Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Novel Nanocomposite Clay Brick For Strain Sensing In Structural Masonry, F. Ubertini, A. D'Alessandro, A. L. Materazzi, Simon Laflamme, Austin Downey Feb 2018

Novel Nanocomposite Clay Brick For Strain Sensing In Structural Masonry, F. Ubertini, A. D'Alessandro, A. L. Materazzi, Simon Laflamme, Austin Downey

Simon Laflamme

The monitoring of civil structures is critical in ensuring users' safety. Structural health monitoring (SHM) is the automation of this monitoring task. It is typically used to identify incipient damages through a spatio-temporal comparison in structural behaviors. Traditional sensors exhibit mechanical characteristics that are usually very different from those of the structures they monitor, which is a factor limiting their durability. Ideally, the material of a sensor would share the same mechanical characteristics as the material onto or into which it is installed. A solution is to fabricate multifunctional materials, capable of serving both structural and sensing functions, also known ...


Continuous And Embedded Solutions For Shm Of Concrete Structures Using Changing Electrical Potential In Self-Sensing Cement-Based Composites, Austin Downey, Enrique Garcia-Macias, Antonella D'Alessandro, Simon Laflamme, Rafael Castro-Triguero, Filippo Ubertini Feb 2018

Continuous And Embedded Solutions For Shm Of Concrete Structures Using Changing Electrical Potential In Self-Sensing Cement-Based Composites, Austin Downey, Enrique Garcia-Macias, Antonella D'Alessandro, Simon Laflamme, Rafael Castro-Triguero, Filippo Ubertini

Simon Laflamme

Interest in the concept of self-sensing structural materials has grown in recent years due to its potential to enable continuous low-cost monitoring of next-generation smart-structures. The development of cement-based smart sensors appears particularly well suited for monitoring applications due to their numerous possible field applications, their ease of use and long-term stability. Additionally, cement-based sensors offer a unique opportunity for structural health monitoring of civil structures because of their compatibility with new or existing infrastructure. Particularly, the addition of conductive carbon nanofillers into a cementitious matrix provides a self-sensing structural material with piezoresistive characteristics sensitive to deformations. The strain-sensing ability ...


Platinum Nanoparticle Decorated Sio2 Microfibers As Catalysts For Micro Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Propulsion, Bolin Chen, Nathaniel T. Garland, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Eric Mootz, Allison Cargill, Anne Leners, Granit Vokshi, Jacob Davis, Wyatt Burns, Michael A. Daniele, Josh Kogot, Igor L. Medintz, Jonathan C. Claussen Jun 2017

Platinum Nanoparticle Decorated Sio2 Microfibers As Catalysts For Micro Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Propulsion, Bolin Chen, Nathaniel T. Garland, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Eric Mootz, Allison Cargill, Anne Leners, Granit Vokshi, Jacob Davis, Wyatt Burns, Michael A. Daniele, Josh Kogot, Igor L. Medintz, Jonathan C. Claussen

Jonathan C. Claussen

Micro unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) need to house propulsion mechanisms that are small in size but sufficiently powerful to deliver on-demand acceleration for tight radius turns, burst-driven docking maneuvers, and low-speed course corrections. Recently, small-scale hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) propulsion mechanisms have shown great promise in delivering pulsatile thrust for such acceleration needs. However, the need for robust, high surface area nanocatalysts that can be manufactured on a large scale for integration into micro UUV reaction chambers is still needed. In this report, a thermal/electrical insulator, silicon oxide (SiO2) microfibers, is used as a support for platinum nanoparticle (PtNP) catalysts ...


Determination Of Airborne Nanoparticles From Welding Operations, João F. Gomes Dec 2011

Determination Of Airborne Nanoparticles From Welding Operations, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

The aim of this study is to assess the levels of airborne ultrafine particles emitted in welding processes (tungsten inert gas (TIG), metal active gas (MAG) of carbon steel and friction stir welding (FSW) of aluminium) in terms of deposited area in pulmonary alveolar tract using a Nanoparticle Surface Area Monitor (NSAM) analyzer. The obtained results showed the dependence from process parameters on emitted ultrafine particles and demonstrated the presence of ultrafine particles compared to background levels. Data indicated that the process that resulted in the lowest levels of alveolar deposited surface area (ADSA) was FSW, followed by TIG and ...


