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SelectedWorks

2008

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Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in Legal History

International News V Associated Press: A Theme And Variations Over Four Days, Christopher Wadlow Dec 2008

International News V Associated Press: A Theme And Variations Over Four Days, Christopher Wadlow

Christopher Wadlow

A series of four classes at the University of Trier (Germany) for undergraduate law students, using the International News v Associated Press case 248 U.S. 215 (1918) to discuss some principles of unfair competition and copyright law, as well as some more fundamental doctrines from the common law, and American Constitutional law.


Jogelmélet Jog Nélkül? [Legal Theory Without Law?], Péter Cserne Dec 2008

Jogelmélet Jog Nélkül? [Legal Theory Without Law?], Péter Cserne

Péter Cserne

No abstract provided.


John Mccain's Citizenship: A Tentative Defense, Stephen E. Sachs Aug 2008

John Mccain's Citizenship: A Tentative Defense, Stephen E. Sachs

Stephen E. Sachs

Sen. John McCain was born a U.S. citizen and is eligible to be president. The most serious challenge to his status, recently posed by Prof. Gabriel Chin, contends that the statute granting citizenship to Americans born abroad did not include the Panama Canal Zone, where McCain was born in 1936. When Congress amended the law in 1937, he concludes, it was too late for McCain to be "natural born." Even assuming, however, that McCain's citizenship depended on this statute - and ignoring his claim to citizenship at common law - Chin's argument may be based on a misreading. When ...


La Naturaleza Jurídica Del Distrito Federal. Historia, Actualidad Y Pendientes, Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño Jun 2008

La Naturaleza Jurídica Del Distrito Federal. Historia, Actualidad Y Pendientes, Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


Sacrifice And Civic Membership: Who Earns Rights, And When?, Julie Novkov May 2008

Sacrifice And Civic Membership: Who Earns Rights, And When?, Julie Novkov

Julie Novkov

This paper considers two moments that scholars generally agree featured advances for African Americans’ citizenship – the end of the Civil War and Reconstruction, and World War II and its immediate aftermath – and reads these moments through lenses of race and gender. I consider the conjunction of acknowledged sacrifices and contributions to the state, the rights advances achieved, and the gendered and racialized conceptions of citizen service emerging out of both post-war periods. This conjunction suggests that the kind of citizenship that people of color gained during and after wartime crises depended upon gendered and racialized hierarchies that valued the masculine ...


Teach Justice, Steve Sheppard Jan 2008

Teach Justice, Steve Sheppard

Steve Sheppard

Law schools must improve their preparation of students to practice law ethically. Current law school curricula focus on preparing students to analyze legal issues but not ethical issues. A curriculum that encourages students to distance themselves from their ethical instincts is dangerous. A value-neutral approach to the law eventually leads to distortions of the law. Lawyers will be left without a proper way to sense the purpose behind the law, and they will instead focus solely on what the law requires or allows. While law schools could choose from limitless lists of moral values to include in their curricula, this ...


The “Institutional Turn” In Jurisprudence: Critique And Reconstruction., Andres Palacios Lleras Jan 2008

The “Institutional Turn” In Jurisprudence: Critique And Reconstruction., Andres Palacios Lleras

Andrés Palacios Lleras

This paper engages in a inquiry into the roles that courts play within the legal system, given that judges are interdependent interpreters of legal rules that are boundedly rational and, arguably, politically biased. Contemporary authors claim that, although these two conditions play an important role in interpretation, contemporary theories in jurisprudence have not addressed them properly. Their assessments raise legal issues that are very significant; given the fact that judges are boundedly rational and tend to display political biases, how should they interpret legal rules? Is it best for them to interpret these rules in a formalist fashion, without resorting ...


The Indeterminate Side Of Constitutions As Precommitment Strategies, Andres Palacios Lleras Jan 2008

The Indeterminate Side Of Constitutions As Precommitment Strategies, Andres Palacios Lleras

Andrés Palacios Lleras

This paper engages in a time-honored inquiry in American jurisprudence, an inquiry which continues to be invigorated by contemporary studies in Constitutional Law. It is an inquiry into the determinacy of the American Constitution as a legal text, taking into account that it was drafted and approved more than two hundred years ago with the purpose, arguably, to organize present and future political decision-making. Some contemporary authors claim that the discussion about the role of the Constitution is muddled, and that to acknowledge its authority does not necessarily entail a theory of constitutional interpretation. Furthermore, other authors have claimed that ...


Droits De L'Homme, Droits Du Citoyen: Les Présupposés De La Jurisprudence Américaine Et Européenne, Gregory Lewkowicz Jan 2008

Droits De L'Homme, Droits Du Citoyen: Les Présupposés De La Jurisprudence Américaine Et Européenne, Gregory Lewkowicz

Gregory Lewkowicz

This paper proposes a comparative analysis of some rulings of the US Supreme Court and of the European Court of Human Rights. Reviewing cases related to international legal problems or using comparative legal reasoning, the paper suggests that the difference of attitudes between the two courts in human rights cases is embedded in the classical opposition between men and citizen.


