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Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering Commons

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Iowa State University

Operational Research

Optimization

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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Optimizing Selection And Mating In Genomic Selection With A Look-Ahead Approach: An Operations Research Framework, Saba Moeinizade, Guiping Hu, Lizhi Wang, Patrick Schnable Jul 2019

Optimizing Selection And Mating In Genomic Selection With A Look-Ahead Approach: An Operations Research Framework, Saba Moeinizade, Guiping Hu, Lizhi Wang, Patrick Schnable

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

New genotyping technologies have made large amounts of genotypic data available for plant breeders to use in their efforts to accelerate the rate of genetic gain. Genomic selection (GS) techniques allow breeders to use genotypic data to identify and select, for example, plants predicted to exhibit drought tolerance, thereby saving expensive and limited field-testing resources relative to phenotyping all plants within a population. A major limitation of existing GS approaches is the trade-off between short-term genetic gain and long-term potential. Some approaches focus on achieving short-term genetic gain at the cost of reduced genetic diversity necessary for long-term gains. In ...


Three New Approaches To Genomic Selection, Lizhi Wang, Guodong Zhu, Will Johnson, Mriga Kher Jan 2018

Three New Approaches To Genomic Selection, Lizhi Wang, Guodong Zhu, Will Johnson, Mriga Kher

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Conventional genomic selection approaches use breeding values to evaluate individual plants or animals and to make selection decisions. Multiple variants of breeding values and selection approaches have been proposed, but they suffer two major limitations. First, selection decisions are not responsive to changes in time and resource availability. Second, selection decisions are not coordinated with related decisions such as mating and resource allocation. We present three new genomic selection approaches that attempt to address these two limitations, which were designed by engineering students in a class project at Iowa State University. Compared with previous approaches using the same data set ...