session Perceived Exertion Without Altering The Training Volume In Older Women, João Pedro Nunes, Alexandre Jehan Marcori, Crisieli Maria Tomeleri, Matheus Amarante Nascimento, Jerry L. Mayhew, Alex Silva Ribeiro, Edilson Serpeloni Cyrino

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 1187-1197, 2019.The aim of this study was to compare the acute effects of four resistance-training (RT) exercise orders on rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and RT variables with exercise load properly adjusted according to its position within the sequence in older women. That is, the load was adjusted so that it was possible that the sets were performed within the repetition-zone established. Fifteen trained older women (67.4 ± 5.3 years) participated in a crossover-design, combining single-joint (SJ) and multi-joint (MJ) exercises for upper- (UB) and lower-body (LB) in the following exercise ...


Metabolic And Cardiovascular Responses On A Novel, Whole Body Exercise Device Compared To A Cycle Ergometer, Melody A. Gary, Brian K. Mcfarlin Oct 2019

Metabolic And Cardiovascular Responses On A Novel, Whole Body Exercise Device Compared To A Cycle Ergometer, Melody A. Gary, Brian K. Mcfarlin

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 1206-1215, 2019. The purpose of this study was to compare the metabolic effects during a similar bout of exercise on a novel, whole body exercise device (Fish and Kangaroo Machine; FKM) and a cycle ergometer. Recreationally active men and women (n =13) completed two exercise sessions. The exercise protocol included intervals alternating between exercise (3-min) and rest (3-min) for a total duration of 39-min. The exercise intensity between the two modes was matched based on heart rate response. Heart rate, cardiac output, and stroke volume were measured using a wireless telemetry technique (Physioflow ...


Effects Of A Competitive Season On Autonomic Heart Rate Modulation In Field Soccer Athletes, João Marcelo De Queiroz Miranda, Adriano Maia, Roberta L. Rica, Welmo A. Barbosa, Alana De Sena Souza, Marco Bergamin, Vitor E. Valenti, Julien S. Baker, Guilherme L. Shimojo, Jonato Prestes, Whitley J. Stone, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Rogério Brandão Wichi Oct 2019

Effects Of A Competitive Season On Autonomic Heart Rate Modulation In Field Soccer Athletes, João Marcelo De Queiroz Miranda, Adriano Maia, Roberta L. Rica, Welmo A. Barbosa, Alana De Sena Souza, Marco Bergamin, Vitor E. Valenti, Julien S. Baker, Guilherme L. Shimojo, Jonato Prestes, Whitley J. Stone, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Rogério Brandão Wichi

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 1198-1205, 2019. The physical demands of soccer combined with the rigor of the competitive season may have a substantial impact on autonomic modulation in field soccer athletes. The number of sudden death cases associated with soccer may be related to the physical training required to maintain performance and fitness, minimal time for recovery, and recurrent game participation. It is possible to identify individuals at risk of cardiovascular events by measuring heart rate variability (HRV), which is an indirect method for assessing autonomic activity. Therefore, the objective of this study was to analyze HRV ...


Daily Total Energy Expenditure Associated With Playing Pokémon Go, Tyler Langford, Veronika Pribyslavska, Vaughn W. Barry Oct 2019

Daily Total Energy Expenditure Associated With Playing Pokémon Go, Tyler Langford, Veronika Pribyslavska, Vaughn W. Barry

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(5): 1179-1186, 2019. Approximately 51% of American adults do not meet weekly physical activity (PA) recommendations. Pokémon Go (PoGo) popularity and its required PA participation shows potential for improved daily PA. The primary aim of this study was to objectively measure daily energy expenditure (DEE) of PoGo players and identify whether DEE differs from non-players. A secondary aim was to assess potential motivational factors to play PoGo. Local Middle Tennessee participants (n= 25) were identified as "players" or "non-players" based on current PoGo usage from August till November 2016. Participants donned a SenseWear Armband ...


Core Stability And Athletic Performance In Male And Female Lacrosse Players, Fallon Shea Greene, Erin E. Perryman, Christopher J. Cleary, Summer B. Cook Oct 2019

Core Stability And Athletic Performance In Male And Female Lacrosse Players, Fallon Shea Greene, Erin E. Perryman, Christopher J. Cleary, Summer B. Cook

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 1138-1148, 2019. This study determined the relationship of core stability with power production, agility, and dynamic stability of collegiate lacrosse players and whether core stability is more evident in these performance variables in either males or females. Twenty male and female collegiate lacrosse players (20.3 ± 1.0 years, 173.2 ± 11.8 cm, 72.6 ± 13.0 kg) performed the pro-agility shuttle, the countermovement jump (CMJ), the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), and prone, right lateral, and left lateral planks on two sessions- familiarization and testing. Independent T-tests were used to compare ...


