Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Western Kentucky University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 2929

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Brooks, Larry (Fa 1228), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2018

Brooks, Larry (Fa 1228), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1228. Student paper titled “Blacksmithing” in which Larry Brooks explores the history of blacksmithing, the proper way to shoe a horse, appropriate tools and supplies, and how craftsmen use various smithing methods to repair items such as shovels, plows, and wagon wheels. Brooks collected information from Earl Austin, a longtime farmer and blacksmith from Beaver Dam, Kentucky. The paper also contains black and white photographs of blacksmithing implements, the shoeing process, and Austin’s workspace.


Antonini, Virginia (Fa 1221), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2018

Antonini, Virginia (Fa 1221), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1221. Student paper titled “Moonshining” in which Virginia Antonini details the process of distilling moonshine from harvest to bottling. Antonini describes the equipment used to produce moonshine and includes several stories told by her informant, a man only referred to as “Jim,” about his methods and various run-ins with the law. The author also includes her mother’s wine recipe and additional “home brew” stories.


James Roger Thomas, B. 1950 And Doris (Carson) Thomas (Sc 3273), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2018

James Roger Thomas, B. 1950 And Doris (Carson) Thomas (Sc 3273), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3273. Speech of Roger and Doris Thomas, Smiths Grove, Kentucky, given at a dairymen's event. They describe the history and operation of their dairy farm and their family and community activities. The remarks were made in conjunction with their forthcoming participation in a competition as representatives of the group.


Pendleton Family - Account Books (Mss 649), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2018

Pendleton Family - Account Books (Mss 649), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 649. Five account books for a grist mill and saw mill located in East Fork, Metcalfe County, Kentucky, as well as logging operations. The account books list wages paid for daily work as well as for piece work (handles). Employees were sometimes paid in cash, but most of the wages were paid in flour, mill, or other general store goods. Some of the accounts are for customers, not employees.


A Study Into The Reliability Of The Data Flow From Gps Enabled Portable Fitness Devices To The Internet, Philip Shambrook, Patrick J. Lander Phd, Olivia Maclaren Oct 2018

A Study Into The Reliability Of The Data Flow From Gps Enabled Portable Fitness Devices To The Internet, Philip Shambrook, Patrick J. Lander Phd, Olivia Maclaren

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(7): 1184-1193, 2018. The growth in availability and affordability of portable fitness devices (PFDs) has facilitated a concomitant growth in the collection and sharing of what are assumed to be reliable measures of exercise and physical activity. This data is increasingly used by fitness trainers to track performance progression, and plan training. Whilst the reliability and validity of these devices has been reported, investigation into the variance in the data at different access points is less well examined. The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability of the data flow from global ...


Donerail, Kentucky Grange No. 44 (Sc 3267), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2018

Donerail, Kentucky Grange No. 44 (Sc 3267), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3267. Minute book of Donerail Grange No. 44, Fayette County, Kentucky. Includes rolls of members as of 1 January 1875.


Thomson, Patrick Henry, 1819-1901 (Sc 3266), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2018

Thomson, Patrick Henry, 1819-1901 (Sc 3266), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3266. Farm journal kept by Patrick Henry Thomson of Hurricane Hall, Fayette County, Kentucky. He records daily temperatures and farm operations, and makes occasional mention of his and wife Julia's activities. A loose item dated 10 November 1852 gives him notice of a meeting in regards to the recent fire at the county courthouse.


Genau, Charles (Fa1212), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2018

Genau, Charles (Fa1212), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1212. Student paper titled “Winemaking: The Old and New Way” in which Charles Genau details the process of wine production from harvest, to fermentation, bottling, and distribution. Genau compares and contrasts methods of traditional winemaking with contemporary approaches. He also gathered his information from two winemakers of different ages and ethnic backgrounds. The paper contains two illustrations of the winemaking process.


Giltner Brothers - Eminence, Kentucky (Sc 3264), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2018

Giltner Brothers - Eminence, Kentucky (Sc 3264), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3264. Certificates and associated correspondence relating to the sale of a Polled Hereford bull, “Plutocrat 5th,” to Charles Settle, Springfield, Kentucky, by Giltner Brothers Kentucky Herefords, Eminence, Kentucky. Includes Certificates of Entry for the bull’s pedigree and a letter with information on the Giltner Brothers herd.


