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Employment discrimination

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Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Disability Law

"When They Enter, We All Enter": Opening The Door To Intersectional Discrimination Claims Based On Race And Disability, Alice Abrokwa Jan 2018

"When They Enter, We All Enter": Opening The Door To Intersectional Discrimination Claims Based On Race And Disability, Alice Abrokwa

Michigan Journal of Race and Law

This Article explores the intersection of race and disability in the context of employment discrimination, arguing that people of color with disabilities can and should obtain more robust relief for their harms by asserting intersectional discrimination claims. Professor Kimberlé Crenshaw first articulated the intersectionality framework by explaining that Black women can experience a form of discrimination distinct from that experienced by White women or Black men, that is, they may face discrimination as Black women due to the intersection of their race and gender. Likewise, people of color with disabilities can experience discrimination distinct from that felt by people of ...


Taking Care Of Business And Protecting Maine's Employees: Supervisor Liability For Employment Discrimination Under The Maine Human Rights Act, Katharine I. Rand Dec 2017

Taking Care Of Business And Protecting Maine's Employees: Supervisor Liability For Employment Discrimination Under The Maine Human Rights Act, Katharine I. Rand

Maine Law Review

On the heels of federal legislation prohibiting employment discrimination most states, including Maine, have enacted their own civil or human rights statutes aimed at eliminating discriminatory behavior in the workplace. Like its federal counterpart, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII), the Maine Human Rights Act, enacted in 1971, prohibits employers from discriminating on the basis of race, gender, age, religion, or national origin and provides a civil remedy for victims of employment discrimination. Moreover, like Title VII, the question of just who constitutes a liable “employer” under the Maine Human Rights Act has been the ...


Discrimination Cases Of The 2002 Term, Eileen Kaufman Dec 2014

Discrimination Cases Of The 2002 Term, Eileen Kaufman

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Ada Amendments Act Of 2008: Why The Qualified Individual Analysis Is The New Battleground For Employment Discrimination Suits, Andrew E. Henry Jan 2014

The Ada Amendments Act Of 2008: Why The Qualified Individual Analysis Is The New Battleground For Employment Discrimination Suits, Andrew E. Henry

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


Paternalistic Discrimination: The Chevron Deference Misplaced In Chevron U.S.A., Inc. V. Echazabal, Tricia M. Patterson Apr 2013

Paternalistic Discrimination: The Chevron Deference Misplaced In Chevron U.S.A., Inc. V. Echazabal, Tricia M. Patterson

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Gilbert Redux: The Interaction Of The Pregnancy Discrimination Act And The Amended Americans With Disabilities Act, Deborah Widiss Jan 2013

Gilbert Redux: The Interaction Of The Pregnancy Discrimination Act And The Amended Americans With Disabilities Act, Deborah Widiss

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Pregnancy — a health condition that only affects women — raises complicated questions regarding the interaction of employment policies addressing sex discrimination and those addressing disability. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), enacted in 1978, mandates that employers “shall” treat pregnant employees “the same for all employment-related purposes” as other employees “similar in their ability or inability to work.” Despite the clarity of this language, some courts permit employers to treat pregnant employees less favorably than employees with other health conditions, so long as the employer does so pursuant to a “pregnancy-blind” policy such as accommodating only workplace injuries or disabilities protected under ...


The Part And Parcel Of Impairment Discrimination, Michelle Travis Dec 2012

The Part And Parcel Of Impairment Discrimination, Michelle Travis

Michelle A. Travis

The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008 (ADAAA) has been heralded for restoring the protected class of individuals with disabilities to the broad scope that Congress intended when it enacted the original Americans with Disabilities Act over two decades ago. But the ADAAA accomplished something even more profound. By restricting the accommodation mandate only to individuals whose impairments are or have been substantially limiting, and by expanding basic antidiscrimination protection to cover individuals with nearly all forms of physical or mental impairment, the ADAAA extricated disability from the broader concept of impairment and implicitly bestowed upon impairment the ...