Assessing Physical Activity Levels And Motivation In An Urban Midwest Private Liberal Arts College, Michael A. Kantor, Ana Freire Ribeiro Oct 2019

Assessing Physical Activity Levels And Motivation In An Urban Midwest Private Liberal Arts College, Michael A. Kantor, Ana Freire Ribeiro

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 1169-1178, 2019. Recent research indicates that over one third of U.S. adults are obese and 51.6% of adults meet the recommended 2008 physical activity (PA) guidelines. In this context, understanding what makes people engage or not in PA becomes of key importance when attempting to prevent obesity and its related comorbidities. The objective is to assess the PA and motivation levels of students, faculty, and staff in an urban Midwest Private College. Participants completed an anonymous online survey (n=119) on PA and Exercise Motivation. Fitness levels were tested and obtained ...


Dim Light Exposure Or Melatonin Ingestion Lowers A Type 2 Diabetic's Blood Glucose Removal Rate: A Single Case, Matthew C. Scott, Arnold G. Nelson, Christopher M. Hearon Oct 2019

Dim Light Exposure Or Melatonin Ingestion Lowers A Type 2 Diabetic's Blood Glucose Removal Rate: A Single Case, Matthew C. Scott, Arnold G. Nelson, Christopher M. Hearon

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 1161-1168, 2019. The purpose of this case study isto compare a Type 2 diabetic's postprandial glucoregulatory ability under two different room lighting conditions. The subject was a 56-year-old physically active male with well controlled blood glucose levels (HbA1c ≤ 6% for 5 y) from a combination of diet, exercise, and medication. Two hours post evening meal (380 kcal, 18 g fat, 44 g carbohydrate, 12 g protein), a 45 g carbohydrate challenge was given, and blood glucose was measured every 30 minutes for 2.5 hours under three conditions: dim light (<50 lux) (DL), bright light (>40000 ...


Effects Of A Game-Centered Health Promotion Program On Fall Risk, Health Knowledge, And Quality Of Life In Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Alyssa K. Dispennette, Mark A. Schafer, Matthew Shake, Brian Clark, Steven Vanover, Gretchen B. Macy, K. Jason J. Crandall Oct 2019

Effects Of A Game-Centered Health Promotion Program On Fall Risk, Health Knowledge, And Quality Of Life In Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Alyssa K. Dispennette, Mark A. Schafer, Matthew Shake, Brian Clark, Steven Vanover, Gretchen B. Macy, K. Jason J. Crandall

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 1149-1160, 2019. Quality of life (QOL) is an important aspect of overall well-being in older adults and can be improved with increased physical activity. One in four older adults experiences a fall each year, making it necessary to focus public health interventions towards decreasing fall risk and improving QOL in older adults. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the health promotion program, Bingocize®, on QOL and fall risk in community-dwelling older adults (n = 36; mean age 73.63 ± 6.97). Participants were clustered and randomly assigned to (a ...


Evaluation Of Reasons That May Affect Whether Academically Capable Females Choose To Major In Stem, Kerri Alexander Adkins Oct 2019

Evaluation Of Reasons That May Affect Whether Academically Capable Females Choose To Major In Stem, Kerri Alexander Adkins

Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to study the reasons why academically capable females choose to pursue majors in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) fields. A mixed-methods approach using focus groups and a survey were used. Data were gathered from the focus group sessions and used to develop the survey that was then validated and checked for reliability. After some edits, the survey was administered to female freshmen attending Western Kentucky University. Unfortunately, all female students who completed the survey except one indicated they were pursuing STEM majors.

The results from this study suggest that the reasons surrounding the ...


Development Of An Autonomous Aerial Toolset For Agricultural Applications, Terrance Life Oct 2019

Development Of An Autonomous Aerial Toolset For Agricultural Applications, Terrance Life

Mahurin Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

According to the United Nations, the world population is expected to grow from its current 7 billion to 9.7 billion by the year 2050. During this time, global food demand is also expected to increase by between 59% and 98% due to the population increase, accompanied by an increasing demand for protein due to a rising standard of living throughout developing countries. [1] Meeting this increase in required food production using present agricultural practices would necessitate a similar increase in farmland; a resource which does not exist in abundance. Therefore, in order to meet growing food demands, new methods ...


Allen, Patricia Ann (Fa 1333), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2019

Allen, Patricia Ann (Fa 1333), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1333. Campbellsville College student folk studies project titled “Mountain Lion Stories,” which includes survey sheets with brief descriptions of mountain lion legends in Jefferson County, Alabama and Clay County, Kentucky. Sheets include a brief description of the legend, and informant’s name, location, and place of birth.


