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2012

Criminal Law

Institution
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Full-Text Articles in Law

Confiscación Sobre El Producto Indirecto Del Delito En El Sistema De Prevención Del Lavado De Activos / Confiscation Of Indirect Proceeds Of Crime In The Anti-Money Laundering Legal Framework, Tadeo Leandro Fernandez Dec 2012

Confiscación Sobre El Producto Indirecto Del Delito En El Sistema De Prevención Del Lavado De Activos / Confiscation Of Indirect Proceeds Of Crime In The Anti-Money Laundering Legal Framework, Tadeo Leandro Fernandez

Tadeo Leandro Fernandez

The aim of this paper is to describe the international recommendations on prevention of money laundering about confiscation of the proceeds of crime, in particular the indirect proceeds. In that sense, for this purpose we propose to use the term confiscation as a generic of forfeiture, restitution, damage repair, and reset to the previous state, i.e. we include forfeiture rules (Section 23 and 305) and damage repair (Title IV of Book I) of the Criminal Code and we also note national case law that share this idea. Last, we conclude that current Argentine system allows confiscating the direct and ...


Summary Of Howard V. State, 128 Nev. Adv. Op. 67, Priscilla Baker Dec 2012

Summary Of Howard V. State, 128 Nev. Adv. Op. 67, Priscilla Baker

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court considered the State’s motion to reconsider and other various motions regarding the sealing of the ex parte motion to substitute counsel. It further deliberated whether documents and records could be filed under seal in a pending criminal case before the Court. In addition, the Court also addressed the requirements and procedures for sealing such documents and records.


Death As Deterrent Or Prosecutorial Tool? Examining The Impact Of Louisiana’S Child Rape Law, Angela Crews Dec 2012

Death As Deterrent Or Prosecutorial Tool? Examining The Impact Of Louisiana’S Child Rape Law, Angela Crews

Angela Crews

This project measures the impact of a 1995 amendment to Louisiana’s aggravated rape statute that allows juries to consider imposing the death penalty for convicted child rapists. Preamendment populations of cases from two large parishes (counties) were compared to postamendment populations of cases. In addition, 40 individual case files were randomly selected and reviewed. Variables measuring certainty, severity, and swiftness of punishment were compared. The only significant change was the reduction of trials, which may be linked to an increased propensity for plea agreements, dismissals, and charge reductions. In general, offenders initially charged with aggravated rape of a child ...


Summary Of State V. Tricas, 128 Nev. Adv. Op. 62, Katelyn Franklin Dec 2012

Summary Of State V. Tricas, 128 Nev. Adv. Op. 62, Katelyn Franklin

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court considered the State’s appeal from a district court order granting the defendant’s motion to withdraw her guilty plea and to dismiss the criminal case under Nevada’s prosecutorial immunity statutes, NRS 178.572 and NRS 178.574.


Insights And Blind Spots: A Qualitative Analysis Of Risk In Psychiatric Security Review Board Hearings, Abby Kealani Balfour Dec 2012

Insights And Blind Spots: A Qualitative Analysis Of Risk In Psychiatric Security Review Board Hearings, Abby Kealani Balfour

Dissertations and Theses

The prevalence and consequences of the insanity plea, titled "guilty except for insanity" in the State of Oregon, are fraught with misconceptions. The use of the plea requires a complex set of interactions between the mental health and criminal justice systems, and comes with severe costs for people who use it. Most of the research on the psychological aspects of the insanity plea emphasizes empirical validity in the form of risk assessment instruments and/or the biomedical model with its focus on disease and illness. This thesis analyzes from community psychology and critical theory perspectives the decision process of hearings ...


Summary Of Jackson V. State, 128 Nev. Adv. Op. 55, Sarah Mead Dec 2012

Summary Of Jackson V. State, 128 Nev. Adv. Op. 55, Sarah Mead

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Appeals from district court judgments of conviction based on similar questions regarding double jeopardy and redundancy. The Court considered whether a criminal defendant who is charged with both attempted murder and battery or aggravated battery through a single act can be so charged, or whether such a charge constitutes double jeopardy, or violates Nevada’s common law redundancy theory.


Appellate Division, First Department - People V. Martinez, Jean K. Delisle Dec 2012

Appellate Division, First Department - People V. Martinez, Jean K. Delisle

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Appellate Division, Fourth Department - People V. Buchanan, Jacqulyn Vann Dec 2012

Appellate Division, Fourth Department - People V. Buchanan, Jacqulyn Vann

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


When "Reasonableness" Is Not So Reasonable: The Need To Restore Clarity To The Appellate Review Of Federal Sentencing Decisions After Rita, Gall, And Kimbrough, Craig D. Rust Dec 2012

When "Reasonableness" Is Not So Reasonable: The Need To Restore Clarity To The Appellate Review Of Federal Sentencing Decisions After Rita, Gall, And Kimbrough, Craig D. Rust

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


The (In)Admissibility Of False Confession Expert Testimony, David A. Perez Dec 2012

The (In)Admissibility Of False Confession Expert Testimony, David A. Perez

Touro Law Review

This Comment discusses the relationship between police interrogation tactics and false confessions in order to address the admissibility of false confession expert testimony, a question that has traditionally been left to the discretion of the trial judge. The current literature-indeed, the prevailing consensus-argues for drastic changes to police interrogation practices to prevent false confessions and, in combination with such changes, demands that expert testimony on false confessions be admitted in criminal trials. Despite the relative unanimity in the literature, state and federal courts remain bitterly divided on the question of admissibility of false confession expert testimony. Each decision in this ...