Griggs, Joe (Fa 1208), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2018

Griggs, Joe (Fa 1208), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1208. Student paper titled “Moonshine” in which Joe Griggs interviews E.Y. Hurt, a native of Todd County, about his varied business ventures including owning motels, grocery stores, and, eventually, a moonshine still. Hurt describes the fermentation process, production, and running of moonshine in Kentucky during the Prohibition era. The paper also contains a brief biographical background of the informant as well as two fully transcribed interviews with Hurt.


Effects Of Changing The Focus Of Attention On Accuracy, Acceleration, And Electromyography In Dart Throwing, Dakota R. Hitchcock, David E. Sherwood Oct 2018

Effects Of Changing The Focus Of Attention On Accuracy, Acceleration, And Electromyography In Dart Throwing, Dakota R. Hitchcock, David E. Sherwood

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(1): 1120-1135, 2018. Research over the past 15 years or so has shown that an external focus on the effects of one’s movements improves performance relative to an internal focus of attention on bodily actions. More recent research has attempted to discover how the focus of attention (FOA) influences underlying motor control processes by using kinematic and EMG measures. Research has shown that an external FOA reduces EMG activity and the co-contraction between agonist and antagonist muscle groups relative to an internal FOA. The primary goal of the current study was to determine ...


Effects Of Variable Resistance Training On Kinetic And Kinematic Outcomes During A Heavy Conventional Deadlift, Timothy J. Gerking Oct 2018

Effects Of Variable Resistance Training On Kinetic And Kinematic Outcomes During A Heavy Conventional Deadlift, Timothy J. Gerking

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Variable Resistance Training (VRT), loading elastic band tension on a barbell, has shown improvements in force, power, and velocity. Studied extensively in the squat and bench press, VRT is less researched in the context of the deadlift. Additionally, while no acute VRT deadlift studies exist where intensity was ≥ 90% 1- RM, some heavy VRT studies suggest that at approximately 90% 1-RM, less band tension (BT) is required to enhance force and power than seen at lower intensities in existing research. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of VRT on peak relative vertical ground reaction force ...


Developing A New Sensing Technology For Double-Stranded Dna Detection Utilizing Engineered Zinc Finger Proteins And Nanomaterials, Dat Thinh Ha Oct 2018

Developing A New Sensing Technology For Double-Stranded Dna Detection Utilizing Engineered Zinc Finger Proteins And Nanomaterials, Dat Thinh Ha

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

A specific double-stranded DNA sensing system is of great interest for diagnostic and other biomedical applications. Zinc finger domains, which recognize double-stranded DNA, can be engineered to form custom DNA-binding proteins for recognition of specific DNA sequences. As a proof of concept, a sequence-enabled reassembly of TEM-1 β- lactamase system (SEER-LAC) was previously demonstrated to develop zinc finger protein (ZFP) arrays for the detection of a double-stranded bacterial DNA sequence. Here, we implemented the SEER-LAC system to demonstrate the direct detection of pathogenspecific DNA sequences present in E. coli O157:H7 on the lab-on-a chip. ZFPs customdesigned to detect shiga ...


The Predictability Of Peak Oxygen Consumption Using Submaximal Ratings Of Perceived Exertion In Adolescents, Danilo V. Tolusso, Ward C. Dobbs, Michael Esco Sep 2018

The Predictability Of Peak Oxygen Consumption Using Submaximal Ratings Of Perceived Exertion In Adolescents, Danilo V. Tolusso, Ward C. Dobbs, Michael Esco

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 1173-1183, 2018. Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) extrapolation involves mathematically extending the submaximal relationship between RPE and oxygen consumption (VO2) to maximal intensity. This technique allows practitioners to forego, potentially dangerous, maximal exertion testing while attaining accurate measures of maximal oxygen consumption used for exercise prescription. This method has been proven accurate in adults, but much less in known when applied to an adolescent population. The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of the RPE extrapolation as method for estimating VO2max in adolescents. Twenty-two healthy, asymptomatic adolescents performed ...


