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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

An Integrated Experimental-Computational Investigation Of Connected Spaces As Natural Ventilation Typologies, Ulrike Passe, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Shan He, Kyle Vansice, Songzhe Xu May 2016

An Integrated Experimental-Computational Investigation Of Connected Spaces As Natural Ventilation Typologies, Ulrike Passe, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Shan He, Kyle Vansice, Songzhe Xu

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper investigates the impact of spatial composition on the effectiveness of passive cooling by natural ventilation in a comparative study of the conical roofed Harran houses in Turkey and a passive solar home in the Midwest of the United States. While the projects are distinct and are situated in two extreme climate zones (hot and arid and continental humid) both projects have in common open variable configurations of multiple interconnected spaces. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations using OpenFoam were used to investigate the fundamental airflow characteristics and the resulting interior temperature and velocity profiles. The simulations were initialized as ...


Optimization Of Mixing In A Simulated Biomass Bed Reactor With A Center Feeding Tube, Michael T. Blatnik Jan 2013

Optimization Of Mixing In A Simulated Biomass Bed Reactor With A Center Feeding Tube, Michael T. Blatnik

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Producing gasoline-type fuels from lignocellulosic biomass has two advantages over producing alcohol-type fuels from plant sugars: gasoline has superior fuel characteristics and plant lignin/cellulose does not compete with human food supplies. A promising technology for converting lignocellulose to fuel is catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP). The process involves injecting finely ground biomass into a fluidized bed reactor (FBR) at high temperatures, which reduce the biomass to gases that react inside the catalyst particles. This entails complex hydrodynamics to efficiently mix a stream of biomass into a catalyst bed that is fluidized by a separate stream of inert gas. Understanding the ...


Thermal Comparison Between Ceiling Diffusers And Fabric Ductwork Diffusers For Green Buildings, Anthony Fontanini, Michael Olsen, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian Nov 2011

Thermal Comparison Between Ceiling Diffusers And Fabric Ductwork Diffusers For Green Buildings, Anthony Fontanini, Michael Olsen, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Continuously increasing energy standards have driven the need for increasing the efficiency of buildings. Most enhancements to building efficiency have been a result of changes to the heating/cooling systems, improvements in construction materials, or building design code improvements. These approaches neglect the way in which air is dispersed into individual rooms or in a building – i.e., the ducting system. This opens up the possibility of significant energy savings by making ductwork systems lighter and better insulating while ensuring cost effectiveness.

The current study explores this idea by comparing the performance of conventional ductwork with recent advancements in fabric-based ...