Asymmetries And Incentives In Plea Bargaining And Evidence Production, Saul Levmore, Ariel Porat Dec 2012

Asymmetries And Incentives In Plea Bargaining And Evidence Production, Saul Levmore, Ariel Porat

Ariel Porat

Legal rules severely restrict payments to fact witnesses, though the government can often offer plea bargains or other nonmonetary inducements to encourage testimony. This asymmetry is something of a puzzle, for most asymmetries in criminal law favor the defendant. The asymmetry seems to disappear where physical evidence is at issue. One goal of this Essay is to understand the distinctions, or asymmetries, between monetary and nonmonetary payments, testimonial and physical evidence, and payments by the prosecution as opposed to the defense. Another is to suggest ways in which law could better encourage the production of evidence, and thus the efficient ...


Five Devastating Collateral Consequences Of Juvenile Delinquency Adjudications You Should Know Before You Represent A Child, Julie Ellen Mcconnell Dec 2012

Five Devastating Collateral Consequences Of Juvenile Delinquency Adjudications You Should Know Before You Represent A Child, Julie Ellen Mcconnell

Law Faculty Publications

The original purpose of the juvenile court was to create a forum, separate from the adult courts, in which children could be given the opportunity for rehabilitation and treatment. Society placed an emphasis on correcting misbehavior and minimizing disruptions in the transition to adulthood for young people and wanted to spare them the stigma of being branded as “criminals.” In 1967, the Court established in In re Gault that juveniles, even though they were in a different system, were still entitled to the basic safeguards that an adult would be granted in the courtroom.

For most of the existence of ...


A Preliminary Survey Of The Right To Presumption Of Innocence In Singapore, Siyuan Chen Dec 2012

A Preliminary Survey Of The Right To Presumption Of Innocence In Singapore, Siyuan Chen

Research Collection School Of Law

The right to presumption of innocence is said to exist in almost all criminal justice systems, including Singapore. Curiously, however, no Singapore case has ever attempted to establish the exact source and contours of this longstanding right. This is unsatisfactory, as this diminishes the meaningfulness of what is supposed to be a fundamental right in the criminal justice process. The primary aim of this article is thus to conduct a preliminary survey of the law on the presumption of innocence in Singapore. It begins by proposing the Woolmington conception as a workable starting point, but posits a guiding principle to ...


Taking Crime Out Of Crime Business, Mark James Findlay, Nafis Hanif Dec 2012

Taking Crime Out Of Crime Business, Mark James Findlay, Nafis Hanif

Research Collection School Of Law

It is one thing to assert that conventional market analysis is critically useful in understanding criminal enterprise. It is more challenging to suggest that corrupt and compromised legal regulation interacts with other critical market variables to maximise market advantage for crime business in a similar manner to legitimate regulatory forces in their protection and enhancement of legitimate business enterprise. The central argument of this paper is that crime business mirrors other business forms when considered in terms of critical market variables, and that in particular regulatory forces when inverted from their original purposes can influence market conditions in the same ...


Deporting The Pardoned, Jason A. Cade Dec 2012

Deporting The Pardoned, Jason A. Cade

Scholarly Works

Federal immigration laws make noncitizens deportable on the basis of state criminal convictions. Historically, Congress implemented this scheme in ways that respected the states’ sovereignty over their criminal laws. As more recent federal laws have been interpreted, however, a state’s decision to pardon, expunge, or otherwise set-aside a conviction under state law will often have no effect on the federal government’s determination to use that conviction as a basis for deportation. While scholars have shown significant interest in state and local laws regulating immigrants, few have considered the federalism implications of federal rules that ignore a state’s ...


Perfecting Criminal Markets, David Jaros Dec 2012

Perfecting Criminal Markets, David Jaros

All Faculty Scholarship

From illicit drugs to human smuggling to prostitution, legislators may actually be perfecting the very criminal markets they seek to destroy. Criminal laws often create new dangers and new criminal opportunities. Criminalizing drugs creates the opportunity to sell fake drugs. Raising the penalties for illegal immigration increases the risk that smugglers will rely on dangerous methods that can injure or kill their human cargo. Banning prostitution increases the underground spread of sexually transmitted disease. Lawmakers traditionally respond to these “second order” problems in predictable fashion — with a new wave of criminalization that imposes additional penalties on fake drug dealers, dangerous ...