Characterizing The Aerobic And Anaerobic Energy Costs Of Polynesian Dances, Wei Zhu, David E. Lankford, Joel Reece, Daniel P. Heil Sep 2018

Characterizing The Aerobic And Anaerobic Energy Costs Of Polynesian Dances, Wei Zhu, David E. Lankford, Joel Reece, Daniel P. Heil

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 1156-1172, 2018. This study characterized both aerobic and anaerobic energy expenditure (EE) for several Polynesian dances in a group of experienced professional Polynesian dancers. Thirteen men and 17 women were tested using indirect calorimetry to assess aerobic EE (and converted to METs), and fingertip blood lactate to estimate anaerobic EE, during both resting and dancing activities. Total EE was then computed as the sum of both aerobic and anaerobic activity energy expenditure (AEE, or EE above resting). One sample t-tests compared mean MET values for each type of dance to the 3-MET and ...


Foot-To-Foot Bioelectrical Impedance, Air Displacement Plethysmography, And Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry In Resistance-Trained Men And Women, Justin Merrigan, Sina Gallo Phd, Jennifer Fields, Margaret T. Jones Phd Sep 2018

Foot-To-Foot Bioelectrical Impedance, Air Displacement Plethysmography, And Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry In Resistance-Trained Men And Women, Justin Merrigan, Sina Gallo Phd, Jennifer Fields, Margaret T. Jones Phd

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 1145-1155, 2018. Accurate assessment of body composition is important to athletic performance goal setting and nutritional program design. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is considered the “gold standard” in body composition assessment, yet the cost renders DXA unfeasible for many. Therefore, it is of interest to compare other body composition assessment methods to DXA in resistance-trained individuals whose focus is athletic performance. The purpose of the current study was to determine the agreement in estimates of body composition ((body fat (BF%); fat mass (FM); fat free mass (FFM)) by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA; Tanita ...


The Influence Of Tissue Plasminogen Activator I/D Polymorphism On The Tpa Response To Exercise, Adam M. Coughlin Sep 2018

The Influence Of Tissue Plasminogen Activator I/D Polymorphism On The Tpa Response To Exercise, Adam M. Coughlin

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(3): 1136-1144, 2018. The purpose was to determine if the Alu-insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism of the tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) gene influences the tPA response to maximal exercise. Fifty male subjects (age = 23.6 ± 4.7 yrs) completed a maximal treadmill exercise test. Blood samples were drawn before and immediately after exercise for determination of plasma tPA antigen and activity. Isolated DNA was amplified via polymerase chain reaction, electrophoresed, and visually amplified to determine tPA genotype. Subjects were classified as possessing the D allele (D) (n = 28) or being homozygous for the I ...


From The Editors: A Guide For Peer Review In The Field Of Exercise Science, Whitley J. Stone, James W. Navalta, Scott Lyons, Mark A. Schafer Sep 2018

From The Editors: A Guide For Peer Review In The Field Of Exercise Science, Whitley J. Stone, James W. Navalta, Scott Lyons, Mark A. Schafer

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(1): 1112-1119, 2018. Since its inception, the mission of the International Journal of Exercise Science (IJES) has been to engage student researchers, to provide an outlet for peer-review and possible publication of their work, and to grant an opportunity for them to gain experience as peer-reviewers. The Editors of IJES take pride in providing these opportunities for student involvement, and we are constantly seeking new and innovative ways to enhance students’ professional development. As our readership has expanded across the globe and our scope has broadened to cross many Kinesiology related disciplines, we believe ...


Intro To Folk Studies Oral History Project (Fa 1206), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2018

Intro To Folk Studies Oral History Project (Fa 1206), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1206. Collection consists of interviews conducted by students in Barry Kaufkins’ Introduction to Folk Studies (FLK 276) class at WKU. Students conducted interviews with various family members, friends, and coworkers. Topics include childhood memories, cultural traditions, professional responsibilities, and other issues relating to personal narratives. Collection also contains brief summaries of subjects covered in the interviews. Audio recordings of the interviews that were recorded and submitted are stored in the WKU Sound Archives.


Stevens, Donald (Fa 1205), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2018

Stevens, Donald (Fa 1205), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1205. Student paper titled “Digging Ginseng” in which Donald Stevens describes the process of locating, cleaning, drying, and selling ginseng root. Stevens collected information from Charlie Dean Ashley, a Breckenridge County native, and Stevens’ neighbor in Dillsboro, Indiana. The paper also includes a photograph of Ashley along with his favorite hunting grounds.


Foodways (Fa 1202), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2018

Foodways (Fa 1202), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 1202. Collection of papers written by students in Professor Barry Kaufkins’ Foodways class (FLK/ANTH 388) at Western Kentucky University. While a majority of the papers focus on Easter traditions, other topics of note include immigrant foodways traditions, fundraising efforts, community organizations, tailgating, and sorority life. Papers also include photographs taken by students.