Legal Process, Sandra Ruffin Jan 2008

Legal Process, Sandra Ruffin

Sandra Ruffin

No abstract provided.


Two Horwitzian Journeys, Assaf Likhovski Jan 2008

Two Horwitzian Journeys, Assaf Likhovski

Assaf Likhovski

No abstract provided.


Women At Work: Towards An Inclusive Narrative Of The Rise Of The Regulatory State, Arianne Renan Barzilay Dr. Jan 2008

Women At Work: Towards An Inclusive Narrative Of The Rise Of The Regulatory State, Arianne Renan Barzilay Dr.

Arianne Renan Barzilay Dr. (J.S.D., New York University School of Law)

Abstract: This Article seeks to enrich what we know about the establishment of the regulatory state. It focuses on women’s contribution to the rise of the American regulatory apparatus. By looking at historical sources and archival materials, this Article illustrates how women reformers were central to the development of the regulatory state and how they were guided by an ideology that called for government regulation to provide decent standards of living. Through the example of the establishment of the Women’s Bureau in the U.S. Department of Labor, the Article expands our understanding of the purposes of administrative ...


Правовая Политика Cоветского Государства В Сфере Регулирования Научной Деятельности: Сущность И Нормативное Содержание, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy Jan 2008

Правовая Политика Cоветского Государства В Сфере Регулирования Научной Деятельности: Сущность И Нормативное Содержание, Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

Leonid G. Berlyavskiy

The article is devoted to the research of legal policy of the State in the sphere of scientific activity. It is defined as the complex of ideas, problems, purposes, programs, methods, orientations and also political and legal mechanism of regulation of the activity directed on reception and application of new knowledge at a certain stage of historical development of the society and the state. Theoretical approaches are presented on the empirical base of legal policy of the Soviet state in sphere of regulation of scientific activity that after October, 1917 differed considerable specificity


Roman Law Always Dies With A Codification, Tomasz Giaro Jan 2008

Roman Law Always Dies With A Codification, Tomasz Giaro

Tomasz Giaro

No abstract provided.


Why John Mccain Was A Citizen At Birth, Stephen E. Sachs Jan 2008

Why John Mccain Was A Citizen At Birth, Stephen E. Sachs

Stephen E. Sachs

Senator John McCain was born a citizen in 1936. Professor Gabriel J. Chin challenges this view in this Symposium, arguing that McCain’s birth in the Panama Canal Zone (while his father was stationed there by the Navy) fell into a loophole in the governing statute. The best historical evidence, however, suggests that this loophole is an illusion and that McCain is a "natural born Citizen" eligible to be president.


On War As Law And Law As War, Ignacio De La Rasilla Del Moral, Francisco Contreras Jan 2008

On War As Law And Law As War, Ignacio De La Rasilla Del Moral, Francisco Contreras

Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral, Ph.D.

A locus classicus of international law, the study of the regulation of the legality of the use of force has an unavoidable ring of tragic fanciness about it. War, as acknowledged by David Kennedy in the very first sentence of his book, is indeed ‘a profound topic – like truth, love, death or the divine’. A Pandora's box of multiple distilled intellectual emotions behind which lurk the horrid memories of its survivors, war only truly breathes in the mirrors of the mutilated, in the eyes of the tortured, in the memories of the displaced, in withering flowers over graves crowned ...


La Justicia Constitucional En México. Propuesta De Reformas A Los Artículos 94, 103, 105, 107 Y 116 De La Constitución Política De Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, Juan Pablo Pampillo Jan 2008

La Justicia Constitucional En México. Propuesta De Reformas A Los Artículos 94, 103, 105, 107 Y 116 De La Constitución Política De Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, Juan Pablo Pampillo

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


La Filosofía De La Historia Del Derecho Y El Futuro De La Tradición Jurídica Occidental, Juan Pablo Pampillo Jan 2008

La Filosofía De La Historia Del Derecho Y El Futuro De La Tradición Jurídica Occidental, Juan Pablo Pampillo

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


La Filosofía De La Historia Del Derecho Y El Futuro De La Tradición Jurídica Occidental, Juan Pablo Pampillo Jan 2008

La Filosofía De La Historia Del Derecho Y El Futuro De La Tradición Jurídica Occidental, Juan Pablo Pampillo

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


Del Mos Europaeus Al Mos Americanus Iura Legendi. Una Propuesta De Refundación De La Ciencia Nueva Para La Integración Jurídica Americana, Juan Pablo Pampillo Jan 2008

Del Mos Europaeus Al Mos Americanus Iura Legendi. Una Propuesta De Refundación De La Ciencia Nueva Para La Integración Jurídica Americana, Juan Pablo Pampillo

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


Del Mos Europaeus Al Mos Americanus Iura Legendi. Una Propuesta De Refundación De La Ciencia Nueva Para La Integración Jurídica Americana, Juan Pablo Pampillo Jan 2008

Del Mos Europaeus Al Mos Americanus Iura Legendi. Una Propuesta De Refundación De La Ciencia Nueva Para La Integración Jurídica Americana, Juan Pablo Pampillo

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


The Civil War As A War Of Religion: A Cautionary Tale Of Enslavement And Emancipation, David M. Smolin Jan 2008

The Civil War As A War Of Religion: A Cautionary Tale Of Enslavement And Emancipation, David M. Smolin

David M. Smolin

This article argues that the Civil War was a "war of religion" reflecting differing nineteenth century American Christian views of slavery and race. The article describes the religious anti-slavery and pro-slavery arguments of that time. The article particularly focuses on John Bingham, who as the primary author of Section One of the Fourteenth Amendment, is a particularly important figure for United States constitutional law. The article also discusses the contemporary anti-trafficking movement which explicitly seeks to rely on the precedent of the historical movement to abolish slavery.