I'M So Lonesome I Could Cry ... But Could I Sue?: Whether 'Interacting With Others' Is A Major Life Activity Under The Ada, Bryan P. Stephenson Apr 2012

I'M So Lonesome I Could Cry ... But Could I Sue?: Whether 'Interacting With Others' Is A Major Life Activity Under The Ada, Bryan P. Stephenson

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Disability History Mystery: Assessing The Employer's Reasonable Accommodation Obligation In "Record Of Disability" Cases, Michael D. Moberly Mar 2012

The Disability History Mystery: Assessing The Employer's Reasonable Accommodation Obligation In "Record Of Disability" Cases, Michael D. Moberly

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Reviving Employee Rights - Recent And Upcoming Employment Discrimination Legislation: Proceedings Of The 2010 Annual Meeting Of The Association Of American Law Schools Section On Employment Discrimination Law, Scott A. Moss, Sandra Sperino, Robin R. Runge, Charles A. Sullivan Jan 2010

Reviving Employee Rights - Recent And Upcoming Employment Discrimination Legislation: Proceedings Of The 2010 Annual Meeting Of The Association Of American Law Schools Section On Employment Discrimination Law, Scott A. Moss, Sandra Sperino, Robin R. Runge, Charles A. Sullivan

Articles

No abstract provided.


A Disability By Any Other Name Is Still A Disability: Log Cabin, The Disability Spectrum, And The Ada (Aa), Gabrielle L. Goodwin Jan 2009

A Disability By Any Other Name Is Still A Disability: Log Cabin, The Disability Spectrum, And The Ada (Aa), Gabrielle L. Goodwin

Articles by Maurer Faculty

In EEOC v. Lee's Log Cabin, the Seventh Circuit followed the Supreme Court precedent of the last decade that has increasingly narrowed the determination of what constitutes a disabled individual under the Americans with Disabilities Act. In 2008, Congress passed the ADA Amendments Act in an attempt to restore the ADA to its original purpose and the original vision of the ADA's drafters and supporters. Whether these amendments will produce dramatic changes in the way the administrative agencies and courts apply the ADA remains to be seen. Nonetheless, the only way the ADA or its amendments will successfully ...


The Legal Genealogy Of The Duty To Accommodate American And Canadian Workers With Disabilities: A Comparative Perspective, Ravi Malhotra Jan 2007

The Legal Genealogy Of The Duty To Accommodate American And Canadian Workers With Disabilities: A Comparative Perspective, Ravi Malhotra

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

In this Essay, I seek to analyze the origins of the duty to accommodate people with disabilities in Canadian law in order to present a counter-factual argument on why the duty to accommodate has not flourished in American law. Comparative legal approaches have the merit of shedding fresh light on old legal problems that might not otherwise be considered. In Part I, I trace the history of the concept of reasonable accommodation in leading Supreme Court of Canada decisions, and demonstrate how accommodation of workers with religious beliefs remained central to the development of the jurisprudence and helped make decision-makers ...


Causation In Retaliation Claims: Conflict Between The Prima Facie Case And The Plaintiff's Ultimate Burden Of Pretext, Rhea Gertken Jan 2003

Causation In Retaliation Claims: Conflict Between The Prima Facie Case And The Plaintiff's Ultimate Burden Of Pretext, Rhea Gertken

Washington University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Using Established Medical Criteria To Define Disability: A Proposal To Amend The Americans With Disabilities Act, Mark A. Rothstein, Serge A. Martinez, W. Paul Mckinney Jan 2002

Using Established Medical Criteria To Define Disability: A Proposal To Amend The Americans With Disabilities Act, Mark A. Rothstein, Serge A. Martinez, W. Paul Mckinney

Washington University Law Review

Part II of this Article traces the legislative history of the coverage provision of the ADA and of its predecessor statute, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. It also explores the conceptual underpinnings of the statutory scheme of attempting to cover only individuals with severe disabilities. Part III analyzes the major cases involving coverage under the ADA, including the trilogy of 1999 Supreme Court cases. It traces the consequences of the Court’s decisions as reflected in the subsequent lower court decisions and their devastating effects on individuals with disabilities. Part IV contains a proposed amendment to the ADA to clarify ...