Does Fatigue Impact Static And Dynamic Balance Variables In Athletes With Previously Ankle Injury?, Michelle Lacey, Bernard Donne Sep 2019

Does Fatigue Impact Static And Dynamic Balance Variables In Athletes With Previously Ankle Injury?, Michelle Lacey, Bernard Donne

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(3): 1121-1137, 2019. Ankle injury, resulting in deficits in static and dynamic balance, can result in significant time loss to sport, affect daily activities and potentially place athletes at greater risk of re-injury. In order to identify athletes at risk of ankle injury accurate and reliable balance assessment tools are required. The purpose of the current study was to quantify reliability of static and dynamic balance variables in currently healthy, previously injured, athletes (n = 19) and assess the impact of an intense intermittent zig-zag running protocol to volitional exhaustion, rated by RPE, on balance ...


The Effect Of Barefoot Running On Emg Activity In The Gastrocnemius And Tibialis Anterior In Active College-Aged Females, Ryan Beierle, Phoebe Burton, Hayden Smith, Michael Smith, Stephen J. Ives Sep 2019

The Effect Of Barefoot Running On Emg Activity In The Gastrocnemius And Tibialis Anterior In Active College-Aged Females, Ryan Beierle, Phoebe Burton, Hayden Smith, Michael Smith, Stephen J. Ives

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(1): 1110-1120, 2019. Running is one of the most popular forms of exercise, thus overuse injuries such as plantar fasciitis, shin splints, and tibial stress fractures are also common. Barefoot/forefoot running has shown promise to reduce overuse injuries by decreasing the impact upon contact with the ground. The arch of the foot utilizes a ‘spring’ system that simultaneously reduces impact and propels the stride forward. Increased muscle activity in a particular location is indicative of greater impact forces, suggesting a larger risk for overuse injuries. The current study investigated the role of the ...


Steenbergen, Joel (Fa 1325), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2019

Steenbergen, Joel (Fa 1325), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text scan of paper (Click on “Additional Files” below) for Folklife Archives Project 1325. Student folk studies project titled “Ginseng: The Wonder of the World,” about the history and folklore of ginseng in the United States, its uses, the harvesting process and tools.


Dyer, Susan Joan (Spear) (Fa 1326), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2019

Dyer, Susan Joan (Spear) (Fa 1326), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text scan of paper (Click on “Additional Files” below) for Folklife Archives Project FA 1326. Student folk studies project titled “’Sengin’: Cultivation of an Endangered Species” about growing and harvesting ginseng in Williamson County, Tennessee. Photos include the growing stages of the ginseng plant, the harvesting process, and related tools.


Early Timeline Of Lean Tissue Mass And Strength Improvements In Trained Men Following A High Volume/Frequency Resistance Training Program, Michael H. Thomas, Robert H. Ferguson, Steve P. Burns, Natalie B. Allen Sep 2019

Early Timeline Of Lean Tissue Mass And Strength Improvements In Trained Men Following A High Volume/Frequency Resistance Training Program, Michael H. Thomas, Robert H. Ferguson, Steve P. Burns, Natalie B. Allen

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 1094-1109, 2019. The purpose of this study was to determine the early timeline effect of a systemic high volume/frequency resistance training intervention on lean tissue mass and strength in trained men. Twenty-two healthy resistance trained men, age (32.29 ± 9.75 years), training age (9.40 ± 6.18 years) were placed on a 4-week resistance training (RT) intervention with lean mass and strength assessed pre, mid, and post intervention. RT consisted of 6 exercises: flat smith chest press, pull ups, triceps pushdowns, dumbbell bicep curls, leg press or walking lunges, and standing ...


Comparison Of Body Composition Prediction Equations With Air Displacement Plethysmography In Overweight And Obese Caucasian Males., Carley A. Shannon, Justin R. Brown, Andrew T. Del Pozzi Sep 2019

Comparison Of Body Composition Prediction Equations With Air Displacement Plethysmography In Overweight And Obese Caucasian Males., Carley A. Shannon, Justin R. Brown, Andrew T. Del Pozzi

International Journal of Exercise Science

Body mass index (BMI) has been used for years by clinicians to approximate total body fat. However, the body adiposity index (BAI), body adiposity index from the FELS longitudinal study (BAIFELS), and an equation developed by Deurenberg et al. (BFD) were created recently to offset BMI’s limitations and accurately estimate percent body fat (%BF). The prevalence of overweight and obese Caucasian men is increasing in the United States; currently, there is no established way to quickly and accurately predict their %BF. Purpose: To compare the existing %BF equations (BAI, BAIFELS, and BFD) to measured %BF via air displacement plethysmography ...