Designing The Limits Of Creditworthiness. Insolvency In Antwerp Bankruptcy Legislation And Practice (16th-17th Centuries), Dave De Ruysscher Jan 2008

Designing The Limits Of Creditworthiness. Insolvency In Antwerp Bankruptcy Legislation And Practice (16th-17th Centuries), Dave De Ruysscher

Dave De ruysscher

In 1516 and 1518, the Antwerp City Council introduced a collective system of debt recovery, which was partly derived from academic doctrine and which broke with the tradition of priority for the first seizing claimant. The new views were inserted into a legal framework that was based on the concept of publicly known insolvency. Because of the vague legal definitions in the 1582 and 1608 Antwerp law compilations, the position of pursuing creditors was strengthened. Although these rules weren't successful, they demonstrate an early intention to draw the line between criminal bankruptcy, persisting insolvency and temporary payment problems.


Dhimmitude And Disarmament, David B. Kopel Jan 2008

Dhimmitude And Disarmament, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

Under shari'a law, non-Muslims, known as dhimmi, have been forbidden to possess arms, and to defend themselves from attacks by Muslims. The disarmament is one aspect of the pervasive civil inferiority of non-Muslims, a status known as dhimmitude. This Essay examines the historical effects of the shari'a disarmament, based on three books by Bat Ye'or, the world's leading scholar of dhimmitude. As Ye'or details, the disarmament had catastrophic consequences, extending far beyond the direct loss of the dhimmi's ability to defend themselves. The essay concludes by observing how pretend gun-free zones on college campuses ...


The Natural Right Of Self-Defense: Heller's Lesson For The World, David B. Kopel Jan 2008

The Natural Right Of Self-Defense: Heller's Lesson For The World, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

The U.S. Supreme Court's decision in District of Columbia v. Heller constitutionalized the right of self-defense, and described self-defense as a natural, inherent right. Analysis of natural law in Heller shows why Justice Stevens' dissent is clearly incorrect, and illuminates a crucial weakness in Justice Breyer's dissent. The constitutional recognition of the natural law right of self-defense has important implications for American law, and for foreign and international law.


Lawsuits In Context, Ernest Metzger Jan 2008

Lawsuits In Context, Ernest Metzger

Ernest Metzger

The study of Roman procedure has benefited enormously from the discovery of wooden tablets near Pompeii. Unfortunately, the tablets are sometimes misinterpreted, for the simple reason that the procedures they describe do not always match the procedures which more familiar sources have led us to believe existed. The tablets, in fact, give us the rare opportunity to revise our understanding of procedure, particularly when taken together with another remarkable find, the lex Irnitana. This article gives a sketch of the ‘new’ Roman civil procedure now available to us as a result of these exciting finds.

In: J. W. Cairns and ...


Fractured Bonds: Policing Whiteness And Womanhood Through Race-Based Marriage Annulments, Bela August Walker Jan 2008

Fractured Bonds: Policing Whiteness And Womanhood Through Race-Based Marriage Annulments, Bela August Walker

Bela August Walker

In the hundred years before the United States Supreme Court declared miscegenation statutes unconstitutional in Loving v. Virginia, state courts decided thirteen recorded race-based annulment cases. This article presents a unified analysis of all race based annulment cases for the first time. Simultaneously public and private affairs, these dramas impacted far more than the individual couples or courtrooms, sending out shockwaves that reverberated beyond their points of origin. The results of the cases are startling and contrary to previous work on the subject. Using this unique set of cases, this article argues that while declaring these women “white” appears like ...


Liability For Terrorism In American Courts: Aiding-And-Abetting Liability Under The Fsia State-Sponsor Of Terrorism Exception And The Alien Tort Statute, Chad G. Marzen Jan 2008

Liability For Terrorism In American Courts: Aiding-And-Abetting Liability Under The Fsia State-Sponsor Of Terrorism Exception And The Alien Tort Statute, Chad G. Marzen

Chad G. Marzen

The issue of liability for terrorism and supporting terrorism in American domestic courts is one of the most active issues of current judicial decisionmaking in the area of foreign affairs. Through the state-sponsored terrorism exception to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act and the Alien Tort Statute, liability extends to foreign governments (in the FSIA context) and to foreign governments, nonstate actors, or nonstate actors acting under color of law (under the ATS) when they provide support to terrorist activities.

In an October 2007 decision, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals in the Khulumani case held that a defendant is liable ...