Envisioning A Future For Age And Disability Discrimination Claims, Alison Barnes Dec 2001

Envisioning A Future For Age And Disability Discrimination Claims, Alison Barnes

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Article considers the reasons for reinterpretations of age and disability and examines the fundamental reasons for changes in the implementation of both the ADA and ADEA. Part I presents the basic structure and relevant requirements of the two statutes and comments on the reasons their legislative purposes are not often seen as overlapping. Part II discusses the recent Supreme Court decisions that have undermined the purposes and implementation of both the ADA and ADEA and chilled causes of action based on the ADA and ADEA. Part III projects the current problems with anti-discrimination causes into the future, when older ...


The Ada As A Tool For Advocacy: A Strategy For Fighting Employment Discrimination Against People With Disabilities, Ellen M. Saideman Jan 1993

The Ada As A Tool For Advocacy: A Strategy For Fighting Employment Discrimination Against People With Disabilities, Ellen M. Saideman

Journal of Law and Health

There are essentially three different theories that are used to prove discrimination against people with disabilities: disparate treatment- that a person has been treated differently because of membership in a protected class - may be proved by direct evidence of discrimination or by inference. Today, employers are often open about discriminating against people with disabilities. They frequently know little about disabilities and make their decisions based on stereotypes rather than on individualized assessments. Further, medical examinations and inquiries are required by the ADA to be conducted after a job has been offered thereby enabling job applicants to determine that their disability ...


Designing Reasonable Accomodations Through Co-Worker Participation: Therapeutic Jurisprudence And The Confidentiality Provision Of The Americans With Disabilities Act, Rose A. Daly-Rooney Jan 1993

Designing Reasonable Accomodations Through Co-Worker Participation: Therapeutic Jurisprudence And The Confidentiality Provision Of The Americans With Disabilities Act, Rose A. Daly-Rooney

Journal of Law and Health

The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, public accommodations, transportation, communication, and services provided by state and local government. Title I of the ADA addresses employment discrimination against people with disabilities. Among other things, the ADA prohibits an employer from rejecting an applicant solely because of the need to provide that applicant with a reasonable accommodation. At the same time, the ADA requires that an employer maintain confidentiality about the applicant or employee's medical condition or medical history obtained during acceptable inquiries, including those inquiries needed to design appropriate accommodations.


Effectively Implementing Title 1 Of The Americans With Disabilities Act For Mentally Disabled Persons: A Therapeutic Jurisprudence Analysis, Deborah A. Dorfman Jan 1993

Effectively Implementing Title 1 Of The Americans With Disabilities Act For Mentally Disabled Persons: A Therapeutic Jurisprudence Analysis, Deborah A. Dorfman

Journal of Law and Health

This article discusses the potential impact that Title I has on the lives of individuals with mental disabilities and methods by which it can be most effectively implemented and enforced. The following section discusses the potential impact that Title I can have on the lives of the mentally disabled, specifically in the areas of independent living and quality of life. Part III will examine problems enforcing Title I which interfere with the ability of the mentally disabled to fully benefit from the statute. The second half of this article discusses how to best implement and enforce Title I from a ...


New Protections For Persons With Mental Illness In The Workplace Under The Americans With Disabilities Act Of 1990, Janet Lowder Hamilton Jan 1992

New Protections For Persons With Mental Illness In The Workplace Under The Americans With Disabilities Act Of 1990, Janet Lowder Hamilton

Cleveland State Law Review

The growth of civil rights for the disabled in recent years has focused on the problems of physical disabilities and removal of architectural barriers. Notable gains have been made in society's recognition of the rights and needs of such individuals through the American’s with Disabilities Act, but acknowledgement of the less obvious condition of psychiatric disability has lagged far behind. This is particularly true of individuals with mental illness, which constitutes probably the largest single group of disabled individuals, and one of the least vocal. Because of negative social attitudes, individuals with mild disorders hesitate to call attention ...