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Full-Text Articles in Nuclear Engineering

Evaluation Of Cs/Sr Waste Form For Long Term Storage And Disposal, Gary Cerefice Jan 2008

Evaluation Of Cs/Sr Waste Form For Long Term Storage And Disposal, Gary Cerefice

Waste Forms Campaign (TRP)

The goal of this project is to examine the potential long term performance of the proposed aluminosilicate waste/storage form for the isolation and eventual direct disposal of the cesium and strontium separated from recycled nuclear fuel. In the first phase of this work, researchers will investigate the sintering procedure to prepare the drum-like aluminosilicate waste/storage form from the as-received aluminosilicate powder, and then examine the basic physical properties, phase structure and microstructure of the sintered aluminosilicate with /without mixing solution with several ppm Cs/Sr. In the second phase, researchers will evaluate the interaction of the proposed waste ...


Separation Of Technetium From Uranium And Waste Form Synthesis, Kenneth Czerwinski Jan 2008

Separation Of Technetium From Uranium And Waste Form Synthesis, Kenneth Czerwinski

Waste Forms Campaign (TRP)

In this project, systematic investigations on the Tc-Zr binary metal system will be evaluated for the first time. The synthesis of metallic Tc as well as its alloys with Zr will be evaluated. In order to provide valuable data to AFC R&D, the thermodynamic equilibrium phases, as well as their performance under repository conditions, will be examined.

The research objectives of this project are as follows:

• Evaluate anion exchange methods for achieving the separation of Tc from U.

• Synthesize metallic Tc from the separated product.

• Synthesize and characterize Tc alloys.

• Investigate Tc-corrosion and Tc-leaching of binary Tc-Zr phases under ...


Interaction Between Metal Fission Products And Triso Coating Materials, Clemens Heske Jan 2008

Interaction Between Metal Fission Products And Triso Coating Materials, Clemens Heske

Fuels Campaign (TRP)

This project focuses on the chemical bonding and interface formation of metal fission products with the coating materials used in tri-isotropic (TRISO) fuel particles for gas-cooled reactors. By combining surface- and bulk-sensitive spectroscopic and microscopic methods, intermediate chemical phases at the interface, intermixing/diffusion behavior, and the electronic interface structure for different coating materials and metals are examined.

In detail, the project studies the interface formation of Pd, Cs, and Ag with SiC and pyrolytic carbon. Using SiC single crystals and highly-ordered pyrolytic carbon (HOPG) as substrates, interfaces are prepared under controlled conditions in an ultra-high vacuum environment and are ...


Dissolution, Reactor, And Environmental Behavior Of Zro2-Mgo Inert Fuel Matrix, Kenneth Czerwinski Jan 2008

Dissolution, Reactor, And Environmental Behavior Of Zro2-Mgo Inert Fuel Matrix, Kenneth Czerwinski

Fuels Campaign (TRP)

This project will examine inert fuels containing ZrO2 and MgO as the inert matrix. Ceramics with this inert matrix, Ce, U and eventually Pu will be synthesized and examined. While the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative focus is on inert fuels with Pu as the fissile component, this task will perform initial laboratory experiments with Ce and U. The initial work with Ce will be performed early in the project with results used as a basis for U studies. Reactor physics calculations will be used to examine suitable quantities of burnable poisons from the candidate elements Gd, Er, or Hf ...


Impact Of The Synthesis Process On Structure Properties For Afci Fuel Candidates, Kenneth Czerwinski Jan 2008

Impact Of The Synthesis Process On Structure Properties For Afci Fuel Candidates, Kenneth Czerwinski

Fuels Campaign (TRP)

The research objectives are:

• To explore a low-temperature fluoride route to synthesize actinide nitrides. • To characterize actinide nitrides structurally and thermally.

• To use high resolution TEM techniques to explore the microstructure of the radioactive samples.


Solution-Based Synthesis Of Nitride Fuels, Kenneth Czerwinski, Tyler A. Sullens Jan 2008

Solution-Based Synthesis Of Nitride Fuels, Kenneth Czerwinski, Tyler A. Sullens

Fuels Campaign (TRP)

One of the original synthetic routes devised for the synthesis of U (III)N involved the entire reaction taking place in liquid ammonia. Several experimental reactions were conducted in an attempt to synthesize the UI3(NH3)x and U(NH2)3(NH3)x precursors of U(III) N. Each attempt involved cleaning of the uranium metal to remove the oxide coating of the metal reagent with 3 washes of concentrated nitric acid, each followed by a rinse with liquid ammonia. Success of this cleaning procedure was varied, with a majority of cleaned metal oxidizing rapidly once ...


University Of Nevada, Las Vegas Transmutation Research Program Annual Progress Report Academic Year 2007-2008, Anthony Hechanova, Rebecca Paulson Jan 2008

University Of Nevada, Las Vegas Transmutation Research Program Annual Progress Report Academic Year 2007-2008, Anthony Hechanova, Rebecca Paulson

Transmutation Research Program Reports (TRP)

It is my pleasure to present the UNLV Transmutation Research Program’s seventh annual report that highlights the academic year 2007-2008. Supporting this document are the many technical reports and theses that have been generated over the past seven years.

In the seventh year of our program, we continued to see growth in the Radiochemistry Ph.D. program with a total of 20 students in the fourth year of the program (we anticipated twelve in the program proposal). Since our inception, the program has sponsored to their conclusion 48 M.S. and 6 Ph.D. degrees. The program supported 53 ...