Exposure To Airborne Ultrafine Particles From Cooking In Portuguese Homes, João F. Gomes Dec 2011

Exposure To Airborne Ultrafine Particles From Cooking In Portuguese Homes, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of Exposure To Airborne Ultrafine Particles In The Urban Environment Of Lisbon, Portugal, João F. Gomes Dec 2011

Assessment Of Exposure To Airborne Ultrafine Particles In The Urban Environment Of Lisbon, Portugal, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

The aim of this study was the assessment of exposure to ultrafine in the urban environment of Lisbon, Portugal, due to automobile traffic, and consisted of the determination of deposited alveolar surface area in an avenue leading to the town center during late spring. This study revealed differentiated patterns for weekdays and weekends, which could be related with the fluxes of automobile traffic. During a typical week, ultrafine particles alveolar deposited surface area varied between 35.0 and 89.2 mm2/cm3, which is comparable with levels reported for other towns such in Germany and the United States. These measurements ...


2009 Report Of Crerg Research Activities, João F. Gomes Dec 2009

2009 Report Of Crerg Research Activities, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

No abstract provided.


Toxicological Assessment Of Coated Versus Uncoated Rubber Granulates Obtained From Used Tires For Use In Sport Facilities, João F. Gomes Dec 2009

Toxicological Assessment Of Coated Versus Uncoated Rubber Granulates Obtained From Used Tires For Use In Sport Facilities, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

Reuse of tire crumb in sport facilities is currently a very cost-effective waste management measure. Considering that incorporation of the waste materials in artificial turf would be facilitated if the rubber materials were already colored green, coatings were specifically developed for this purpose. This paper presents an experimental toxicological and environmental assessment aimed at comparing the obtained emissions to the environment in terms of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), heavy metals, and ecotoxicity for coated and noncoated rubber granulates. This study is a comprehensive evaluation of the major potential critical factors related with the release of all of these classes of ...


Assessment Of The Impact Of The European Co2 Emissions Trading Scheme On The Portuguese Chemical Industry, João F. Gomes Dec 2008

Assessment Of The Impact Of The European Co2 Emissions Trading Scheme On The Portuguese Chemical Industry, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

No abstract provided.


Emissions Of Polyciclic Aromatic Hidrocarbons And Polyciclic Carbonyl Bifenils From Electric Arc Furnaces, João F. Gomes Dec 2007

Emissions Of Polyciclic Aromatic Hidrocarbons And Polyciclic Carbonyl Bifenils From Electric Arc Furnaces, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

This paper describes work done in order to determine the emissions of highly toxic organic micropollutants from electric arc furnaces used in the production of carbon steel from scrap. The study will be allowing to derive relationships between the levels of airborne micropollutants and the operational parameters of the production process so that an abatement of pollution could be achieved. By using the European standard method CEN 1948 for dioxin like compounds sampling and measurement, it was possible to determine the characteristic fingerprint of micropollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and PCBs emitted by this particular stationary source.


Analysis Of Welding Fumes: A Short Notice On The Comaprison Between Two Sampling Techniques, João F. Gomes Dec 2004

Analysis Of Welding Fumes: A Short Notice On The Comaprison Between Two Sampling Techniques, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of Opacimeter Calibration On Kraft Pulp Mills, João F. Gomes Dec 1997

Assessment Of Opacimeter Calibration On Kraft Pulp Mills, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

This paper describes the methodology and specific techniques for calibrating automatic on-line industrial emission analysers, specifically equipments that measure total suspended dust installed in pulp mills within the scope of Portuguese Regulation Nº 286/93 on air quality. The calibration of opacimeters is a multi-parameter relationship instead of the bi-dimensional calibration which is used in industrial practice. For a stationary source from a pulp mill such as the recovery boiler stack, which is subjected to significant variations, the effects of parameters such as the humidity and gas temperature, deviations on isokinetism, size range of particles and characteristic transmitance of equipment ...