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Full-Text Articles in Legal History

The Reactionary Road To Free Love: How Doma, State Marriage Amendments And Social Conservatives Undermine Traditional Marriage, Scott Titshaw Dec 2012

The Reactionary Road To Free Love: How Doma, State Marriage Amendments And Social Conservatives Undermine Traditional Marriage, Scott Titshaw

Scott Titshaw

Much has been written about the possible effects on different-sex marriage of legally recognizing same-sex marriage. This article looks at the defense of marriage from a different angle: It shows how rejecting same-sex marriage results in political compromise and the proliferation of “marriage light” alternatives (e.g., civil unions, domestic partnerships, or reciprocal beneficiaries) that undermine the unique status of marriage for everyone. In the process, it examines several aspects of the marriage debate in detail. After describing the flexibility of marriage as it has evolved over time, the article focuses on recent state constitutional amendments attempting to stop further ...


La Lex Mercatoria Contextualisée: Tracer Son Parcours Intellectuel, Dave De Ruysscher Dec 2012

La Lex Mercatoria Contextualisée: Tracer Son Parcours Intellectuel, Dave De Ruysscher

Dave De ruysscher

Lex mercatoria is, as a label for contemporary transnational commercial law, well known from legal literature regarding international markets . Some arguments with respect to that concept have historical implications: a medieval body of commercial law is often considered as the predecessor of the lex mercatoria of today. Yet, legal historians have recently questioned whether a medieval commercial law existed in a uniform sense in different locations. As a result, the intellectual history of the concept of lex mercatoria is the more interesting. In this article, it is demonstrated that this notion was introduced in legal literature on international markets in ...


Combatiendo Las “Nulidades-Sorpresa”: El Derecho Fundamental Del Contradictorio En La Perspectiva De La Nulidad Procesal, Renzo Cavani Oct 2012

Combatiendo Las “Nulidades-Sorpresa”: El Derecho Fundamental Del Contradictorio En La Perspectiva De La Nulidad Procesal, Renzo Cavani

Renzo Cavani

No abstract provided.


Some Reflections On Historical Elements In Contemporary Written Constitutions: Selected Examples And A Recent Case In Hungary, Stephan Foldes Aug 2012

Some Reflections On Historical Elements In Contemporary Written Constitutions: Selected Examples And A Recent Case In Hungary, Stephan Foldes

Stephan Foldes

Examples of historical law being included in today’s constitutional law are provided by constitutional enactments of the United States, Canada, Sweden, Norway, Belgium, Finland, Luxembourg, Germany, Ireland, France, Turkey, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, and Hungary. Issues of interpretation and application are again raised by a recent case decided in the Constitutional Court of Hungary.


The Ministerial Exception And The Limits Of Religious Sovereignty, Ian C. Bartrum Jul 2012

The Ministerial Exception And The Limits Of Religious Sovereignty, Ian C. Bartrum

Ian C Bartrum

This paper explores the scope of independent religious sovereignty in the context of the ministerial exception.


El Derecho Al Trato Justo, A La Equidad Y A La Educación Financiera De Los Consumidores, Jose R. Nina Cuentas Jul 2012

El Derecho Al Trato Justo, A La Equidad Y A La Educación Financiera De Los Consumidores, Jose R. Nina Cuentas

Jose R. Nina Cuentas

Tema de Protección del Usuario Financiero en la Contratación de Créditos de Consumo.


Analysis: Williams V Scott, Jon Foster Apr 2012

Analysis: Williams V Scott, Jon Foster

Jon Foster

In the case of Williams v Scott, the Court has been asked to determine the constitutionality of Senate Bill 2100 in relation to the rights of public sector employees to collectively bargain.


Ratings Contre Etats, Gregory Lewkowicz Mar 2012

Ratings Contre Etats, Gregory Lewkowicz

Gregory Lewkowicz

Interview of Gregory Lewkowicz on credit rating agencies by I. de Laminne for the newspaper "La Libre Belgique"


The Elementary Guide To 'Moot Court', Lucky Michael Mgimba Mr. Mar 2012

The Elementary Guide To 'Moot Court', Lucky Michael Mgimba Mr.

Lucky Michael Mgimba

Moot Court is an extracurricular activity that allows law students to take part in simulated court proceedings. Participants focus their arguments on a hypothetical case based on international law or municipal law depending on the nature of the case itself and the court in which it is submitted.

Participation in moot court has proven to be an exceptionally re-warding educational experience, which provides law students with the opportunity to think critically about important issues and speak confidently in front of panels of judges, but it further creates in them better understanding in the laws they theoretically study in class sessions ...