Technology-Based Physical Activity Self-Monitoring Among College Students, Zack Papalia, Oliver Wilson, Melissa Bopp, Michele Duffey Aug 2018

Technology-Based Physical Activity Self-Monitoring Among College Students, Zack Papalia, Oliver Wilson, Melissa Bopp, Michele Duffey

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(7): 1096-1104, 2018. Understanding the relationship between college students’ physical activity (PA) self-monitoring and PA levels has the potential to inform initiatives to promote PA. This study’s purpose was to examine the prevalence of technology-based self-monitoring among college students the potential relationship between device usage, goal setting behaviors, PA enjoyment, and PA levels. An online survey assessed students' demographics, current PA level, technology-based PA self-monitoring, and psychosocial outcomes. Independent t-tests examined differences in PA level and psychosocial outcomes by device use. 55.5% of the final sample (N=1,154) reported technology-based self-monitoring ...


Can Heart Rate Variability Predict The Second Metabolic Threshold In Young Soccer Players?, Gustavo S. Ribeiro, Ubiratan R. Pereira, André L. Lopes Aug 2018

Can Heart Rate Variability Predict The Second Metabolic Threshold In Young Soccer Players?, Gustavo S. Ribeiro, Ubiratan R. Pereira, André L. Lopes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(2): 1105-1111, 2018. Heart rate variability (HRV) is an effective method to assess the influence of the autonomic nervous system, which may be directly linked to metabolic demand. The aim of the study was to determine if the second metabolic threshold can be identified by HRV. Thirteen athletes were assessed in cardiopulmonary exercise test with concomitant gas analysis. The RR intervals (RRi) were plotted in a spreadsheet for graphics analysis and the point at which there was a shift in the RRi curve was determined as RRiT2. The second ventilatory threshold (VT2 ...


Comparison Of Two Static Stretching Procedures On Hip Adductor Flexibility And Strength, Brandon Fjerstad, Roger L. Hammer Dr., Adam Hammer, Gavin Connolly, Karen Lomond, Paul O'Connor Aug 2018

Comparison Of Two Static Stretching Procedures On Hip Adductor Flexibility And Strength, Brandon Fjerstad, Roger L. Hammer Dr., Adam Hammer, Gavin Connolly, Karen Lomond, Paul O'Connor

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(6): 1074-1085, 2018. It has been shown that acute static stretching (SS) may increase flexibility, improve performance and reduce the risk of muscle strains, but may also result in decreased maximal force output. Literature review revealed little research had specifically been done on the most effective ways to stretch the hip adductor muscles. The purpose was to determine the effects that an acute bout of SS (active vs passive) has on hip adductor flexibility and maintenance of strength. Randomized cross-over study using a 3 X 2 (Condition X Time) repeated measures ANOVA statistical design ...


The Effect Of Active Ankle T1tm Ankle Braces On The Timing Of Muscular Activation In The Leg In Female Varsity Volleyball Players: A Pilot Study, Kylee Kuchta, Sara Potter, Heather Brousseau, Ian Newhouse Aug 2018

The Effect Of Active Ankle T1tm Ankle Braces On The Timing Of Muscular Activation In The Leg In Female Varsity Volleyball Players: A Pilot Study, Kylee Kuchta, Sara Potter, Heather Brousseau, Ian Newhouse

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(1): 1086-1095, 2018. The objective was to examine the effect of Active Ankle T1TM ankle braces on the timing of muscular activation of the upper leg in female volleyball athletes during a one-legged landing task. Fourteen healthy female varsity volleyball athletes participated in this study. Each signed a participant recruitment form, consent form, a Physical Activities Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q) and completed the injury screening form. A warm up was completed followed by two practice jumps. Each participant was randomly assigned and counterbalanced to a condition to begin with (no brace or brace). Once ...