Business Crime And The Public Interest: Lawyers, Legislators, And The Administrative State, Harry First Dec 2012

Business Crime And The Public Interest: Lawyers, Legislators, And The Administrative State, Harry First

UC Irvine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Plea Bargaining And The Right To The Effective Assistance Of Counsel: Where The Rubber Hits The Road In Capital Cases, John H. Blume Dec 2012

Plea Bargaining And The Right To The Effective Assistance Of Counsel: Where The Rubber Hits The Road In Capital Cases, John H. Blume

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Custom, General Principles And The Great Architect Cassese, Mary Fan Dec 2012

Custom, General Principles And The Great Architect Cassese, Mary Fan

Articles

Major advances in international criminal law and procedure rose on the trusses of judicially elucidated sources of international law—custom and general principles. These sources depend on the crucial art of derivation advanced by the architect of modern international criminal justice, President Antonio Cassese. What has transformed international criminal justice into flourishing law able to address changing configurations of violence is the development of the art of finding law in the dark and wilds of murky unwritten norms. [para] President Cassese pioneered paths through a perilous bog. "[T]he law lives in persons," and to understand the law one must ...


Harmonizing Equitable Exceptions: Why Courts Should Recognize An “Actual Innocence” Exception To The Aedpa’S Statute Of Limitations, Morgan Suder Dec 2012

Harmonizing Equitable Exceptions: Why Courts Should Recognize An “Actual Innocence” Exception To The Aedpa’S Statute Of Limitations, Morgan Suder

San Diego Law Review

This Comment argues that to neutralize this potential inequality, the Supreme Court should affirm the Ninth Circuit’s recent decision in Lee v. Lampert, finding that a credible claim of actual innocence constitutes an equitable exception to the AEDPA’s one-year statute of limitations period. District courts must be able to call on their equitable powers, including both equitable principles already applied to the AEDPA’s statute of limitations as well as the actual innocence exception, in determining whether a district court may consider the merits of a criminal defendant’s otherwise untimely habeas petition.

Part II discusses the role ...


The Offender And The Victim, Edward Tromanhauser Nov 2012

The Offender And The Victim, Edward Tromanhauser

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Crime Victims' Rights -- A Legislative Perspective, William Van Regenmorter Nov 2012

Crime Victims' Rights -- A Legislative Perspective, William Van Regenmorter

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Emerging Issues In Victim Assistance, Marlene A. Young Nov 2012

Emerging Issues In Victim Assistance, Marlene A. Young

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Progress In The Victim Reform Movement: No Longer The "Forgotten Victim", David L. Roland Nov 2012

Progress In The Victim Reform Movement: No Longer The "Forgotten Victim", David L. Roland

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Victims' Rights: An Idea Whose Time Has Come--Five Years Later: The Maturing Of An Idea, Frank Carrington, George Nicholson Nov 2012

Victims' Rights: An Idea Whose Time Has Come--Five Years Later: The Maturing Of An Idea, Frank Carrington, George Nicholson

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Elevation Of Victims' Rights In Washington State: Constitutional Status, Ken Eikenberry Nov 2012

The Elevation Of Victims' Rights In Washington State: Constitutional Status, Ken Eikenberry

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Introduction, Ronald F. Phillips Nov 2012

Introduction, Ronald F. Phillips

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Advocating Socio-Economic Justice: Some Experiences Of The Icc-India Campaign And The Potential For A Law Clinic, Saumya Uma Nov 2012

Advocating Socio-Economic Justice: Some Experiences Of The Icc-India Campaign And The Potential For A Law Clinic, Saumya Uma

Dr. Saumya Uma

The purpose of clinical legal education is not merely to equip the law student with lawyering skills to further the interests of his / her client; lawyers are also campaigners of socio-economic justice, policy makers, architects and influencers of law and policy, educators, counsellors and a voice for those whose human rights are trampled upon. The Indian campaign on the International Criminal Court (ICC-India campaign) is an anti-impunity campaign that worked in collaboration with various human rights groups, lawyers, law universities, academics, media persons and other like-minded individuals and groups to further socio-economic justice for marginalized sections of the society affected ...


The Legal Significance Of The Psychological Ability To Appreciate The “Other”, Paul F. Rothstein Nov 2012

The Legal Significance Of The Psychological Ability To Appreciate The “Other”, Paul F. Rothstein

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Recently the U.S. Supreme Court, citing neurological and psychological studies, held that because juveniles are deficient in appreciating consequences to others, they should never be given the death penalty. The author found, in his years as a legal scholar, educator, and practitioner, that “appreciating the ‘other’”--putting oneself in the position of others---is critical to law and the study of law in more than the obvious ways.

The author became aware of empirical studies and psychological experiments demonstrating that children below a certain age have trouble seeing things from another’s vantage point, and found that the facility to ...


Allocating The Costs Of Parental Free Exercise: Striking A New Balance Between Sincere Religious Belief And A Child's Right To Medical Treatment , Paul A. Monopoli Nov 2012

Allocating The Costs Of Parental Free Exercise: Striking A New Balance Between Sincere Religious Belief And A Child's Right To Medical Treatment , Paul A. Monopoli

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.