The Basics Of Us Criminal Justice System, Bethel G.A Erastus-Obilo Feb 2012

The Basics Of Us Criminal Justice System, Bethel G.A Erastus-Obilo

Bethel G.A Erastus-Obilo

The criminal justice system is complex. It is also bureaucratic by design and has evolved over the years from simple unstructured peacekeeping units to the large complex crime-fighting system that it is today. Many of those who work within it find it challenging and unwieldy. Many of those who are accused of an offense find it confusing and intimidating. This goes for citizens and foreigners whether they are competent in the English language or not. For most members of ethnic minority groups, the experience can be harrowing and often fatal.


University Of Baltimore Symposium Report: Debut Of “The Matthew Fogg Symposia On The Vitality Of Stare Decisis In America”, Zena D. Crenshaw-Logal Jan 2012

University Of Baltimore Symposium Report: Debut Of “The Matthew Fogg Symposia On The Vitality Of Stare Decisis In America”, Zena D. Crenshaw-Logal

Zena Denise Crenshaw-Logal

On the first of each two day symposium of the Fogg symposia, lawyers representing NGOs in the civil rights, judicial reform, and whistleblower advocacy fields are to share relevant work of featured legal scholars in lay terms; relate the underlying principles to real life cases; and propose appropriate reform efforts. Four (4) of the scholars spend the next day relating their featured articles to views on the vitality of stare decisis. Specifically, the combined panels of public interest attorneys and law professors consider whether compliance with the doctrine is reasonably assured in America given the: 1. considerable discretion vested in ...


A Just War: Examining War Justification In Operation Iraqi Freedom, Neely M. Peden Jan 2012

A Just War: Examining War Justification In Operation Iraqi Freedom, Neely M. Peden

Neely M Peden

War itself and the consequences of war have never been able to be reconciled with the moral principle of peace. It was St. Thomas Aquinas who theorized that the incompatible means of war and Christian-taught pacifism could complement one another in his Summa Theologica. Out of these theological postures comes the idea of “just war”. This paper examines the conflict between these ideologies and the recent conflict in Iraq.


Willful [Color-] Blindness: The Supreme Court's Equal Protection Of Ascription, Aaron J. Shuler Jan 2012

Willful [Color-] Blindness: The Supreme Court's Equal Protection Of Ascription, Aaron J. Shuler

Aaron J Shuler

Rogers Smith in his "Beyond Tocqueville, Myrdal and Hartz: The Multiple Traditions in America," warns of novel legal systems reconstituting ascriptive American inequality. The post-Warren Courts' approach to Equal Protection, specifically their unwillingness to consider disparate impact and the difference between invidious and benign practices, betrays an "ironic innocence" as described by James Baldwin to a history of racial discrimination and domination, and a disavowal of a hiearchy that the Court perpetuates.


Contracting In Modern World, Enrico Baffi Jan 2012

Contracting In Modern World, Enrico Baffi

enrico baffi

In this paper I try explore some of the basic features of modern mass contracting. In my opinion, there are basically four characteristics of modern mass contracting: a)he reduced negotiations; b) the dissemination of standard form contracts; c) the presence of abusive clauses; d) and the recapitulation of the contract and its execution in a single act of stipulation. All the changes are the consequences in the changes of relative costs of activities: a) The reduction in negotiations is the result first of all of the costs that this activity requires and of the costs required to manage personalized ...


Casev. Pigou: A Still Difficult Debate, Enrico Baffi Jan 2012

Casev. Pigou: A Still Difficult Debate, Enrico Baffi

enrico baffi

This paper examine the positions of Coase and Pigou about the problem of the externalities. From the reading of their most two important works it appears that Coase has a more relevant preference for a evaluation of efficiency at the total, while Pigou, with some exception, is convinced that is possible to reach marginal efficiency through taxes or compensation. It’s interesting that Coase, who has elaborated the famous theorem, is convinced that is not important to reach the efficiency at the margin every time and that sometimes is necessary a valuation at the total, that tells us which solution ...


México, Su Constitución Y El Arbitraje Internacional: Un Desarrollo Bicentenario, James A. Graham Jan 2012

México, Su Constitución Y El Arbitraje Internacional: Un Desarrollo Bicentenario, James A. Graham

James A. Graham

En la Montaña Mágica de Mann, Settembrini defiende el arbitraje como el medio idóneo para resolver las disputas internacionales, enfatizando que hay un ius divinum (hoy diríamos una lex mercatoria) que transciende los derechos positivos y permite resolver las controversias más allá de los diversos derechos nacionales. A lo cual, le responde Naphta, que no es posible dejar a tribunales “bourgeois” decidir sobre lo justo como si fueron dioses, o como hubiera dicho Rigaux, “des dieux et des héros”. Tal antagonismo resume la historia del arbitraje en los dos últimos siglos en México. Considerado al inicio de su independencia, como ...