Relationships Between Assessments In A Physical Ability Test For Law Enforcement: Is There Redundancy In Certain Assessments?, Karly Cesario, Joe Dulla, Ashley Blood Good, Matthew R. Moreno, J. Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie Aug 2018

Relationships Between Assessments In A Physical Ability Test For Law Enforcement: Is There Redundancy In Certain Assessments?, Karly Cesario, Joe Dulla, Ashley Blood Good, Matthew R. Moreno, J. Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 1063-1073, 2018. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between tests incorporated into a physical assessment battery (PAT) for a law enforcement (LEA) to determine if there were redundancies (i.e. tests measuring the same qualities). A retrospective analysis of 226 recruits (196 males, 30 females) was conducted. The PAT consisted of: maximal push-ups and sit-ups completed in 60 s; a 75-yard pursuit run (75PR); maximal revolutions completed on an arm ergometer in 60 s; and a 2.4 km run. A one-way ANOVA (p<0.05) determined if there were significant differences in the PAT data between the sexes. Pearson’s correlations (p<0.05) calculated relationships between each of the tests within the PAT, and males and females were analyzed separately. Further, tests that could potentially measure similar qualities, including upper-body endurance (push-ups/arm ergometer), abdominal endurance (push-ups/sit-ups), and aerobic fitness (arm ergometer/2.4 km run) were investigated further with one-sample t-tests to determine agreement. Males performed better than the females in all tests (p≤0.017). There ...


Fitness Profiles In Elite Tactical Units: A Critical Review, Daniel Maupin, Thomas Wills, Robin M. Orr, Benjamin Schram Aug 2018

Fitness Profiles In Elite Tactical Units: A Critical Review, Daniel Maupin, Thomas Wills, Robin M. Orr, Benjamin Schram

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(3): 1041-1062, 2018. Elite tactical units complete a variety of demanding tasks and a high level of fitness is required by this population to perform their occupational tasks optimally. The aim of this critical review was to identify and synthesize key findings of studies that have investigated the fitness profiles of elite tactical units. Included studies were critically appraised, using the Downs and Black checklist, and a level of evidence was determined. Relevant data were extracted, tabulated, and synthesized. Fourteen studies were included for review and ranged in percentage quality scores from 46% to ...


Running Economy While Running In Shoes Categorized As Maximal Cushioning, Miles A. Mercer, Tori M. Stone, John C. Young, John A. Mercer Aug 2018

Running Economy While Running In Shoes Categorized As Maximal Cushioning, Miles A. Mercer, Tori M. Stone, John C. Young, John A. Mercer

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(2): 1031-1040, 2018. The purpose of the study was to determine if running economy was influenced by wearing maximal cushioning shoes vs. control (neutral cushioning) shoes. Participants (n=10, age=28.2±6.1yrs; mass=68.1±10.2 kg; height=170±6.1 cm) completed two experiments. Each experiment included running conditions wearing control and maximal cushioning shoes. In Experiment 1, participants ran on a treadmill at three speeds in each shoe condition (6 total conditions). The speeds were: 1) preferred speed, 2) preferred speed + 0.447 m·s-1, and 3) preferred ...


Comparison Of Physical Activity During Zumba With A Human Or Video Game Instructor, Bridgette Schneekloth, Gregory A. Brown Aug 2018

Comparison Of Physical Activity During Zumba With A Human Or Video Game Instructor, Bridgette Schneekloth, Gregory A. Brown

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 1019-1030, 2018. Using a physically active video game presents an opportunity for a person to engage in exercise in the privacy of their own home, yet still receive some feedback on the quality of their exercise performance. The purpose of this project was to compare the physical activity between participating in a Zumba exercise class led by a human and using a Zumba video game. Eight women (33.0 ± 3.0 y, 34.8 ± 8.1 % body fat) who regularly participated in a Zumba exercise class were measured for heart rate, number of ...


Aerobic Fitness Is Of Greater Importance Than Strength And Power In The Load Carriage Performance Of Specialist Police, Jeremy Robinson, Adam Roberts, Shane Irving, Robin M. Orr Aug 2018

Aerobic Fitness Is Of Greater Importance Than Strength And Power In The Load Carriage Performance Of Specialist Police, Jeremy Robinson, Adam Roberts, Shane Irving, Robin M. Orr

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 987-998, 2018.Police officers are required to carry external loads as part of their occupation. One means of preparing officers to carry loads is through physical conditioning. The aim of this study was to investigate whether strength, power or aerobic endurance had the greatest association with load carriage performance. Retrospective data from 42 male specialist tactical police officers (mean body weight = 88.8±8.25 kg) informed this study. Baseline data were provided for strength (1 Repetition Maximum [RM] bench press, deadlift, squat and pull-up), lower body power (vertical jump, 10m sprint) and ...