Bridging The Divide: Finding Common Ground On The Modern Chevron Debate, Nicholas C. Stewart Jan 2012

Bridging The Divide: Finding Common Ground On The Modern Chevron Debate, Nicholas C. Stewart

Nicholas C Stewart

Traditionally, when reviewing an administrative agency’s adjudication or rulemaking under National Labor Relations Board v. Hearst Publications, Inc., 322 U.S. 111 (1944), courts would ask whether the question before them was one of law or a mixed question of law and fact. While the former was accorded no deference, the latter received a great deal. Despite this seemingly simple construct, courts persistently confused questions of law with mixed questions, and vice versa, resulting in the inconsistent application of standards of review. In Chevron, U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 467 U.S. 837 (1984 ...


La Instrucción Pública En La Constitución De Cádiz Y El Constitucionalismo Peruano Inicial, Daniel Soria Luján Jan 2012

La Instrucción Pública En La Constitución De Cádiz Y El Constitucionalismo Peruano Inicial, Daniel Soria Luján

Daniel Soria Luján

No abstract provided.


Private Rights Or Public Wrongs? The Crime Victims Rights Act Of 2004 In Historical Context, Christopher J. Truxler Jan 2012

Private Rights Or Public Wrongs? The Crime Victims Rights Act Of 2004 In Historical Context, Christopher J. Truxler

Christopher J. Truxler

Historically, crime victims served as policemen, investigators, and private prosecutors, and were regarded as law enforcement’s most dependable catalyst. The Crime Victim’s Rights Act of 2004 grants crime victims eight substantive and procedural rights and breathes new life into the common law idea that crime is both a public wrong and a private injury. The Act has, however, elicited ardent criticism. Opponents contend that the Act is both bad policy and, most likely, unconstitutional. Without commenting on the Act’s policy or constitutionality, this Note places the Crime Victims’ Rights Act within a broader historical context where victims ...


Chasing Ghosts: On The Possibility Of Writing Cultural Histories Of Tax Law, Assaf Likhovski Jan 2012

Chasing Ghosts: On The Possibility Of Writing Cultural Histories Of Tax Law, Assaf Likhovski

Assaf Likhovski

This Article discusses the use of arguments about “culture” in two debates about the imposition, application and abolition of income tax law: A debate about the transplantation of British income taxation to British-ruled Palestine in the early twentieth century, and a debate about tax privacy in late eighteenth-century and early nineteenth-century Britain. In both cases, “culture,” or some specific aspect of it (notions of privacy) appeared in arguments made by opponents of the tax. However, it is difficult to decide whether the use of cultural arguments in these debates simply reflected some “reality” that existed prior to these debates, whether ...


Back To The Future: Introducing Constructive Feminism For The Twenty-First Century: A New Paradigm For The Family And Medical Leave Act, Arianne Renan Barzilay Dr. Jan 2012

Back To The Future: Introducing Constructive Feminism For The Twenty-First Century: A New Paradigm For The Family And Medical Leave Act, Arianne Renan Barzilay Dr.

Arianne Renan Barzilay Dr. (J.S.D., New York University School of Law)

Abstract: At least ninety percent (90%) of American parents, mothers and fathers, say they are experiencing an acute shortage of time spent with family and an intense work-family conflict. This article provides a history and a theory that should inform our conceptualization of work-family regulation. It points to the neglected history of working-class social feminism. It shows how working-class social feminists at the beginning of the twentieth century advocated for “constructive feminism”—government support, by way of labor regulation, of what this article terms “multidimensionalism”—a life enriched by meaningful dimensions of work, family, civic participation, and culture. The Article ...


Labor Regulation As Family Regulation: Decent Work And Decent Families, Arianne Renan Barzilay Dr. Jan 2012

Labor Regulation As Family Regulation: Decent Work And Decent Families, Arianne Renan Barzilay Dr.

Arianne Renan Barzilay Dr. (J.S.D., New York University School of Law)

It is due time that we understood that regulating the family has been a longstanding goal of labor regulation. This article presents the trajectory of labor regulation as family regulation. It provides a history of the "decent standards" discourse pertaining to wage and hour regulation, and reveals its double meanings: to provide "decent work" and to promote "decent families. " It terms the goal of providing decent standards of work and wages as "productive decency" and the goals pertaining to family decency, proper gender norms, and sexual purity as "repressive decency. " It shows how labor regulation surprisingly began in the Progressive ...


The (Re-) Constitution Of The Public, Gianluigi Palombella Jan 2012

The (Re-) Constitution Of The Public, Gianluigi Palombella

Gianluigi Palombella

This article deals with the prospect of public law in global governance. It analyses firstly the foundations of modern public law and considers what is left of them in the global setting. Are they still holding through States’ de-centering practices, detached from the legitimating grounds of the modern ‘idea of publicness’? What is called here the duality of public law (in its State-related political and juridical strands) fades and decouples in the sphere where inherently ‘global’ legalities originate of a deracinated type: the distinctively global ‘public’ only provides a ‘suspended public law’ and politically unsaturated. The Constitution of the Public ...


Возрождение Отечественного Юридического Образования В 20-Е – Начале 30-Х Годов Xx Века, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy Jan 2012

Возрождение Отечественного Юридического Образования В 20-Е – Начале 30-Х Годов Xx Века, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

In the aricle the basic directions of revival of juridical education in the Soviet State in 20 - the beginning of 30th years of the XX-th century are considered. Transition to the New Economic Policy after Civil war and policy of “military communism” has shown all inefficiency of revolutionary sense of justice at the decision of legal questions of peace life. In 1921 political-legal departments of faculties of social studies have been transformed to legal departments. In the New Economic Policy the jurisprudence and juridical education had transitive and inconsistent character


Эволюция Правового Статуса Академии Наук В 20-Е Годы Xx Века, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy Jan 2012

Эволюция Правового Статуса Академии Наук В 20-Е Годы Xx Века, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

Legal aspects of history of the Russian Academy of Science are obviously insufficiently studied. The 85th anniversary of the Charter of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR 1927 coming in 2012 makes urgent its detailed legal characteristics, background of fact that the Charter of the Academy of Sciences was developed by the Academy itself and was approved by the Government on its representation. The essential features of evolution of the Academy of Sciences legal status in 1920s are as follows: its transformation into the higher scientific organisation of the USSR; returning to the pre-revolutionary system of its submission to ...


Формально-Юридический Метод В Правовых Исследованиях: Современные Подходы, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy, Elena S. Shmatova Jan 2012

Формально-Юридический Метод В Правовых Исследованиях: Современные Подходы, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy, Elena S. Shmatova

Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

The article is devoted to studying of the formal-legal method in Legal researches. Jurisprudence uses widely the formal-legal (or formal-logic) method of analysis of the investigated normative material. It consists in explanation of the essence and the importance of the law or other statutory act, proceeding from its own maintenance. This method sometimes name still is formal-dogmatic as it is directed on disclosing of dogma of the Law


Нетипичные Формы Государства В Современном Мире, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy Jan 2012

Нетипичные Формы Государства В Современном Мире, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

The state form represents an important category of the theory of the State and the Law, constitutional law which is used for knowledge both formal, and the substantial party of the state. Thus basically jurists are guided by typical signs of a political mode, the form of government and the state system form. At the same time, in 90th years of XX century interest to social and legal bases of the mixed and hybrid forms of government has amplified


Место Обычно-Правовых Норм В Системе Источников Современного Российского Права, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy, Vlasdimir Raschetov Jan 2012

Место Обычно-Правовых Норм В Системе Источников Современного Российского Права, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy, Vlasdimir Raschetov

Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

The customary law continues to remain one of sources of the Russian Law. It is most actual at adjustment of civil-law and adjoining relations with them (usual and customary business practices), in Sea and River Law (customs of trading navigation), at adjustment of national-state relations, rules of civil servant behaviour and a number of other spheres of public relations


«Философский Пароход: 90 Лет Спустя, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy Jan 2012

«Философский Пароход: 90 Лет Спустя, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

In case of the deportation 1922 the emergency state mode did not act, dispatch was performed in a greater degree for the limits of the country sent in the conditions of the New Economic Policy were not engaged in instigation to public disorders. It is represented that the given variant of deportatio nquite can be carried to repressive methods of state-legal adjustment which were approved in 20th years and were actively used during the subsequent period.


Законодательные Основы Противодействия Ксенофобии И Антисемитизму В Советском Государстве (1917-1939 Г.Г.), Leonid G. Berlyavskiy, Eugene V. Kolesnikov Jan 2012

Законодательные Основы Противодействия Ксенофобии И Антисемитизму В Советском Государстве (1917-1939 Г.Г.), Leonid G. Berlyavskiy, Eugene V. Kolesnikov

Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

In the article the legislation of xenophobia and antisemitism counteraction in the Soviet Union is considered. The Sovnarkom of RSFSR Decree 27 July 1918, the Soviet criminal codes in the struggle against nationalism and antisemitism is shown